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The process through which words and images stand in for ideas, individuals, social groups and other categories. In the words of Pickering (2001: xiii), representations have the power to select, arrange and prioritize certain assumptions and ideas about different kinds of people, bringing some to the fore, dramatizing and idealizing or demonizing them, while casting others into the social margins, so that they have little active public presence or only a narrow and negative public image.

A great deal of academic ink has been spilt attempting to pin down the relationship between representation and reality and, specifically, the extent to which words or images either accurately characterize or twist ‘reality’. In describing this process of media (misrepresentation, analysts have utilized a range of metaphors including ...

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