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A presupposition is a taken-for-granted, implicit claim embedded within the explicit meaning of a text or utterance. Presuppositions are marked in a variety of ways in texts, Reah (2002: 106) lists three linguistic structures common to presupposed meaning. First, certain words, such as change of state verbs (stop, begin, continue) or implicative verbs (manage, forget) invoke presupposed meaning in their very use: ‘stop’ presupposes movement; ‘forget’ presupposes a great deal, including an attempt to remember. Second, the definite article (‘the _’) and possessive articles (‘his/her _’) trigger presuppositions. For example: ‘the challenge facing the modern world’ not only presupposes a challenge exists but also that amodern world does too (see also Fairclough, 2000: 27; 163). Third, presuppositions are present in ‘wh- questions’, such as ...

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