Key Concepts in International Relations

Books

Thomas Diez, Ingvild Bode & Aleksandra Fernandes Da Costa

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  • SAGE Key Concepts

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    The SAGE Key Concepts series provides students with accessible and authoritative knowledge of the essential topics in a variety of disciplines. Cross-referenced throughout, the format encourages critical evaluation through understanding. Written by experienced and respected academics, the books are indispensable study aids and guides to comprehension.

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    Acknowledgements

    There are books that take a longer and books that take a shorter time to write – this one was certainly of the former kind! It all started when David Mainwaring approached Thomas Diez in 2004 about whether he would be interested in writing the International Relations volume for Sage's Key Concepts series. Thomas, about to become Head of the Department of Political Science and International Studies at the University of Birmingham, where he then worked, rather naively said yes, assuming that it was possible to write such a manuscript while being Head. A wrong assumption, it turned out, even despite the fact that David Hudson, who then had just completed his PhD in Birmingham, had agreed to share the burden. Three years later, David H. had taken up a new post at University College London. When Thomas moved to the University of Tübingen in 2009, the manuscript had still not made the desired progress: a clear testimony to the continuing relevance of geographical distance even in the age of electronic communication. Ingvild Bode and Aleksandra Fernandes da Costa joined the effort, and with a bit of pressure from Sage's offices, the manuscript slowly took shape. We clearly need to thank David M. for all his patience throughout the years – we admire his optimism in believing in a manuscript when the authors themselves had given up all hope! We are also indebted to David H., who agreed that we could use the draft concept entries he had written on postmodernism/poststructuralism and development, and work them into our manuscript. He also, of course, played a vital part in getting the project off the ground in the first instance and preparing the initial book proposal. In the final stages, our student assistants, Julian Bergmann, Julia Grauvogel and Signe Scheid, helped us edit the manuscript: they spent an enormous amount of time in front of the computer, making sense of a disparate set of draft concepts, checking the literature, streamlining our formats, and searching for recommendable websites. Last but not least, we need to thank and apologize to our friends and families, who probably cannot hear the words ‘key concepts’ any more without increasing pulse rates.

    ThomasDiez
    IngvildBodeAleksandra Fernandes da Costa Tübingen, June 2010

    How to Use This Book

    This book introduces the reader to 41 of what we consider to be the key concepts of the discipline of International Relations. While the book is mainly written as a reference source for those that are relatively new to the discipline, we hope that it will also prove to be useful to those who have got some background in International Relations already. We have conceptualized this book to fill a gap between the numerous textbooks, encyclopaedias and handbooks that are already on the market, but which often provide either only very short definitions of the key concepts of the discipline or lengthy treatments in complex style that are not readily digestable to a broader audience. Thus, we have written our entries so that they do provide a substantial account of the concepts and the discussions surrounding them, including references to what we consider the most important literature. Of course, it is on the one hand impossible within the space of a book such as this one to reach the depth of a handbook entry, but on the other hand we hope that our entries will be a useful addition to most textbooks, where space to go into detail on specific concepts is even more limited. As such, this book is not meant to be read from cover to cover, although we would hope that it is still possible to read it in such a way and still find it interesting.

    Any choice of concepts for such a book is necessarily biased. We do not even claim to have included a list of concepts that is agreeable to all. However, we would still argue that the concepts that follow are central to the current debates in International Relations. In general, we have agreed to focus on theory concepts, and thus have excluded more empirical phenomena such as non-governmental organizations. We do have five so-called theory concept entries, which are marked as such. These follow a slightly different structure and are supposed to provide the broader context of disciplinary development in which the other concepts are set.

    Theory concepts are divided into seven sections: core questions; overview and background; methodologies; empirical application; central criticism; core reading; and useful websites. All other concepts follow a six-part structure. They, too, start with the core questions addressed, followed by definitions, theoretical perspectives, empirical problems, core reading, and useful websites. For each entry, we have identified three core readings, for each of which we have provided a short commentary as a guide to further reading. It should not come as a surprise that the number of useful websites listed differs from concept to concept – it has simply been nearly impossible to find recommendations for interesting websites in relation to some concepts, whereas it would have been unjustifiable to limit our list of websites to, say, three in other cases. We hope that these listings will provide a first starting point for exploring the web as an additional tool for research and learning.

    Whenever a concept refers to another concept entry, we have marked this with an arrow (→). However, we have generally used such an arrow only the first time a concept refers to another one, so as to improve readability. A final note on references: References should by no means be seen to be exhaustive. We have tried to strike a balance between an easily readable text on the one hand and including references to the most important works on the other. As our own writing progressed, the bibliography already exceeded the limits that we had set ourselves. We hope that this will prove useful to readers.

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