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Work and Health
Work and health

It has become a truism that modern societies are experiencing an ‘epidemic’ of work-related stress. Research to discover what the factors are that have precipitated this phenomenon are typically grounded in an epidemiological understanding of the causal relationship (using statistical measures of association between variables leading to particular patterns of health and disease outcome aggregated at a population level) that exists between work characteristics, psychological stress and ill health. This approach is reflected within the highly influential ‘Demand-Control-Support’ (DCS) model (Karasek andTheorell, 1990).

The DCS model proposes that job strain is likely to occur when a person faces the following: (a) high job demands in combination with (b) low job control and (c) low social support from colleagues and managers. The ...

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