Key Concepts in Governance

Books

Mark Bevir

  • Citations
  • Add to My List
  • Text Size

  • Chapters
  • Front Matter
  • Back Matter
  • Recent volumes include:

    Key Concepts in Social Research

    Geoff Payne and Judy Payne

    Fifty Key Concepts in Gender Studies

    Jane Pilcher and Imelda Whelehan

    Key Concepts in Medical Sociology

    Jonathan Gabe, Mike Bury and Mary Ann Elston

    Key Concepts in Leisure Studies

    David Harris

    Key Concepts in Critical Social Theory

    Nick Crossley

    Key Concepts in Urban Studies

    Mark Gottdiener and Leslie Budd

    Key Concepts in Mental Health

    David Pilgrim

    Key Concepts in Journalism Studies

    Bob Franklin, Martin Hamer, Mark Hanna, Marie Kinsey and John Richardson

    Key Concepts in Political Communication

    Darren G. Lilleker

    Key Concepts in Teaching Primary Mathematics

    Derek Haylock

    Key Concepts in work

    Paul Blyton and Jean Jenkins

    Key Concepts in Nursing

    Edited by Elizabeth Mason-Whitehead, Annette Mcintosh, Ann Bryan and Tom Mason

    Key Concepts in Childhood Studies

    Allison James and Adrian James

    Key Concepts in Public Health

    Edited by Frances Wilson and Andi Mabhala

    The SAGE Key Concepts series provides students with accessible and authoritative knowledge of the essential topics in a variety of disciplines. Cross-referenced throughout, the format encourages critical evaluation through understanding. Written by experienced and respected academics, the books are indispensable study aids and guides to comprehension.

    Copyright

    View Copyright Page

    Preface

    The language of governance is increasingly prominent in discussions of changes in the nature and role of the state. Governance has become a topic of concern to political and non-profit actors; it even has a place among the lending criteria of institutions such as the World Bank. In addition, the language of governance includes new ways of thinking about social coordination and patterns of rule as they appear in civil society, political institutions, and the international arena. Corporate governance, for example, has become a staple ingredient of company reports and the business pages of financial newspapers.

    Despite its prominence, the language of governance remains bewildering. One problem is that the key concepts of governance derive from diverse disciplines – public administration, political science, economics, business, sociology – and these disciplines rely tacitly on different assumptions. This book addresses this problem: it illuminates the key concepts in terms of their respective contexts. Yet the language of governance is also bewildering because it covers both specific narratives about changes in the state and new theories of social coordination in general. This book addresses this problem: it provides an opportunity to step back from particular narratives and contexts in order to consider theoretical and conceptual debates.

    I hope that this book will make it easier for students to learn about new ways of thinking about governance as well as the changing nature of the state. Students should find it a useful companion to broader literatures. I hope they will use it to learn about the concepts that inform governance today, and to reflect on these concepts in ways that will lead them to try to reform and improve governance.

    Readers will realize that no book of this size could possibly cover all the concepts of relevance to governance. I have necessarily selected some concepts for inclusion at the expense of others. The process of selection was a rather incremental one, conducted in the context of discussions with colleagues and students. Yet I was loosely guided in my selections by principles that reflect the general account of governance provided in the introductory essay, ‘What is Governance?’ I have tried to balance theoretical concepts that refer to social coordination and how to study it with empirical ones that refer to the changes in the nature and role of the state. I have also tried to balance concepts that seek to describe the world as it is with concepts that appear within more normative accounts about how we ought to conduct public policy and promote democracy. Part of me would have liked to include more concepts that refer to technical innovations in public policy. However, I was also eager to capture the theoretical breadth that we surely associate with the term ‘governance’ when we remember that it did not originate in debates about public administration and that it remains as prominent in international relations, rational choice theory, comparative politics, and other areas of scholarly and practical concern as it does within public administration. Besides, I remain convinced that students in professional schools of public policy benefit greatly from learning about the broader theoretical issues by which alone we can decide the appropriateness and desirability of any given policy technique. Hence the selected concepts cover not only changing policy instruments but also theoretical debates about patterns of rule and how they are changing.

    Acknowledgements

    It is a pleasure to record my debt to a recent cohort of my students. This book was conceived, written, and tested with them in mind and with their input. Thanks to Bethany Gerdemann, Orion Haas, Minna Howell, Justin Norval, Prashant Reddy, Brittany Sachs, Ana Schwartz, Andre Tutundjian, Tony Zhao, and Lechuan Zhou. I am also grateful to the contributors to Sage's Encyclopedia of Governance. They taught me much about topics on which I otherwise would have known too little. Perhaps I am biased, but I believe the Encyclopedia is the perfect resource for readers who would explore further the key concepts of governance.

  • Bibliography

    Adcock, R., Bevir, M. and Stimson, S. (2007) ‘Historicizing the New Institutionalism(s)’, in R.Adcock, M.Bevir and S.Stimson (eds), Modern Political Science: Anglo-American Exchanges since 1880. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
    Agranoff, R.J. (1986) Intergovernmental Management. Albany, NY: State University of New York Press. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/01900698808524594
    Agranoff, R. and McGuire, M. (2003) Collaborative Public Management: New Strategies for Local Governments. Washington, DC: Georgetown University Press. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1540-6210.2006.00666.x
    Amadae, S. (2003) Rationalizing Capitalist Democracy: The Cold War Origins of Rational Choice Liberalism. Chicago: Chicago University Press.
    Anderson, J. (ed.) (2002) Transnational Democracy. London: Routledge. http://dx.doi.org/10.4324/9780203464427
    Ansell, C. (2000) ‘The Networked Polity: Regional Development in Western Europe’, Governance, 13: 303–333.
    Arndt, C. and Oman, C. (2006) Uses and Abuses of Governance Indicators. Paris: OECD Development Centre Studies.
    Askonas, P. and Stewart, A. (eds) (2000) Social Inclusion: Possibilities and Tensions. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.
    Bache, I. and Flinders, M. (eds) (2004) Multilevel Governance. Oxford: Oxford University Press. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1468-0491.2008.00405.x
    Bain, K. and Howells, P. (1989) Understanding Markets. Worcester, UK: Billing & Sons.
    Baldwin, R., Scott, C. and Hood, C. (eds) (1998) A Reader on Regulation. Oxford: Oxford University Press. http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198765295.001.0001
    Banathy, B. (1996) Designing Social Systems in a Changing World. New York: Plenum Press.
    Barber, B. (1984) Strong Democracy: Participatory Politics for a New Age. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press. http://dx.doi.org/10.2307/2658245
    Bardhan, P. and Mookherjee, D. (2006) Decentralization and Local Governance in Developing Countries: A Comparative Perspective. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
    Barnett, Michael N. and Finnemore, M. (2004) Rules for the World: International Organizations in Global Politics. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press.
    Barrett, S. (2004) ‘Implementation Studies: Time for a Revival? Personal Reflections on 20 Years of Implementation Studies’, Public Administration, 82: 249–262. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.0033-3298.2004.00393.x
    Barry, A., Osborne, T. and Rose, N. (1996) Foucault and Political Reason: Liberalism, Neo-liberalism and Rationalities of Government. London: UCL Press.
    Bartelson, J. (1995) A Genealogy of Sovereignty. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/CBO9780511586385
    Barzelay, M. (2001) The New Public Management. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S1096-7494%2800%2989035-2
    Beetham, D. (1996) Bureaucracy. Buckingham: Open University Press. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10746-012-9229-x
    Behn, R.D. (2001) Rethinking Democratic Accountability. Washington, DC: Brookings Institution Press.
    Benz, A. and Papadopoulos, I. (eds) (2006) Governance and Democracy: Comparing National, European, and International Experiences. London: Routledge.
    Berger, P. and Luckmann, T. (1966) The Social Construction of Reality: A Treatise in the Sociology of Knowlege. New York: Anchor Books. http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/105649260093005
    Bevir, M. (2005) New Labour: A Critique. London: Routledge.
    Bevir, M. and Rhodes, R. (2003) Interpreting British Governance. London: Routledge. http://dx.doi.org/10.4324/9780203352311
    Bevir, M. and Rhodes, R. (2006) Governance Stories. London: Routledge.
    Bevir, M., Rhodes, R. and Weller, P. (eds) (2003) Traditions of Governance: History and Diversity’, of Public Administration (Special Issue), 81/1.
    Bevir, M. and Trentmann, F. (eds) (2004) Markets in Historical Contexts. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/CBO9780511496677
    Bogason, P. (2000) Public Policy and Local Governance: Institutions in Postmodern Society. Cheltenham: Edward Elgar.
    Bohman, J. (1996) Public Deliberation: Pluralism, Complexity, and Democracy. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press. http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0191453703029001835
    Bourdieu, P. (1986) ‘The Forms of Capital’, in J.Richardson (ed.). Handbook of Theory and Research for the Sociology of Education. New York: Greenwood Press.
    Bouvaird, T. (2004) ‘Public-Private Partnerships: From Contested Concepts to Prevalent Practice’, International Review of Administrative Science, 70: 199–215. http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0020852304044250
    Bovaird, T. and Löffler, E. (eds) (2003) ‘Symposium on Evaluating the Quality of Governance’, International Review of Administrative Sciences, 69: 311–364. http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0020852303693001
    Boyer, R. (1990) The Regulation School. Chicago: University Chicago Press. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1468-2427.00250
    Boyer, R. and Saillard, Y. (eds) (2002) Regulation Theory: State of the Art. London: Routledge.
    Bridgman, P. and Davis, G. (2003) ‘What Use is the Policy Cycle? Plenty, if the Aim is Clear’, Australian Journal of Public Administration, 68: 98–102.
    Brinkerhoff, D.W. and Brinkerhoff, J.M. (2004) ‘Partnerships Between International Donors and Non-governmental Development Organisations: Opportunities and Constraints’, International Review of Administrative Science, 70: 253–270. http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0020852304044254
    Bull, B. and McNeill, D. (2007) Development Issues in Global Governance: Public-Private Partnerships and Market Multilateralism. New York: Routledge.
    Cameron, A. and Palan, R. (2004) The Imagined Economies of Globalization. London: Sage. http://dx.doi.org/10.4135/9781446221037
    Castells, M. (2000) The Rise of the Network Society. Oxford: Blackwell. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/9781444319514
    Cawson, A. (1986) Corporatism and Political Theory. New York: Basil Blackwell.
    Cheema, G. and Rondinelli, D. (eds) (2007) Decentralizing Governance: Emerging Concepts and Practices. Washington, DC: Brookings Institution Press.
    Cheema, S. and Rondinelli, D. (eds) (2003) Reinventing Government for the Twenty-first Century. Bloomfield, CT: Kumarian Press.
    Chisholm, D. (1989) Coordination without Hierarchy: Informal Structures in Multiorganizational Systems. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press.
    Christensen, T. and Laegreid, P. (eds) (2001) New Public Management: The Transformation of Ideas and Practice. Aldershot: Ashgate. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1467-9760.00153
    Coleman, J. (1988) ‘Social Capital in the Creation of Human Capital’, American Journal of Sociology, 94: s95-s120.
    Cooper, P. (2003) Governing by Contract: Challenges and Opportunities for Public Managers. Washington, DC: CQ Press. http://dx.doi.org/10.2307/3110201
    Cox, A. and O'Sullivan, N. (1988) The Corporatist State. Cheltenham: Edward Elgar.
    Dahl, R. (1967) Pluralist Democracy in the United States: Conflict and Consent. Chicago: Rand McNally & Company.
    DeBardeleben, J., Hurrelmann, A. and Leibfried, S. (eds) (2007) Democratic Dilemmas of Multilevel Governance: Legitimacy, Representation and Accountability in the European Union. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan. http://dx.doi.org/10.1057/9780230591783
    Demmers, J., Fernández Jilberto, A.E. and Hogenboom, B. (eds) (2004) Good Governance in the Era of Global Neoliberalism: Conflict and Depolitisation in Latin America, Eastern Europe, Asia and Africa. New York: Routledge. http://dx.doi.org/10.4324/9780203478691
    Dingwerth, K. (2007) The New Transnationalism: Private Transnational Governance and its Democratic Legitimacy. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan. http://dx.doi.org/10.1057/9780230590144
    Dodson, A. (2000) Green Political Thought. London: Routledge.
    Doern, G.B. and Johnson, R. (2006) Rules, Rules, Rules, Rules: Multi-level Regulatory Governance. Toronto: University of Toronto Press.
    Doornbos, M. (2001) ‘“Good Governance”: The Rise and Decline of a Policy Metaphor?’, Journal of Development Studies, 93: 93–108.
    Du Gay, P. (ed.) (2005) The Value of Bureaucracy. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
    Dunsire, A. (1978) Control in a Bureaucracy. New York: St Martin's Press.
    Etzioni, A. (1993) The Spirit of Community: Rights, Responsibilities, and the Communitarian Agenda. New York: Crown.
    Etzioni, A. (ed.) (1998) The Essential Communitarian Reader. Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield.
    Everett, S. (2003) The Policy Cycle: Democratic Process or Rational Paradigm Revisited?’, Australian Journal of Public Administration, 62: 65–70. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1467-8497.00325
    Fine, B. (2001) Social Capital versus Social Theory: Political Economy and Social Science at the Turn of the Millennium. London: Routledge. http://dx.doi.org/10.4324/9780203470787
    Fischer, F. and Forester, J. (eds) (1993) The Argumentative Turn in Policy Analysis and Planning. Durham, NC: Duke University Press.
    Friedman, J. (ed.) (1996) The Rational Choice Controversy. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press.
    Fudenberg, D. and Tirole, J. (1991) Game Theory. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
    Fukuyama, F. (2004) State Building: Governance and World Order in the Twenty-first Century. London: Profile Books.
    Fung, A. and Wright, E.O. (eds) (2003) Deepening Democracy: Institutional Innovations in Empowered Participatory Governance. London: Verso. http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0032329201029001002
    Gamble, A. and Paine, A. (eds) (1996) Regionalism and World Order. Basingstoke: Macmillan.
    Gerth, H. and Mills, C.W. (eds) (1973) From Max Weber: Essays in Sociology. Oxford: Oxford University Press. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1533-8525.1964.tb01628.x
    Gilbert, N. and Gilbert, B. (1989) The Enabling State: Modern Welfare Capitalism in America. New York: Oxford University Press. http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/0195140745.003.0003
    Grant, W. (1985) The Political Economy of Corporatism. London: Macmillan.
    Grimsey, D. and Lewis, M.K. (2005) The Economics of Private Public Partnerships. Cheltenham: Edward Elgar.
    Gunnell, J.G. (2004) Imagining the American Polity: Political Science and the Discourse of Democracy. University Park, PA: Pennsylvania State University Press.
    Habermans, J. (1985) The Theory of Communicative Action, 2 vols, trans. T.McCarthy, et al. Boston: Beacon Press.
    Hajer, M. and Wagenaar, H. (eds) (2003) Deliberative Policy Analysis: Understanding Governance in the Network Society. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/CBO9780511490934
    Hall, P. and Taylor, R. (1996) ‘Political Science and the Three Institutionalisms’, Political Studies, 44: 936–957. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-9248.1996.tb00343.x
    Hardin, G. (1968) ‘The Tragedy of the Commons’, Science, 162: 1243–1248.
    Hardin, R. (1982) Collective Action. Baltimore, MD: Johns Hopkins University Press.
    Hart, H.L.A. (1961) The Concept of Law. Oxford: Oxford University Press. http://dx.doi.org/10.2307/1279910
    Hay, C. and Marsh, D. (eds) (2001) Demystifying Globalization. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan. http://dx.doi.org/10.1057/9780230554504
    Hayes, M. (2001) The Limits of Policy Change: Incrementalism, Worldview, and the Rule of Law. Washington, DC: Georgetown University Press.
    Hayes, M. (2006) Incrementalism and Public Policy. Baltimore, MD: University Press of America.
    Healey, P. (1997) Collaborative Planning: Shaping Places in Fragmented Societies. London: Macmillan. http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/14730952030022002
    Hedetoft, U. and Hjort, M. (eds) (2002) The Postnational Self: Belonging and Identity. Minneapolis, MN: University of Minnesota Press.
    Henderson, P. and Salmon, H. (1998) Signposts to Local Democracy: Local Governance, Communitarianism, and Community. London: Community Development Fund.
    Hettne, B., Inotai, A. and Sunkel, O. (eds) (1999) Globalism and the New Regionalism. Basingstoke: Macmillan.
    Hewson, M. and Sinclair, T. (eds) (1999) Approaches to Global Governance Theory. Albany, NY: State University of New York Press.
    Hill, M. and Hupe, P. (2002) Implementing Public Policy: Governance in Theory and Practice. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.
    Hinsley, F.H. (1986) Sovereignty. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
    Hodge, G. (2006) Privatization and Market Development: Global Movements in Public Policy Ideas. Cheltenham: Edward Elgar.
    Hooghe, L. and Marks, G. (2001) Multilevel Governance and European Integration. Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield.
    Im, S. (2001) Bureaucratic Power, Democracy and Administrative Democracy. Burlington, VI: Ashgate.
    Jessop, B. and Sum, N. (2006) The Regulation Approach and Beyond: Putting Capitalist Economies in their Place. Cheltenham: Edward Elgar. http://dx.doi.org/10.1558/jocr.v5i2.417
    John, P. (2001) Local Governance. London: Sage.
    Jones, C.O. (1970) An Introduction to the Study of Public Policy. Belmont, CA: Duxbury Press.
    Jordan, A. and Schout, A. (2007) The Coordination of the European Union: Exploring the Capacities of Networked Governance. New York: Oxford University Press. http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199286959.003.0011
    Jordana, J. and Levi-Faur, D. (eds) (2004) The Politics of Regulation: Institutions and Regulatory Reforms for the Age of Governance. Cheltenham: Edward Elgar.
    Kaufmann, D., Kraay, A. and Mastruzzi, M. (2006) Governance Matters. Washington, DC: The World Bank. http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.718081
    Keating, M. (ed.) (2004) The New Regionalism in Western Europe: Territorial Restructuring and Political Change. Cheltenham: Edward Elgar.
    Keohane, R. and Nye, J. (1977) Power and Interdependence: World Politics in Transition. Boston, MA: Little Brown. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00396337308441409
    Kickert, W.J.M., Klijn, E.H. and Koppenjan, J.F.M. (eds) (1997) Managing Complex Networks: Strategies for the Public Sector. London: Sage. http://dx.doi.org/10.4135/9781446217658
    Kooiman, J. (2003) Governing as Governance. London: Sage. http://dx.doi.org/10.4135/9781446215012
    Kramsch, O. and Hooper, B. (eds) (2004) Cross-border Governance in the European Union. Abingdon: Routledge.
    Kweit, M. and Kweit, R. (1981) Implementing Citizen Participation in a Bureaucratic Society. New York: Praeger.
    Latham, M. and Botsman, P. (eds) (2001) The Enabling State: People before Bureaucracy. Sydney: Pluto Press.
    Levitas, R. (1998) The Inclusive Society? Social Exclusion and New Labour. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.
    Levy, D. and Newell, P. (eds) (2004) The Business of Global Environmental Governance. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
    Lindblom, C. (1959) ‘The Science of “Muddling Through”’, Public Administration Review, 19: 79–88. http://dx.doi.org/10.2307/973677
    Lindblom, C. (2001) The Market System: What It Is, How It Works, and What to Make of It. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0007-6813%2879%2990037-5
    Lipietz, A. (1993) ‘The Local and the Global: Regional Individuality or Interregionalism?’, Transactions of the Institute of British Geographers, 18(1): 8–18. http://dx.doi.org/10.2307/623066
    Loewy, E. (1993) Freedom and Community: The Ethics of Interdependence. Albany, NY: State University of New York Press. http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/CBO9781139106948.018
    Luhmann, N. (1995) Social Systems. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press.
    MacLean, I. (1987) Public Choice. Oxford: Blackwell.
    Majone, G. (1996) Regulating Europe. London: Routledge. http://dx.doi.org/10.4324/9780203439197
    Mandell, M. (ed.) (2001) Getting Results through Collaboration: Networks and Network Structures for Public Policy and Management. Westport, CT: Quorum Books.
    Manin, B. (1997) The Principles of Representative Government. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/CBO9780511659935
    Mansfield, E. and Milner, H.V. (eds) (1997) The Political Economy of Regionalism. New York: Columbia University Press.
    March, J. and Olsen, J. (1989) Rediscovering Institutions. New York: Free Press.
    Marin, B. and Mayntz, R. (eds) (1991) Policy Networks: Empirical Evidence and Theoretical Considerations. Frankfurt am Main: Campus Verlag.
    Marinetto, M. (2003) ‘Governing Beyond the Centre: A Critique of the Anglo-governance School’, Political Studies, 51: 592–608. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1467-9248.00443
    Marsh, D. (ed.) (1998) Comparing Policy Networks. Buckingham: Open University Press.
    Mattli, W. (1999) The Logic of Regional Integration: Europe and Beyond. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/CBO9780511756238
    May, J. and Wildavsky, A. (1978) The Policy Cycle. Beverly Hills, CA: Sage.
    McGuire, M. (2002) ‘Managing Networks: Propositions on What Managers Do and Why They Do It’, Public Administration Review, 62: 599–609. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1540-6210.00240
    McLennan, G. (1989) Pluralism. Cambridge: Polity Press.
    Meadowcroft, J. (1999) ‘Cooperative Management Regimes: Collaborative Problem Solving to Implement Sustainable Development’, International Negotiation, 4: 225–254. http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/15718069920848462
    Monroe, K. (ed.) (1991) The Economic Approach to Politics: A Critical Reassessment of the Theory of Rational Action. New York: Harper Collins.
    Moran, M. (2003) The British Regulatory State: High Modernism and Hyper-innovation. Oxford: Oxford University Press. http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/0199247579.001.0001
    Mulhall, S. and Swift, A. (1996) Liberals and Communitarians. Oxford: Blackwell. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-9248.1993.tb01662.x
    Munishi, S. and Abraham, B. (eds) (2004) Good Governance, Democratic Societies and Globalization. New Delhi: Sage.
    Narula, R. (2003) Globalization and Technology: Interdependence, Innovation Systems and Industrial Policy. Cambridge: Polity Press.
    Nolan, B.C. (2001) Public Sector Reform. New York: Palgrave Macmillan. http://dx.doi.org/10.1057/9781403900982
    Nutley, S.M., Smith, P.C. and Davies, H.T.O. (2000) What Works?: Evidence-based Policy and Practice in Public Services. Bristol: The Policy Press. http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/CBO9780511610967.005
    Nye, J. (2001) ‘Globalization's Democratic Deficit: How to Make International Institutions More Accountable’, Foreign Affairs, 80: 2–6. http://dx.doi.org/10.2307/20050221
    Olson, M. (1965) The Logic of Collective Action: Public Goods and the Theory of Groups. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
    Osborne, D. and Gaebler, T. (1992) Reinventing Government. Reading, MA: Addison-Wesley. http://dx.doi.org/10.2307/3381012
    O'Toole, L.Jr. (1997) ‘Treating Networks Seriously: Practical and Research-based Agendas in Public Administration’, Public Administration Review, 57: 45–52. http://dx.doi.org/10.2307/976691
    Oxhorn, P., Tulchin, J. and Selee, A. (2004) Decentralization, Democratic Governance, and Civil Society in Comparative Perspective: Africa, Asia, and Latin America. Washington, DC: Woodrow Wilson Center Press.
    Page, E. (1985) Political Authority and Bureaucratic Power. Brighton: Wheatsheaf Books.
    Page, E. (1991) Localism and Centralism in Europe: The Political and Legal Basis of Local Self-government. Oxford: Oxford University Press. http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198277279.001.0001
    Page, E. (ed.) (2007) From the Active to the Enabling State: The Changing Role of Top Officials in European Nations. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan. http://dx.doi.org/10.1057/9780230288768
    Painter, M. and Pierre, J. (eds) (2005) Challenges to State Policy Capacity. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan. http://dx.doi.org/10.1057/9780230524194
    Parsons, T. (1971) The System of Modern Societies. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall.
    Pateman, C. (1970) Participation and Democratic Theory. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
    Pauly, L. and Greven, M. (eds) (2000) Democracy beyond the State?Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield.
    Pawson, R. (2006) Evidence-based Policy: A Realist Perspective. London: Sage.
    Percy-Smith, J. (ed.) (2000) Policy Responses to Social Exclusion. Buckingham: Open University Press.
    Peters, G.B. (1999) Institutional Theory in Political Science: The New Institutionalism. New York: Continuum. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-9477.1991.tb00408.x
    Pindyck, R.S. and Rubinfeld, D. (2005) Microeconomics. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson/Prentice-Hall. http://dx.doi.org/10.2307/2235424
    Pollitt, C. and Bouckaert, G. (2000) Public Management Reform: A Comparative Analysis. Oxford: Oxford University Press. http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/budget-v3-art19-en
    Pollitt, C. and Talbot, C. (2004) Unbundled Government: A Critical Analysis of the Global Trend to Agencies, Quangos, and Contractualization. New York: Routledge.
    Portes, A. (1998) ‘Social Capital: Its Origins and Applications in Modern Sociology’, American Review of Sociology, 24: 1–24. http://dx.doi.org/10.1146/annurev.soc.24.1.1
    Powell, W. (1990) ‘Neither Market nor Hierarchy: Network Forms of Organization’, Research in Organizational Behaviour, 12: 295–336.
    Powell, W. and DiMaggio, P. (eds) (1991) The New Institutionalism in Organizational Analysis. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
    Pressman, J. and Wildavsky, A. (1973) Implementation. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press.
    Przeworski, A., Stokes, S.C. and Manin, B. (eds) (1999) Democracy, Accountability, and Representation. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/CBO9781139175104
    Putnam, R. (1993) Making Democracy Work: Civic Traditions in Modern Italy. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ncr.4100820204
    Radin, B. (2006) Challenging the Performance Movement: Accountability, Complexity, and Democratic Values. Washington, DC: Georgetown University Press.
    Rhodes, R.A.W. (1988) Beyond Westminster and Whitehall: The Sub-central Governments of Britain. London: Routledge.
    Rhodes, R.A.W. (1997) Understanding Governance: Policy Networks, Governance, Reflexivity and Accountability. Buckingham: Open University Press. http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0170840607076586
    Rhodes, R., Carmichael, P., McMillan, J. and Massey, A. (2003) Decentralizing the Civil Service: From Unitary State to Differentiated Polity in the United Kingdom. Buckingham: Open University Press.
    Roberts, N. (ed.) (2002) The Transformative Power of Dialogue. Oxford: Elsevier.
    Rose, L. and Denters, B. (2005) Comparing Local Governance: Trends and Developments. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.
    Runciman, D. (1997) Pluralism and the Personality of the State. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/CBO9780511582967
    Salamon, L.M. (ed.) (2002) The Tools of Government: A Guide to the New Governance. New York: Oxford University Press.
    Sanderson, I. (2002) ‘Evaluation, Policy Learning and Evidence-based Policy Making’, Public Administration, 80: 1–22. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1467-9299.00292
    Sandler, T. (1992) Collective Action: Theory and Applications. Ann Arbor, MI: University of Michigan Press.
    Scharpf, F. (1997) Games Real Actors Play: Actor-centered Institutionalism in Policy Research. Boulder, CO: Westview Press. http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0951692891003003003
    Schmitter, P. and Lehmbruch, G. (1982) Patterns of Corporatist Policy Making. London: Sage.
    Scholte, J. (2005) Globalization: A Critical Introduction. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.
    Scott, J. (1992) Social Network Analysis. London: Sage.
    Selznick, P. (1999) ‘Legal Cultures and the Rule of Law’, in M.Krygier and A.Czarnota (eds), The Rule of Law after Communism. Aldershot: Dartmouth.
    Shapiro, I. (ed.) (1994) The Rule of Law: NOMOS XXXVI. New York: New York University Press.
    Shklar, J. (1998) ‘Political Theory and the Rule of Law’, in J.Shklar (ed.), Political Thought and Political Thinkers. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
    Siddiqui, T. (2001) Towards Good Governance. New Delhi: Oxford University Press. http://dx.doi.org/10.1201/9780203878057.ch16
    Simon, H. (1969) The Sciences of the Artificial. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
    Sisk, T. (2001) Democracy at the Local Level: The International IDEA Handbook on Participation, Representation, Conflict, Management, and Governance. Stockholm: International IDEA.
    Skinner, Q. (1989) ‘The State’, in T.Ball, J.Farr and R.Hanson (eds), Political Innovation and Conceptual Change. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
    Slaughter, A. (2004) A New World Order. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press. http://dx.doi.org/10.2307/20048208
    Smith, B.C. (1988) Bureaucracy and Political Power. New York: St Martin's Press.
    Sørensen, E. (2006) ‘Metagovernance: The Changing Role of Politicians in Processes of Democratic Governance’, American Review of Public Administration, 36: 98–114.
    Spruyt, H. (1994) The Sovereign State and Its Competitors. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
    Starr, H. (1997) Anarchy, Order, and Integration: How to Manage Interdependence. Ann Arbor, MI: University of Michigan Press.
    Strange, S. (1996) The Retreat of the State: The Diffusion of Power in the World Economy. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/CBO9780511559143
    Sudders, M. and Nahem, J. (2004) Governance Indicators: A User's Guide. Oslo: United Nations Development Programme.
    Tamanaha, B. (2004) On the Rule of Law: History, Politics, Theory. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/CBO9780511812378
    Thompson, G., Frances, J., Levacic, R. and Mitchell, J. (eds) (1991) Markets, Hierarchies, and Networks: The Coordination of Social Life. London: Sage.
    Van Berkel, R. and Moller, I. (eds) (2003) Active Social Policies in the EU: Inclusion through Participation?Cambridge: Polity Press.
    Van Meter, D. and Van Horn, C. (1975) ‘The Policy Implementation Process: A Conceptual Framework’, Administration & Society, 6: 445–488. http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/009539977500600404
    Weiss, L. (1998) The Myth of the Powerless State: Governing the Economy in a Global Era. Cambridge, NY: Polity Press.
    Weller, P., Bakvis, H. and Rhodes, R. (eds) (1997) The Hollow Crown. London: Macmillan.
    Wholey, J.S., Hatry, H.P. and Newcomer, K.E. (eds) (1994) Handbook of Practical Programme Evaluation. San Fransisco: Jossey-Bass.
    Wilkinson, R. (ed.) (2005) The Global Governance Reader. London: Routledge.
    Williams, D. and Young, T. (1994) ‘Governance, the World Bank, and Liberal Theory’, Political Studies, 42: 84–100. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-9248.1994.tb01675.x
    Williamson, O. (1975) Markets and Hierarchies: Analysis and Antitrust Implications. New York: Free Press. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/B0-08-043076-7/04229-7
    Wondolleck, J. and Yaffee, S. (2000) Making Collaboration Work: Lessons from Innovation in Natural Resource Management. Washington, DC: Island Press.
    World Commission on Environment and Development (1987) Our Common Future. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
    Young, O. (1998) Global Governance: Learning Lessons from the Environmental Experience. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press. http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/03058298900190030301
Back to Top

Copy and paste the following HTML into your website