Awarding bodies design qualifications and their attendant assessments and subsequently administer and award on those assessments, which can consist of workplace-based activities, coursework, controlled assessment, tests and examinations. Awarding bodies in the UK are subject to regulation. In England, the regulator is the Office of Qualifications and Examinations Regulation (Ofqual). Currently, the government will not fund schools and colleges to offer qualifications that Ofqual has not accredited. There are 178 awarding organisations; six of them are the main providers of qualifications for 14- to 19-year-olds (Ofqual, 2012b). This entry concentrates on them; they are ...