- Subject index
Juvenile justice policies have historically been built on a foundation of myths and misconceptions. Fear of young, drug-addled superpredators, concerns about immigrants and gangs, claims of gender biases, and race hostilities have influenced the public's views and, consequently, the evolution of juvenile justice. These myths have repeatedly confused the process of rational policy development for the juvenile justice system.
Juvenile Justice: Redeeming Our Children debunks myths about juvenile justice in order to achieve an ideal system that would protect vulnerable children and help build safer communities. Author Barry Krisberg assembles broad and up-to-date research, statistical data, and theories on the U.S. juvenile justice system to encourage effective responses to youth crime. This text gives a historical context to the ongoing quest for the juvenile justice ideal ...
Chapter Six: Young Women and the Juvenile Justice System
Young Women and the Juvenile Justice System
Of the approximately 2.8 million arrests of persons younger than age 18 in 1997, about one quarter involved young women. Whereas young women were 16% of those arrested for violent crimes and 28% of serious property crimes, they were 56% of juveniles arrested for prostitution and commercialized vice and 58% of those arrested as runaways. Girls accounted for less than 10% of juveniles who were arrested for drug or weapons offenses (Snyder & Sickmund, 1999). Data from self-report surveys suggest that young men and women are about equally likely to engage in sexual behavior, underage drinking, and the use of illicit drugs (Snyder & Sickmund, 1999).
Since the 1980s, the arrest rate of ...