- Subject index
Juvenile justice policies have historically been built on a foundation of myths and misconceptions. Fear of young, drug-addled superpredators, concerns about immigrants and gangs, claims of gender biases, and race hostilities have influenced the public's views and, consequently, the evolution of juvenile justice. These myths have repeatedly confused the process of rational policy development for the juvenile justice system.
Juvenile Justice: Redeeming Our Children debunks myths about juvenile justice in order to achieve an ideal system that would protect vulnerable children and help build safer communities. Author Barry Krisberg assembles broad and up-to-date research, statistical data, and theories on the U.S. juvenile justice system to encourage effective responses to youth crime. This text gives a historical context to the ongoing quest for the juvenile justice ideal ...
Chapter Ten: Redeeming Our Children
Redeeming Our Children
Evolving Standards of Juvenile Justice
For most of recorded history the standard of justice was based on a harsh regimen of social revenge (Foucault, 1977; Rusche & Kirchheimer, 1939). Stark punishments were designed to instill fear in the hearts and minds of the lower classes. This fear was designed to deter potential lawbreakers and to head off any possibilities of social revolt. Frequent use of the death penalty, especially public executions, was part of the ceremony of justice. Torture of defendants and extreme physical brutality were part of the penal practice of Europe and the New World until well into the 19th century. Thorsten Sellin, in his extraordinary book, Slavery and the Penal System, demonstrates the similarity in the treatment of ...