Jerome Bruner: Language, Culture, Self

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Edited by: David Bakhurst & Stuart G. Shanker

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    Contributors

    David Bakhurst is Professor of Philosophy at Queen's University at Kingston, Ontario. He is the author of Consciousness and Revolution in Soviet Philosophy (1991) and co-editor, with Christine Sypnowich, of The Social Self (1995).

    Michael Beran is a graduate student in psychology at Georgia State University, where he conducts research at the Language Research Center.

    Jane R. Brown earned her Ph.D. in Human Development and Family Studies at Penn State University. She currently works as an evaluation consultant to programmes and agencies serving children and families in Monterey County, California.

    Jerome Bruner is University Professor at New York University. He has held the G.H. Mead University Professorship at the New School for Social Research, New York, and the Watts Chair of Psychology at Oxford. He has written extensively on questions of perception, language and education, and on the significance of culture to psychology. His books include Child's Talk (1983), Actual Minds, Possible Worlds (1986), Acts of Meaning (1990), The Culture of Education (1996) and (with Anthony Amsterdam) Minding the Law (2000).

    Judy Dunn is MRC Research Professor at the Institute of Psychiatry in London. Her research explores children's social, cognitive and communicative development, in the context of their close relationships. Her books include The Beginnings of Social Understanding (1988) and, with Robert Plomin, Separate Lives: Why Siblings are so Different (1990).

    Christopher Elder studied at the Language Research Center at Georgia State University and is now Research Specialist in the Department of Neurology in the Emory University School of Medicine. He is currently investigating the effects of deep brain stimulation on Parkinson's disease.

    Howard Gardner is John H. and Elisabeth A. Hobbs Professor of Cognition and Education and Adjunct Professor of Psychology at Harvard University. Trained as a cognitive-developmental psychologist, Gardner has also conducted research in the areas of neuropsychology, educational reform and ethics in the professions. He is the author of many books and articles including, most recently, The Disciplined Mind and Intelligence Reframed, both published in 1999.

    Clifford Geertz is an anthropologist and Harold F. Linder Professor of Social Science in the School of Social Science, Institute for Advanced Study, Princeton. He is author of a number of books, including The Interpretation of Cultures, Local Knowledge (1973) and After the Fact (1995). He has done extensive fieldwork in both Indonesia and Morocco.

    Rom Harré is Emeritus Fellow of Linacre College, Oxford, Professor of Psychology at Georgetown University, and Adjunct Professor of Philosophy at American University, Washington, DC. His published work includes Varieties of Realism (1986) and Great Scientific Experiments (1981), both studies in the philosophy of the natural sciences, and the trilogy Social Being (1979), Personal Being (1983) and Physical Being (1991), which explores the role of rules and conventions in various aspects of human cognition. His most recent book is The Singular Self (1998). He holds honorary doctorates from the universities of Helsinki, Aarhus and Lima.

    David R. Olson is University Professor, University of Toronto, and Professor of Applied Cognitive Science at OISE/UT. He is author of The World on Paper (1994) and editor, with Nancy Torrance, of Handbook of Education and Human Development (1996). Bruner's The Culture of Education (1996) is dedicated to Olson.

    Edward S. Reed was Associate Professor of Psychology at Franklin & Marshall College from 1991 until his untimely death in February 1997. During that period he received a Guggenheim Fellowship, which enabled him to complete his final three books: Encountering the World (1996), The Necessity of Experience (1996) and From Soul to Mind: the Emergence of Psychology, 1815–1890 (1997).

    Duane Rumbaugh is currently director of the Language Research Center of the College of Arts and Sciences at Georgia State University, where he held a chair of Psychology from 1971 to 1989. His research interests lie in comparative studies of cognition.

    Stuart G. Shanker is Professor of Psychology and Philosophy at Atkinson College, York University, Toronto. His recent publications include Wittgenstein's Remarks on the Foundations of AI (1998) and, with S. Savage-Rumbaugh and Talbot J. Taylor, Apes, Language and the Human Mind (1998).

    John Shotter is Professor of Interpersonal Relations, and chair of the Department of Communication of the University of New Hampshire. His long-term interest is in the social conditions conducive to people having a voice in the development of participatory democracies and civil societies. His books include Social Accountability and Selfhood (1984), Cultural Politics of Everyday Life (1993) and Conversational Realities (1993).

    Talbot J. Taylor is the Louise G.T. Cooley Professor of English and Linguistics at the College of William and Mary Virginia. He is, with Roy Harris, co-editor of the journal Language & Communication. His recent publications include Theorizing Language (Pergamon Press, 1998) and, with S. Savage-Rumbaugh and S. Shanker, Apes, Language and the Human Mind (Oxford, 1998).

    Michael Tomasello taught at Emory University and worked at Yerkes Primate Center (USA) from 1980 to 1998. Since 1998, he has been Co-Director, Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, Leipzig, Germany. His research focuses on processes of social cognition, social learning, and language and communication in human children and great apes. His recent publications include Primate Cognition, with Josep Call (1997), and The Cultural Origins of Human Cognition (1999).

    Acknowledgements

    The editors are grateful to the Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada for grants facilitating their respective contributions to this project. In addition, thanks are due to Atkinson College, York University, for supporting Stuart Shanker's research, and to the Advisory Research Committee of Queen's University for its support of David Bakhurst's work.


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