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Chapter 2: The Causes of Child Psychopathology: Research Methods and Theories
Science is the systematic search for order in the natural world. Scientists seek to identify meaningful relationships between observable events, in order to describe, predict, explain, and/or control these events. Physical scientists focus chiefly on the principles of physical matter and movement. Biological scientists concentrate on relationships within and between living systems. Behavioral scientists direct their attention to the structure and functioning of behavior, that is, to people's thoughts, feelings, and actions.
There is no universally accepted method of scientific inquiry. However, science can be differentiated from nonscientific approaches to understanding the world in at least three ways (Newsom & Hovanitz, ...