Introduction to Abnormal Child and Adolescent Psychology

Books

Robert Weis

  • Citations
  • Add to My List
  • Text Size

  • Chapters
  • Front Matter
  • Back Matter
  • Subject Index
  • This book is dedicated to my wonderful wife, Jennifer, and my three darling children: Thomas, Marie, and Anne Catherine

    Copyright

    View Copyright Page

    Preface

    Now is an exciting time to study abnormal child psychology. The field of child psychopathology is relatively new and rapidly changing. The study and practice of abnormal child psychology began when Lightner Witmer established the first psychological clinic for children in 1896. However, some of the most exciting developments in the field have emerged only in the past 25 years. For example, the theoretical perspective of developmental psychopathology has changed the way professionals view children' development (and maldevelopment) across time and from multiple perspectives. Technical advances in neuroimaging and clinical neuroscience have allowed us to better appreciate the genetic and biological underpinnings of children's behavior. The past decade has also seen greater importance placed on empirically supported treatments and the dramatically increased use of psychotropic medications for youth. Finally, changes in the demographic and socioeconomic makeup of the United States have required us to view children's development within broader social and cultural contexts.

    Now is a particularly exciting time for newcomers to the field. In most of the more established sciences, such as physics and chemistry, students must spend years mastering fundamental principles and research techniques before they can contribute meaningfully to the discipline. However, in the field of abnormal child psychology, there is so much new ground to explore! Students can ask relevant, novel questions almost immediately. Important questions such as “Why is autism more commonly diagnosed today compared to 20 years ago? Why are adolescent girls more likely than boys to become depressed? What's the best way to help physically abused children?” need answers. The field needs bright and motivated individuals who are willing to devote their professional lives to understanding and helping children and adolescents in need.

    Goals of This Book

    This book was written as an introductory text. I adopted a developmental psychopathology approach to understanding youths with behavioral, social-emotional, and cognitive disorders. The developmental psychopathology perspective examines the emergence of child and adolescent disorders over time, pays special attention to risk and protective factors that influence developmental processes and trajectories, and examines child psychopathology in the context of normal child development.

    Introduction to Developmental Psychopathology

    I have four main goals for this book. First, I want to introduce students to the developmental psychopathology paradigm and show how this perspective can help organize our understanding of various childhood disorders. Examining patterns of development and maldevelopment over time adds a level of complexity that, I hope, will spark students’ curiosity about child development and the emergence of behavior and learning problems.

    In the book, I hope to go beyond merely describing each disorder; I also want to introduce students to the multitude of factors that cause child psychopathology. Potential etiologies are numerous and complex. To help students organize the research literature, I examine each disorder across five broad levels of analysis:

    Genetics (e.g., behavioral and molecular genetics research)

    Biology (e.g., brain structure and functioning, hormones, neuroimaging studies)

    Psychological Processes (e.g., the interplay between children's thoughts, feelings, and actions)

    Interpersonal Relations (e.g., parent-child attachment, family functioning, peer relationships)

    Social-Cultural Context (e.g., children's race, ethnicity, SES, neighborhood)

    The causes of child psychopathology can be analyzed at each of these levels. However, the most complete accounts of child psychopathology usually involve interactions across multiple levels of analysis and across time. In reading this book, I hope students will see that the field of abnormal child psychology is interdisciplinary and complex.

    The Integration of Science and Practice

    Second, I want to convey the value and interdependence of psychological research and human service. I want to challenge the notion that psychological research and clinical practice are separate professional endeavors. Instead, I hope to illustrate that competent, ethical clinical work draws upon existing psychological research, while the most meaningful psychological research is often inspired by clinical practice.

    Perhaps the most salient feature of this text is that it introduces students to the scientist-practitioner approach to abnormal child psychology. The scientist-practitioner perspective assumes that the field of abnormal child psychologyi s foremost a science. The field needs to be founded in scientific theory and supported by empirical data. Students must appreciate the methods and findings of psychological research in order to accurately understand children's social, emotional, and behavioral problems. At the same time, the scientist-practitioner perspective assumes that the best psychological research is relevant to the day-to-day lives of children, families, and society. Research allows us to accurately understand children in need, to help alleviate children's problems, and to find ways to promote the welfare of children in society.

    Greater Attention to Empirically Supported Treatment

    My third goal is to provide students with an understanding of empirically supported treatments. These treatments include psychosocial and pharmacological interventions as well as primary (universal) and secondary (indicated) prevention techniques. To the extent possible, I try to provide a detailed description of each treatment so that students can appreciate both the theory behind the intervention and how the treatment plays out in clinics, hospitals, and schools. Then, I briefly review the efficacy and effectiveness of each form of treatment and (more often) the limitations in the research literature.

    I try to supplement the text with interesting case studies. I hope that these case studies bring to life my descriptions of the various disorders, their causes, and treatments. I also hope these case studies allow students to focus their attention on children and families, rather than on disorders per se. Although names and other identifying information have been changed, the case studies describe real clients. Whenever possible, I provide information about children's outcomes after treatment.

    Relevance to Life

    Finally, I want to show students why an understanding of child psychopathology and its treatment might be important to them. Most students will not become psychologists or counselors. However, all students will have multiple opportunities to influence the lives and developmental outcomes of children and adolescents in the future (if not already). Some students will become physicians, nurses, teachers, librarians, daycare providers, occupational or recreational therapists, or other professionals who have immediate, frequent contact with children. Other students will volunteer as coaches, tutors, or mentors in schools and in the community. Nearly all students will become parents and have the primary responsibility of raising the next generation of youth. Although few students will become mental health professionals, all can rely on psychological science and critical thinking to make informed decisions about the welfare of our families, schools, neighborhoods, and society.

    A Final Word to Instructors

    To accompany this text, I have created ancillary material for instructors and students. Instructor material is designed to facilitate lectures, class discussion, and the creation of exams. I hope that this material will allow instructors greater time and flexibility to engage students in the classroom rather than manage the “nuts and bolts” of their courses. The ancillary instructor material includes the following:

    • Sample syllabi, chapter outlines, and chapter summaries
    • PowerPoint slides for each chapter, including tables and figures from the text
    • Supplemental lectures on topics relevant to child/adolescent psychopathology
    • Supplemental tables and figures in digital format
    • Discussion questions and classroom exercises
    • Suggested movie and Web site resources
    • Multiple choice, short answer, and essay questions drawn from the book

    I am especially happy to offer instructors a wide variety of exam questions from which to build their tests. The exam questions are organized according to Bloom's (1956) taxonomy of educational objectives. Consequently, questions are grouped according to the level of abstraction, creativity, and critical thinking needed to adequately answer them. I have grouped these questions into five general categories:

    • Knowledge: Students must recall facts or define important terms.
    • Comprehension: Students must summarize, explain, or give examples of key ideas.
    • Analysis: Students must compare and contrast two or more ideas, theories, or therapies.
    • Application: Students must use information in the text to solve a problem or apply their understanding to a case study.
    • Synthesis: Students must critically examine the strengths and weaknesses of a theory, idea, or therapy and judge its merits.

    Multiple-choice questions in the test bank tend to focus on students’ (1) knowledge and (2) comprehension of information presented in the text. Short-answer and essay questions in the instructor's material cover all five categories, with emphasis on (3) analysis, (4) application, and (5) synthesis. Although many instructors will write their own exam questions, I hope that these questions will serve as a springboard for exam preparation or class discussion and help instructors develop their students’ critical thinking skills.

    Finally, I hope instructors will encourage students to visit the Web site for this course. The Web site includes flashcards and other study aids, links of interest to students, links to video clips, and recommendations for feature films dealing with child and adolescent psychopathology. I hope that the Web site, like this book, will initiate an interest in child development and psychological science that will continue for years to come.

    Acknowledgments

    I am grateful to many people for their support and encouragement. First, I am thankful for the professional training and mentorship of Dr. Chris Lovejoy and the clinical faculty at Northern Illinois University, who embody the spirit of the scientist-practitioner tradition. Second, I want to acknowledge three clinician-scholars who have greatly influenced my view of developmental psychopathology and the delivery of psychological services to children, adolescents, and families: Dr. Thomas Linscheid and Dr. Joseph Hatcher of Columbus Children's Hospital and Dr. Terry Kaddatz of St. Michael Hospital in Stevens Point, Wisconsin. Third, I would like to thank my colleagues at Denison University, especially Drs. Cody Brooks, Frank Hassebrock, and Sarah Hutson-Comeaux, for their collegiality and support. Fourth, I must thank the reviewers of this manuscript, who offered many helpful suggestions in its preparation. They are David L. Carlston, Midwestern State University; Robert Devasch, University of South Carolina; Christie Karpiak, University of Scranton; Rich Milich, University of Kentucky; Martin Murphy, University of Akron; Wendy J. Nilsen, University of Rochester; Jill Norvilitis, SUNY College at Buffalo; Elizabeth Soliday, Washington State University, Vancouver; Ric Steele, University of Kansas; and Margaret Wright, Miami University of Ohio. Finally, I am most indebted to my wonderful wife and three children, who have taught me more about child development than anything I have read thus far. I hope that this text, in some small way, reflects their love and support for me over the years.

    RobertWeisGranville, Ohio
  • References

    Abbott, P.J. (2007). Co-morbid alcohol/other drug abuse/dependence and psychiatric disorders in adolescent American Indian and Alaska natives. Alcoholism Treatment Quarterly, 243–21. http://dx.doi.org/10.1300/J020v24n04_02
    Abela, J.R. Z., Hankin, B.L., Haigh, E.A. P., Adams, P., Vinokuroff, T., & Trayhern, L. (2005). Interpersonal vulnerability to depression in high-risk children: The role of insecure attachment and reassurance seeking. Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology, 34, 182–192. http://dx.doi.org/10.1207/s15374424jccp3401_17
    Aber, J.L., Gershoff, E.T., Ware, A., & Kotler, J.A. (2004). Estimating the effects of September 11th and other forms of violence on the mental health and social development of New York City's youth: A matter of context. Applied Developmental Science, 8, 111–129. http://dx.doi.org/10.1207/s1532480xads0803_2
    Abikoff, H., Hechtman, L., Klein, R.G., Gallagher, R., Fleiss, K., Etcovitch, J., et al. (2004a). Social functioning in children with ADHD treated with long-term methylphenidate and multimodal psychosocial treatment. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 43, 820–829. http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/01.chi.0000128797.91601.1a
    Abikoff, H., Hechtman, L., Klein, R.G., Weiss, G., Fleiss, K., Etcovitch, J., et al. (2004b). Symptomatic improvement in children with ADHD treated with long-term methylphenidate and multimodal psychosocial treatment. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 43, 802–811. http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/01.chi.0000128791.10014.ac
    Abikoff, H., Jensen, P., Arnold, L.E., Hoza, B., Hechtman, L., Pollack, S., et al. (2002). Observed classroom behavior of children with ADHD: Relationship to gender and comorbidity. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 30, 349–359. http://dx.doi.org/10.1023/A:1015713807297
    Abramson, L.Y., Seligman, M.E., & Teasdale, J.D. (1978). Learned helplessness in humans: Critique and reformulation. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 87, 49–74. http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/0021-843X.87.1.49
    Achenbach, T.M. (1982). Assessment and taxonomy of children's behavior disorders. In B.Lahey & A.E.Kazdin (Eds.), Advances in clinical child psychology (pp. 1–38). New York: Plenum. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4613-9811-0_1
    Achenbach, T.M., Howell, C.T., Quay, H.C., & Conners, C.K. (1991). National survey of problems and competencies among four- to sixteen-year-olds: Parents’ reports for normative and clinical samples. Monographs of the Society for Research in Child Development, 56, 1–131. http://dx.doi.org/10.2307/1166156
    Achenbach, T.M., McConaughy, S.H., & Howell, C.T. (1987). Child/adolescent behavioral and emotional problems: Implications of cross-informant correlations for situational specificity. Psychological Bulletin, 101, 213–232. http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/0033-2909.101.2.213
    Ackerman, B.P., Brown, E., & Izard, C.E. (2003). Continuity and change in levels of externalizing behavior in school of children from economically disadvantaged families. Child Development, 74, 694–709. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1467-8624.00563
    Ackerman, P., Newton, J., McPherson, W.B., Jones, J., & Dykman, R. (1998). Prevalence of posttraumatic stress disorder and other psychiatric diagnoses in three groups of abused children (sexual, physical, and both). Child Abuse and Neglect, 22, 759–774. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0145-2134%2898%2900062-3
    Adams, G., & Carnine, D. (2003). Direct instruction. In H.L.Swanson, K.R.Harris, & S.Graham (Eds.), Handbook of learning disabilities (pp. 403–416). New York: Guilford Press.
    Agras, W.S., Crow, S.J., Halmi, K.A., Mitchell, J.E., Wilson, G.T., & Kraemer, H.C. (2000). Outcome predictors for the cognitive behavior treatment of bulimia nervosa: Data from a multisite study. American Journal of Psychiatry, 757, 1302–1308. http://dx.doi.org/10.1176/appi.ajp.157.8.1302
    Agras, W.S., Walsh, B.T., Fairburn, C.G., Wilson, G.T., & Kraemer, C.H. (2000). A multi-center comparison of cognitive-behavioral therapy and interpersonal psychotherapy for bulimia nervosa. Archives of General Psychiatry, 57, 459–466. http://dx.doi.org/10.1001/archpsyc.57.5.459
    Ahmann, P., Waltonen, S., Olson, K., Theye, F., Van Erem, A., & LaPlant, R. (1993). Placebo-controlled evaluation of Ritalin side effects. Pediatrics, 91, 1101–1106.
    Ahn, M.S., & Frazier, A. (2004). Diagnostic and treatment issues in childhood-onset bipolar disorder. Essential Psychopharmacology, 6, 25–44.
    Ainsworth, M.D. S., Belhar, M.C., Waters, E., & Wall, S. (1978). Patterns of attachment: A psychological study of the strange situation. Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum.
    Alanay, Y., Unal, F., Turanli, G., Alikasifoglu, M., Alehan, D., Akyol, U., et al. (2007). A multidisciplinary approach to the management of individuals with fragile X syndrome. Journal of Intellectual Disability Research, 51, 151–161. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2788.2006.00942.x
    Albano, A.M., Chorpita, B.F., & Barlow, D.H. (1996). Childhood anxiety disorders. In E.J.Mash & R.A.Barkley (Eds.), Child psychopathology (pp. 196–242). New York: Guilford Press.
    Albano, A.M., & Hayward, C. (2004). Social anxiety disorder. In T.H.Ollendick & J.S.March (Eds.), Phobic and anxiety disorders in children and adolescents (pp. 198–235). New York: Oxford University Press.
    Alloy, L.B., Abramson, L.Y., Raniere, D., & Dyller, I.M. (1999). Research methods in adult psychopathology. In P.C.Kendall, J.N.Butcher, & G.N.Holmbeck (Eds.), Handbook of research methods in clinical psychology (pp. 466–498). New York: Wiley.
    Aman, M.G., Collier-Crespin, A., & Lindsay, R. (2000). Pharmacotherapy of disorders in mental retardation. European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, 9, 98–107. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s007870070023
    Aman, M.G., De Smedt, G., Derivan, A., Lyons, B., Findling, R.L., & Risperidone Disruptive Behavior Study Group. (2002). Double-blind, placebo-controlled study of risperidone for the treatment of disruptive behaviors in children with subaverage intelligence. American Journal of Psychiatry, 159, 1337–1346. http://dx.doi.org/10.1176/appi.ajp.159.8.1337
    American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry. (2005). Practice parameter for the assessment and treatment of children and adolescents with substance use disorders. Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, 44, 609–621. http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/01.chi.0000159135.33706.37
    American Academy of Pediatrics. (2001). Clinical practice guideline: Treatment of the school-aged child with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder. Pediatrics, 108, 1033–1044. http://dx.doi.org/10.1542/peds.108.4.1033
    American Psychiatric Association. (2000). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders(
    4th
    ed., Text Rev.). Washington, DC: Author.
    American Psychological Association. (1947). Recommended graduate training program in clinical psychology. American Psychologist, 2, 539–558. http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/h0058236
    American Psychological Association. (1996). Guidelines on effective behavioral treatment for persons with mental retardation and developmental disabilities: A resolution by APA Division 33. In J.W.Jacobson & J.A.Mulick (Eds.), Manual of diagnosis and professional practice in mental retardation (pp. 427–430). Washington, DC: Author.
    American Psychological Association. (2002). Ethical principles of psychologists and code of conduct. American Psychologist, 57, 1060–1073. http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/0003-066X.57.12.1060
    Amir, R.E., Van den Veyver, I.B., Wan, M., Tran, C.Q., Francke, U., & Zoghbi, H.Y. (1999). Rett syndrome is caused by mutations in X-linked MECP2, encoding methyl-CpG-binding protein 2. Nature Genetics, 23, 185–188. http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/13810
    Amor, L.B., Grizenko, N., Schwartz, G., Lageix, P., Baron, C., Ter-Stepanian, M., et al. (2005). Perinatal complications in children with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder and their unaffected siblings. Journal of Psychiatry and Neuroscience, 30, 120–126.
    Anastasi, A., & Urbina, S. (1997). Psychological testing. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall.
    Anastopoulos, A.D., Shelton, T.L., & Barkley, R.A. (2005). Family-based psychosocial treatments for children and adolescents with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder. In E.D.Hibbs & P.S.Jensen (Eds.), Psychosocial treatments for child and adolescent disorders: Empirically based strategies for clinical practice (pp. 327–350). Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.
    Anderson, K.G., Ramo, D.E., & Brown, S.A. (2006). Life stress, coping and comorbid youth: An examination of the stress-vulnerability model for substance relapse. Journal of Psychoactive Drugs, 38, 255–262. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/02791072.2006.10399851
    Anderson, S.R., Avery, D.L., DiPietro, E.K., Edwards, G.L., & Christian, W.P. (1987). Intensive home-based intervention with autistic children. Education and Treatment of Children, 10, 352–366.
    Anderson-Frye, E.P., & Becker, A.E. (2004). Sociocultural aspects of eating disorders. In J.K.Thompson (Ed.), Handbook of eating disorders and obesity (pp. 565–589). Hoboken, NJ: Wiley.
    Andrews, J.A. (2005). Substance abuse in girls. In D.J.Bell, S.L.Foster, & E.J.Mash (Eds.), Handbook of behavioral and emotional problems in girls (pp. 181–209). New York: Kluwer/Plenum. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/0-306-48674-1_6
    Angelman, H. (1965). “Puppet children”: A report on three cases. Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology, 7, 681–688. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1469-8749.1965.tb07844.x
    Angold, A., Costello, E.J., & Erkanli, A. (1999). Comorbidity. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry and Allied Disciplines, 40, 57–87. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1469-7610.00424
    Anthony, J., & Scott, P. (1960). Manic-depressive psychosis in childhood. Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 4, 53–72. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1469-7610.1960.tb01979.x
    Antony, M.M. (2005). Five strategies for bridging the gap between research and clinical practice. Behavior Therapist, 28, 162–163.
    Appel, A.E., & Holden, W. (1998). The co-occurrence of spouse and physical child abuse: A review and appraisal. Journal of Family Psychology, 12, 578–599. http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/0893-3200.12.4.578
    Appleton, R., & Baldwin, T. (2006). Management of brain injured children (
    2nd
    ed.). New York: Oxford University Press.
    Apter, A., Kronenberg, S., & Brent, D. (2005). Turning darkness into light: A new landmark study on the treatment of adolescent depression. Comments on the TADS study. European Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 14, 113–116. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00787-005-0474-7
    Ardoin, S.P., Witt, J.C., Connell, J.E., & Koenig, J.L. (2005). Application of a three-tiered response to intervention model for instructional planning, decision making, and the identification of children in need of services. Journal of Psychoeducational Assessment, 23, 362–380. http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/073428290502300405
    Armstrong, D. (2001). Rett syndrome neuropathology. Brain and Development, 23, 72–76. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0387-7604%2801%2900332-1
    Arnold, L. (1996). Sex differences in ADHD: Conference summary. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 24, 555–569. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF01670100
    Asarnow, J.R., Goldstein, M.J., Tompson, M., & Guthrie, D. (1993). One-year outcomes of depressive disorders in child psychiatric in-patients: Evaluation of the prognostic power of a brief measure of expressed emotion. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 34, 129–137. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1469-7610.1993.tb00975.x
    Atlas, J.G. (2004). Interpersonal sensitivity, eating disorder symptoms, and eating/thinness expectancies. Current Psychology: Developmental, Learning, Personality, Social, 22, 368–378. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12144-004-1041-y
    Augustyniak, K., Murphy, J., & Phillips, D.K. (2006). Psychological perspectives in assessing mathematics learning needs. Journal of Instructional Psychology, 32, 277–286.
    Autism Genome Project Consortium. (2007). Mapping autism risk loci using genetic linkage and chromosomal rearrangements. Nature Genetics, 39, 319–328. http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/ng1985
    Axelson, D.A., Perel, J.M., Birmaher, B., Rudolph, G., Nuss, S., Yurasits, L. et al. (2005). Platelet serotonin reuptake inhibition and response to SSRIs in depressed adolescents. American Journal of Psychiatry, 162, 802–804. http://dx.doi.org/10.1176/appi.ajp.162.4.802
    Aylward, E.H., Richards, T.L., Berninger, V.W., Nagy, W.E., Field, K.M., Grimme, A.C. et al. (2003). Instructional treatment associated with changes in brain activation in children with dyslexia. Neurology, 61, 212–219. http://dx.doi.org/10.1212/01.WNL.0000068363.05974.64
    Azar, S.T., & Wolfe, D.A. (1998). Child physical abuse and neglect. In E.J.Mash & R.A.Barkley (Eds.), Treatment of childhood disorders (pp. 501–544). New York: Guilford.
    Bacaltchuk, J., Trefiglio, R.P., Oliveira, I.R., Hay, P., Lima, M.S., & Mari, J.J. (2000). Combination of antidepressants and psychological treatments for bulimia nervosa: A systematic review. Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavia, 101, 256–64. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1600-0447.2000.tb10923.x
    Badner, J.A. (2003). The genetics of bipolar disorder. In B.Geller & M.DelBello (Eds.), Bipolar disorder in childhood and early adolescence (pp. 247–254). New York: Guilford Press.
    Bagwell, C.L., Molina, B.S. G., Kashdan, T.B., Pelham, W.E., & Hoza, B. (2006). Anxiety and mood disorders in adolescents with childhood attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder. Journal of Emotional and Behavioral Disorders, 14, 178–187. http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/10634266060140030501
    Baker, D.B., & Benjamin, T. (2000). The affirmation of the scientist-practitioner: A look back at Boulder. American Psychologist, 55, 241–247. http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/0003-066X.55.2.241
    Bandura, A. (1973). Aggression: A social learning theory analysis. New York: Prentice Hall.
    Bandura, A., Ross, D., & Ross, S.A. (1961). Transmission of aggression through imitation of aggressive models. Journal of Abnormal & Social Psychology, 63, 575–582. http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/h0045925
    Barber, B. (2002). Intrusive parenting: How psychological control affects children and adolescents. Washington, DC: American Psychological Association. http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/10422-000
    Bardone, A.M., Moffitt, T.E., Caspi, A., Dickson, N., & Silva, P.A. (1996). Adult mental health and social outcomes of adolescent girls with depression and conduct disorder. Development and Psychopathology, 8, 811–829. http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0954579400007446
    Bardone, M.S., Moffitt, T.E., Caspi, A., Dickson, N., Stanton, W.R., & Silva, P.A. (1998). Adult physical health outcomes of adolescent girls with conduct disorder, depression, and anxiety. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 317, 594–601. http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/00004583-199806000-00009
    Barkley, R.A. (1988). The effects of methylphenidate on the interactions of preschool ADHD children with their mothers. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 27, 336–341. http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/00004583-198805000-00012
    Barkley, R.A. (1997a). ADHD and the nature of self-control. New York: Guilford Press.
    Barkley, R.A. (1997b). Defiant children: A clinician's manual for assessment and parent training. New York: Guilford Press.
    Barkley, R.A. (1998). Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder: A handbook for diagnosis and treatment (
    2nd
    ed.). New York: Guilford Press.
    Barkley, R.A. (2004a). Adolescents with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder: An overview of empirically based treatments. Journal of Psychiatric Practice, 10, 39–56. http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/00131746-200401000-00005
    Barkley, R.A., DuPaul, G.J., & Connor, D.F. (1999). Stimulants. In J.S.Werry & M.G.Aman (Eds.), Practitioner's guide to psychoactive drugs in children and adolescents (pp. 213–247). New York: Plenum. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4899-0086-9_8
    Barkley, R.A., DuPaul, G.J., & McMurray, M.B. (1990). A comprehensive evaluation of attention deficit disorder with and without hyperactivity as defined by research criteria. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 58, 775–789. http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/0022-006X.58.6.775
    Barkley, R.A., Edwards, G., Laneri, M., Fletcher, K.E., & Metevia, L. (2001). The efficacy of problemsolving communication training alone, behavior management training alone, and their combination for parent-adolescent conflict in teenagers with ADHD and ODD. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 69, 926–941. http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/0022-006X.69.6.926
    Barkley, R.A., Fischer, M., Edelbrock, C.S., & Smallish, L. (1990). The adolescent outcome of hyperactive children diagnosed by research criteria I: An 8-year prospective follow-up study. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 29, 546–557. http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/00004583-199007000-00007
    Barkley, R.A., Fischer, M., Smallish, L., & Fletcher, K.R. (2002). Persistence of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder into young adulthood as a function of reporting source and definition of disorder. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 111, 279–289. http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/0021-843X.111.2.279
    Barkley, R.A., Shelton, T.L., Crosswait, C., Moorehouse, M., Fletcher, K., Barrett, S., et al. (2000). Multimethod, psycho-educational intervention for preschool children with disruptive behavior: Preliminary results at post-treatment. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 41, 319–332. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1469-7610.00616
    Barlow, D.H. (2002). Anxiety and its disorders: The nature and treatment of anxiety and panic (
    2nd
    ed.). New York: Guilford Press.
    Barnes, G.M., Hoffman, J.H., Welte, J.W., Farrell, M.P., & Dintcheff, B.A. (2006). Effects of parental monitoring and peer deviance on substance use and delinquency. Journal of Marriage and Family, 68, 1084–1104. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1741-3737.2006.00315.x
    Barnett, D., Ganiban, J., & Cicchetti, D. (1999). Maltreatment, negative expressivity, and the development of Type D attachments from 12 to 24 months of age. Monographs of the Society for Research in Child Development, 64, 97–118. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1540-5834.00035
    Barnow, S., Schultz, G., Lucht, M., Ulrich, I., Preuss, U., & Freyberger, H. (2004). Do alcohol expectancies and peer delinquency/substance use mediate the relationship between impulsivity and drinking behaviour in adolescence?Alcohol and Alcoholism, 39, 213–219. http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/alcalc/agh048
    Baron, R.M., & Kenny, D.A. (1986). The moderator-mediator variable distinction in social psychological research: Conceptual, strategic, and statistical considerations. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 51, 1173–1182. http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/0022-3514.51.6.1173
    Baron-Cohen, S. (1995). Mindblindness: An essay on autism and theory of mind. Boston: MIT Press/Bradford Books.
    Baron-Cohen, S. (2005). Autism and the origins of social neuroscience. In A.Easton & N.Emery (Eds.), The cognitive neuroscience of social behaviour (pp. 239–255). New York: Psychology Press. http://dx.doi.org/10.4324/9780203311875_chapter_8
    Baron-Cohen, S., Leslie, A.M., & Frith, U. (1985). Does the autistic child have a “theory of mind”? Cognition, 21, 37–46. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0010-0277%2885%2990022-8
    Baron-Cohen, S., Scahill, V.L., Izaguirre, J., Hornsey, H., & Robertson, M.M. (1999). The prevalence of Gilles de le Tourette syndrome in children and adolescents with autism: A large-scale study. Psychological Medicine, 29, 1151–1159. http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S003329179900896X
    Barrett, P.M., Dadds, M.R., & Rapee, R.M. (1996). Family treatment of childhood anxiety: A controlled trial. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 64, 333–342. http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/0022-006X.64.2.333
    Barrett, P.M., Duffy, A.L., Dadds, M.R., & Rapee, R.M. (2001). Cognitive-behavioral treatment of anxiety disorders in children: Long-term (6 year) follow-up. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 69, 1–7.
    Barrett, P.M., Rapee, R.M., Dadds, M.M., & Ryan, S.M. (1996). Family enhancement of cognitive style in anxious and aggressive children. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 24, 187–203. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF01441484
    Barrios, A.A., & O'Dell, S.L. (1998). Fears and anxieties. In E.J.Mash & R.A.Barkley (Eds.), Treatment of childhood disorders (
    2nd
    ed., pp. 249–337). New York: Guilford Press.
    Barrouillet, P., Fayol, M., & Lathuliere, E. (1997). Selecting between competitors in multiplication tasks: An explanation of the errors produced by adolescents with learning disabilities. International Journal of Behavioral Development, 21, 253–275. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/016502597384857
    Barry, C.T., Frick, P.J., Grooms, T., McCoy, M.G., Ellis, M.L., & Loney, B.R. (2000). The importance of callous-unemotional traits for extending the concept of psychopathy to children. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 109, 335–340. http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/0021-843X.109.2.335
    Baumeister, A.A., & Bacharach, V.R. (1996). A critical analysis of the Infant Health and Development Program. Intelligence, 23, 79–104. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0160-2896%2896%2990007-0
    Baumeister, A.A., & Bacharach, V.R. (2000). Early generic educational intervention has no enduring effect on intelligence and does not prevent mental retardation: The Infant Health and Development Program. Intelligence, 28, 161–192. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0160-2896%2899%2900037-9
    Bauermeister, J.J., Alegria, M., Bird, H., Rubio-Stipec, M.A., & Canino, G. (1992). Are attentional-hyperactivity deficits unidimensional and multidimensional syndromes? Empirical findings from a community survey. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 31, 423–431. http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/00004583-199205000-00007
    Baumrind, D. (1991). The influence of parenting style on adolescent competence and substance use. Journal of Early Adolescence, 11, 56–95. http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0272431691111004
    Beach, S.R. H., & Amir, N. (2003). Is depression taxonic, dimensional, or both?Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 112, 228–236. http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/0021-843X.112.2.228
    Beardslee, W.R., Versage, E.M., & Gladstone, T.R. (1998). Children of affectively ill parents: A review of the past 10 years. Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, 37, 1134–1141. http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/00004583-199811000-00012
    Beauchaine, T.P., Webster-Stratton, C., & Reid, M.J. (2005). Mediators, moderators, and predictors of 1-year outcomes among children treated for early-onset conduct problems: A latent growth curve analysis. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 73, 371–388. http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/0022-006X.73.3.371
    Beck, A.T. (1967). Depression: Clinical, experimental, and theoretical perspectives. New York: Harper & Row.
    Beck, A.T. (1976). Cognitive therapy and the emotional disorders. New York: International Universities Press.
    Beck, A.T., & Emery, G. (1985). Anxiety disorders and phobias: A cognitive perspective. Philadelphia: Center for Cognitive Therapy.
    Beck, A.T., & Weishaar, M.E. (2005). Cognitive therapy. In R.J.Corsini & D.Wedding (Eds.), Current psychotherapies (pp. 238–268). Belmont, CA: Brooks/Cole.
    Beck, J.S., Liese, B.S., & Najavits, L.M. (2005). Cognitive therapy. In R.J.Frances, S.I.Miller, & A.H.Mack (Eds.), Clinical textbook of addictive disorders (
    3rd
    ed., pp. 474–501). New York: Guilford Press.
    Beck, S.J. (1937). Introduction to the Rorschach method. American Orthopsychiatric Association Monograph, 1, 1–278.
    Becker, A.E., Burwell, R., Gilman, S.E., Herzog, D., & Hamburg, P. (2002). Eating behaviors and attitudes following prolonged exposure to television among ethnic Fijian adolescent girls. British Journal of Psychiatry, 180, 509–514. http://dx.doi.org/10.1192/bjp.180.6.509
    Becker, J.V. (1998). What we know about the characteristics and treatment of adolescents who have committed sexual offenses. Child Maltreatment, 3, 317–329. http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1077559598003004004
    Becker, J.V., & Kaplan, M.S. (1988). The assessment of sexual offenders. Advances in Behavioral Assessment of Children and Families, 4, 97–118.
    Beckett, C., Maughan, B., Rutter, M., Castle, J., Colvert, E., Groothues, C., et al. (2006). Do the effects of early severe deprivation on cognition persist into early adolescence? Findings from the English and Romanian adoptees study. Child Development, 77(3), 696–711. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-8624.2006.00898.x
    Beidel, D.C., Morris, T.L., & Turner, M.W. (2004). Social phobia. In T.L.Morris & J.S.March (Eds.), Anxiety disorders in children and adolescents (pp. 141–163). New York: Guilford Press.
    Beidel, D.C., & Turner, S.M. (2007). Behavioral and cognitive-behavioral treatment of social anxiety disorder in children and adolescents. In D.C.Beidel & S.M.Turner (Eds.), Shy children, phobic adults: Nature and treatment of social anxiety disorders (pp. 261–313). Washington, DC: American Psychological Association. http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/11533-009
    Beidel, D.C., Turner, S.M., & Morris, T.L. (1999). Psychopathology of childhood social phobia. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 38, 643–650. http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/00004583-199906000-00010
    Belsky, J. (1993). Etiology of child maltreatment: A developmental-ecological analysis. Psychological Bulletin, 114, 413–434. http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/0033-2909.114.3.413
    Berger, A., Tzur, G., & Posner, M.I. (2006). Infant brains detect arithmetic errors. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 103, 12649–12653. http://dx.doi.org/10.1073/pnas.0605350103
    Berger, L.M. (2005). Income, family characteristics, and physical violence toward children. Child Abuse & Neglect, 29(2), 107–133. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.chiabu.2004.02.006
    Bergevin, T.A., Bukowski, W.M., & Karavasilis, L. (2003). Childhood sexual abuse and pubertal timing: Implications for long-term psychosocial adjustment. In C.Hayward (Ed.), Gender differences at puberty (pp. 187–216). New York: Cambridge University Press. http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/CBO9780511489716.011
    Bergh, C., Eriksson, M., Lindberg, G., & Sodersten, P. (1996). Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors in anorexia. Lancet, 348, 1459. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0140-6736%2804%2970113-0
    Berliner, L. (2000). What is sexual abuse? In H.Dubowitz & D.DePanfilis (Eds.), Handbook for child protection (pp. 18–22). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.
    Berliner, L. (2005). The results of randomized clinical trials move the field forward. Child Abuse & Neglect, 29(2), 103–105. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.chiabu.2004.08.007
    Berliner, L., & Elliott, D.M. (2002). Sexual abuse of children. In J.E. B.Myers, L.Berliner, J.Briere, C.T.Hendrix, C.Jenny, & T.A.Reid (Eds.), The APSAC handbook on child maltreatment (
    2nd
    ed., pp. 55–78). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.
    Besinger, B., Garland, A.F., Litrownik, A.J., & Landsverk, J.A. (1999). Caregiver substance abuse among maltreated children placed in out-of-home care. Child Welfare, 78, 221–239.
    Bettelheim, B. (1967). The empty fortress: Infantile autism and the birth of self. New York: Free Press.
    Beutler, L.E., Zetzer, H.A., & Williams, R.E. (1996). Research applications of prescriptive therapy. In W.Dryden (Ed.), Research in counselling and psychotherapy: Practical applications (pp. 25–48). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.
    Biederman, J., & Faraone, S.V. (2004). The Massachusetts General Hospital studies of gender influences on attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder in youths and relatives. Psychiatric Clinics of North America, 27, 225–232. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.psc.2003.12.004
    Biederman, J., Faraone, S.V., Wozniak, J., Mick, E., Kwon, A., Cayton, G.A., et al. (2005). Clinical correlates of bipolar disorder in a large, referred sample of children and adolescents. Journal of Psychiatric Research, 39, 611–622. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jpsychires.2004.08.003
    Biederman, J., Kwon, A., Aleardi, M., Chouinard, V., Marino, T., Cole, H., et al. (2005). Absence of gender effects on attention deficit hyperactivity disorder: Findings in nonreferred subjects. American Journal of Psychiatry, 162, 1083–1089. http://dx.doi.org/10.1176/appi.ajp.162.6.1083
    Biederman, J., Kwon, A., Wozniak, J., Mick, E., Markowitz, S., Fazio, V., et al. (2004). Absence of gender differences in pediatric bipolar disorder: Findings from a large sample of referred youth. Journal of Affective Disorders, 83, 207–214. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jad.2004.08.005
    Biederman, J., Lopez, F.A., Boellner, S.W., & Chandler, M.C. (2002). A randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study of SLI381 (Adderall XR) in children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder. Pediatrics, 110, 258–266. http://dx.doi.org/10.1542/peds.110.2.258
    Biederman, J., Mick, E., & Faraone, S.V. (2000). Age-dependent decline of symptoms of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder: Impact of remission definition and symptom type. American Journal of Psychiatry, 157, 816–818. http://dx.doi.org/10.1176/appi.ajp.157.5.816
    Biederman, J., Mick, E., Faraone, S.V., Braaten, E., Doyle, A., Spencer, T., et al. (2002). Influence of gender on attention deficit hyperactivity disorder in children referred to a psychiatric clinic. American Journal of Psychiatry, 159, 36–42. http://dx.doi.org/10.1176/appi.ajp.159.1.36
    Biederman, J., Mick, E., Spencer, T., Wilens, T.E., & Faraone, S.V. (2000). Therapeutic dilemmas in the pharmacotherapy of bipolar depression in the young. Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychopharmacology, 10(3), 185–192. http://dx.doi.org/10.1089/10445460050167296
    Biederman, J., Milberger, S., & Faraone, S.V. (1995). Family-environmental risk factors for attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder. Archives of General Psychiatry, 52, 464–470. http://dx.doi.org/10.1001/archpsyc.1995.03950180050007
    Biederman, J., Monuteaux, M.C., Doyle, A.E., Seidman, L.J., Wilens, T.E., Ferrero, F., et al. (2004). Impact of executive functioning deficits and attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) on academic outcomes in children. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 72, 757–766. http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/0022-006X.72.5.757
    Biederman, J., Petty, C., Faraone, S.V., Henin, A., Hirshfeld-Becker, D., Pollack, M.H., et al. (2006). Effects of parental anxiety disorders in children at high risk for panic disorder: A controlled study. Journal of Affective Disorders, 94, 191–197. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jad.2006.04.012
    Biederman, J., Wilens, T., Mick, E., & Faraone, S.V. (1997). Is ADHD a risk factor for psychoactive substance use disorders? Findings from a four-year prospective followup study. Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, 36, 21–29. http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/00004583-199701000-00013
    Biederman, J., Wilens, T., Mick, E., Spencer, T., & Faraone, S.V. (1999). Pharmacotherapy of attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder reduces risk for substance use disorder. Pediatrics, 104, 20. http://dx.doi.org/10.1542/peds.104.2.e20
    Bifulco, A., Moran, P.M., Ball, C., Jacobs, C., Baines, R., Bunn, A., et al. (2002). Childhood adversity, parental vulnerability and disorder: Examining inter-generational transmission of risk. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 43, 1075–1086. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1469-7610.00234
    Biklen, D. (1993). Communication unbound. New York: Teachers College Press.
    Binet, A., & Simon, T. (1916). The development of intelligence in children. Baltimore, MD: Williams & Wilkins.
    Birkeland, S., Murphy-Graham, E., & Weiss, C. (2005). Good reasons for ignoring good evaluation: The case of the drug abuse resistance education (D.A.R.E.) program. Evaluation and Program Planning, 28, 247–256. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.evalprogplan.2005.04.001
    Birmaher, B., Arbelaez, C., & Brent, D. (2002). Course and outcome of child and adolescent major depressive disorder. Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Clinics of North America, 11, 619–637. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S1056-4993%2802%2900011-1
    Birmaher, B., Axelson, D.A., Monk, K., Kalas, C., Clark, D.B., Ehmann, M., et al. (2003). Fluoxetine for the treatment of childhood anxiety disorders. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 42, 415–423. http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/01.CHI.0000037049.04952.9F
    Birmaher, B., Axelson, D., Strober, M., Gill, M.K., Valeri, S., Chiappetta, L., et al. (2006). Clinical course of children and adolescents with bipolar spectrum disorders. Archives of General Psychiatry, 63, 175–183. http://dx.doi.org/10.1001/archpsyc.63.2.175
    Birmaher, B., Brent, D.A., & Benson, R.S. (2000). Summary of the practice parameters for the assessment and treatment of children and adolescents with depressive disorders. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 37, 1234–1238. http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/00004583-199811000-00029
    Birmaher, B., & Ollendick, T.H. (2004). Childhood-onset panic disorder. In T.H.Ollendick & J.S.March (Eds.), Phobic and anxiety disorders in children and adolescents (pp. 306–333). New York: Oxford University Press.
    Birmaher, B., Ryan, N., Williamson, D., Brent, D., Kaufman, J., Dahl. R., et al. (1996). Childhood and adolescent depression: A review of the past 10 years, Part 1. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 35, 1427–1439. http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/00004583-199611000-00011
    Birmaher, B., Waterman, G.S., Ryan, N.D., Perel, J., McNabb, J., Balach, L., et al. (1998). Randomized, controlled trial of amitriptyline versus placebo for adolescents with treatment-resistant major depression. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 37, 527–535. http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/00004583-199805000-00015
    Birmaher, B., Williamson, D.E., Dahl, R.E., Axelson, D.A., Kaufman, J., Dorn, L.D., et al. (2004). Clinical presentation and course of depression in youth: Does onset in childhood differ from onset in adolescence?Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, 43, 63–70. http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/00004583-200401000-00015
    Birnbrauer, J.S., & Leach, D.J. (1993). The Murdoch Early Intervention Program after two years. Behaviour Change, 10, 63–74.
    Black, J.E., Jones, T.A., Nelson, C.A., & Greenough, W.T. (1998). Neuronal plasticity and the developing brain. In N.E.Alessi, J.T.Coyle, S.I.Harrison, & S.Eth (Eds.), Handbook of child and adolescent psychiatry (pp. 31–53). New York: Wiley.
    Blair, C., & Wahlsten, D. (2002). Why early intervention works: A reply to Baumeister and Bacharach. Intelligence, 30, 129–140. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0160-2896%2801%2900086-1
    Bloom, B.S. (1956). Taxonomy of educational objectives. New York: David McKay.
    Blumberg, H.P., Kaufman, J., Martin, A., Whiteman, R., Zhang, J.H., Gore, J.C., et al. (2003). Amygdala and hippocampal volumes in adolescents and adults with bipolar disorder. Archives of General Psychiatry, 60, 1201–1208. http://dx.doi.org/10.1001/archpsyc.60.12.1201
    Boddaert, N., Chabane, N., Gervais, H., Good, C.D., Bourgeois, M., Plumet, M.H., et al. (2004). Superior temporal sulcus anatomical abnormalities in childhood autism: A voxel-based morphometry MRI study. Neuroimage, 23, 364–369. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.neuroimage.2004.06.016
    Bogels, S.M., & van Melick, M. (2004). The relationship between child-report, parent self-report, and partner report of perceived parental rearing behaviors and anxiety in children and parents. Personality and Individual Differences, 37, 1583–1596. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.paid.2004.02.014
    Boggs, S.R., Eyberg, S.M., Edwards, D.L., Rayfield, A., Jacobs, J., Bagner, D., et al. (2004). Outcomes of parent-child interaction therapy: A comparison of treatment completers and study dropouts one to three years later. Child & Family Behavior Therapy, 26, 1–22. http://dx.doi.org/10.1300/J019v26n04_01
    Bonati, M., & Clavenna, A. (2005). The epidemiology of psychotropic drug use in children and adolescents. International Review of Psychiatry, 17, 181–188. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09540260500093768
    Bond, L., Toumbourou, J.W., Thomas, L., Catalano, R., & Patton, G.C. (2005). Individual, family, school and community risk and protective factors for depressive symptoms in adolescents: A comparison of risk profiles for substance use and depressive symptoms. Prevention Science, 6, 73–88. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11121-005-3407-2
    Bonner, B.L., Logue, M.B., & Kees, M. (2003). Child maltreatment. In M.C.Roberts (Ed.), Handbook of pediatric psychology (pp. 652–663). New York: Guilford Press.
    Borkovec, T.D., & Inz, J. (1990). The nature of worry in generalized anxiety disorder: A predominance of thought activity. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 28, 153–158. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0005-7967%2890%2990027-G
    Borkovec, T.D., Ray, W.J., & Stober, J. (1998). Worry: A cognitive phenomenon intimately linked to affective, physiological, and interpersonal behavioral processes. Cognitive Therapy and Research, 22, 561–576. http://dx.doi.org/10.1023/A:1018790003416
    Botteron, K.N., Vannier, M.W., Geller, B., Todd, R.D., & Lee, B.C. (1995). Preliminary study of magnetic resonance imaging characteristics in 8- to 16-year-olds with mania. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 34, 742–749. http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/00004583-199506000-00014
    Bouchard, S., Mendlowitz, S.L., Coles, M.E., & Franklin, M. (2004). Considerations in the use of exposure with children. Cognitive and Behavioral Practice, 11, 56–65. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S1077-7229%2804%2980007-5
    Bowlby, J. (1953). Child care and the growth of love. Baltimore, MD: Pelican.
    Bowlby, J. (1969). Attachment and loss: Vol. 1. Attachment. New York: Basic Books.
    Bowlby, J. (1973). Attachment and loss: Vol. II. Separation: Anxiety and anger. New York: Basic Books.
    Bowlby, J. (1980). Attachment and loss: Vol 3. Loss: Sadness and depression. New York: Basic Books.
    Boyle, M.H., & Lipman, E.L. (2002). Do places matter? Socioeconomic disadvantage and behavioral problems of children in Canada. Journal of Consulting & Clinical Psychology, 70, 378–389. http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/0022-006X.70.2.378
    Bradley, J.D., & Golden, C.J. (2001). Biological contributions to the presentation and understanding of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder: A review. Clinical Psychology Review, 21, 907–929. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0272-7358%2800%2900073-8
    Brake, W.G., Sullivan, R.M., & Gratton, A. (2000). Perinatal distress leads to lateralized medial prefrontal cortical dopamine hypofunction in adult rats. Journal of Neuroscience, 20, 5538–5543.
    Bregman, J.D. (2005). Definitions and characteristics of the spectrum. In D.Zager (Ed.), Autism spectrum disorders: Identification, education, and treatment (pp. 3–46). Mahwah, NJ: Erlbaum.
    Brendgen, M., Wanner, B., Morin, A.J. S., & Vitaro, F. (2005). Relations with parents and with peers, temperament, and trajectories of depressed mood during early adolescence. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 33, 579–594. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10802-005-6739-2
    Brent, D., Holder, D., Kolko, D., Birmaher, B., Baugher, M., Roth, C., et al. (1997). A clinical psychotherapy trial for adolescent depression comparing cognitive, family, and supportive therapy. Archives of General Psychiatry, 54, 877–885. http://dx.doi.org/10.1001/archpsyc.1997.01830210125017
    Brereton, A.V., Tonge, B.J., & Einfeld, S.L. (2006). Psychopathology in children and adolescents with autism compared to young people with intellectual disability. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 36, 863–870. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10803-006-0125-y
    Brestan, E.V., & Eyberg, S.M. (1998). Effective psychosocial treatments of conduct-disordered children and adolescents: 29 years, 82 studies, 5,272 kids. Journal of Clinical Child Psychology, 27, 180–189. http://dx.doi.org/10.1207/s15374424jccp2702_5
    Breton, J., Bergeron, L., Valla, J., Berthiaume, C., Gaudet, N., Lambert, J., et al. (1999). Quebec Child Mental Health Survey: Prevalence of DSM-III-R mental health disorders. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 40, 375–384. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1469-7610.00455
    Briere, J., Berliner, L., Bulkley, J., Jenny, C.A., & Reid, T.A. (1996). The APSAC handbook on child maltreatment. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.
    Brilleslijper-Kater, S.N., Friedrich, W.N., & Corwin, D.L. (2004). Sexual knowledge and emotional reaction as indicators of sexual abuse in young children: Theory and research challenges. Child Abuse & Neglect, 28, 1007–1017. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.chiabu.2004.06.005
    British Medical Association. (2006). Child and adolescent mental health: A guide for healthcare professionals. London: Author.
    Brody, G.H., Ge, X., Conger, R., Gibbons, F.X., McBride Murry, V., Gerrard, M., et al. (2001). The influence of neighborhood disadvantage, collective socialization, and parenting on African American children's affiliation with deviant peers. Child Development, 72, 1231–1246. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1467-8624.00344
    Bronfenbrenner, U. (1979). The ecology of human development: Experiments by design and nature. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
    Bronfenbrenner, U. (2000). Ecological system theory. In A.E.Kazdin (Ed.), Encyclopedia of psychology (Vol. 3, pp. 129–133). New York: Oxford University Press.
    Bronfenbrenner, U., McClelland, P.D., Wethington, E., Moen, P., & Ceci, S. (1996). The state of the Americas: This generation and the next. New York: Free Press.
    Bronfenbrenner, U., & Morris, P.A. (1998). The ecology of developmental process. In W.Damon (Ed.), Handbook of child psychology: Vol. 1. Theory (pp. 993–1028). New York: Wiley.
    Brookes, K., Xu, X., Chen, W., Zhou, K., Neale, B., Lowe, N., et al. (2006). The analysis of 51 genes in DSM-IV combined type attention deficit hyperactivity disorder: Association signals in DRD4, DAT1 and 16 other genes. Molecular Psychiatry, 11, 935–953.
    Brooks-Gunn, J., & Duncan, G.J. (1997). The effects of poverty on children. The Future of Children, 7, 55–71. http://dx.doi.org/10.2307/1602387
    Brooks-Gunn, J., Duncan, G.J., Klebanov, P.K., & Sealand, N. (1993). Do neighborhoods influence child and adolescent development? American Journal of Sociology, 99, 353–395. http://dx.doi.org/10.1086/ajs.1993.99.issue-2
    Brown, E.J., & Kolko, J. (1999). Child victims’ attributions about being physically abused: An examination of factors associated with symptom severity. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 27, 311–322. http://dx.doi.org/10.1023/A:1022610709748
    Brown, S.A., Myers, M.G., & Stewart, D.G. (1998). Progression from conduct disorder to antisocial personality disorder following treatment for adolescent substance abuse. American Journal of Psychiatry, 155, 479–485.
    Browne, A., & Finkelhor, D. (1986). Impact of child sexual abuse: A review of the research. Psychological Bulletin, 99, 66–77. http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/0033-2909.99.1.66
    Brozina, K., & Abela, Z. (2006). Symptoms of depression and anxiety in children: Specificity of the hopelessness theory. Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology, 35, 515–527. http://dx.doi.org/10.1207/s15374424jccp3504_3
    Bruch, H. (1973). Eating disorders: Obesity, anorexia nervosa, and the person within. New York: Basic Books.
    Brunk, M., Henggeler, S.W., & Whelan, J.P. (1987). Comparison of multisystemic therapy and parent training in the brief treatment of child abuse and neglect. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 55, 171–178. http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/0022-006X.55.2.171
    Buckley, S. (1999). Promoting the cognitive development of children with Down Syndrome: The practical implications of recent psychological research. In J.A.Rondal, J.Perera, & L.Nadel (Eds.), Down's syndrome: A review of current knowledge (pp. 99–110). London: Whurr Publishers.
    Buckley, S., Dodd, P., Burke, A., Guerin, S., McEvoy, J., & Hillery, J. (2006). Diagnosis and management of attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder in children and adults with and without learning disability. Psychiatric Bulletin, 30(7), 251–253. http://dx.doi.org/10.1192/pb.30.7.251
    Bugental, D.B., Blue, J., & Lewis, J. (1990). Caregiver beliefs and dysphoric affect directed to difficult children. Developmental Psychology, 26, 631–638. http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/0012-1649.26.4.631
    Bugental, D.B., Ellerson, P.C., Lin, E.K., Rainey, B., Kokotovic, A., & O'Hara, N. (2002). A cognitive approach to child abuse prevention. Journal of Family Psychology, 16, 243–258. http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/0893-3200.16.3.243
    Bugental, D.B., & Johnston, C. (2000). Parental and child cognitions in the context of the family. Annual Review of Psychology, 51, 315–344. http://dx.doi.org/10.1146/annurev.psych.51.1.315
    Bugental, D.B., Johnston, C., New, M., & Silvester, J. (1998). Measuring parental attributions: Conceptual and methodological issues. Journal of Family Psychology, 12, 459–480. http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/0893-3200.12.4.459
    Bulik, C.M. (2004). Genetic and biological risk factors. In J.K.Thompson (Ed.), Handbook of eating disorders and obesity (p. 3–16). Hoboken, NJ: Wiley.
    Bulik, C.M., Klump, K.L., Thornton, L., Kaplan, A.S., Devlin, B., Fichter, M.M., et al. (2004). Alcohol use disorder comorbidity in eating disorders: A multicenter study. Journal of Clinical Psychiatry, 65, 1000–1006. http://dx.doi.org/10.4088/JCP.v65n0718
    Burke, J.D., Loeber, R., & Lahey, B.B. (2001). Which aspects of ADHD are associated with tobacco use in early adolescence?Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 42, 493–502. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1469-7610.00743
    Burleson, J.A., & Kaminer, Y. (2005). Self-efficacy as a predictor of treatment outcome in adolescent substance use disorders. Addictive Behaviors, 30, 1751–1764. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.addbeh.2005.07.006
    Burns, B.J., Costello, E.J., Angold, A., Tweed, D., Stangl, D., Farmer, E.M. Z., et al. (1995). Children's mental health service use across service sectors. Health Affairs, 14, 147–159. http://dx.doi.org/10.1377/hlthaff.14.3.147
    Burns, M.K., & Senesac, V. (2005). Comparison of dual discrepancy criteria to assess response to intervention. Journal of School Psychology, 43, 393–406. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jsp.2005.09.003
    Burt, S.A., McGue, M., DeMarte, J.A., Krueger, R.F., & Iacono, W.G. (2006). Timing of menarche and the origins of conduct disorder. Archives of General Psychiatry, 63, 890–896. http://dx.doi.org/10.1001/archpsyc.63.8.890
    Burt, K.B., Van Dulmen, M.H. M., Carlivati, J., Egeland, B., Sroufe, L.A., Forman, D.R., et al. (2005). Mediating links between maternal depression and offspring psychopathology: The importance of independent data. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 46, 490–499. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1469-7610.2004.00367.x
    Burton, E., Stice, E., & Seeley, J.R. (2004). A prospective test of the stress-buffering model of depression in adolescent girls: No support once again. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 72, 689–697. http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/0022-006X.72.4.689
    Burwell, R.A., & Shirk, R. (2007). Subtypes of rumination in adolescence: Associations between brooding, reflection, depressive symptoms, and coping. Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology, 36, 56–65.
    Butcher, J.N., Williams, C.L., Graham, J.R., Archer, R.P., Tellegen, A., Ben-Porath, Y.S., et al. (1992). MMPI-A: Manual for administration, scoring, and interpretation. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press.
    Butler, L., Miezitis, S., Friedman, R., & Cole, E. (1980). The effect of two school-based intervention programs on depressive symptoms in preadolescents. American Educational Research Journal, 17, 111–119. http://dx.doi.org/10.3102/00028312017001111
    Butler, S.F., Arredondo, D.E., & McCloskey, V. (1995). Affective comorbidity in children and adolescents with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder. Annals of Clinical Psychiatry, 7, 51–55. http://dx.doi.org/10.3109/10401239509149027
    Butterworth, B. (1999). The mathematical brain. London: Macmillan.
    Butterworth, B. (2005). Developmental dyscalculia. In J.I. D.Campbell (Ed.), Handbook of mathematical cognition (pp. 455–467). New York: Psychology Press.
    Button, T.M. M., Hewitt, J.K., Rhee, S.H., Young, S.E., Corley, R.P., & Stalling, M.C. (2006). Examination of the causes of covariation between conduct disorder symptoms and vulnerability to drug dependence. Twin Research and Human Genetics, 9, 38–45. http://dx.doi.org/10.1375/twin.9.1.38
    Byrne, B., Olson, R.K., Samuelsson, S., Wadsworth, S., Corley, R., DeFries, J.C., et al. (2006). Genetic and environmental influences on early literacy. Journal of Research in Reading, 29, 33–49. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-9817.2006.00291.x
    Cadzow, S.P., Armstrong, K.L., & Fraser, J.A. (1999). Stressed parents with infants: Reassessing physical abuse risk factors. Child Abuse & Neglect, 23, 845–853. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0145-2134%2899%2900063-0
    Caetano, S.C., Olvera, R.L., Hunter, K., Hatch, J.P., Najt, P., Bowden, C., et al. (2006). Association of psychosis with suicidality in pediatric bipolar I, II and bipolar NOS patients. Journal of Affective Disorders, 91, 33–37. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jad.2005.12.008
    Callaghan, R.C., Hathaway, A., Cunningham, J.A., Vettese, L.C., Wyatt, S., & Taylor, L. (2005). Does stage-of-change predict dropout in a culturally diverse sample of adolescents admitted to inpatient substance-abuse treatment? A test of the transtheoretical model. Addictive Behaviors, 30, 1834–1847. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.addbeh.2005.07.015
    Calzada, E.J., Eyberg, S.M., Rich, B., & Querido, J.G. (2004). Parenting disruptive preschoolers: Experiences of mothers and fathers. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 32, 203–213. http://dx.doi.org/10.1023/B:JACP.0000019771.43161.1c
    Cantos, A.L., Neale, J.M., & O'Leary, K.D. (1997). Assessment of coping strategies of child abusing mothers. Child Abuse & Neglect, 21, 631–636. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0145-2134%2897%2900022-7
    Cao, F., Bitan, T., Chou, T., Burman, D.D., & Booth, J.R. (2006). Deficient orthographic and phonological representations in children with dyslexia revealed by brain activation patterns. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 47, 1041–1050. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1469-7610.2006.01684.x
    Capaldi, D.M. (1992). Co-occurrence of conduct problems and depressive symptoms in early adolescent boys: II. A 2-year follow-up at grade 8. Development and Psychopathology, 4, 125–144. http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0954579400005605
    Caputo, A.A., Frick, P.J., & Brodsky, S.L. (1999). Family violence and juvenile sex offending: Potential mediating roles of psychopathic traits and negative attitudes toward women. Criminal Justice & Behavior, 26, 338–356. http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0093854899026003004
    Carcani-Rathwell, I., Rabe-Hasketh, S., & Santosh, P.J. (2006). Repetitive and stereotyped behaviours in pervasive developmental disorders. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 47, 573–581. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1469-7610.2005.01565.x
    Carlson, C.D., & Francis, D.J. (2002). Increasing the reading achievement of at-risk children through direct instruction: Evaluation of the Rodeo Institute for Teacher Excellence (RITE). Journal of Education for Students Placed at Risk, 7, 141–166. http://dx.doi.org/10.1207/S15327671ESPR0702_3
    Carlson, C.L., & Mann, M. (2002). Sluggish cognitive tempo predicts a different pattern of impairment in the attention deficit hyperactivity disorder predominantly inattentive type. Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology, 31, 123–129.
    Carlson, C.L., Shin, M., & Booth, J. (1999). The case for DSM-IV subtypes in ADHD. Mental Retardation and Developmental Disabilities Research Reviews, 5, 199–206. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/%28SICI%291098-2779%281999%295:3%3C199::AID-MRDD6%3E3.0.CO;2-#
    Carlson, G.A. (2005). Early onset bipolar disorder: Clinical and research considerations. Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology, 34, 333–343. http://dx.doi.org/10.1207/s15374424jccp3402_13
    Carlson, G.A., Bromet, E.J., & Sievers, S. (2000). Phenomenology and outcome of subjects with early and adult-onset psychotic mania. American Journal of Psychiatry, 157, 213–219. http://dx.doi.org/10.1176/appi.ajp.157.2.213
    Carpenter, M. (2006). Instrumental, social, and shared goals and interventions in imitation. In S.J.Rogers & J.H. G.Williams (Eds.), Imitation and the social mind: Autism and typical development (pp. 48–70). New York: Guilford Press.
    Carr, E.G., & Durand, V.M. (1985). Reducing behavior problems through functional communication training. Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 18, 111–126. http://dx.doi.org/10.1901/jaba.1985.18-111
    Carr, E.G., Levin, L., McConnachie, G., Carlson, J.I., Kemp, D.C., & Smith, C.E. (1994). Communication-based intervention for problem behavior: A user's guide for producing positive change. Baltimore, MD: Paul H. Brooks.
    Carrey, N., MacMaster, F.P., Sparkes, S.J., Khan, S.C., & Kusumakar, V. (2002). Glutamatergic changes with treatment in attention deficit hyperactivity disorder: A preliminary case series. Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychopharmacology, 12, 331–336. http://dx.doi.org/10.1089/104454602762599871
    Carroll, J.B. (1997). Psychometrics, intelligence, and public perception. Intelligence, 24, 25–52. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0160-2896%2897%2990012-X
    Carter, A.S., Marakovitz, S.E., & Sparrow, S.A. (2006). Comprehensive psychological assessment: A developmental psychopathology approach for clinical and applied research. In D.Cicchetti & D.J.Cohen (Eds.), Developmental psychopathology, Vol. 1: Theory and method (
    2nd
    ed., pp. 181–210). Hoboken, NJ: Wiley.
    Casey, R.J., & Berman, J.S. (1985). The outcome of psychotherapy with children. Psychological Bulletin, 98, 388–400. http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/0033-2909.98.2.388
    Caspi, A. (2000). The child is the father of man: Personality continuities from childhood to adulthood. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 78, 158–172. http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/0022-3514.78.1.158
    Caspi, A., Harrington, H., Moffitt, T.E., & Milne, B.J. (2002). Males on the life-course-persistent and adolescence-limited antisocial pathways: Follow-up at age 26 years. Development and Psychopathology, 14, 179–207. http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0954579402001104
    Caspi, A., Lynam, D., Moffitt, T.E., & Silva, P.A. (1993). Unraveling girls’ delinquency: Biological, dispositional, and contextual contributions to adolescent misbehavior. Developmental Psychology, 29, 19–30. http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/0012-1649.29.1.19
    Caspi, A., Wright, B.R. E., Moffitt, T.E., & Silva, P.A. (1998). Early failure in the labor market: Childhood and adolescent predictors of unemployment in the transition to adulthood. American Sociological Review, 63, 424–451. http://dx.doi.org/10.2307/2657557
    Cassidy, J., & Shaver, P.R. (1999). Handbook of attachment. New York: Guilford Press.
    Castellanos, F.X. (2003). Anatomic brain abnormalities in monozygotic twins discordant for attention deficit hyperactivity disorder. American Journal of Psychiatry, 160, 1693–1695. http://dx.doi.org/10.1176/appi.ajp.160.9.1693
    Castellanos, F.X., Giedd, J.N., Berquin, P.C., Walter, J.M., Sharp, W., Tran, T., et al. (2001). Quantitative brain magnetic resonance imaging in girls with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder. Archives of General Psychiatry, 58, 289–295. http://dx.doi.org/10.1001/archpsyc.58.3.289
    Castellanos, F.X., Giedd, J.N., Eckburg, P., Marsh, W.L., Vaituzis, A.C., Kaysen, D., et al. (1994). Quantitative morphology of the caudate nucleus in attention deficit hyperactivity disorder. American Journal of Psychiatry, 151, 1791–1796.
    Castellanos, F.X., Giedd, J.N., Marsh, W.L., Hamburger, S.D., Vaituzis, A.C., Dickstein, D.P., et al. (1996). Quantitative brain magnetic resonance imaging in attention deficit hyperactivity disorder. Archives of General Psychiatry, 53, 607–616. http://dx.doi.org/10.1001/archpsyc.1996.01830070053009
    Castellanos, F.X., Lee, P.P., Sharp, W., Jeffries, N.O., Greenstein, D.K., Clasen, L.S., et al. (2002). Developmental trajectories of brain volume abnormalities in children and adolescents with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder. Journal of the American Medical Association, 288, 1740–1748. http://dx.doi.org/10.1001/jama.288.14.1740
    Castelli, F., Happe, F., Frith, U., & Frith, C. (2000). Movement and mind: A functional imaging study of perception and interpretation of complex intentional movement patterns. Neuroimage, 12, 314–325. http://dx.doi.org/10.1006/nimg.2000.0612
    Centers for Disease Control. (2007). Youth risk behavior surveillance system. Retrieved June 19, 2007, from http://www.cfoc.org/Info/yrbss.
    Centers for Disease Control, Autism and Developmental Disabilities Monitoring Network. (2007a). Prevalence of autism spectrum disorders: Autism and Developmental Disabilities Monitoring Network, six sites, United States, 2000. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report, 56(SS-1), 1–11.
    Centers for Disease Control, Autism and Developmental Disabilities Monitoring Network. (2007b). Prevalence of autism spectrum disorders: Autism and Developmental Disabilities Monitoring Network, 14 sites, United States, 2000. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report, 56(SS-1), 12–28.
    Chaffin, M., Hanson, R., Saunders, B.E., Nichols, T., Barnett, D.Zeanah, C., et al. (2006). Report of the APSAC task force on attachment therapy, reactive attachment disorder, and attachment problems. Child Maltreatment, 11, 76–89. http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1077559505283699
    Chaffin, M., Kelleher, K., & Hollenberg, J. (1996). Onset of physical abuse and neglect: Psychiatric, substance abuse, and social risk factors from prospective community data. Child Abuse & Neglect, 20, 191–203. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0145-2134%2895%2900144-1
    Chaffin, M., Letourneau, E., & Silvosky, J.F. (2002). Adults, adolescents, and children who sexually abuse children: A developmental perspective. In J.E. B.Meyers, L.Berliner, J.Briere, C.T.Hendrix, C.Jenny, & T.A.Reid (Eds.), The APSAC handbook on child maltreatment (
    2nd
    ed., pp. 205–232). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.
    Chaffin, M., & Schmidt, S. (2006). An evidence-based perspective on interventions to stop or prevent child abuse. In J.R.Lutzker (Ed.), Preventing violence: Research and evidence-based intervention strategies (pp. 49–68). Washington, DC: American Psychological Association. http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/11385-002
    Chaffin, M., Silovsky, J.F.Funderburk, B., Valle, L.A., Brestan, E.V., Balachova, T., et al. (2004). Parent-child interaction therapy with physically abusive parents: Efficacy for reducing future abuse reports. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 72, 500–510. http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/0022-006X.72.3.500
    Chaffin, M., Silovsky, J.F., & Vaughn, C. (2005). Temporal concordance of anxiety disorders and child sexual abuse: Implications for direct versus artifactual effects of sexual abuse. Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology, 34, 210–222. http://dx.doi.org/10.1207/s15374424jccp3402_1
    Chaffin, M., & Valle, L. (2003). Dynamic predictive validity of the child abuse potential inventory. Child Abuse and Neglect, 27, 463–482. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0145-2134%2803%2900036-X
    Chamberlain, P., Reid, J.B., Ray, J., Capaldi, D.M., & Fisher, P. (1997). Parent inadequate discipline (PID). In T.A.Widiger, A.J.Frances, H.A.Pincus, R.Ross, M.B.First, & W.Davis (Eds.), DSM-IV sourcebook (Vol. 3, pp. 569–629). Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Association.
    Chang, K., & Steiner, H. (2003). Offspring studies in child and early adolescent bipolar disorder. In B.Geller & M.DelBello (Eds.), Bipolar disorder in childhood and early adolescence (pp. 107–129). New York: Guilford Press.
    Chapman, J.W., Tunmer, W.E., & Prochnow, J.E. (2001). Does success in the Reading Recovery program depend on developing proficiency in phonological processing skills? A longitudinal study in a whole language instruction context. Scientific Studies of Reading, 5, 141–176. http://dx.doi.org/10.1207/S1532799Xssr0502_2
    Chard, D.J., Vaughn, S., & Tyler, B. (2003). A synthesis of research on effective interventions for building reading fluency with elementary students with learning disabilities. Journal of Learning Disabilities, 35, 386–406. http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/00222194020350050101
    Charman, T. (2003). Why is joint attention a pivotal skill in autism? In U.Frith & E.Hill (Eds.), Autism: Mind and brain (pp. 67–87). New York: Oxford University Press.
    Charman, T., & Baron-Cohen, S. (2006). Screening for autism spectrum disorders in populations: Progress, challenges, and questions for future research and practice. In T.Charman & W.Stone (Eds.), Social and communication development in autism spectrum disorders (pp. 63–87). New York: Guilford Press.
    Chase, C.D., Osinowo, T., & Pary, R.J. (2002). Medical issues in patients with Down syndrome. Mental Health Aspects of Developmental Disabilities, 5(2), 34–45.
    Chase-Lansdale, P.L., & Gordon, R.A. (1996). Economic hardship and the development of five- and six-year-olds: Neighborhood and regional perspectives. Child Development, 67, 338–367. http://dx.doi.org/10.2307/1131782
    Chassin, L., Pitts, S.C., & DeLucia, C. (1999). The relation of adolescent substance use to young adult autonomy, positive activity involvement, and perceived competence. Development and Psychopathology, 11, 915–932. http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0954579499002382
    Chassin, L., Ritter, J., Trim, R.S., & King, K.M. (2003). Adolescent substance use disorders. In E.J.Mash & R.A.Barkley (Eds.), Child psychopathology (pp. 199–230). New York: Guilford Press.
    Chavira, D.A., & Stein, M.B. (2005). Childhood social anxiety disorder: From understanding to treatment. Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Clinics of North America, 14, 797–818. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.chc.2005.05.003
    Chavira, D.A., Stein, M.B., Bailey, K., & Stein, M.T. (2004). Comorbidity of generalized social anxiety disorder and depression in a pediatric primary care sample. Journal of Affective Disorders, 80, 163–171. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0165-0327%2803%2900103-4
    Chemtob, C., Nakashima, J., & Carlson, J. (2002). Brief treatment for elementary school children with disaster-related posttraumatic stress disorder: A field study. Journal of Clinical Psychology, 58, 99–112. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jclp.1131
    Chen, X., Hastings, P.D., Rubin, K.H., Chen, H., Cen, G., & Stewart, S. (1998). Child-rearing attitudes and behavioral inhibition in Chinese and Canadian toddlers: A cross-cultural study. Developmental Psychology, 34, 677–686. http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/0012-1649.34.4.677
    Chilcoat, H.D., & Breslau, N. (1998). Posttraumatic stress disorder and drug disorders: Testing causal pathways. Archives of General Psychiatry, 55, 913–917. http://dx.doi.org/10.1001/archpsyc.55.10.913
    Chronis, A.M., Fabiano, G.A., Gnagy, E.M., Onyango, A.N., Pelham, W.E., Lopez-Williams, A., et al. (2004). An evaluation of the summer treatment program for children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder using a treatment withdrawal design. Behavior Therapy, 35, 561–585. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0005-7894%2804%2980032-7
    Chronis, A.M., Lahey, B.B., Pelham, W.E., Kipp, H.L., Baumann, B.L. & Lee, S.S. (2003). Psychopathology and substance abuse in parents of young children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 42, 1424–1432. http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/00004583-200312000-00009
    Chronis, A.M., Lahey, B.B., Pelham, W.E., Williams, S.H., Baumann, B.L., Kipp, H., et al. (2007). Maternal depression and early positive parenting predict future conduct problems in young children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder. Developmental Psychology, 43, 70–82. http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/0012-1649.43.1.70
    Chung, T., Martin, C.S., Armstrong, T.D., & Labouvie, E.W. (2002). Prevalence of DSM-IV alcohol diagnoses and symptoms in adolescent community and clinical samples. Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, 41, 546–554. http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/00004583-200205000-00012
    Cicchetti, D. (1990). A historical perspective on the discipline of developmental psychopathology. In J.Rolf, A.Masten, D.Cicchetti, K.Nuechterlein, & S.Weintraub (Eds.), Risk and protective factors in the development of psychopathology (pp. 2–28). New York: Cambridge University Press. http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/CBO9780511752872.003
    Cicchetti, D. (2004). An odyssey of discovery: Lessons learned through three decades of research on child maltreatment. American Psychologist, 59, 731–741. http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/0003-066X.59.8.731
    Cicchetti, D. (2006). Developmental psychopathology. In D.Cicchetti & D.J.Cohen (Eds.), Developmental psychopathology, Vol 1: Theory and method (
    2nd
    ed., pp. 1–23). Hoboken, NJ: Wiley.
    Cicchetti, D., & Aber, J.L. (1998). Contextualism and developmental psychopathology. Development and Psychopathology, 10, 137–426. http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0954579498001540
    Cicchetti, D., & Barnett, D. (1991). Toward the development of a scientific nosology of child maltreatment. In D.Cicchetti & W.Grove (Eds.), Thinking clearly about psychology: Essays in honor of Paul E. Meehl (pp. 346–377). Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press.
    Cicchetti, D., & Curtis, W.J. (2006). The developing brain and neural plasticity: Implications for normality, psychopathology, and resilience. In D.Cicchetti & D.J.Cohen (Eds.), Developmental psychopathology, Vol 2: Developmental neuroscience method (
    2nd
    ed., pp. 1–64.). Hoboken, NJ: Wiley.
    Cicchetti, D., & Sroufe, L.A. (2000). Reflecting on the past and planning for the future of developmental psychopathology. Development and Psychopathology, 12, 255–550. http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0954579400003011
    Cicchetti, D., & Toth, S.L. (1991). The making of a developmental psychopathologist. In J.Cantor, C.Spiker, & L.Lipsitt (Eds.), Child behavior and development: Training for diversity (pp. 34–72). Norwood, NJ: Ablex.
    Cicchetti, D., & Toth, S.L. (1998). Perspectives on research and practice in developmental psychopathology. In W.Damon (Ed.), Handbook of child psychology (Vol. 4, pp. 479–583). New York: Wiley.
    Cicchetti, D., Toth, S.L., & Maughan, A. (2000). An ecological-transactional model of child maltreatment. In A.J. Sameroff (Ed.), Handbook of developmental psychopathology (pp. 689–722). New York: Kluwer. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4615-4163-9_37
    Clark, D.B., De Bellis, M.D., Lynch, K.G., Cornelius, J.R., & Martin, C. (2003). Physical and sexual abuse, depression, and alcohol use disorders in adolescents: Onsets and outcomes. Drug and Alcohol Dependence, 69, 51–60. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0376-8716%2802%2900254-5
    Clark, D.B., Parker, A., & Lynch, K. (1999). Psychopathology and substance-related problems during early adolescence: A survival analysis. Journal of Clinical Psychology, 28, 333–341.
    Clark, D.B., Vanyukov, M., & Cornelius, J. (2002). Childhood antisocial behavior and adolescent alcohol use disorders. Alcohol Research and Health, 26, 109–115.
    Clark, D.M., Salkovskis, P.M., & Chalkley, A.J. (1985). Respiratory control as a treatment for panic attacks. Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry, 16, 23–30. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0005-7916%2885%2990026-6
    Clarke, G., Debar, L., Lynch, F., Powell, J., Gale, J., O'Connor, E., et al. (2005). A randomized effectiveness trial of brief cognitive-behavioral therapy for depressed adolescents receiving antidepressant medication. Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, 44, 888–898. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0890-8567%2809%2962194-8
    Clarke, G.N., Hornbrook, M.C., Lynch, F.L., Polen, M.R., Gale, J., O'Connor, E., et al. (2002). Group cognitive behavioral treatment for depressed adolescent offspring of depressed parents in an HMO. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 41, 305–313. http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/00004583-200203000-00010
    Clarke, G.N., Lewinsohn, P.M., & Hops, H. (1990). Instructor's manual for the adolescent coping with depression course. Retrieved September 6, 2006, from http://www.kpchr.org/public/acwd/acwd.html.
    Clarke, G.N., Rohde, P., Lewinsohn, P.M., Hops, H., & Seeley, J.R. (1999). Cognitive-behavioral treatment of adolescent depression: Efficacy of acute group treatment and booster sessions. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 38, 272–279. http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/00004583-199903000-00014
    Claude, D., & Firestone, P. (1995). The development of ADHD in boys: A 12-year follow-up. Canadian Journal of Behavioural Science, 27, 226–249. http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/0008-400X.27.2.226
    Claussen, A.H., & Crittenden, P.M. (1991). Physical and psychological maltreatment: Relations among types of maltreatment. Child Abuse & Neglect, 15, 5–18. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0145-2134%2891%2990085-R
    Clayton, R., Cattarello, A.M., & Johnstone, B.M. (1996). The effectiveness of drug abuse resistance education (project D.A.R.E.): 5-Year follow up results. Preventative Medicine, 25, 307–318. http://dx.doi.org/10.1006/pmed.1996.0061
    Clayton-Smith, J. (2001). Angelman syndrome: Evolution of the phenotype in adolescents and adults. Developmental Medicine & Child Neurology, 43, 476–480. http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0012162201000871
    Clifford, J.J., Tighe, O., Croke, D.T., Sibley, D.R., Drago, J., & Waddington, J.L. (1998). Topographical evaluation of the phenotype of spontaneous behaviour in mice with targeted gene deletion of the DIA dopamine receptor: Paradoxical elevation of grooming syntax. Neuropharmacology, 37, 1595–1602. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0028-3908%2898%2900116-6
    Clinton, D., & Norring, C. (2005). The comparative utility of statistically derived eating disorder clusters and DSM-IV diagnoses: Relationship to symptomatology and psychiatric comorbidity at intake and follow-up. Eating Behaviors, 6, 403–418. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.eatbeh.2005.05.003
    Cobham, V.E., Dadds, M.R., & Spence, S.H. (1998). The role of parental anxiety in the treatment of childhood anxiety. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 66, 893–905. http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/0022-006X.66.6.893
    Cohen, D., Gerardin, P., Mazet, P., Purper-Ouakil, D., & Flament, M.F. (2004). Pharmacological treatment of adolescent major depression. Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychopharmacology, 14, 19–31. http://dx.doi.org/10.1089/104454604773840454
    Cohen, J. (1988). Statistical power analysis for the behavioral sciences (
    2nd
    ed.). Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum.
    Cohen, J.A. (2005). Treating traumatized children: Current status and future directions. Journal of Trauma & Dissociation, 6, 109–121. http://dx.doi.org/10.1300/J229v06n02_10
    Cohen, J.A., Deblinger, E., Mannarino, A.P., & Steer, R.A. (2004). A multisite, randomized controlled trial for children with sexual abuse-related PTSD symptoms. Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, 43, 393–402. http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/00004583-200404000-00005
    Cohen, J.A., & Mannarino, A.P. (1996). A treatment outcome study for sexually abused preschool children: Initial findings. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 35, 42–50. http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/00004583-199601000-00011
    Cohen, J.A., & Mannarino, A.P. (1997). A treatment study of sexually abused preschool children: Outcome during a one year follow-up. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 36, 1229–1235. http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/00004583-199709000-00015
    Cohen, J.A., & Mannarino, A.P. (2004). Posttraumatic stress disorder. In T.H.Ollendick & T.H.Ollendick (Ed.), Phobic and anxiety disorders in children and adolescents (pp. 405–432). New York: Oxford University Press.
    Cohen, J.A., Mannarino, A.P., & Knudsen, K. (2005). Treating sexually abused children: 1 year follow-up of a randomized controlled trial. Child Abuse & Neglect, 29, 135–145. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.chiabu.2004.12.005
    Cohen, J.A., Perel, J.M., DeBellis, M.D., Friedman, M.J., & Putnam, F.W. (2002). Treating traumatized children: Clinical implications of the psychobiology of posttraumatic stress disorder. Trauma, Violence, & Abuse, 3, 91–108. http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/15248380020032001
    Cohen, J.B., Deblinger, E., Maedel, A.B., & Stauffer, L.B. (1999). Examining sex-related thoughts and feelings of sexually abused and nonabused children. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 14, 701–712. http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/088626099014007002
    Cohen, L., Lehericy, S., Chochon, F., Lemer, C., Rivaud, S., & Dehaene, S. (2002). Language-specific tuning of visual cortex? Functional properties of the Visual Word Form Area. Brain, 125, 1054–1069. http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/brain/awf094
    Cohen, P., Cohen, J., Kasen, S., Velez, C., Hartmark, C., Johnson, J., et al. (1993). An epidemiological study of childhood disorders in late childhood and adolescence: I. Age and gender-specific prevalence. Journal of Child Psychology, Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines, 34, 851–867. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1469-7610.1993.tb01094.x
    Cohen, R.J., & Swerdlik, M.E. (2005). Psychological testing and assessment: An introduction to tests and measurement. New York: McGraw-Hill.
    Coie, J.D., Dodge, K.A., & Kupersmidt, J.B. (1990). Peer group behavior and social status. In S.R.Asher & S.R.Asher (Ed.), Peer rejection in childhood (pp. 17–59). New York: Cambridge University Press.
    Coie, J.D., Dodge, K.A., Terry, R., & Wright, V. (1991). The role of aggression in peer relations: An analysis of aggression episodes in boys’ play groups. Child Development, 62, 812–826. http://dx.doi.org/10.2307/1131179
    Cole, D.A., Tram, J.M., Martin, J.M., Hoffman, K.B., Ruiz, M.D., Jacquez, F.M., et al. (2002). Individual differences in the emergence of depressive symptoms in children and adolescents: A longitudinal investigation of parent and child reports. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 111, 156–165. http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/0021-843X.111.1.156
    Comery, T.A., Harris, J.B., Willems, P.J., Oostra, B.A. & Greenough, W.T. (1997). Abnormal dendritic spines in fragile X knockout mice: Maturation and pruning deficits. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 94, 5401–5404. http://dx.doi.org/10.1073/pnas.94.10.5401
    Compas, B.E., Connor-Smith, J., & Jaser, S.S. (2004). Temperament, stress reactivity, and coping: Implications for depression in childhood and adolescence. Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology, 33, 21–31. http://dx.doi.org/10.1207/S15374424JCCP3301_3
    Compton, S.N., Grant, P.J., Chrisman, A.K., Gammon, P.J., Brown, V.L., & March, J.S. (2001). Sertraline in children and adolescents with social anxiety disorder: An open trial. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 40, 564–571. http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/00004583-200105000-00016
    Conger, R.D., Ge, X.J., Elder, G.H., Lorenz, F.O., & Simons, R.L. (1994). Economic stress, coercive family process, and developmental problems of adolescents. Child Development, 65, 541–561. http://dx.doi.org/10.2307/1131401
    Connolly, S.D., & Bernstein, A. (2007). Practice parameter for the assessment and treatment of children and adolescents with anxiety disorders. Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, 46, 267–283. http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/01.chi.0000246070.23695.06
    Connor, D.F., Steingard, R.J., Cunningham, J.A., Anderson, J.J., & Melloni, R.H. (2004). Proactive and reactive aggression in referred children and adolescents. American Journal of Orthopsychiatry, 74, 129–136. http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/0002-9432.74.2.129
    Connor-Smith, J.K., Compas, B.E., Wadsworth, M.E., Thomsen, A.H., & Saltzman, H. (2000). Responses to stress in adolescence: Measurement of coping and involuntary stress responses. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 68, 976–992. http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/0022-006X.68.6.976
    Constantino, J.N., Chackes, L.M., Wartner, U.G., Gross, M., Brophy, S.L., Vitale, J., et al. (2006). Mental representations of attachment in identical female twins with and without conduct problems. Child Psychiatry & Human Development, 37, 65–72. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10578-006-0020-y
    Coolidge, F.L., Thede, L.L., & Young, S.E. (2000). Heritability of the comorbidity of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder with behavioral disorders and executive function deficits: A preliminary investigation. Developmental Neuropsychology, 17, 273–287. http://dx.doi.org/10.1207/S15326942DN1703_1
    Coppus, A., Evenhuis, H., Verberne, G., Visser, F., van Gool, P., Eikelenboom, P., et al. (2006). Dementia and mortality in persons with Down's syndrome. Journal of Intellectual Disability Research, 50, 768–777. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2788.2006.00842.x
    Cornish, K.M., Munir, F., & Cross, G. (1998). The nature of spatial deficit in young females with fragile-X syndrome: A neuropsychological and molecular perspective. Neuropsychologia, 36, 1239–1246. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0028-3932%2897%2900162-0
    Corsini, R.J. (2005). Introduction to current psychotherapies. In R.J.Corsini & R.J.Corsini (Ed.), Current psychotherapies (7th ed., pp. 1–14). Belmont, CA: Brooks/Cole.
    Costantino, G., Malgady, R.G., & Cardalda, E. (2005). TEMAS narrative treatment: An evidence-based culturally competent therapy modality. In E.D.Hibbs & E.D.Hibbs (Ed.), Psychosocial treatments for child and adolescent disorders: Empirically based strategies for clinical practice (pp. 717–742). Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.
    Costello, E.J. (2005). The developmental epidemiology of anxiety disorders: Phenomenology, prevalence, and comorbidity. Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Clinics of North America, 14, 631–648. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.chc.2005.06.003
    Costello, E.J., Angold, A., Burns, B., Stangl, D.K., Tweed, D.L., Erkanli, A., et al. (1996). The Great Smoky Mountains Study of Youth: Goals, design, methods, and the prevalence of DSM-III-K disorders. Archives of General Psychiatry, 53, 1129–1136. http://dx.doi.org/10.1001/archpsyc.1996.01830120067012
    Costello, E.J., Egger, H.L., & Angold, A. (2004). Developmental epidemiology of anxiety disorders. In T.H.Ollendick & T.H.Ollendick (Ed.), Phobic and anxiety disorders in children and adolescents (pp. 61–91). New York: Oxford University Press.
    Costello, E.J., Erkanli, A., & Angold, A. (2006). Is there an epidemic of child or adolescent depression? Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 47, 1263–1271.
    Costello, E.J., Erkanli, A., Feerman, E., & Angeld, A. (1999). Development of psychiatric comorbidity with substance abuse in adolescents: Effects of timing and sex. Journal of Clinical Child Psychology, 28, 298–311. http://dx.doi.org/10.1207/S15374424jccp280302
    Costello, E.J., Pine, D.S., Hammen, C.M., John, S., Plotsky, P.M., & Weissman, M. (2002). Development and natural history of mood disorders. Biological Psychiatry, 52, 529–542. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0006-3223%2802%2901372-0
    Cowan, P.A., & Cowan, C.P. (2006). Developmental psychopathology from family systems and family risk factors perspectives. In D.Cicchetti & D.Cicchetti (Ed.), Developmental psychopathology, Vol 1: Theory and method (
    2nd
    ed., pp. 530–587). Hoboken, NJ: Wiley.
    Coyne, J.C., & Whiffen, V.E. (1995). Issues in personality as diathesis for depression: The case of sociotropy-dependency and autonomy-self-criticism. Psychological Bulletin, 118, 358–378. http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/0033-2909.118.3.358
    Craddock, N., & Jones, I. (1999). Genetics of bipolar disorder. Journal of Medical Genetics, 36, 585–594.
    Creswell, C., Schniering, C.A., & Rapee, R.M. (2005). Threat interpretation in anxious children and their mothers: Comparison with nonclinical children and the effects of treatment. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 43, 1375–1381. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.brat.2004.10.009
    Crick, N.R. (1995). Relational aggression: The role of intent attributions, feelings of distress, and provocation type. Development and Psychopathology, 7, 313–322. http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0954579400006520
    Crick, N.R. (1997). Engagement in gender normative versus non-normative forms of aggression: Links to social-psychological adjustment. Developmental Psychology, 33, 610–617. http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/0012-1649.33.4.610
    Crick, N.R., & Bigbee, M.A. (1998). Relational and oven forms of peer victimization: A multi-informant approach. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 66, 337–347. http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/0022-006X.66.2.337
    Crick, N.R., & Dodge, K.A. (1994). A review and reformulation of social information-processing mechanisms in children's social adjustment. Psychological Bulletin, 115, 74–101. http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/0033-2909.115.1.74
    Crick, N.R., & Dodge, K.A. (1996). Social information-processing mechanisms in reactive and proactive aggression. Child Development, 67, 993–1002. http://dx.doi.org/10.2307/1131875
    Crick, N.R., & Grotpeter, J.K. (1995). Relational aggression, gender, and social-psychological adjustment. Child Development, 66, 710–722. http://dx.doi.org/10.2307/1131945
    Critchley, H.D., Daly, E.M., Bullmore, E.T., Williams, S.C., Van Amelsvoort, T., Robertson, D.M., et al. (2000). The functional neuroanatomy of social behaviour: Changes in cerebral blood flow when people with autistic disorder process facial expressions. Brain, 123, 2203–2212. http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/brain/123.11.2203
    Crittenden, P. (1992). Children's strategies for coping with adverse home environments: An interpretation using attachment theory. Child Abuse & Neglect, 16, 329–343. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0145-2134%2892%2990043-Q
    Crittenden, P.M., Claussen, A.H., & Sugarman, D.B. (1994). Physical and psychological maltreatment in middle childhood and adolescence. Development & Psychopathology, 6, 145–164. http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0954579400005927
    Crnic, K., & Low, C. (2002). Everyday stresses and parenting. In M.H.Bornstein (Ed.), Handbook of parenting (pp. 243–268). Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum.
    Crockett, J.L., Fleming, R.K., Doepke, K.J., & Stevens, J.S. (2007). Parent training: Acquisition and generalization of discrete trials teaching skills with parents of children with autism. Research in Developmental Disabilities, 28, 23–36. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ridd.2005.10.003
    Crome, I., & Bloor, R. (2005). Substance misuse and psychiatric comorbidity in adolescents. Current Opinion in Psychiatry, 18, 435–439. http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/01.yco.0000172064.86272.8e
    Cuckle, H.S., Wald, N.J., & Thompson, S.G. (1987). Estimating a woman's risk of having a pregnancy associated with Down's syndrome using her age and serum alpha-fetoprotein level. British Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology, 94, 387–402. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1471-0528.1987.tb03115.x
    Cunningham, C.E., & Boyle, H. (2002). Preschoolers at risk for attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder and oppositional defiant disorder: Family, parenting, and behavioral correlates. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 30, 555–569. http://dx.doi.org/10.1023/A:1020855429085
    Cunningham, M., Rapee, R., & Lyneham, H. (2007). Overview of the Cool Teens CD-ROM for anxiety disorders in adolescents. The Behavior Therapist, 30, 15–19.
    Curry, J.F., March, J.S., & Hervey, A.S. (2004). Comorbidity of childhood and adolescent anxiety disorders. In T.H.Ollendick & J.S.March (Eds.), Phobic and anxiety disorders in children and adolescents (pp. 116–140). New York: Oxford University Press.
    Curry, J.F., & Wells, C. (2005). Striving for effectiveness in the treatment of adolescent depression: Cognitive behavior therapy for multisite community intervention. Cognitive and Behavioral Practice, 12, 177–185. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S1077-7229%2805%2980023-9
    Cyr, M., McDuff, P., Wright, J., Theriault, C., & Cinq-Mars, C. (2005). Clinical correlates and repetition of self-harming behaviors among female adolescent victims of sexual abuse. Journal of Child Sexual Abuse, 14, 49–68. http://dx.doi.org/10.1300/J070v14n02_03
    Dadds, M.R., Barrett, P.M., Rapee, R.M., & Ryan, A. (1996). Family process and child anxiety and aggression: An observational analysis. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 24, 715–734. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF01664736
    Dadds, M.R., Fraser, J., Frost, A., & Hawes, D.J. (2005). Disentangling the underlying dimensions of psychopathy and conduct problems in childhood: A community study. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 73, 400–410. http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/0022-006X.73.3.400
    Dadds, M.R., & McHugh, A. (1992). Social support and treatment outcome in behavioral family therapy for child conduct problems. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 60, 252–259. http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/0022-006X.60.2.252
    Dadds, M.R., & Salmon, K. (2003). Learning and temperament as alternate pathways to punishment insensitivity in antisocial children. Clinical Child and Family Psychology Review, 6, 69–86. http://dx.doi.org/10.1023/A:1023762009877
    D'Agostino, J.V., & Murphy, J.A. (2004). A meta-analysis of Reading Recovery in the United States schools. Educational Evaluation and Policy Analysis, 26, 23–38. http://dx.doi.org/10.3102/01623737026001023
    Danielson, C.K., de Arellano, M.A., Kilpatrick, D.G., Saunders, B.E., & Resnick, H.S. (2005). Child maltreatment in depressed adolescents: Differences in symptomatology based on history of abuse. Child Maltreatment, 10, 37–48. http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1077559504271630
    Danielson, C.K., Feeny, N.C., Findling, R.L., & Youngstrom, E.A. (2004). Psychosocial treatment of bipolar disorders in adolescents: A proposed cognitive-behavioral intervention. Cognitive and Behavioral Practice, 11, 283–297. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S1077-7229%2804%2980043-9
    Danielyan, A., Pathak, S., Kowatch, R.A., Arszman, S.P., & Johns, E.S. (2007). Clinical characteristics of bipolar disorder in very young children. Journal of Affective Disorders, 97, 51–59. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jad.2006.05.028
    Darke, S., Ross, J., & Lynskey, M. (2003). The relationship of conduct disorder to attempted suicide and drug use history among methadone maintenance patients. Drug and Alcohol Review, 22, 21–25. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/0959523021000059794
    Davanzo, P., Thomas, M.A., Yue, K., Oshiro, T., Belin, T., Straber, M., et al. (2001). Decreased anterior cingulate myo-inositol/creatine spectroscopy resonance with lithium treatment in children with bipolar disorder. Neuropsychopharmacology, 24, 359–369. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0893-133X%2800%2900207-4
    Davidovitch, M., Click, L., Holtzman, G., Tirosh, E., & Safir, M.P. (2000). Developmental regression in autism: Maternal perception. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 30, 113–119. http://dx.doi.org/10.1023/A:1005403421141
    Davies, P.T., & Cummings, E.M. (2006). Interparental discord, family process, and developmental psychopathology. In D.Cicchetti & D.Cicchetti (Ed.), Developmental psychopathology, Vol 3: Risk, disorder, and adaptation (
    2nd
    ed., pp. 86–128). Hoboken, NJ: Wiley.
    Davila, J., Steinberg, S.J., Kachadourian, L., Cobb, R., & Fincham, F. (2004). Romantic involvement and depressive symptoms in early and late adolescence: The role of a preoccupied relational style. Personal Relationships, 11, 161–178. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1475-6811.2004.00076.x
    Dean, A.J., McDermott, B.M., & Marshall, R.T. (2006). Psychotropic medication utilization in a child and adolescent mental health service. Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychopharmacology, 16, 273–285. http://dx.doi.org/10.1089/cap.2006.16.273
    Deas, D., Roberts, J.S., & Grindlinger, D. (2005). The utility of DSM-IV criteria in diagnosing substance abuse/dependence in adolescents. Journal of Substance Use, 10, 10–21. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/1465989042000271200
    Deater-Deckard, K., Dodge, K.A., Bates, J.E., & Pettit, G.S. (1996). Physical discipline among African American and European American mothers: Links to children's externalizing behaviors. Developmental Psychology, 32, 1065–1072. http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/0012-1649.32.6.1065
    Deater-Deckard, K., Lansford, J.E., Dodge, K.A., Pettit, G.S., & Bates, J.E. (2003). The development of attitudes about physical punishment: An 8-year longitudinal study. Journal of Family Psychology, 17, 351–360. http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/0893-3200.17.3.351
    DeBellis, M.D., Chrousos, G.P., Dorn, L.D., Burke, L., Helmers, K., Kling, M.A., et al. (1994). Hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis dysregulation in sexually abused girls. Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism, 78, 249–255. http://dx.doi.org/10.1210/jc.78.2.249
    Deblinger, E., & Heflin, A.H. (1996). Cognitive behavioral interventions for treating sexually abused children. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.
    Deblinger, E., Lippmann, J., & Steer, R. (1996). Sexually abused children suffering posttraumatic stress symptoms: Initial treatment outcome findings. Child Maltreatment, 1, 310–321. http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1077559596001004003
    Deblinger, E., Steer, R., & Lippmann, J. (1999a). Maternal factors associated with sexually abused children's psychosocial adjustment. Child Maltreatment, 4, 13–20. http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1077559599004001002
    Deblinger, E., Steer, R.A., & Lippmann, J. (1999b). Two-year follow-up study of cognitive-behavioral therapy for sexually abused children suffering from post-traumatic stress symptoms. Child Abuse & Neglect, 23, 1371–1378. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0145-2134%2899%2900091-5
    de Haan, E., Hoogduin, K.A., Buitelaar, J.K., & Keijsers, G.P. (1998). Behavior therapy versus chlomipramine for the treatment of obsessive-compulsive disorder in children and adolescents. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 37, 1022–1029. http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/00004583-199810000-00011
    Dehaene, S., Piazza, M., Pinel, P., & Cohen, L. (2003). Three parietal circuits for number processing. Cognitive Neuropsychology, 20, 487–506. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/02643290244000239
    Dehon, C., Weems, C.F., Stickle, T.R., Costa, N.M., & Berman, S.L. (2005). A cross-sectional evaluation of the factorial invariance of anxiety sensitivity in adolescents and young adults. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 43, 799–810. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.brat.2004.06.008
    Dejong, P.J., & Merckelbach, H. (1998). Blood-injection-injury phobia and fear of spiders: Domain-specific individual differences in disgust sensitivity. Personality & Individual Differences, 24, 153–158. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0191-8869%2897%2900178-5
    De La Paz, S., Swanson, P., & Graham, S. (1998). The contribution of executive control to the revising of students with writing and learning difficulties. Journal of Educational Psychology, 90, 448–460. http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/0022-0663.90.3.448
    Delate, T., Gelenberg, A.J., Simmons, V.A., & Motheral, B.R. (2004). Trends in the use of antidepressants in a national sample of commercially insured pediatric patients, 1998 to 2002. Psychiatric Services, 55, 387–391. http://dx.doi.org/10.1176/appi.ps.55.4.387
    DelBello, M.P., & Kowatch, R.A. (2003). Neuroimaging in pediatric bipolar disorder. In B.Geller & B.Geller (Ed.), Bipolar disorder in childhood and early adolescence (pp. 158–174). New York: Guilford Press.
    DelBello, M.P., Schwiers, M.L., Rosenberg, H.L., & Strakowski, S.M. (2002). A double, randomized, placebo-controlled study of quetiapine adjunctive treatment for adolescent mania. Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, 41, 1216–1223. http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/00004583-200210000-00011
    DelBello, M.P., Zimmerman, M.E., Mills, N.P., Getz, G.E., & Strakowski, S.M. (2004). Magnetic resonance imaging analysis of amygdala and other subcortical brain regions in adolescents with bipolar disorder. Bipolar Disorders, 6, 43–52. http://dx.doi.org/10.1046/j.1399-5618.2003.00087.x
    Dennis, M., Godley, S.H., Diamond, G., Tims, F.M., Babor, T., Donaldson, J., et al. (2004). The Cannabis Youth Treatment (CYT) Study: Main findings from two randomized trials. Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment, 27, 197–213. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jsat.2003.09.005
    Dennis, M.L., Titus, J.C., Diamond, G., Donaldson, J., Godley, S.H., Tims, P., et al. (2002). The Cannabis Youth Treatment (CYT) experiment: Rationale, study design and analysis plans. Addiction, 97, 16–34. http://dx.doi.org/10.1046/j.1360-0443.97.s01.2.x
    DeShazo Barry, T., Lyman, R.D., & Grofer Klinger, L. (2002). Academic underachievement and attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder: The negative impact of symptom severity on school performance. Journal of School Psychology, 40, 259–283. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0022-4405%2802%2900100-0
    DeVeaugh-Geiss, J., Moroz, G., Biederman, J., Cantwell, D., Fontaine, R., Greist, J.H., et al. (1992). Clomipramine hydrochloride in childhood and adolescent obsessive-compulsive disorder: A multicenter trial. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 31, 45–49. http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/00004583-199201000-00008
    Diamond, G., Godley, S.H., Liddle, H.A., Sampl, S., Webb, C., Tims, F.M., et al. (2002). Five outpatient treatment models for adolescent marijuana use: A description of the Cannabis Youth Treatment Interventions. Addiction, 97, 70–83. http://dx.doi.org/10.1046/j.1360-0443.97.s01.3.x
    Dick, D., Li, T., Edenberg, H., Hesselbrock, V., Kramer, J., Kuperman, S., et al. (2004). A genome-wide screen for genes influencing conduct disorder. Molecular Psychiatry, 9, 81–86. http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/sj.mp.4001368
    Dick, D.M., & Todd, R.D. (2006). Genetic contributions. In D.Cicchetti & D.Cicchetti (Ed.), Developmental psychopathology, Vol. 2: Developmental neuroscience (pp. 16–28). Hoboken, NJ: Wiley.
    Dick, D.M., Viken, R.J., Kaprio, J., Pulkkinen, L., & Rose, R.J. (2005). Understanding the covariation among childhood externalizing symptoms: Genetic and environmental influences on Conduct Disorder, Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, and Oppositional Defiant Disorder symptoms. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 33, 219–229. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10802-005-1829-8
    Dilsaver, S.C., & Akiskal, S. (2005). High rate of unrecognized bipolar mixed states among destitute Hispanic adolescents referred for “major depressive disorder.” Journal of Affective Disorders, 84, 179–186. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jad.2004.10.009
    Dilworth-Bart, J.E., & Moore, F. (2006). Mercy mercy me: Social injustice and the prevention of environmental pollutant exposures among ethnic minority and poor children. Child Development, 77, 247–265. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-8624.2006.00868.x
    Dimitropoulos, A., Feurer, I.D., Butler, M.G., & Thompson, T. (2001). Emergence of compulsive behavior and tantrums in children with Prader-Willi syndrome. American Journal on Mental Retardation, 106, 39–51. http://dx.doi.org/10.1352/0895-8017%282001%29106%3C0039:EOCBAT%3E2.0.CO;2
    Dishion, T.J., Andrews, D.W., & Crosby, L. (1995). Antisocial boys and their friends in early adolescence: Relationship characteristics, quality and interactional process. Child Development, 66, 139–151. http://dx.doi.org/10.2307/1131196
    Dishion, T.J., Capaldi, D., Spracklen, K.M., & Li, F. (1995). Peer ecology of male adolescent drug use. Development and Psychopathology, 7, 803–824. http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0954579400006854
    Dishion, T.J., Eddy, J.M., Haas, E., Li, F., & Spracklen, K.M. (1997). Friendships and violent behavior during adolescence. Social Development, 6, 207–223. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-9507.1997.tb00102.x
    Dishion, T.J., McCord, J., & Poulin, F. (1999). When interventions harm: Peer groups and problem behavior. American Psychologist, 54, 755–764. http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/0003-066X.54.9.755
    Dishion, T.J., Spracklen, K.M., Andrews, D.W., & Patterson, G.R. (1996). Deviancy training in male adolescent friendships. Behavior Therapy, 27, 373–390. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0005-7894%2896%2980023-2
    Dix, T. (1993). Attributing dispositions to children: An interactional analysis of attribution in socialization. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 19, 633–643. http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0146167293195014
    Dix, T., & Lochman, J. (1990). Social cognition and negative reactions to children: A comparison of mothers of aggressive and nonaggressive boys. Journal of Social and Clinical Psychology, 9, 418–438. http://dx.doi.org/10.1521/jscp.1990.9.4.418
    Dodge, K.A. (1993). Social-cognitive mechanisms in the development of conduct disorder and depression. Annual Review of Psychology, 44, 559–584. http://dx.doi.org/10.1146/annurev.ps.44.020193.003015
    Dodge, K.A. (2003). Do social information-processing patterns mediate aggressive behavior? In B.B.Lahey, T.E.Moffitt, & A.Caspi (Eds.), Causes of conduct disorder and juvenile delinquency (pp. 254–274). New York: Guilford Press.
    Dodge, K.A. (2006). Translational science in action: Hostile attributional style and the development of aggressive behavior problems. Development and Psychopathology, 18, 791–814. http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0954579406060391
    Dodge, K.A., & Coie, J.D. (1987) Social-information processing factors in reactive and proactive aggression in children's peer groups. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 53, 1146–1158. http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/0022-3514.53.6.1146
    Dodge, K.A., Lansford, J.E., Burks, V.S., Bates, J.E., Pettit, G.S., Fontaine, R., et al. (2003). Peer rejection and social information-processing factors in the development of aggressive behavior problems in children. Child Development, 74, 374–393. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1467-8624.7402004
    Dodge, K.A., & Pettit, G.S. (1990). Mechanisms in the cycle of violence. Science, 250, 1678–1683. http://dx.doi.org/10.1126/science.2270481
    Dodge, K.A., & Pettit, G.S. (2003). A biopsychosocial model of the development of chronic conduct problems in adolescence. Developmental Psychology, 39, 349–371. http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/0012-1649.39.2.349
    Dodge, K.A., Pettit, G.S., & Bates, J.E. (1997). How the experience of early physical abuse leads children to become chronically aggressive. Developmental perspectives on trauma: Theory, research and intervention (pp. 263–288). Rochester, NY: University of Rochester Press.
    Dodge, K.A., Pettit, G.S., Bates, J.E., & Valente, E. (1995). Social information-processing patterns partially mediate the effect of early physical abuse on later conduct problems. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 104, 632–643. http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/0021-843X.104.4.632
    Dolan, M., & Rennie, C. (2006). Psychopathy checklist: Youth version and youth psychopathic trait inventory: A comparison study. Personality and Individual Differences, 41, 779–789. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.paid.2006.03.021
    Dolz, L., Cerezo, M.A., & Milner, J.S. (1997). Mother-child interactional patterns in high- and low-risk mothers. Child Abuse & Neglect, 21, 1149–1158. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0145-2134%2897%2900090-2
    Dopke, C.A., Lundahl, B.W., Dunsterville, E., & Lovejoy, M.C. (2003). Interpretations of child compliance in individuals at high and low risk for child physical abuse. Child Abuse & Neglect, 27, 285–302. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0145-2134%2803%2900007-3
    Dopke, C.A., & Milner, S. (2000). Impact of child noncompliance on stress appraisals, attributions, and disciplinary choices in mothers at high and low risk for child physical abuse. Child Abuse & Neglect, 24, 493–504. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0145-2134%2800%2900110-1
    Doyle, A.E., Faraone, S.V., DuPre, E.P., & Biederman, J. (2001). Separating attention deficit hyperactivity disorder and learning disabilities in girls: A familial risk analysis. American Journal of Psychiatry, 158, 1666–1672. http://dx.doi.org/10.1176/appi.ajp.158.10.1666
    Drabick, D.A. G., & Goldfried, R. (2000). Training the scientist-practitioner for the 21st century: Putting the bloom back on the rose. Journal of Clinical Psychology, 56, 327–340. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/%28SICI%291097-4679%28200003%2956:3%3C327::AID-JCLP9%3E3.0.CO;2-Y
    Dubowitz, H., & Black, M. (2002). Neglect of children's health. In J.E. B.Meyers, L.Berliner, J.Briere, C.T.Hendrix, C.Jenny, & T.A.Reid (Eds.), The APSAC handbook on child maltreatment (
    2nd
    ed., pp. 269–292). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.
    Dubowitz, H., Newton, R.R., Litrownik, A.J., Lewis, T., Briggs, E.C., Thompson, R., et al. (2005). Examination of a conceptual model of child neglect. Child Maltreatment, 10, 173–189. http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1077559505275014
    Dubowitz, H., Pitts, S.C., & Black, M.M. (2004). Measurement of three major subtypes of child neglect. Child Maltreatment, 9, 344–356. http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1077559504269191
    Dukes, R.L., Stein, J.A., & Ullman, J.B. (1997). Long-term impact of drug abuse resistance education (D.A.R.E.): Results of a 6-year follow-up. Evaluation Review, 21, 483–500. http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0193841X9702100404
    Duncan, G.J., & Brooks-Gunn, J. (2000). Family poverty, welfare reform, and child development. Child Development, 71, 188–196. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1467-8624.00133
    DuPaul, G.J., & Eckert, T.L. (1997). The effects of school-based interventions for attention deficit hyperactivity disorder: A meta-analysis. School Psychology Digest, 26, 5–27.
    DuPaul, G.J., & Stoner, G. (2003). ADHD in the schools (
    2nd
    ed.). New York: Guilford Press.
    Durand, V.M. (2005). Past, present, and emerging directions in education. In D.Zager (Ed.), Autism spectrum disorders: Identification, education, and treatment (pp. 89–109). Mahwah, NJ: Erlbaum.
    Durand, V.M., & Christodulu, K.V. (2006). Mental retardation. In M.Hersen (Ed.), Clinicians handbook of child behavioral assessment (pp. 459–475). San Diego, CA: Elsevier. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/B978-012343014-4/50019-8
    Dykens, E.M. (1995). Measuring behavioral phenotypes: Provocations from the “new genetics.” American Journal on Mental Retardation, 99, 522–532.
    Dykens, E.M. (2000). Contaminated and unusual food combinations: What do people with Prader-Willi syndrome choose?Mental Retardation, 38, 163–171. http://dx.doi.org/10.1352/0047-6765%282000%29038%3C0163:CAUFCW%3E2.0.CO;2
    Dykens, E. (2001). Introduction to the special issue on behavioral phenotypes. American Journal on Mental Retardation, 106, 1–3. http://dx.doi.org/10.1352/0895-8017%282001%29106%3C0001:ITTSIO%3E2.0.CO;2
    Dykens, E.M. (2003). Anxiety, fears, and phobias in persons with Williams syndrome. Developmental Neuropsychology, 23, 291–316.
    Dykens, E.M., & Cassidy, S.B. (1999). Prader-Willi syndrome. In S.Goldstein & S.Goldstein (Ed.), Handbook of neurodevelopmental and genetic disorders in children (pp. 525–554). New York: Guilford Press.
    Dykens, E.M., Cassidy, S.B., & King, B.H. (1999). Maladaptive behavior differences in Prader-Willi syndrome due to paternal deletion versus maternal uniparental disomy. American Journal on Mental Retardation, 104, 66–77.
    Dykens E. M., & Hodapp, R.M. (2001). Research in mental retardation: Toward an etiologic approach. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 42, 49–71.
    Dykens, E.M., Hodapp, R.M., & Evans, D.W. (2006). Profiles and development of adaptive behavior in children with Down syndrome. Down Syndrome: Research & Practice, 9, 45–50. http://dx.doi.org/10.3104/reprints.293
    Dykens, E., Hodapp, R.M., & Finucane, B.M. (2000). Genetics and mental retardation. Baltimore: Brookes.
    Dykens, E.M., & Kasari, C. (1997). Maladaptive behavior in children with Prader-Willi syndrome, Down syndrome, and nonspecific mental retardation. American Journal on Mental Retardation, 102, 228–237. http://dx.doi.org/10.1352/0895-8017%281997%29102%3C0228:MBICWP%3E2.0.CO;2
    Dykens, E.M., & Shah, B. (2003). Psychiatric disorders in Prader-Willi syndrome. CNS Drugs, 17, 167–178. http://dx.doi.org/10.2165/00023210-200317030-00003
    Egeland, J.A., Hosteller, A.M., Pauls, D.L., & Sussex, J.N. (2000). Prodromal symptoms before onset of manic-depressive disorder suggested by first hospital admission histories. Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, 39, 1245–1252. http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/00004583-200010000-00011
    Ehrensaft, M.K. (2005). Interpersonal relationships and sex differences in the development of conduct problems. Clinical Child and Family Psychology Review, 8, 39–63. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10567-005-2341-y
    Eigsti, I., & Cicchetti, D. (2004). The impact of child maltreatment on expressive syntax at 60 months. Developmental Science, 7, 88–102. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-7687.2004.00325.x
    Einfeld, S.L. (2005). Behaviour problems in children with genetic disorders causing intellectual disability. Educational Psychology, 25, 341–346. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/0144341042000301256
    Einfeld, S.L., Piccinin, A.M., Mackinnon, A., Hofer, S.M., Taffe, J., Gray, K.M., et al. (2006). Psychopathology in young people with intellectual disability. Journal of the American Medical Association, 296, 1981–1989. http://dx.doi.org/10.1001/jama.296.16.1981
    Eisenberg, N., Cumberland, A., & Spinrad, T.L. (1998). Parental socialization of emotion. Psychological Inquiry, 9, 241–273. http://dx.doi.org/10.1207/s15327965pli0904_1
    Eisenberg, N., Cumberland, A., Spinrad, T.L., Fabes, R.A., Shepard, S.A., Reiser, M., et al. (2001). The relations of regulation and emotionality to children's externalizing and internalizing problem behavior. Child Development, 72, 1112–1134. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1467-8624.00337
    Eisenberg, N., Fabes, R.A., Guthrie, I.K., & Reiser, M. (2000). Dispositional emotionality and regulation: Their role in predicting quality of social functioning. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 78, 136–157. http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/0022-3514.78.1.136
    Eisenstadt, T.H., Eyberg, S., McNeil, C.B., Newcomb, K., & Funderburk, B. (1993). Parent-child interaction therapy with behavior problem children: Relative effectiveness of two stages and overall treatment outcome. Journal of Clinical Child Psychology, 22, 42–51. http://dx.doi.org/10.1207/s15374424jccp2201_4
    Elbaum, B., Vaughn, S., Hughes, M.T., & Moody, S.W. (2000). How effective are one-to-one tutoring programs in reading for elementary students at risk for reading failure?: A meta-analysis of the intervention research. Journal of Educational Psychology, 92, 605–619. http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/0022-0663.92.4.605
    Eley, T.C., Sugden, K., Corsico, A., Gregory, A.M., Sham, P., McGuffin, P., et al. (2004). Gene-environment interaction analysis of serotonin system markers with adolescent depression. Molecular Psychiatry, 9, 908–915. http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/sj.mp.4001546
    Elkins, I.J., King, S.M., McGue, M., & Iacono, W.G. (2006). Personality traits and the development of nicotine, alcohol, and illicit drug disorders: Prospective links from adolescence to young adulthood. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 115, 26–39. http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/0021-843X.115.1.26
    Elliott, L., Orr, L., Watson, L, & Jackson, A. (2005). Secondary prevention interventions for young drug users: A systematic review of the evidence. Adolescence, 40, 1–22.
    Ellis, A. (2005). The myth of self-esteem: How rational emotive behavior therapy can change your life forever. Amherst, NY: Prometheus Books.
    Ellis, A., & Harper, R.A. (1961). A guide to rational living. Hollywood, CA: Wilshire Books.
    Emmers-Sommer, T.M., Allen, M., Bourhis, J., Sahlstein, E., Laskowski, K., Falato, W.L., et al. (2004). A meta-analysis of the relationship between social skills and sexual offenders. Communication Reports, 17, 1–10. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/08934210409389369
    Emslie, G.J., Heiligenstein, J.H., Wagner, K.D., Hoog, S.L., Ernest, D.E., Brown-Nilson, M., et al. (2002). Fluoxetine for acute treatment of depression in children and adolescents: A placebo-controlled, randomized clinical trial. Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, 41, 1205–1215. http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/00004583-200210000-00010
    Emslie, G.J., Rush, J., Weinberg, W.A., Kovatch, R.A., Hughes, C.W., Carmody, T., et al. (1997). A double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled trial of fluoxetine in children and adolescents with depression. Archives of General Psychiatry, 54, 1031–1037, 1997. http://dx.doi.org/10.1001/archpsyc.1997.01830230069010
    Engelmann, S., & Carnine, D.W. (1975). DISTAR arithmetic. Chicago: Science Research Associates.
    English, D.J., Marshall, D.B., Brummel, S., & Orme, M. (1999). Characteristics of repeated referrals to child protective services in Washington state. Child Maltreatment, 4, 297–307. http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1077559599004004003
    Ennett, S.T., Tobler, N.S., Ringwalt, C.L., & Flewelling, R.L. (1994). Resistance education? A metaanalysis of Project D.A.R.E. outcome evaluations. American Journal of Public Health, 84, 1394–1401. http://dx.doi.org/10.2105/AJPH.84.9.1394
    Erhardt, D., & Hinshaw, S.P. (1994). Initial sociometric impressions of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder and comparison boys: Predictions from social behaviors and from nonbehavioral variables. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 62, 833–842. http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/0022-006X.62.4.833
    Erickson, M.F., & Egeland, B. (2002). Child neglect. In J. E. B. Meyers, L.Berliner, J.Briere, C.T.Hendrix, C.Jenny, & T.A.Reid (Eds.), The APSAC handbook on child maltreatment (pp. 3–20). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.
    Erikson, E.H. (1963). Childhood and society. New York: Norton.
    Essau, C.A. (2003). Epidemiology and comorbidity. In C.A.Essau (Ed.), Conduct and oppositional defiant disorders: Epidemiology, risk factors, and treatment (pp. 33–59). Mahwah, NJ: Erlbaum.
    Essau, C.A. (2004). The association between family factors and depressive disorders in adolescents. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 33, 365–372. http://dx.doi.org/10.1023/B:JOYO.0000037630.01098.d4
    Essau, C.A., Conradt, J., & Petermann, F. (1999). Frequency of panic attacks and panic disorder in adolescents. Depression and Anxiety, 9, 19–26. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/%28SICI%291520-6394%281999%299:1%3C19::AID-DA3%3E3.0.CO;2-#
    Essau, C.A., Conradt, J., & Petermann, F. (2000). Frequency, comorbidity, and psychosocial impairment of anxiety disorders in German adolescents. Journal of Anxiety Disorders, 14, 263–279. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0887-6185%2899%2900039-0
    Essau, C.A., & Merikangas, K.R. (1999). Familial and genetic factors. In C.A.Essau & C.A.Essau (Ed.), Depressive disorders in children and adolescents: Epidemiology, risk factors, and treatment (p.p. 261–285). Lanham, MD: Aronson.
    Essau, C.A., Sasagawa, S., & Frick, P.J. (2006). Callous-unemotional traits in a community sample of adolescents. Assessment, 13, 454–469. http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1073191106287354
    Essex, M.J., Klein, M.H., Cho, E., & Kalin, N.H. (2002). Maternal stress beginning in infancy may sensitize children to later stress exposure: Effects on cortisol and behavior. Biological Psychiatry, 52, 776–784. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0006-3223%2802%2901553-6
    Evans, D.L., Beardslee, W., Biederman, J., Brent, D., Charney, D., Coyle, J., et al. (2005). Depression and bipolar disorder. In D.L.Evans, E.B.Foa, R.E.Gur, H.Hendin, C.P.O'Brien, M.E. P.Seligman, & B.T.Walsh (Eds.), Treating and preventing adolescent mental health disorders (pp. 3–74). New York: Oxford University Press. http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/9780195173642.003.0002
    Exner, J.E. (2003). The Rorschach: A comprehensive system. New York: Wiley.
    Eyberg, S.M. (2006). Oppositional defiant disorder. In J.E.Fisher & J.E.Fisher (Ed.), Practitioners guide to evidence-based psychotherapy (pp. 461–468). New York: Springer. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-0-387-28370-8_46
    Eyberg, S.M., Funderburk, B.W., Hembree-Kigin, T.L., McNeil, C.B., Querido, J.G., & Hood, K.K. (2001). Parent-child interaction therapy with behavior problem children: One and two year maintenance of treatment effects in the family. Child & Family Behavior Therapy, 23, 1–20. http://dx.doi.org/10.1300/J019v23n04_01
    Eysenck, H.J. (1959). Behaviour therapy and the neuroses: Readings in modern methods of treatment derived from learning theory. Oxford, UK: Pergamon Press.
    Ezpeleta, L., Domenech, J.M., & Angold, A. (2006). A comparison of pure and comorbid CD/ODD and depression. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 47, 704–712. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1469-7610.2005.01558.x
    Faedda, G.L., Baldessarini, R.J., Glovinsky, I.P., & Austin, N.B. (2004). Pediatric bipolar disorder: Phenomenology and course of illness. Bipolar Disorders, 6, 305–313. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1399-5618.2004.00128.x
    Fagan, P.J., Wise, T.N., Schmidt, C.W., & Berlin, F.S. (2002). Pedophilia. Journal of the American Medical Association, 288, 2458–2465. http://dx.doi.org/10.1001/jama.288.19.2458
    Fairburn, C.G., Cooper, Z., Doll, H.A., Norman, P., & O'Connor, M. (2000). The natural course of bulimia nervosa and binge eating disorder in young women. Archives of General Psychiatry, 57, 659–665. http://dx.doi.org/10.1001/archpsyc.57.7.659
    Fairburn, C.G., Cooper, Z., Doll, H.A., & Welch, S.L. (1999). Risk factors for anorexia nervosa: Three integrated case-control comparisons. Archives of General Psychiatry, 56, 468–476. http://dx.doi.org/10.1001/archpsyc.56.5.468
    Fairburn, C.G., Cooper, Z., & Safran, R. (2002). Cognitive behavior therapy for eating disorders: A “transdiagnostic” theory and treatment. Behavior Research and Therapy, 41, 509–528. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0005-7967%2802%2900088-8
    Fairburn, C.G., & Harrison, P.J. (2003). Eating disorders. Lancet, 361, 407–416. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0140-6736%2803%2912378-1
    Famularo, R., Fenton, T., Augustyn, M., & Zuckerman, B. (1996). Persistence of pediatric post traumatic stress disorder after 2 years. Child Abuse & Neglect, 20, 1245–1248. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0145-2134%2896%2900119-6
    Famularo, R., Fenton, T., Kinscherff, R., Ayoub, C., & Barnum, R. (1994). Maternal and child posttraumatic stress disorder in cases of child maltreatment. Child Abuse & Neglect, 18, 27–36. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0145-2134%2894%2990093-0
    Faraone, S.V., & Biederman, J. (1998). Neurobiology of attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder. Biological Psychiatry, 44, 951–958. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0006-3223%2898%2900240-6
    Faraone, S.V., Biederman, J., Chen, W.J., Krifcher, B., Keenan, D., Moore, C., et al. (1992). Segregation analysis of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder. Psychiatric Genetics, 2, 257–275. http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/00041444-199210000-00004
    Faraone, S.V., Biederman, J., Mennin, D., & Russel, R.I. (1998). Bipolar and antisocial disorders among relatives of ADHD children: Parsing familial subtypes of illness. Neuropsychiatric Genetics, 81, 108–116. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/%28SICI%291096-8628%2819980207%2981:1%3C108::AID-AJMG18%3E3.0.CO;2-N
    Faraone, S.V., Biederman, J., Weber, W., & Russell, R.L. (1998). Psychiatric, neuropsychological, and psychosocial features of DSM-IV subtypes of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder: Results from a clinically referred sample. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 37, 185–193. http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/00004583-199802000-00011
    Farran, D.C. (2000). Another decade of intervention for children who are low income or disabled: What do we know now? In J.P.Shonkoff & J.P.Shonkoff (Ed.), Handbook of early childhood intervention (pp. 510–548). New York: Cambridge University Press. http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/CBO9780511529320.025
    Farrington, D.P. (1998). Predictors, causes, and correlates of male youth violence. In M.Tonry & M.Tonry (Ed.), Youth violence (pp. 317–371). Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
    Faul, L.A., & Gross, A.M. (2006). Diagnosis and classification. In R.T.Ammerman (Ed.), Comprehensive handbook of personality and psychopathology (pp. 3–15). New York: Wiley.
    Favazza, A.R. (1996). Bodies under siege: Self-mutilation and body modification in culture and psychiatry. Baltimore, MD: Johns Hopkins.
    Favazza, A.R. (1998). The coming of age of self-mutilation. Journal of Nervous & Mental Disease, 186, 259–268. http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/00005053-199805000-00001
    Feeley, K.M., & Jones, A. (2006). Addressing challenging behaviour in children with Down syndrome: The use of applied behaviour analysis for assessment and intervention. Down Syndrome: Research & Practice, 11, 64–77. http://dx.doi.org/10.3104/perspectives.316
    Feeny, N.C., Danielson, C.K., Schwartz, L., Youngstrom, E.A., & Findling, R.L. (2006). Cognitive-behavioral therapy for bipolar disorders in adolescents: A pilot study. Bipolar Disorders, 8, 508–515. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1399-5618.2006.00358.x
    Feinberg, D.T. (2006). The cost of over-the-counter substance abuse. Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychopharmacology, 16, 801–802. http://dx.doi.org/10.1089/cap.2006.16.801
    Feiring, C., & Taska, S. (2005). The persistence of shame following sexual abuse: A longitudinal look at risk and recovery. Child Maltreatment, 10, 337–349. http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1077559505276686
    Fenske, E.C., Zalenski, S., Krantz, P.J., & McClannahan, L.E. (1985). Age at intervention and treatment outcome for autistic children in a comprehensive intervention program. Analysis and Intervention in Developmental Disabilities, 5, 49–58. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0270-4684%2885%2980005-7
    Ferguson, C.P., & Pigott, T.A. (2000). Anorexia and bulimia nervosa: Neurobiology and pharmacotherapy. Behavior Therapy, 31, 237–264. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0005-7894%2800%2980014-3
    Fergusson, D.M., & Horwood, L.J. (1995). Early disruptive behavior, IQ, and later school achievement and delinquent behavior. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 23, 183–199. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF01447088
    Fergusson, D.M., Horwood, L.J., & Nagin, D.S. (2000). Offending trajectories in a New Zealand birth cohort. Criminology, 38, 525–552. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1745-9125.2000.tb00898.x
    Fergusson, D.M., Horwood, L.J., & Ridder, E.M. (2005). Show me the child at seven: The consequences of conduct problems in childhood for psychosocial functioning in adulthood. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 46, 837–849. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1469-7610.2004.00387.x
    Fergusson, D.M., & Lynskey, M.T. (1998). Conduct problems in childhood and psychosocial outcomes in young adulthood: A prospective study. Journal of Emotional and Behavioral Disorders, 6, 2–18. http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/106342669800600101
    Fergusson, D.M., Lynskey, M.T., & Horwood, L.J. (1997). Attentional difficulties in middle childhood and psychosocial outcomes in young adulthood. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 38, 633–644. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1469-7610.1997.tb01690.x
    Fichter, M.M., Kruger, R., Rief, W., Holland, R., & Dohne, J. (1996). Fluvoxamine in prevention of relapse in bulimia nervosa: Effects on eating-specific psychopathology. Journal of Clinical Psychopharmacology, 16, 9–18. http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/00004714-199602000-00003
    Field, A., Camargo, C., Taylor, C., Berkey, C., Robert, S., & Colditz, G. (2001). Peer, parent, and media influences on the development of weight concerns and frequent dieting among preadolescent girls and boys. Pediatrics, 107, 54–60. http://dx.doi.org/10.1542/peds.107.1.54
    Filipek, P.A., Semrud-Clikeman, M., Steingrad, R., Kennedy, D., & Biederman, J. (1997). Volumetric MRI analysis: Comparing subjects having attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder with normal controls. Neurology, 48, 589–601. http://dx.doi.org/10.1212/WNL.48.3.589
    Finch, A.J., Nelson, W.M., & Hart, K.J. (2006). Conduct disorder: Description, prevalence, and etiology. In W.M.Nelson, A.J.Finch, & K.J.Hart (Eds.), Conduct disorders: A practitioner's guide to comparative treatments (pp. 1–13). New York: Springer.
    Findling, R.L. (2005). Update on the treatment of bipolar disorder in children and adolescents. European Psychiatry, 20, 87–91. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.eurpsy.2004.12.004
    Findling, R.L., Aman, M.G., Eerdekens, M., Derivan, A., Lyons, B., & Risperidone Behavior Study Group. (2004). Long-term, open-label study of risperidone in children with severe disruptive behaviors and below-average IQ. American Journal of Psychiatry, 161, 677–684. http://dx.doi.org/10.1176/appi.ajp.161.4.677
    Findling, R.L., Gracious, B.L., McNamara, N.K., Youngstrom, E.A., Demeter, C.A., & Branicky, L.A. (2001). Rapid, continuous cycling and psychiatric comorbidity in pediatric bipolar I disorder. Bipolar Disorders, 3, 202–210. http://dx.doi.org/10.1034/j.1399-5618.2001.30405.x
    Findling, R.L., McNamara, N.K., Gracious, B.L., Youngstrom, E.A., Stansbrey, R.J., Reed, M.D., et al. (2003). Combination lithium and divalproex sodium in pediatric bipolarity. Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, 42, 895–901. http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/01.CHI.0000046893.27264.53
    Finkelhor, D., & Browne, A. (1985). The traumatic impact of child sexual abuse: A conceptualization. American Journal of Orthopsychiatry, 55, 530–541. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1939-0025.1985.tb02703.x
    Finkelhor, D., Cross, T.P., & Cantor, E.N. (2005). The justice system for juvenile victims: A comprehensive model of case flow. Trauma, Violence, & Abuse, 6, 83–102. http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1524838005275090
    Finkelhor, D., Hotaling, G., Lewis, I., & Smith, C. (1990). Sexual abuse in a national survey of men and women: Prevalence, characteristics, and risk factors. Child Abuse & Neglect, 14, 19–28. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0145-2134%2890%2990077-7
    Fiorello, C.A., Hale, J.B., & Snyder, L.E. (2006). Cognitive hypothesis testing and response to intervention for children with reading problems. Psychology in the Schools, 43, 835–853. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/pits.20192
    Firestone, P., Bradford, J.M., McCoy, M., Greenberg, D.M., Larose, M.R., & Curry, S. (1999). Prediction of recidivism in incest offenders. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 14, 511–531. http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/088626099014005004
    Fischer, D.J., Himle, J.A., & Thyer, B.A. (1999). Separation anxiety disorder. In R.T.Ammerman, M.Hersen, & C.G.Last (Eds.), Handbook of prescriptive treatments for children and adolescents (pp. 141–154). Boston: Allyn & Bacon.
    Fischer, M., Barkley, R.A., Smallish, L., & Fletcher, K. (2002). Young adult follow-up of hyperactive children: Self-reported psychiatric disorders, comorbidity, and the role of childhood conduct problems. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 30, 463–475. http://dx.doi.org/10.1023/A:1019864813776
    Fischer, M., Barkley, R.A., Smallish, L., & Fletcher, K. (2005). Executive functioning in hyperactive children as young adults: Attention, inhibition, response perseveration, and the impact of comorbidity. Developmental Neuropsychology, 27, 107–133. http://dx.doi.org/10.1207/s15326942dn2701_5
    Flament, M.F., Furino, C., & Godart, N. (2005). Evidence-based pharmacotherapy of eating disorders. In D.J.Stein, B.Lerer, & S.Stahl (Eds.), Evidence-based psychopharmacology (pp. 204–254). New York: Cambridge University Press.
    Flament, M.F., Whitaker, A., Rapoport, J.L., Davies, M., Berg, C.Z., Kalikow, K., et al. (1988). Obsessive compulsive disorder in adolescence: An epidemiological study. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 27, 764–771. http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/00004583-198811000-00018
    Flannery-Schroeder, E.C. (2004). Generalized anxiety disorder. In T.L.Morris & T.L.Morris (Ed.), Anxiety disorders in children and adolescents (pp. 125–140). New York: Guilford Press.
    Flannery-Schroeder, E., Choudhury, M.S., & Kendall, P.C. (2005). Group and individual cognitive-behavioral treatments for youth with anxiety disorders: One-year follow-up. Cognitive Therapy and Research, 29, 253–259. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10608-005-3168-z
    Flannery-Schroeder, E.C., & Kendall, P.C. (2000). Group and individual cognitive-behavioral treatments for youth with anxiety disorders: A randomized clinical trial. Cognitive Therapy and Research, 24, 251–278. http://dx.doi.org/10.1023/A:1005500219286
    Fleischner, J.E., & Manheimer, M.A. (1997). Math interventions for students with learning disabilities: Myths and realities. School Psychology Review, 26, 397–413.
    Fleming, J., & Offord, D. (1990). Epidemiology of childhood depressive disorders: A critical review. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 29, 571–580. http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/00004583-199007000-00010
    Fletcher, J.M., Lyon, G.R., Barnes, M., Stuebing, K.K., Francis, D.J., Olson, R.K., et al. (2002). Classification of learning disabilities: An evidenced-based evaluation. In R.Bradley, L.Danielson, & D.P.Hallahan (Eds.), Identification of learning disabilities: Research to policy (pp. 185–250). Mahwah, NJ: Erlbaum.
    Fletcher, J.M., Morris, R.D., & Lyon, G.R. (2003). Classification and definition of learning disabilities: An integrative perspective. In H.L.Swanson, K.R.Harris, & S.Graham (Eds.), Handbook of learning disabilities (pp. 30–56). New York: Guilford Press.
    Flett, G.L., Hewitt, P.L., Oliver, J.M., & Macdonald, S. (2002). Perfectionism in children and their parents: A developmental analysis. In G.L.Flett & G.L.Flett (Ed.), Perfectionism: Theory, research, and treatment (pp. 89–132). Washington, DC: American Psychological Association. http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/10458-004
    Flisher, A.J., Ziervogel, C.F., Chalton, D.O., Leger, P.H., & Robertson, B.A. (1993). Risk-taking behaviour of Cape Peninsula high-school students: Part II. Suicidal behaviour. South African Medical Journal, 83, 474–476.
    Fluoxetine Bulimia Nervosa Collaborative Study Group. (1992). Fluoxetine in the treatment of bulimia nervosa: A multicenter, placebo-controlled, double-blind trial. Archives of General Psychiatry, 49, 139–147. http://dx.doi.org/10.1001/archpsyc.1992.01820020059008
    Foa, E.B., Johnson, K.M., Feeny, N.C., & Treadwell, K.R. H. (2001). The Child PTSD Symptom Scale (CPSS): A preliminary examination of its psychometric properties. Journal of Community Psychology, 30, 376–384.
    Foley, D.L., Pickles, A., Maes, H.M., Silberg, J.L., & Eaves, L.J. (2004). Course and short-term outcomes of separation anxiety disorder in a community sample of twins. Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, 43, 1107–1114. http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/01.chi.0000131138.16734.f4
    Fombonne, E. (2005). Epidemiological studies of pervasive developmental disorders. In F. R. Volkmar, R.Paul, A.Klin, & D.Cohen (Eds.), Handbook of autism and pervasive developmental disorders, Vol. 1: Diagnosis, development, neurobiology, and behavior (pp. 42–69). Hoboken, NJ: Wiley.
    Fombonne, E., Wostear, G., Cooper, V., Harrington, R., & Rutter, M. (2001). The Maudsley long-term follow-up of child and adolescent depression: 1. Psychiatric outcomes in adulthood. British Journal of Psychiatry, 179, 210–217. http://dx.doi.org/10.1192/bjp.179.3.210
    Frackowiak, R., Friston, K., Frith, C., Dolan, R., Price, C., Zeki, S., et al. (2004): Human brain function. San Diego: Academic Press, Elsevier Science.
    Francis, D.J., Fletcher, J.M., Stuebing, K.K., Lyon, G.R., Shaywitz, B.A., & Shaywitz, S.E. (2005). Psychometric approaches to the identification of LD: IQ and achievement scores are not sufficient. Journal of Learning Disabilities, 38, 98–108. http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/00222194050380020101
    Frank, J.D. (1973). Persuasion and healing. Baltimore, MD: Johns Hopkins University Press.
    Frank, J.D., & Frank, J. (2004). Therapeutic components shared by all psychotherapies. In A.Freeman, M.J.Mahoney, P.DeVito, & D.Martin (Eds.), Cognition and psychotherapy (pp. 45–78). New York: Springer.
    Franklin, M.E., Kozak, M.J., Cashman, L.A., Coles, M.E., Rheingold, A.A., & Foa, E.B. (1998). Cognitive-behavioral treatment of pediatric obsessive-compulsive disorder: An open clinical trial. Journal of the Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 37, 412–419. http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/00004583-199804000-00019
    Franklin, M., March, J.S., & Gracia, A. (2007). Treating obsessive-compulsive disorder in children and adolescents. In M.M.Antony, C.Purdon, & L.J.Summerfeldt (Eds.), Psychological treatment of obsessive compulsive disorders: Fundamentals and beyond (pp. 253–266). Washington, DC: American Psychological Association. http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/11543-011
    Franklin, M.E., Rynn, M.A., Foa, E.B., & March, J.S. (2004). Pediatric obsessive-compulsive disorder. In T.H.Ollendick & T.H.Ollendick (Ed.), Phobic and anxiety disorders in children and adolescents (pp. 381–404). New York: Oxford University Press.
    Frazier, J.A., Chiu, S., Breeze, J.L., Makris, N., Lange, N., Kennedy, D.N., et al. (2005). Structural brain magnetic resonance imaging of limbic and thalamic volumes in pediatric bipolar disorder. American Journal of Psychiatry, 162, 1256–1265. http://dx.doi.org/10.1176/appi.ajp.162.7.1256
    Frazier, J.A., Meyer, M.C., Biederman, J., Wozniak, J., Wilens, T.E., Spencer, T.J., et al. (1999). Risperidone treatment for juvenile bipolar disorder: A retrospective chart review. Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, 38, 960–965. http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/00004583-199908000-00011
    Fredrickson, B., & Roberts, T. (1997). Objectification theory: Toward understanding women's lived experiences and mental health risks. Psychology of Women Quarterly, 21, 173–206. http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/0022-3514.66.1.86
    Freitag, C.M. (2007). The genetics of autistic disorders and its clinical relevance: A review of the literature. Molecular Psychiatry, 12, 2–22. http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/sj.mp.4001896
    Fremont, W.P. (2004). Childhood reactions to terrorism-induced trauma: A review of the past 10 years. Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, 43, 381–392. http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/00004583-200404000-00004
    Freud, A. (1936). The ego and the mechanisms of defense. New York: International Universities Press.
    Freud, A., & Burlingham, D. (1943). Children in war. New York: Medical War Books.
    Freud, S. (1961). The ego and the id. In J.Strachey (Ed. & Trans.), The standard edition of the complete psychological works of Sigmund Freud (Vol. 19). London: Hogarth Press. (Original work published 1923)
    Frick, P.J. (2004). Developmental pathways to conduct disorder: Implications for serving youth who show severe aggressive and antisocial behavior. Psychology in the Schools, 41, 823–834. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/pits.20039
    Frick, P.J., Bodin, S.D., & Barry, C.T. (2000). Psychopathic traits and conduct problems in community and clinic-referred samples of children: Further development of the psychopathy screening device. Psychological Assessment, 12, 382–393. http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/1040-3590.12.4.382
    Frick, P.J., Cornell, A.H., Barry, C.T., Bodin, S.D., & Dane, H.A. (2003). Callous-unemotional traits and conduct problems in the prediction of conduct problem severity, aggression, and self-report of delinquency. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 31, 457–470. http://dx.doi.org/10.1023/A:1023899703866
    Frick, P.J., Cornell, A.H., Bodin, S.D., Dane, H.A., Barry, C.T., & Loney, B.R. (2003). Callous-unemotional traits and developmental pathways to severe conduct problems. Developmental Psychology, 39, 246–260. http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/0012-1649.39.2.246
    Frick, P.J., Lahey, B.B., Applegate, B., Kerdyck, L., Ollendick, T., Hynd, G., et al. (1994). DSM-IV field trials for the disruptive behavior disorders: Symptom utility estimates. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 33, 529–539. http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/00004583-199405000-00011
    Frick, P.J., Lahey, B.B., Christ, M.G., Loeber, R., & Green, S. (1991). History of childhood behavior problems in biological relatives of boys with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder and conduct disorder. Journal of Clinical Child Psychology, 20, 445–451. http://dx.doi.org/10.1207/s15374424jccp2004_14
    Frick, P.J., Lahey, B.B., Loeber, R., Stouthamer-Loeber, M., Christ, M.A., & Hanson, K. (1992). Familial risk factors to oppositional defiant disorder and conduct disorder: Parental psychopathology and maternal parenting. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 60, 49–55. http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/0022-006X.60.1.49
    Frick, P.J., Lahey, B.B., Loeber, R., Tannenbaum, L.E., Van Horn, Y., Christ, M.A. G., et al. (1993). Oppositional defiant disorder and conduct disorder: A meta-analytic review of factor analyses and cross-validation in a clinic sample. Clinical Psychology Review, 13, 319–340. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0272-7358%2893%2990016-F
    Frick, P.J., & Loney, B.R. (2002). Understanding the association between parent and child antisocial behavior. In R.J.McMahon & R.J.McMahon (Ed.), The effects of parental dysfunction on children (pp. 105–126). New York: Kluwer Academic/Plenum. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4615-1739-9_6
    Frick, P.J., & Morris, A.S. (2004). Temperament and developmental pathways to conduct problems. Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology, 33, 54–68. http://dx.doi.org/10.1207/S15374424JCCP3301_6
    Frick, P.J., & Munoz, L. (2006). Oppositional defiant disorder and conduct disorder. In C.A.Essau (Ed.), Child and adolescent psychopathology: Theoretical and clinical implications (pp. 26–51). New York: Routledge.
    Frick, P.J., Stickle, T.R., Dandreaux, D.M., Farrell, J.M., & Kimonis, E.R. (2005). Callous-unemotional traits in predicting the severity and stability of conduct problems and delinquency. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 33, 471–487. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10648-005-5728-9
    Friedrich, W.N. (1997). Child sexual behavior inventory. Odessa, FL: Psychological Assessment Resources.
    Friedrich, W.N. (2002). An integrated model of psychotherapy for abused children. In J.E. B.Meyers, L.Berliner, J.Briere, C.T.Hendrix, C.Jenny, & T.A.Reid (Eds.), The APSAC handbook on child maltreatment (pp. 141–158). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.
    Friedrich, W.N., Fisher, J.L., Dittner, C.A., Acton, R., Berliner, L., Butler, J., et al. (2001). Child sexual behavior inventory: Normative, psychiatric, and sexual abuse comparisons. Child Maltreatment, 6, 37–49. http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1077559501006001004
    Fristad, M.A., Goldberg-Arnold, J.S., & Gavazzi, S.M. (2003). Multifamily psychoeducation groups (MFPG) in the treatment of children with mood disorders. Journal of Marital & Family Therapy, 29, 491–504. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1752-0606.2003.tb01691.x
    Frith, C.D., & Frith, U. (1999). Interacting minds: a biological basis. Science, 286, 1692–1695. http://dx.doi.org/10.1126/science.286.5445.1692
    Fuchs, D., & Young, L. (2006). On the irrelevance of intelligence in predicting responsiveness to reading instruction. Exceptional Children, 73, 8–30.
    Fulford, K.W. M. (1994). Closet logics: Hidden conceptual elements in the DSM and ICD classification of mental disorders. In J.Z.Sadler, O.P.Wiggins, & M.A.Schwartz (Eds.), Philosophical perspectives on psychiatric diagnostic classification (pp. 211–232). Baltimore, MD: Johns Hopkins University Press.
    Funderburk, B.W., Eyberg, S.M., Newcomb, K., McNeil, C.B., Hembree-Kigin, T., & Capage, L. (1998). Parent-child interaction therapy with behavior problem children: Maintenance of treatment effects in the school setting. Child & Family Behavior Therapy, 20, 17–38. http://dx.doi.org/10.1300/J019v20n02_02
    Galambos, N.L., Barker, E.T., & Almeida, D.M. (2003). Parents do matter: Trajectories of change in externalizing and internalizing problems in early adolescence. Child Development, 74, 578–594. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1467-8624.7402017
    Galea, S., Ahern, J., Resnick, H., Kilpatrick, D., Bucuvalas, M., Gold, J., et al. (2002). Psychological sequelae of the September 11 terrorist attacks in New York City. New England Journal of Medicine, 346, 982–987. http://dx.doi.org/10.1056/NEJMsa013404
    Garb, H.N. (1989). Clinical judgment, clinical training, and professional experience. Psychological Bulletin, 105, 387–396. http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/0033-2909.105.3.387
    Garb, H.N. (1996). The representativeness and past-behavior heuristics in clinical judgment. Professional Psychology: Theory and Practice, 27, 272–277. http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/0735-7028.27.3.272
    Garb, H.N. (2000). Computers will become increasingly important for psychological assessment: Not that there's anything wrong with that! Psychological Assessment, 12, 31–39. http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/1040-3590.12.1.31
    Garb, H.N., & Boyle, P.A. (2004). Understanding why some clinicians use pseudoscientific methods. In S.O.Lilienfeld, S.J.Lynn, & J.M.Lohr (Eds.), Science and pseudoscience in clinical psychology (pp. 17–38). New York: Guilford Press.
    Garber, J. (2000). Development and depression. In A.J.Sameroff, M.Lewis, & S.M.Miller (Eds.), Handbook of developmental psychopathology (pp. 467–490). New York: Kluwer. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4615-4163-9_25
    Garber, J., & Flynn, C. (2001). Vulnerability to depression in childhood and adolescence. In R.Ingram & R.Ingram (Ed.), Vulnerability to psychopathology: Risk across the lifespan (pp. 175–225). New York: Guilford Press.
    Garber, J., Keiley, M.K., & Martin, N.C. (2002). Developmental trajectories of adolescents’ depressive symptoms: Predictors of change. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 70, 79–95. http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/0022-006X.70.1.79
    Garland, J. (2004). Facing the evidence: Antidepressant treatment in children and adolescents. Canadian Medical Association Journal, 170, 489–491. http://dx.doi.org/10.1503/cmaj.1040687
    Gau, S.S. F., Chong, M., Yang, P., Yen, C., Liang, K., & Cheng, A.T. A. (2007). Psychiatric and psychosocial predictors of substance use disorders among adolescents. Longitudinal study. British Journal of Psychiatry, 190, 42–48. http://dx.doi.org/10.1192/bjp.bp.106.022871
    Gaub, M., & Carlson, C.L. (1997). Behavioral characteristics of DSM-IV ADHD subtypes in a school-based population. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 25, 103–111. http://dx.doi.org/10.1023/A:1025775311259
    Gaynor, S.T., Baird, S.C., & Nelson-Gray, R.O. (1999). Application of time-series (single-subject) designs in clinical psychology. In P.C.Kendall, J.N.Butcher, & G.N.Holmbeck (Eds.), Handbook of research methods in clinical psychology (pp. 297–329). Hoboken, NJ: Wiley.
    Ge, X., Coger, R.D., & Elder, G.H. (2001). Pubertal transition, stressful life events, and the emergence of gender differences in adolescent depressive symptoms. Developmental Psychology, 37, 404–417. http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/0012-1649.37.3.404
    Geary, D.C., & Hoard, M.K. (2001). Numerical and arithmetical deficits in learning-disabled children: Relation to dyscalculia and dyslexia. Aphasiology, 15, 635–647. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/02687040143000113
    Geary, D.C., & Hoard, M.K. (2005). Learning disabilities in arithmetic and mathematics: Theoretical and empirical perspectives. In J.I.D. Campbell (Ed.), Handbook of mathematical cognition (pp. 253–267). New York: Psychology Press.
    Gelhorn, H.L., Stallings, M.C., Young, S.E., Corley, R.P., Rhee, S.H., & Hewitt, J.K. (2005). Genetic and environmental influences on conduct disorder: Symptom, domain and full-scale analyses. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 46, 580–591. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1469-7610.2004.00373.x
    Geller, B., Bolhofner, K., Craney, J., Williams, M., Del, B.M., & Gundersen, K. (2000). Psychosocial functioning in a prepubertal and early adolescent bipolar disorder phenotype. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 39, 1543–1548. http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/00004583-200012000-00018
    Geller, B., Cooper, T.B., Sun, K., Zimmerman, B., Frazier, J., Williams, M., et al. (1998). Double-blind and placebo-controlled study of lithium for adolescent bipolar disorders with secondary substance dependency. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 37, 171–178. http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/00004583-199802000-00009
    Geller, B., Craney, J.L., Bolhofner, K., DelBello, M.P., Axelson, D., Luby, J., et al. (2003). Phenomenology and longitudinal course of children with a prepubertal and early adolescent bipolar disorder phenotype. In B.Geller & B.Geller (Ed.), Bipolar disorder in childhood and early adolescence (pp. 25–50). New York: Guilford Press.
    Geller, B., Tillman, R., Craney, J.L., & Bolhofner, K. (2004). Four-year prospective outcome and natural history of mania in children with a prepubertal and early adolescent bipolar disorder phenotype. Archives of General Psychiatry, 61, 459–467. http://dx.doi.org/10.1001/archpsyc.61.5.459
    Geller, B., Zimmerman, B., Williams, M., Bolhofher, K., Craney, J.L., Delbello, M.P., et al. (2000). Diagnostic characteristics of 93 cases of a prepubertal and early adolescent bipolar disorder phenotype by gender, puberty and comorbid attention deficit hyperactivity disorder. Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychopharmacology, 10, 157–164. http://dx.doi.org/10.1089/10445460050167269
    Geller, D.A., Hoog, S.L., Heiligenstein, J.H., Ricardi, R.K., Tamura, R., Kluszynski, S., et al. (2001). Fluoxetine treatment for obsessive-compulsive disorder in children and adolescents: A placebo-controlled clinical trial. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 40, 773–779. http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/00004583-200107000-00011
    Gelman, R., & Gallistel, C.R. (1978). The child's understanding of number. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
    Georgiades, S., Szatmari, P., Zwaigenbaum, L., Duku, E., Bryson, S., Roberts, W., et al. (2007). Structure of the autism symptom phenotype: A proposed multidimensional model. Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, 46, 188–196. http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/01.chi.0000242236.90763.7f
    Gershater-Molko, R.M., Lutzker, J.R., & Wesch, D. (2002). Using recidivism data to evaluate Project SafeCare: An ecobehavioral approach to teach “bonding,” safety, and health care skills. Child Maltreatment, 7, 277–285. http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1077559502007003009
    Giaconia, R.M., Reinherz, H.Z., Silverman, A.B., Pakiz, B., Frost, A.K., & Cohen, E. (1995). Traumas and posttraumatic stress disorder in a community population of older adolescents. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 34, 1369–1380. http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/00004583-199510000-00023
    Gibb, B.E., Abramson, L.Y., & Alloy, L.B. (2004). Emotional maltreatment from parents, verbal peer victimization, and cognitive vulnerability to depression. Cognitive Therapy and Research, 28, 1–21. http://dx.doi.org/10.1023/B:COTR.0000016927.18027.c2
    Giedd, J.N., Blumenthal, J., Molloy, E., & Castellanos, F.X. (2001). Brain imaging of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, 931, 33–34. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1749-6632.2001.tb05772.x
    Giedd, J.M., Shaw, P., Wallace, G., Gogtay, N., & Lenroot, R.K. (2006). Anatomic brain imaging studies of normal and abnormal brain development in children and adolescents. In D.Cicchetti & D.Cicchetti (Ed.), Developmental psychopathology, Vol 2: Developmental neuroscience (pp. 127–196). Hoboken, NJ: Wiley.
    Gil, A.G., Vega, W.A., & Turner, R.J. (2002). Early and mid-adolescence risk factors for later substance abuse by African-Americans and European Americans. Public Health Reports, 177, 15–29.
    Gilchrist, A., Green, J., Cox, A., Burton, D., Rutter, M., & Le Couteur, A. (2001). Development and current functioning in adolescents with Asperger syndrome: A comparative study. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 42, 227–240. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1469-7610.00714
    Gilligan, C. (1982). In a different voice: Psychological theory and women's development. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
    Gil-Rivas, V., Holman, E.A., & Silver, R.C. (2004). Adolescent vulnerability following the September 11th terrorist attacks: A study of parents and their children. Applied Developmental Science, 8, 130–142. http://dx.doi.org/10.1207/s1532480xads0803_3
    Ginsburg, G.S., Albano, A.M., Findling, R.L., Kratochvil, C., & Walkup, J. (2005). Integrating cognitive behavioral therapy and pharmacotherapy in the treatment of adolescent depression. Cognitive and Behavioral Practice, 12, 252–262. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S1077-7229%2805%2980030-6
    Ginsburg, G.S., Lambert, S.F., & Drake, K.L. (2004). Attributions of control, anxiety sensitivity, and panic symptoms among adolescents. Cognitive Therapy and Research, 28, 745–763. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10608-004-0664-5
    Ginsburg, G.S., & Schlossberg, M.C. (2002). Family-based treatment of childhood anxiety disorders. International Journal of Psychiatry, 14, 142–153.
    Ginsburg, G.S., Siqueland, L., Masia-Warner, C., & Hedtke, K.A. (2004). Anxiety disorders in children: Family matters. Cognitive and Behavioral Practice, 11, 28–43. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S1077-7229%2804%2980005-1
    Ginsburg, G.S., & Walkup, J.T. (2004). Specific phobia. In T.H.Ollendick & T.H.Ollendick (Ed.), Phobic and anxiety disorders in children and adolescents (pp. 175–197). New York: Oxford University Press.
    Gladstone, T.G., & Kaslow, N.J. (1995). Depression and attributions in children and adolescents: A meta-analytic review. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 23, 597–606. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF01447664
    Goenjian, A.K., Karayan, I., Pynoos, R.S., Minassian, D., Najarian, L.M., Steinberg, A.M., et al. (1997). Outcome of psychotherapy among early adolescents after trauma. American Journal of Psychiatry, 154, 536–542.
    Gold, S.R., Sinclair, B.B., & Balge, K.A. (1999). Risk of sexual revictimization: A theoretical model. Aggression and Violent Behavior, 4, 457–470. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S1359-1789%2898%2900024-X
    Goldberg-Arnold, J.S., & Fristad, M.A. (2003). Psychotherapy for children with bipolar disorder. In B.Geller & B.Geller (Ed.), Bipolar disorder in childhood and early adolescence (pp. 272–294). New York: Guilford Press.
    Goldman, S.R. (1989). Strategy instruction in mathematics. Learning Disability Quarterly, 12, 43–55. http://dx.doi.org/10.2307/1510251
    Goldstein, D.J., Wilson, M.G., & Thompson, V.L. (1995). Long-term fluoxetine treatment of bulimia nervosa. British Journal of Psychiatry, 166, 660–667. http://dx.doi.org/10.1192/bjp.166.5.660
    Goldstein, S., & Goldstein, M. (1998). Managing attention deficit hyperactivity disorder in children: A guide for practitioners. New York: Wiley.
    Goldstein, T.R., Birmaher, B., Axelson, D., Ryan, N.D., Strober, M.A., Gill, M.K., et al. (2005). History of suicide attempts in pediatric bipolar disorder: Factors associated with increased risk. Bipolar Disorders, 7, 525–535. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1399-5618.2005.00263.x
    Gonzalez-Tejera, G., Canino, G., Ramirez, R., Chavez, L., Shrout, P., Bird, H. et al. (2005). Examining minor and major depression in adolescents. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 46, 888–899. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1469-7610.2005.00370.x
    Goodman, E., & Capitman, J. (2000). Depressive symptoms and cigarette smoking among teens. Pediatrics, 706, 748–755. http://dx.doi.org/10.1542/peds.106.4.748
    Goodman, K.S. (1992). Why whole language is today's agenda in education. Language Arts, 69, 354–363.
    Goodman, S., & Gotlib, I. (1999). Risk for psychopathology in the children of depressed mothers: A developmental model for understanding mechanisms of transmission. Psychological Review, 106, 458–490. http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/0033-295X.106.3.458
    Goodman, Y.M. (1989). Roots of the whole-language movement. Elementary School Journal, 90, 113–127. http://dx.doi.org/10.1086/461607
    Goodwin, J. (1988). Posttraumatic stress symptoms in abused children. Journal of Traumatic Stress, 1, 475–488. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jts.2490010407
    Goodwin, R.D., Fergusson, D.M., & Horwood, L.J. (2004). Association between anxiety disorders and substance use disorders among young persons: Results of a 21-year longitudinal study. Journal of Psychiatric Research, 38, 295–304. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jpsychires.2003.09.002
    Goodyer, I.M., Herbert, J., & Tamplin, A. (2000). First episode major depression in adolescents: Affective, cognitive and endocrine characteristics of risk status and predictors of onset. British Journal of Psychiatry, 176, 142–149. http://dx.doi.org/10.1192/bjp.176.2.142
    Goodyer, I.M., Herbert, J., Tamplin, A., & Altham, P.M. (2000). Recent life events, cortisol, dehydroepiandrosterone and the onset of major depression in high-risk adolescents. British Journal of Psychiatry, 177, 499–504. http://dx.doi.org/10.1192/bjp.177.6.499
    Goodyer, I.M., Park, R.J., & Herbert, J. (2001). Psychosocial and endocrine features of chronic firstepisode major depression in 8–16 year olds. Biological Psychiatry, 50, 351–357. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0006-3223%2801%2901120-9
    Gorman-Smith, D., Tolan, P.H., & Henry, D.B. (2000). A developmental-ecological model of the relation of family functioning to patterns of delinquency. Journal of Quantitative Criminology, 16, 169–198. http://dx.doi.org/10.1023/A:1007564505850
    Gotlib, I.H., & Sommerfeld, B.K. (1999). Cognitive functioning in depressed children and adolescents: A developmental perspective. In C.A.Essau & C.A.Essau (Ed.), Depressive disorders in children and adolescents: Epidemiology, risk factors, and treatment (pp. 195–236). Lanham, MD: Aronson.
    Gottesman, I.I. (1963). Genetic aspects of intelligent behavior. In N.R.Ellis (Ed.), Handbook of mental deficiency: Psychological theory and research (pp. 253–296). New York: McGraw-Hill.
    Gottlieb, G., & Willoughby, M.T. (2006). Probabilistic epigenesis of psychopathology. In D.Cicchetti & D.Cicchetti (Ed.), Developmental psychopathology, Vol 1: Theory and method (pp. 673–700). Hoboken, NJ: Wiley.
    Grabill, K., Storch, E.A., & Geffken, G.R. (2007). Intensive cognitive-behavioral therapy of pediatric obsessive-compulsive disorder. The Behavior Therapist, 30, 19–21.
    Grady, D.L., Chi, H., Ding, Y., Smith, M., Wang, E., Schuck, S., et al. (2003). High prevalence of rare dopamine receptor D4 alleles in children diagnosed with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder. Molecular Psychiatry, 8, 536–545. http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/sj.mp.4001350
    Graham, C.A., & Easterbrooks, M.A. (2000). School-aged children's vulnerability to depressive symptomatology: The role of attachment security, maternal depressive symptomatology, and economic risk. Development and Psychopathology, 12, 201–213. http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0954579400002054
    Graham, S. (2006). Strategy instruction and the teaching of writing: A meta-analysis. In C.A.MacArthur, S.Graham, & J.Fitzgerald (Eds.), Handbook of writing research (pp. 187–207). New York: Guilford Press.
    Graham, S., & Harris, K.R. (2000). The role of self-regulation and transcription skills in writing and writing development. Educational Psychologist, 35, 3–12. http://dx.doi.org/10.1207/S15326985EP3501_2
    Graham, S., & Harris, K.R. (2003). Students with learning disabilities and the process of writing: A meta-analysis of SRSD studies. In H.L.Swanson, K.R.Harris, & S.Graham (Eds.), Handbook of learning disabilities (pp. 323–344). New York: Guilford Press.
    Graham, S., Harris, K.R., & Fink, B. (2000). Is handwriting causally related to learning to write? Treatment of handwriting problems in beginning writers. Journal of Educational Psychology, 92, 620–633. http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/0022-0663.92.4.620
    Graham, S., Harris, K.R., & Fink, B. (2002). Contributions of spelling instruction to the spelling, writing, and reading of poor spellers. Journal of Educational Psychology, 94, 669–686. http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/0022-0663.94.4.669
    Graham, S., Harris, K.R., & MacArthur, C. (2004). Writing instruction. In B.Y.L. Wong, (Ed.), Learning about learning disabilities (pp. 281–313). San Diego: Elsevier Academic Press. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/B978-012762533-1/50011-1
    Graham, S., Harris, K.R., MacArthur, C., & Schwartz, S. (1991). Writing and writing instruction with students with learning disabilities: A review of a program of research. Learning Disability Quarterly, 14, 89–114. http://dx.doi.org/10.2307/1510517
    Graham, S., & Juvonen, J. (2001). An attributional approach to peer victimization. In J.Juvonen & J.Juvonen (Ed.), Peer harassment in school (pp. 49–72). New York: Guilford Press.
    Graham-Bermann, S.A. (2002). Child abuse in the context of domestic violence. In J.E. B.Meyers, L.Berliner, J.Briere, C.T.Hendrix, C.Jenny, & T.A.Reid (Eds.), The APSAC handbook on child maltreatment (pp. 119–130). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.
    Gray, J.A. (1982). The neuropsychology of anxiety: An inquiry into the functions of the septo-hippocampal system. New York: Oxford University Press.
    Gray, J.A. (1987). The psychology of fear and stress. New York: Cambridge University Press.
    Gray, J.A. (1994). Framework for a taxonomy of psychiatric disorder. In S.H. M.van Goozen, N.E.van de Poll, & J.E.Sergeant (Eds.), Emotions: Essays on emotion theory (pp. 29–59). Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum.
    Greenberg, M., Lengua, L., Coie, J., & Pinderhughes, E. (1999). Predicting developmental outcomes at school entry using a multiple-risk model: Four American communities. Developmental Psychology, 35, 403–417. http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/0012-1649.35.2.403
    Greenhill, L.L. (2005). The science of stimulant abuse. Psychiatric Annals, 35, 210–214.
    Greenhill, L.L., Abikoff, H.B., Arnold, L.E., Cantwell, D.P., Conners, C.K., Elliott, G., et al. (1996). Medication treatment strategies in the MTA study: Relevance to clinicians and researchers. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 35, 1304–1313. http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/00004583-199610000-00017
    Greenhill, L.L., & Ford, R.E. (2002). Childhood attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder: Pharmacological treatments. In P.E.Nathan, & J.M.Gorman (Eds.), A guide to treatments that work (pp. 25–55). New York: Oxford University Press.
    Greenhill, L.L., Kollins, S., Abikoff, H., McCracken, J., Riddle, M., Swanson, J., et al. (2006). Efficacy and safety of immediate-release methylphenidate treatment for preschoolers with ADHD. Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, 45, 1284–1293. http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/01.chi.0000235077.32661.61
    Greenhill, L.L., Pliszka, S.R., & Dulcan, M.K. (2002). Practice parameter for the use of stimulant medication in the treatment of children, adolescents and adults. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 41, 26S#–29S. http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/00004583-200210000-00003
    Grella, C.E., Hser, Y.I., Joshi, V., & Rounds-Bryant, J. (2001). Drug treatment outcomes for adolescents with comorbid mental and substance use disorders. Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease, 189, 384–392. http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/00005053-200106000-00006
    Grenard, J.L., Ames, S.L., Wiers, R.W., Thush, C., Stacy, A.W., & Sussman, S. (2007). Brief intervention for substance use among at-risk adolescents: A pilot study. Journal of Adolescent Health, 40, 188–191. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jadohealth.2006.08.008
    Gresham, F.M. (2006). Response to intervention. In G.B Bear & G.B Bear (Ed.), Children's needs III: Development, prevention, and intervention (pp. 525–540). Bethesda, MD: National Association of School Psychologists.
    Grigorenko, E.L. (2001). Developmental dyslexia: An update on genes, brains, and environments. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 42, 91–125. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1469-7610.00704
    Groth-Marnat, G. (2003). Handbook of psychological assessment. New York: Wiley.
    Grove, W.M., Zald, D.H., Lebow, B.S., Snitz, B.E., & Nelson, C. (2000). Clinical versus mechanical prediction: A meta-analysis. Psychological Assessment, 12, 19–30. http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/1040-3590.12.1.19
    Guarda, A.S., & Heinberg, L.J. (2004). Inpatient and partial hospital approaches to the treatment of eating disorders. In J.K.Thompson (Ed.), Handbook of eating disorders and obesity (pp. 297–320). Hoboken, NJ: Wiley.
    Gurney, J.G., Fritz, M.S., Ness, K.K., Sievers, P., Newschaffer, C.J., & Shapiro, E.G. (2003). Analysis of prevalence trends of autism spectrum disorder in Minnesota. Archives of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine, 157, 622–627. http://dx.doi.org/10.1001/archpedi.157.7.622
    Guttmann-Steinmetz, S., & Crowell, A. (2006). Attachment and externalizing disorders: A developmental psychopathology perspective. Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, 45(4), 440–451. http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/01.chi.0000196422.42599.63
    Hale, J.B., Kaufman, A., Naglieri, J.A., & Kavale, K.A. (2006). Implementation of idea: Integrating response to intervention and cognitive assessment methods. Psychology in the Schools, 43, 753–770. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/pits.20186
    Hale, L.R., & Calamari, J.E. (2007). Panic symptoms and disorder in youth: What role does anxiety sensitivity play? In C.M.Velotis (Ed.), New developments in anxiety disorders research (pp. 131–162). Hauppauge, NY: Nova Biomedical.
    Hale, W.W., Engels, R., & Meeus, W. (2006). Adolescent's perceptions of parenting behaviours and its relationship to adolescent Generalized Anxiety Disorder symptoms. Journal of Adolescence, 29, 407–417. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.adolescence.2005.08.002
    Hallahan, D. P, & Mock, D.R. (2003). A brief history of the field of learning disabilities. In H.L.Swanson, K.R.Harris, & S.Graham (Eds.), Handbook of learning disabilities (pp. 16–29). New York: Guilford Press.
    Halligan, S.L., Herbert, J., Goodyer, I.M., & Murray, L. (2004). Exposure to postnatal depression predicts elevated cortisol in adolescent offspring. Biological Psychiatry, 55, 376–381. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.biopsych.2003.09.013
    Halmi, K.A., Eckert, E., Marchi, P., Sampagnaro, V., Apple, R., & Cohen, J. (1991). Comorbidity of psychiatric diagnoses in anorexia nervosa. Archives of General Psychiatry, 48, 712–718. http://dx.doi.org/10.1001/archpsyc.1991.01810320036006
    Halmi, K.A., Tozzi, F., Thornton, L.M., Crow, S., Fichter, M.M., Kaplan, A.S., et al. (2005). The relation among perfectionism, obsessive compulsive personality disorder and obsessive compulsive disorder in individuals with eating disorders. International Journal of Eating Disorders, 38, 371–374. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/eat.20190
    Hammen, C.L. (1991). Depression runs in families: The social context of risk and resilience in children of depressed mothers. New York: Springer-Verlag. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4684-6410-8
    Hammen, C. (1992). Cognitive, life stress, and interpersonal approaches to a developmental psychopathology model of depression. Development and Psychopathology, 4, 189–206. http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0954579400005630
    Hammen, C. (1999). The emergence of an interpersonal approach to depression. In T.Joiner & T.Joiner (Ed.), The interactional nature of depression: Advances in interpersonal approaches (pp. 22–36). Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.
    Hammen, C. (2002). The context of stress in families of children with depressed parents. In S.Goodman & S.Goodman (Ed.), Children of depressed parents: Mechanisms of risk and implications for treatment (pp. 175–199). Washington, DC: American Psychological Association. http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/10449-007
    Hammen, C., Shih, J.H., & Brennan, P.A. (2004). Intergenerational transmission of depression: Test of an interpersonal stress model in a community sample. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 72, 511–522. http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/0022-006X.72.3.511
    Han, C., McGue, M.K., & Iacono, W.G. (1999). Lifetime tobacco, alcohol and other substance use in adolescent Minnesota twins: Univariate and multivariate behavioral genetic analyses. Addiction, 94, 981–993. http://dx.doi.org/10.1046/j.1360-0443.1999.9479814.x
    Handen, B.L., & Gilchrist, R. (2006a). Mental retardation. In E.J.Mash & E.J.Mash (Ed.), Treatment of childhood disorders (
    3rd
    ed., pp. 411–454). New York: Guilford Press.
    Handen, B.L., & Gilchrist, R. (2006b). Practitioner review: Psychopharmacology in children and adolescents with mental retardation. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 47, 871–882. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1469-7610.2006.01588.x
    Handleman, J.S., Harris, S.L., & Martins, M.P. (2005). Helping children with autism enter the mainstream. In F.R.Volkmar, R.Paul, A.Klin, & D.Cohen (Eds.), Handbook of autism and pervasive developmental disorders, Vol. 2: Assessment, interventions, and policy (pp. 1029–1042). New York: Wiley.
    Hankin, B.L., & Abela, R.Z. (2005). Development of psychopathology: A vulnerability-stress perspective. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage. http://dx.doi.org/10.4135/9781452231655
    Hankin, B.L., Abramson, L.Y., Moffitt, T.E., Silva, P.A., McGee, R., & Angell, K.E. (1998). Development of depression from preadolescence to young adulthood: Emerging gender differences in a 10-year longitudinal study. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 107, 128–140. http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/0021-843X.107.1.128
    Hankin, B.L., Fraley, R.C., Lahey, B.B., & Waldman, I.D. (2005). Is depression best viewed as a continuum or discrete category? A taxometric analysis of childhood and adolescent depression in a population-based sample. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 114, 96–110. http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/0021-843X.114.1.96
    Hanley, G.P., Iwata, B.A., & McCord, B.E. (2003). Functional analysis of problem behavior: A review. Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 36, 147–185. http://dx.doi.org/10.1901/jaba.2003.36-147
    Hanna, G.L. (2000). Clinical and family-genetic studies of childhood obsessive-compulsive disorder. In W.K.Goodman, M.V.Rudorfer, & J.D.Maser (Eds.), Obsessive-compulsive disorder: Contemporary issues in treatment (pp. 87–103). Mahwah, NJ: Erlbaum.
    Hanson, R.K. (2002). Recidivism and age: Follow-up data from 4,673 sexual offenders. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 17, 1046–1062. http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/088626002236659
    Hanson, R.K., & Bussiere, M.T. (1998). Predicting relapse: A meta-analysis of sexual offender recidivism studies. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 66, 348–362. http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/0022-006X.66.2.348
    Hanson, R.K., Saunders, B.E., Kilpatrick, D.G., Resnick, H., Crouch, J.A., & Duncan, R. (2001). Impact of childhood rape and aggravated assault on adult mental health. American Journal of Orthopsychiatry, 71, 108–119. http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/0002-9432.71.1.108
    Harkness, K.L., Bruce, A.E., & Lumley, M.N. (2006). The role of childhood abuse and neglect in the sensitization to stressful life events in adolescent depression. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 115, 730–741. http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/0021-843X.115.4.730
    Harrington, R., Fudge, H., Rutter, M., Pickles, A., & Hill, J. (1990). Adult outcomes of childhood and adolescent depression: I. Psychiatric status. Archives of General Psychiatry, 47, 465–473. http://dx.doi.org/10.1001/archpsyc.1990.01810170065010
    Harris, S., Handleman, J., Gordon, R., Kristoff, B., & Fuentes, F. (1991). Changes in cognitive and language functioning of preschool children with autism. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disabilities, 21, 281–290. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF02207325
    Hart, E.L., Lahey, B.B., Loeber, R., Applegate, B., Green, S.M., & Frick, P.J. (1995). Developmental changes in attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder in boys: A four-year longitudinal study. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 23, 729–750. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF01447474
    Hart, K.J., Nelson, W.M., & Finch, A.J. (2006). Comparative treatments of conduct disorder: Summary and conclusions. In W.M.Nelson, A.J.Finch, & K.J.Hart (Eds.), Conduct disorders: A practitioner's guide to comparative treatments (pp. 321–343). New York: Springer.
    Hart, S.N., Brassard, M.R., Binggeli, N.J., & Davidson, H.A. (2002). Psychological maltreatment. In J.E. B.Meyers, L.Berliner, J.Briere, C.T.Hendrix, C.Jenny, & T.A.Reid (Eds.), The APSAC handbook on child maltreatment (pp. 79–104). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.
    Harter, S. (1997). The development of self-representations. In W.Damon (Series Ed.) & N.Eisenberg (Vol. Ed.), Handbook of child psychology (
    5th
    ed., Vol. III). New York: Wiley.
    Harter, S. (1999). The construction of self: A developmental perspective. New York: Guilford Press.
    Harwood, M.D., & Eyberg, M. (2006). Child-directed interaction: Prediction of change in impaired mother-child functioning. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 34, 335–347. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10802-006-9025-z
    Haselager, G.J. T., Cillessen, A.H. N., Van Lieshout, C.F. M., Riksen-Walraven, J.M. A., & Hartup, W.W. (2002). Heterogeneity among peer-rejected boys across middle childhood: Developmental pathways of social behavior. Developmental Psychology, 38, 446–456. http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/0012-1649.38.3.446
    Hawke, J.L., Wadsworth, S.J., & Defries, J.C. (2006). Genetic influences on reading difficulties in boys and girls: The Colorado twin study. Dyslexia: An International Journal of Research and Practice, 12, 21–29. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/dys.301
    Hayes, J., & Flower, L. (1980). Identifying the organization of writing processes. In L.Gregg & L.Gregg (Ed.), Cognitive processes in writing (pp. 3–30). Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum.
    Hayward, C., Killen, J.D., Kraemer, H.C., & Barr Taylor, C. (2000). Predictors of panic attacks in adolescents. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 39, 207–214. http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/00004583-200002000-00021
    Hazell, P., O'Connell, D., Heathcote, D., & Henry, D. (2002). Tricyclic drugs for depression in children and adolescents. Cochrane Systematic Reviews, 2, 2317.
    Hebb, D.O. (1949). The organization of behavior. New York: Wiley.
    Hechtman, L., Abikoff, H., & Jensen, P.S. (2005). Multimodal therapy and stimulants in the treatment of children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder. In E.D.Hibbs & E.D.Hibbs (Ed.), Psychosocial treatments for child and adolescent disorders: Empirically based strategies for clinical practice (pp. 411–437). Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.
    Hechtman, L., Abikoff, H., Klein, G., Greenfield, B., Etcovitch, J., Cousins, L., et al. (2004a). Children with ADHD treated with long-term methylphenidate and multimodal psychosocial treatment: Impact on parental practices. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 43, 830–838. http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/01.chi.0000128785.52698.19
    Hechtman, L., Abikoff, H., Klein, R.G., Weiss, G., Respitz, C., Kouri, J., et al. (2004b). Academic achievement and emotional status of children with ADHD treated with long-term methylphenidate and
    multimodal psychosocial treatment. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 43, 812–819. http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/01.chi.0000128796.84202.eb
    Heflin, A.H., & Deblinger, E. (2003). Treatment of a sexually abused adolescent with posttraumatic stress disorder. In M.A.Reinecke, F.M.Dattilio, & A.Freeman (Eds.), Cognitive therapy with children and adolescents: A casebook for clinical practice (pp. 214–246). New York: Guilford Press.
    Heiman, J.R., & Heard-Davison, A.R. (2004). Child sexual abuse and adult sexual relationships: Review and perspective. In L.J.Koenig, L.S.Doll, A.O'Leary, & W.Pequegnat (Eds.), From child sexual abuse to adult sexual risk: Trauma, revictimization, and intervention (pp. 13–47). New York: American Psychological Association. http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/10785-002
    Hellander, M., Sisson, D.P., & Fristad, M.A. (2003). Internet support for parents of children with early-onset bipolar disorder. In B.Geller & B.Geller (Ed.), Bipolar disorder in childhood and early adolescence (pp. 314–329). New York: Guilford Press.
    Henggeler, S.W., & Lee, T. (2003). Multisystemic treatment of serious clinical problems. In A.E.Kazdin & A.E.Kazdin (Ed.), Evidence-based psychotherapies for children and adolescents (pp. 301–322). New York: Guildford Press.
    Henggeler, S.W., Pickrel, S.G., Brondino, M.J., & Crouch, J.L. (1996). Eliminating (almost) treatment dropout of substance abusing or dependent delinquents through home-based multisystemic therapy. American Journal of Psychiatry, 153, 427–428.
    Henker, B., & Whalen, C.K. (1999). The child with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder in school and peer settings. In H.C.Quay & H.C.Quay (Ed.), Handbook of disruptive behavior disorders (pp. 157–178). New York: Plenum. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4615-4881-2_7
    Henry, B., Feehan, M., McGee, R., Stanton, W., Moffitt, T.W., & Silva, P. (1993). The importance of conduct problems and depressive symptoms in predicting adolescent substance use. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 21, 469–480. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF00916314
    Herschell, A.D., & McNeil, C.B. (2005). Parent-child interaction therapy for children experiencing externalizing behavior problems. In L.A.Reddy, T.M.Files-Hall & C.E.Schaefer (Eds.), Empirically based play interventions for children (pp. 169–190). Washington, DC: American Psychological Association. http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/11086-010
    Hill, D.E., Yeo, R.A., Campbell, R.A., Hart, B., Vigil, J., & Brooks, W. (2003). Magnetic resonance imaging correlates of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder in children. Neuropsychology, 17, 498–506. http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/0894-4105.17.3.496
    Hill, J.L.Brooks-Gunn, J., & Waldfogel, J. (2003). Sustained effects of high participation in an early intervention for low-birth-weight premature infants. Developmental Psychology, 39, 730–744. http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/0012-1649.39.4.730
    Hinshaw, S.P. (2005). Stigma of mental disorders in children and parents: Developmental issues, family concerns, and research needs. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 36, 714–734. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1469-7610.2005.01456.x
    Hinshaw, S.P. (2006). Stigma and mental illness: Developmental issues and future prospects. In D.Cicchetti & D.Cicchetti (Ed.), Developmental psychopathology, Vol. 3: Risk, disorder, and adaptation (pp. 841–881). New York: Wiley.
    Hinshaw, S.P., Klein, R.G., & Abikoff, H.B. (2002). Childhood attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder: Nonpharmacological treatments and their combination with medication. In P.E.Nathan & P.E.Nathan (Ed.), A guide to treatments that work (pp. 3–23). New York: Oxford University Press.
    Hippler, K., & Klicpera, C. (2003). A retrospective analysis of the clinical case records of “autistic psychopaths” diagnosed by Hans Asperger and his team at the University Children's Hospital, Vienna. In U.Frith & U.Frith (Ed.), Autism: Mind and brain (pp. 21–42). New York: Oxford University Press.
    Hiroto, D.S., & Seligman, E. (1975). Generality of learned helplessness in man. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 31, 311–327. http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/h0076270
    Hirshfeld, D.R., Biederman, J., Brody, L., Faraone, S.V., & Rosenbaum, J.F. (1997). Expressed emotion toward children with and without behavioral inhibition: Associations with maternal anxiety disorders. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 36, 910–917. http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/00004583-199707000-00012
    Hirshfeld-Becker, D.R., Biederman, J., & Rosenbaum, J.F. (2004). Behavioral inhibition. In T.L.Morris & T.L.Morris (Ed.), Anxiety disorders in children and adolescents (pp. 27–58). New York: Guilford Press.
    Hock, E., Hart, M., Kang, M.J., & Lutz, W.I. (2004). Predicting children's reactions to terrorist attacks: The importance of self-reports and preexisting characteristics. American Journal of Orthopsychiatry, 74, 253–262. http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/0002-9432.74.3.253
    Hocutt, A.M. (1996). Effectiveness of special education: Is placement the critical factor? In D.Terman (Ed.), The future of children: Special education (pp. 77–102). Los Altos, CA: David and Lucille Packard Foundation. http://dx.doi.org/10.2307/1602495
    Hodapp, R.M., & Desjardin, J.L. (2002). Genetic etiologies of mental retardation: Issues for interventions and interventionists. Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities, 14, 323–338. http://dx.doi.org/10.1023/A:1020378718237
    Hodapp, R.M., & Dykens, E.M. (2006). Mental retardation. In K.A.Renninger, I.E.Sigel, W.Damon, & R.M.Lerner (Eds.), Handbook of child psychology: Vol. 4, Child psychology in practice (
    6th
    ed., pp. 453–496). Hoboken, NJ: Wiley.
    Hodapp, R.M., Zakemi, E., Rosner, B.A., & Dykens, E.M. (2006). Mental retardation. In D.A.Wolfe & D.A.Wolfe (Ed.), Behavioral and emotional disorders in adolescents (pp. 383–409). New York: Guilford Press.
    Hogue, A., Dauber, S., Samuolis, J., & Liddle, H.A. (2006). Treatment techniques and outcomes in multidimensional family therapy for adolescent behavior problems. Journal of Family Psychology, 20, 535–543. http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/0893-3200.20.4.535
    Hogue, A., Liddle, H.A., Dauber, S., & Samuolis, J. (2004). Linking session focus to treatment outcome in evidence-based treatments for adolescent substance abuse. Psychotherapy: Theory, Research, Practice, Training, 41, 83–96. http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/0033-3204.41.2.83
    Holburn, S. (2005). Severe aggressive and self-destructive behavior: Mentalistic attribution. In J.W.Jacobson, R.M.Foxx, & J.A.Mulick (Eds.), Controversial therapies for developmental disabilities: Fad, fashion and science in professional practice (pp. 279–293). Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.
    Holden, B., & Gitlesen, P. (2006). A total population study of challenging behaviour in the county of Hedmark, Norway: Prevalence and risk markers. Research in Developmental Disabilities, 27, 456–465. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ridd.2005.06.001
    Holdnack, J.A., & Weiss, G. (2006). Idea 2004: Anticipated implications for clinical practice: Integrating assessment and intervention. Psychology in the Schools, 43, 871–882. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/pits.20194
    Hollon, S.D., Garber, J., & Shelton, R.C. (2005). Treatment of depression in adolescents with cognitive behavior therapy and medications: A commentary on the TADS project. Cognitive and Behavioral Practice, 12, 149–155. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S1077-7229%2805%2980019-7
    Hood, K.K., & Eyberg, M. (2003). Outcomes of parent-child interaction therapy: Mothers’ reports of maintenance three to six years after treatment. Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology, 32, 419–429. http://dx.doi.org/10.1207/S15374424JCCP3203_10
    Hooley, J.M., & Gotlib, I.H. (2000). A diathesis-stress conceptualization of expressed emotion and clinical outcome. Applied and Preventive Psychology, 9, 135–151. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0962-1849%2805%2980001-0
    Hornstein, N.L. (1996). Complexities of psychiatric differential diagnosis in children with dissociative symptoms and disorders. In J.Silberg (Ed.), The dissociative child (pp. 27–46). Lutherville, MD: Sidran Press.
    Horwitz, S.M., Kelleher, K., Boyce, T., Jensen, P., Murphy, M., Perrin, E., et al. (2002). Barriers to health care research for children and youth with psychosocial problems. Journal of the American Medical Association, 288, 1508–1512. http://dx.doi.org/10.1001/jama.288.12.1508
    Hoskyn, M., & Swanson, L. (2000). Cognitive processing of low achievers and children with reading disabilities: A selective meta-analytic review of the published literature. School Psychology Review, 29, 102–119.
    Hoven, C.W., Mandell, D.J., & Duarte, C.S. (2003). Mental health of New York City public school children after 9/11: An epidemiologic investigation. In S.W.Coates, J.L.Rosenthal, & D.S.Schechter (Eds.), September 11: Trauma and human bonds (pp. 51–74). Hillsdale, NJ: Analytic Press.
    Howard, K.I., Kopta, S.M., Krause, M.S., & Orlinsky, D.E. (1986). The dose-effect relationship in psychotherapy. American Psychologist, 41, 159–164. http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/0003-066X.41.2.159
    Howes, P.W., Cicchetti, D., Toth, S.L., & Rogosch, F.A. (2000). Affective, organizational, and relational characteristics of maltreating families: A systems perspective. Journal of Family Psychology, 14, 95–110. http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/0893-3200.14.1.95
    Howlin, P. (2005). Outcomes in autism spectrum disorders. In F.R.Volkmar, R.Paul, A.Klin, & D.Cohen (Eds.), Handbook of autism and pervasive developmental disorders, Vol 1: Diagnosis, development, neurobiology, and behavior (pp. 201–220). Hoboken, NJ: Wiley.
    Howlin, P. (2006). Augmentative and alternative communication systems for children with autism. In T.Charman & T.Charman (Ed.), Social and communication development in autism spectrum disorders (pp. 236–266). New York: Guilford Press.
    Hoyson, M., Jamieson, B., & Strain, P.S. (1984). Individualized group instruction of normally developing and autistic-like children: A description and evaluation of the LEAP curriculum model. Journal of the Division of Early Childhood, 8, 157–181.
    Hoza, B., Mrug, S., Gerdes, A.C., Hinshaw, S.P., Bukowski, W.M., Gold, J.A., et al. (2005). What aspects of peer relationships are impaired in children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder?Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 73, 411–423. http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/0022-006X.73.3.411
    Hoza, B., Mrug, S., Pelham, W.E., Greiner, A.R., & Gnagy, E.M. (2003). A friendship intervention for children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder: Preliminary findings. Journal of Attention Disorders, 6, 87–98. http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/108705470300600301
    Hsieh, S., & Hollister, D. (2004). Examining gender differences in adolescent substance abuse behavior: Comparisons and implications for treatment. Journal of Child & Adolescent Substance Abuse, 13, 53–70. http://dx.doi.org/10.1300/J029v13n03_03
    Hudson, J.L., & Rapee, R.M. (2002). Parent-child interactions in clinically anxious children and their siblings. Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology, 31, 548–555.
    Hudson, J., & Rapee, R. (2004). From anxious temperament to disorder: An etiological model of generalized anxiety disorder. In R.G.Heimberg, C.L.Turk, & D.S.Mennin (Eds.), Generalized anxiety disorder: Advances in research and practice (pp. 51–76). New York: Guilford Press.
    Hudziak, J.J., Heath, A.C., Madden, P.F., Reich, W., Bucholz, K.K., Slutske, W., et al. (1998). Latent class and factor analysis of DSM-IV ADHD: A twin study of female adolescents. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 36, 848–857. http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/00004583-199808000-00015
    Huey, S.J., Henggeler, S.W., Brondino, M.J., & Pickrel, S.G. (2000). Mechanisms of change in multisystemic therapy: Reducing delinquent behavior through therapist adherence and improved family and peer functioning. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 68, 451–467. http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/0022-006X.68.3.451
    Iacono, W.G., Carlson, S.R., Taylor, J., Elkins, I.J., & McGue, M. (1999). Behavioral disinhibition and the development of substance-use disorders: Findings from the Minnesota Twin Family Study. Development and Psychopathology, 11, 869–900. http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0954579499002369
    Ilgin, N., Senol, S., Gucuyener, K., Gokcora, N., & Sener, S. (2001). Is increased D2 receptor availability associated with response to treatment medication in ADHD?Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology, 43, 755–760. http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0012162201001384
    Ingoldsby, E.M., & Shaw, D.S. (2002). Neighborhood contextual factors and early-starting antisocial pathways. Clinical Child & Family Psychology Review, 5, 21–55. http://dx.doi.org/10.1023/A:1014521724498
    Jackson, D.M., & Westlind-Danielsson, A. (1994). Dopamine receptors: Molecular biology, biochemistry and behavioural aspects. Pharmacological Therapy, 64, 291–370. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0163-7258%2894%2990041-8
    Jacobson, J.W., & Mulick, J.A. (1996). Manual of diagnosis and professional practice in mental retardation. Washington, DC: American Psychological Association. http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/10203-000
    Jairam, R., Srinath, S., Girimaji, S.C., & Seshadri, S.P. (2004). A prospective 4–5 year follow-up of juvenile onset bipolar disorder. Bipolar Disorders, 6, 386–394. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bdi.2004.6.issue-5
    Jenkins, E.J., & Bell, C.C. (1994). Violence among inner city high school students and post-traumatic stress disorder. In S.Friedman (Ed.), Anxiety disorders in African Americans (pp. 76–88). New York: Springer.
    Jenkins, R. (1998). Mental health and primary care-implications for policy. International Review of Psychiatry, 10, 158–160. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09540269874998
    Jensen, P.S. (2005). NIMH's TADS: More than just a tad of progress?Cognitive and Behavioral Practice, 12, 156–158. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S1077-7229%2805%2980020-3
    Jensen, P.S., Hoagwood, K., & Zitner, L. (2006). What's in a name? Problems versus prospects in current diagnostic approaches. In D.Cicchetti & D.Cicchetti (Ed.), Developmental psychopathology, Vol 1: Theory and method (pp. 24–40). New York: Wiley.
    Johnson, C.F. (2002). Physical abuse: Accidental versus intentional trauma in children. In J.E. B.Meyers, L.Berliner, J.Briere, C.T.Hendrix, C.Jenny, & T.A.Reid (Eds.), The APSAC handbook on child maltreatment (pp. 249–268). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.
    Johnson, J.G., Cohen, P., Kasen, S., Smailes, E., & Brook, J.S. (2001). Association of maladaptive parental behavior with psychiatric disorder among parents and their offspring. Archives of General Psychiatry, 58, 453–460. http://dx.doi.org/10.1001/archpsyc.58.5.453
    Johnson, M.H., & de Haan, M. (2006). Typical and atypical human functional brain development. In D.Cicchetti & D.Cicchetti (Ed.), Developmental psychopathology, Vol 2: Developmental neuroscience (pp. 197–215). Hoboken, NJ: Wiley.
    Johnson, S.L., Sandrow, D., Meyer, B., Winters, R., Miller, I., Solomon, D., et al. (2000). Increases in manic symptoms after life events involving goal attainment. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 109, 721–727. http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/0021-843X.109.4.721
    Johnson, T.C., & Friend, C. (1995). Assessing young children's sexual behaviors in the context of child sexual abuse evaluations. In T.Ney (Ed.), True and false allegation of child sexual abuse: Assessment and case management (pp. 49–72). New York: Brunner Mazel.
    Johnston, C. (2005). The importance of parental attributions in families of children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity and disruptive behavior disorders. Clinical Child and Family Psychology Review, 8, 167–182. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10567-005-6663-6
    Johnston, C., & Freeman, W. (1997). Attributions for child behavior in parents of children without behavior disorders and children with attention deficit-hyperactivity disorder. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 65, 636–645. http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/0022-006X.65.4.636
    Johnston, L.D., O'Malley, P.M., Bachman, J.G., & Schulenberg, J.E. (2005). Monitoring the future national survey results on drug use, 1975–2004. Volume I: Secondary school students (NIH Publication No. 05–5727). Bethesda, MD: National Institute on Drug Abuse.
    Johnston, L.D., O'Malley, P.M., Bachman, J.G., & Schulenberg, J.E. (2006). Monitoring the future national results on adolescent drug use: Overview of key findings, 2005. (NIH Publication No. 06–5882). Bethesda, MD: National Institute on Drug Abuse.
    Joiner, T.E., Metalsky, G.I., Katz, J., & Beach, S.R. H. (1999). Depression and excessive reassurance-seeking. Psychological Inquiry, 10, 269–278. http://dx.doi.org/10.1207/S15327965PLI1004_1
    Joiner, T.E., & Wagner, K.D. (1995). Attribution style and depression in children and adolescents: A meta-analytic review. Clinical Psychology Review, 15, 777–798. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0272-7358%2895%2900046-1
    Jonas, R., Nguyen, S., Hu, B., Asarnow, R.F., LoPresti, C., Curtiss, S., et al. (2004). Cerebral hemispherectomy: Hospital course, seizure, developmental, language, and motor outcomes. Neurology, 62, 1712–1721. http://dx.doi.org/10.1212/01.WNL.0000127109.14569.C3
    Jones, M.C. (1924). A laboratory study of fear: The case of Peter. Pedagogical Seminary, 31, 308–315. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/08856559.1924.9944851
    Jordan, N.C., Hanich, L.B., & Kaplan, D. (2003). A longitudinal study of mathematical competencies in children with specific mathematics difficulties versus children with co-morbid mathematics and reading difficulties. Child Development, 74, 834–850. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1467-8624.00571
    Joshi, S.V. (2004). Psychostimulants, atomoxetine, and alpha-agonists. In H.Steiner (Ed.), Handbook of mental health interventions in children and adolescents (pp. 258–287). San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.
    Kafantaris, V., Coletti, D.J., Dicker, R., Padula, G., & Kane, J.M. (2001). Adjunctive antipsychotic treatment of adolescents with bipolar psychosis. Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, 40, 1448–1456. http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/00004583-200112000-00016
    Kafantaris, V., Coletti, D.J., Dicker, R., Padula, G., & Kane, J.M. (2003). Lithium treatment of acute mania in adolescents: A large open trial. Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, 42, 1038–1045. http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/01.CHI.0000070247.24125.24
    Kagan, J., Reznick, J.S., & Snidman, N. (1988). Biological bases of childhood shyness. Science, 240, 167–171. http://dx.doi.org/10.1126/science.3353713
    Kahn, J.S., Kehle, T.J., Jenson, W.R., & Clarke, E. (1990). Comparison of cognitive-behavioral, relaxation, and self-modeling interventions for depression among middle-school students. School Psychology Review, 19, 196–208.
    Kahng, S., Iwata, B.A., & Lewin, A.B. (2002). Behavioral treatment of self-injury, 1964 to 2000. American Journal on Mental Retardation, 107, 212–221. http://dx.doi.org/10.1352/0895-8017%282002%29107%3C0212:BTOSIT%3E2.0.CO;2
    Kaminer, Y., Blitz, C., Burleson, J.A., Sussman, J., & Rounsaville, B.J. (1998). Psychotherapies for adolescent substance abusers: treatment outcome. Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease, 186, 684–690. http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/00005053-199811000-00004
    Kaminer, Y., & Bukstein, O.G. (2005). Treating adolescent substance abuse. In R.J.Frances, S.I.Miller, & A.H.Mack (Eds.), Clinical textbook of addictive disorders (pp. 559–587). New York: Guilford Press.
    Kaminer, Y., Burleson, J.A., & Goldberger, R. (2002). Cognitive-behavioral coping skills and psychoeducation therapies for adolescent substance abuse. Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease, 190, 737–745. http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/00005053-200211000-00003
    Kamphaus, R.W., & Frick, P.J. (2002). Clinical assessment of child and adolescent personality and behavior. Boston: Allyn & Bacon.
    Kamphaus, R.W., Reynolds, C.R., & Imperato-McCammon, C. (1999). Roles of diagnosis and classification in school psychology. In C.R.Reynolds & C.R.Reynolds (Ed.), Handbook of school psychology (pp. 292–306). New York: Wiley.
    Kandel, D.B., Yamaguchi, K., & Chen, K. (1992). Stages of progression in drug involvement from adolescence to adulthood: Further evidence for the gateway theory. Journal of Studies on Alcohol, 53, 447–457.
    Kanner, L. (1937). The development and present status of psychiatry in pediatrics. Journal of Pediatrics, 11, 418–435. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0022-3476%2837%2980027-X
    Kanner, L. (1943). Autistic disturbances of affective contact. Nervous Child, 2, 217–250.
    Kashani, J.H., & Orvaschel, H. (1990). A community study of anxiety in children and adolescents. American Journal of Psychiatry, 147, 313–318.
    Kaslow, N.J., Deering, G.G., & Racusin, G.R. (1994). Depressed children and their families. Clinical Psychology Review, 14, 39–59. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0272-7358%2894%2990047-7
    Kaslow, N.J., & Thompson, M.P. (1998). Applying the criteria for empirically supported treatments to studies of psychosocial interventions for child and adolescent depression. Journal of Clinical Child Psychology, 27, 146–155. http://dx.doi.org/10.1207/s15374424jccp2702_2
    Kates, W.R., Frederikse, M., Mostofsky, S.H., Folley, B.S., Cooper, K., Mazur-Hopkins, P., et al. (2002). MRI parcellation of the frontal lobe in boys with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder or Tourette syndrome. Psychiatry Research, 116, 63–81. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0925-4927%2802%2900066-5
    Kaufman, N.K., Rohde, P., Seeley, J.R., Clarke, G.N., & Stice, E. (2005). Potential mediators of cognitive-behavioral therapy for adolescents with comorbid major depression and conduct disorder. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 73, 38–46. http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/0022-006X.73.1.38
    Kaur, S., Sassi, R.B., Axelson, D., Nicoletti, M., Brambilla, P., Monkul, E.S., et al. (2005). Cingulate cortex anatomical abnormalities in children and adolescents with bipolar disorder. American Journal of Psychiatry, 162, 1637–1643. http://dx.doi.org/10.1176/appi.ajp.162.9.1637
    Kaye, W.H., Bastiani, A.M., & Moss, H. (1995). Cognitive style of patients with anorexia nervosa and bulimia nervosa. International Journal of Eating Disorders, 18, 287–290. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/1098-108X%28199511%2918:3%3C287::AID-EAT2260180311%3E3.0.CO;2-Y
    Kaye, W.H., Greeno, C.G., Moss, H., Fernstrom, J., Fernstrom, M., Lilenfeld, L.R., et al. (1998). Alterations in serotonin activity and psychiatric symptoms after recovery from bulimia nervosa. Archives of General Psychiatry, 55, 927–935. http://dx.doi.org/10.1001/archpsyc.55.10.927
    Kaye, W.H., Nagata, T., Weltzin, T.E., Hsu, L.K., Sokol, M.S., McConaha, C., et al. (2001). Double-blind placebo-controlled administration of fluoxetine in restricting and restricting-purging type anorexia nervosa. Biological Psychiatry, 49, 644–652. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0006-3223%2800%2901013-1
    Kaye, W.H., Weltzin, T., & Hsu, L.G. (1993). Relationship between anorexia nervosa and obsessive and compulsive behaviors. Psychiatric Annals, 23, 365–373.
    Kazdin, A.E. (1999). Overview of research design issues in clinical psychology. In P.C.Kendall, J.N.Butcher, & G.N.Holmbeck (Eds.), Handbook of research methods in clinical psychology (pp. 3–30). New York: Wiley.
    Kazdin, A.E. (2003). Research design in clinical psychology. Boston: Allyn & Bacon.
    Kazdin, A.E. (2005a). Child, parent, and family-based treatment of aggressive and antisocial child behavior. In E.D.Hibbs & E.D.Hibbs (Ed.), Psychosocial treatments for child and adolescent disorders: Empirically based strategies for clinical practice (pp. 445–476). Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.
    Kazdin, A.E. (2005b). Parent management training: Treatment for oppositional, aggressive, and antisocial behavior in children and adolescents. New York: Oxford University Press.
    Kazdin, A.E., Bass, D., Ayers, W.A., & Rodgers, A. (1990). Empirical and clinical focus of child and adolescent psychotherapy research. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 58, 729–740. http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/0022-006X.58.6.729
    Kazdin, A.E., & Marciano, P.L. (1998). Childhood and adolescent depression. In E.J.Mash & E.J.Mash (Ed.), Treatment of childhood disorders (pp. 211–248). New York: Guilford Press.
    Kazdin, A.F., & Weisz, J. (2003). Evidence-based psychotherapies for children and adolescents. New York: Guilford Press.
    Kazdin, A.E., & Whitley, K. (2006). Comorbidity, case complexity, and effects of evidence-based treatment for children referred for disruptive behavior. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 74, 455–467. http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/0022-006X.74.3.455
    Kearney-Cooke, A., & Striegel-Moore, H. (1994). Treatment of childhood sexual abuse in anorexia nervosa and bulimia nervosa: A feminist psychodynamic approach. International Journal of Eating Disorders, 15, 305–319. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/eat.2260150402
    Keel, P.K., Klump, K.L., Miller, K.B., McGue, M., & Iacono, W.G. (2005). Shared transmission of eating disorders and anxiety disorders. International Journal of Eating Disorders, 38, 99–105. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/eat.20168
    Keenan, K., Gunthorpe, D., & Young, D. (2002). Patterns of cortisol reactivity in African American neonates from low-income environments. Developmental Psychobiology, 41, 1–13. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/dev.10048
    Keenan, K., & Hipwell, A.E. (2005). Preadolescent clues to understanding depression in girls. Clinical Child and Family Psychology Review, 8, 89–105. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10567-005-4750-3
    Keenan, K., Hipwell, A., Duax, J., Stouthamer-Loeber, M., & Loeber, R. (2004). Phenomenology of depression in young girls. Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, 43, 1098–1106. http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/01.chi.0000131137.09111.d0
    Keenan, K., Loeber, R., & Green, S. (1999). Conduct disorder in girls: A review of the literature. Clinical Child & Family Psychology Review, 2, 3–19. http://dx.doi.org/10.1023/A:1021811307364
    Keenan, K., & Shaw, D.S. (2003). Starting at the beginning: Exploring the etiology of antisocial behavior in the first years of life. In B.B.Lahey, T.E.Moffitt, & A.Caspi (Eds.), Causes of conduct disorder and juvenile delinquency (pp. 153–181). New York: Guilford Press.
    Keenan, K., & Wakschlag, S. (2004). Are oppositional defiant and conduct disorder symptoms normative behaviors in preschoolers? A comparison of referred and nonreferred children. American Journal of Psychiatry, 161, 356–358. http://dx.doi.org/10.1176/appi.ajp.161.2.356
    Keery, H., Boutelle, K., van den Berg, P., & Thompson, J.K. (2005). The impact of appearance-related teasing by family members. Journal of Adolescent Health, 37, 120–127. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jadohealth.2004.08.015
    Keery, H., van den Berg, P., & Thompson, J.K. (2004). An evaluation of the tripartite influence model of body dissatisfaction and eating disturbance with adolescent girls. Body Image, 1, 237–251. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bodyim.2004.03.001
    Kelleher, K., Chaffin, M., Hollenberg, J., & Fischer, E. (1994). Alcohol and drug disorders among physically abusive and neglectful parents in a community-based sample. American Journal of Public Health, 84, 1586–1590. http://dx.doi.org/10.2105/AJPH.84.10.1586
    Keller, M.B., Lavori, P.W., Wunder, J., Beardslee, W.R., Schwartz, C.E., & Roth, J. (1992). Chronic course of anxiety disorders in children and adolescents. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 31, 595–599. http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/00004583-199207000-00003
    Keller, M.B., Ryan, N.D., Strober, M., Klein, R.G., Kutcher, S., Birmaher, B., et al. (2001). Efficacy of paroxetine in the treatment of adolescent major depression: A randomized, controlled trial. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 40, 762–772. http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/00004583-200107000-00010
    Kelley, S.J. (2002). Child maltreatment in the context of substance abuse. In J.E. B.Myers, L.Berliner, J.Briere, C.T.Hendrix, C.Jenny, & T.A.Reid (Eds.), The APSAC handbook on child maltreatment (pp. 105–117). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.
    Kempes, M., Matthys, W., de Vries, H., & van Engeland, H. (2005). Reactive and proactive aggression in children: A review of theory, findings and the relevance for child and adolescent psychiatry. European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, 14, 11–19. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00787-005-0432-4
    Kempler, D. (2005). Neurocognitive disorders in aging. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.
    Kendall, P.C. (1992). Coping cat workbook. Ardmore, PA: Workbook Publishing.
    Kendall, P.C. (1994). Treating anxiety disorders in children: Results of a randomized clinical trial. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 62, 100–110. http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/0022-006X.62.1.100
    Kendall, P.C., Flannery-Schroeder, E.C., & Ford, J.D. (1999). Therapy outcome research methods. In P.C.Kendall, J.N.Butcher, & G.N.Holmbeck (Eds.), Handbook of research methods in clinical psychology (pp. 330–363). New York: Wiley.
    Kendall, P.C., Flannery-Schroeder, E.C., Panichelli-Mindel, S., Southam-Gerow, M., Henin, A., & Warman, M. (1997). Therapy for youth with anxiety disorders: A second randomized clinical trial. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 65, 366–380. http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/0022-006X.65.3.366
    Kendall, P.C., Hudson, J.L., Choudhury, M., Webb, A., Pimentel, S. (2005). Cognitive-behavioral treatment for childhood anxiety disorders. In E.D.Hibbs & E.D.Hibbs (Ed.), Psychosocial treatments for child and adolescent disorders: Empirically based strategies for clinical practice (
    2nd
    ed., pp. 47–73). Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.
    Kendall, P.C., Krain, A., & Treadwell, K. (1999). Generalized anxiety disorders. In R.T.Ammerman, M.Hersen, & C.G.Last (Eds.), Handbook of prescriptive treatments for children and adolescents (pp. 155–171). Needham Heights, MA: Allyn & Bacon.
    Kendall, P.C., Marrs-Garcia, A., Nath, S.R., & Sheldrick, R.C. (1999). Normative comparisons for the evaluation of clinical significance. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 67, 285–299. http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/0022-006X.67.3.285
    Kendall, P.C., Pimentel, S., Rynn, M.A., Angelosante, A., & Webb, A. (2004). Generalized anxiety disorder. In T.H.Ollendick & T.H.Ollendick (Ed.), Phobic and anxiety disorders in children and adolescents (pp. 334–380). New York: Oxford University Press.
    Kendall, P.C., Safford, S., Flannery-Schroeder, E., & Webb, A. (2004). Child anxiety treatment: Outcomes in adolescence and impact on substance use and depression at 7.4-year follow-up. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 72, 276–287. http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/0022-006X.72.2.276
    Kendall, P.C., & Southam-Gerow, M. (1996). Long-term follow-up of treatment for anxiety-disordered youth. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 65, 883–888. http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/0022-006X.65.5.883
    Kendall-Tackett, K.A., Williams, L.M., & Finkelhor, D. (1993). Impact of sexual abuse on children: A review and synthesis of recent empirical studies. Psychological Bulletin, 113, 164–180. http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/0033-2909.113.1.164
    Kennard, B.D., Ginsburg, G.S., Feeny, N.C., Sweeney, M., & Zagurski, R. (2005). Implementation challenges to TADS cognitive-behavioral therapy. Cognitive and Behavioral Practice, 12, 230–239. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S1077-7229%2805%2980028-8
    Kenney-Benson, G.A., & Pomerantz, M. (2005). The role of mothers’ use of control in children's perfectionism: Implications for the development of children's depressive symptoms. Journal of Personality, 73, 23–46. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-6494.2004.00303.x
    Keogh, B.K., Bernheimer, L.P., & Guthrie, D. (1997). Stability and change over time in cognitive level of children with delays. American Journal on Mental Retardation, 101, 365–373.
    Kerins, M. (2006). The effects of systematic reading instruction on three classifications of readers. Reading Research and Instruction, 45, 243–260. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/19388070609558450
    Kerr, M., & Stattin, H. (2000). What parents know, how they know it, and several forms of adolescent adjustment: Further support for a reinterpretation of monitoring. Developmental Psychology, 36, 366–380. http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/0012-1649.36.3.366
    Kessler, R., Berglund, P., Dernier, O., Jin, R., & Walters, E. (2005). Lifetime prevalence and age-of-onset distributions of DSM-IV disorders in the National Co-morbidity Survey replication. Archives of General Psychiatry, 62, 593–602. http://dx.doi.org/10.1001/archpsyc.62.6.593
    Khanna, M., Aschenbrand, S.G., & Kendall, P.C. (2007). New frontiers: Computer technology in the treatment of anxious youth. The Behavior Therapist, 30, 22–25.
    Khantzian, E.J. (1995). Self-regulation vulnerabilities in substance abusers: Treatment implications. In S.Dowling (Ed.), The psychology and treatment of addictive behavior (pp. 17–41). Madison, CT: International Universities Press.
    Kilpatrick, D.G., Ruggiero, K.J., Acierno, R., Saunders, B.E., Resnick, H.S., & Best, C. (2003). Violence, risk of PTSD, major depression, substance abuse/dependence, and comorbidity: Results from the National Survey of Adolescents. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 71, 692–700. http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/0022-006X.71.4.692
    Kim, A., Vaughn, S., Wanzek, J., & Wei, S. (2004). Graphic organizers and their effects on the reading comprehension of students with LD: A synthesis of research. Journal of Learning Disabilities, 37, 105–118. http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/00222194040370020201
    Kim, J.A., Szatmari, P., Bryson, S.E., Streiner, D.L., & Wilson, F.J. (2000). The prevalence of anxiety and mood problems among children with autism and Asperger syndrome. Autism, 4, 117–132. http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1362361300004002002
    Kim, J.E., Hetherington, E.M., & Reiss, D. (1999). Associations among family relationships, antisocial peers, and adolescents’ externalizing behaviors: Gender and family type differences. Child Development, 70, 1209–1230. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1467-8624.00088
    Kim-Cohen, J., Arseneault, L., Caspi, A., Tomas, M.P., Taylor, A., & Moffitt, T.E. (2005). Validity of DSM-IV Conduct Disorder in 4 1/2–5-year-old children: A longitudinal epidemiological study. American Journal of Psychiatry, 162, 1108–1117. http://dx.doi.org/10.1176/appi.ajp.162.6.1108
    King, K.M., & Chassin, L. (2004). Mediating and moderated effects of adolescent behavioral undercontrol and parenting in the prediction of drug use disorders in emerging adulthood. Psychology of Addictive Behaviors, 18, 239–249. http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/0893-164X.18.3.239
    King, N.J., Gullone, E., Tonge, B.J., & Ollendick, T.H. (1993). Self-reports of panic attacks and manifest anxiety in adolescents. Behavior Therapy and Research, 31, 111–116. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0005-7967%2893%2990049-Z
    King, N.J., Muris, P., & Ollendick, T.H. (2004). Specific phobia. In T.L.Morris & T.L.Morris (Ed.), Anxiety disorders in children and adolescents (pp. 263–279). New York: Guilford Press.
    King, R.A., Schwab-Stone, M., Flisher, A.J., Greenwald, S., Kramer, R.A., Goodman, S.H., et al. (2001). Psychosocial and risk behavior correlates of youth suicide attempts and suicidal ideation. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 40, 837–846. http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/00004583-200107000-00019
    King, S., Waschbusch, D.A., Frankland, B.W., Andrade, B.F., Thurston, C.M., McNutt, L. et al. (2005). Taxonomic examination of ADHD and conduct problem comorbidity in elementary school children using cluster analyses. Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment, 27, 77–88. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10862-005-5382-0
    King, S.M., Iacono, W.G., & McGue, M. (2004). Childhood externalizing and internalizing psychopathology in the prediction of early substance use. Addiction, 99, 1548–1559. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1360-0443.2004.00893.x
    Kirisci, L., Tarter, R.E., Vanyukov, M., Reynolds, M., & Habeych, M. (2004). Relation between cognitive distortions and neurobehavior disinhibition on the development of substance use during adolescence and substance use disorder by young adulthood: A prospective study. Drug and Alcohol Dependence, 76, 125–133. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2004.04.015
    Kirisci, L., Vanyukov, M., & Tarter, R. (2005). Detection of youth at high risk for substance use disorders: A longitudinal study. Psychology of Addictive Behaviors, 19, 243–252. http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/0893-164X.19.3.243
    Kirk, S.A. (1962). Educating exceptional children. Oxford, UK: Houghton Mifflin.
    Klein, R.G., Abikoff, H., Hechtman, L., & Weiss, G. (2004). Design and rationale of controlled study of long-term methylphenidate and multimodal psychosocial treatment in children with ADHD. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 43, 792–801. http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/01.chi.0000128798.91601.fe
    Klein, R.G., Abikoff, H., Klass, E., Ganeles, D., Seese, L.M., & Pollack, S. (1997). Clinical efficacy of methylphenidate in conduct disorder with and without attention deficit hyperactivity disorder. Archives of General Psychiatry, 54, 1073–1080. http://dx.doi.org/10.1001/archpsyc.1997.01830240023003
    Klerman, G.L., & Weissman, M.M. (1993). Interpersonal psychotherapy for depression: Background and concepts. In G.L.Klerman & G.L.Klerman (Ed.), New applications of interpersonal psychotherapy (pp. 3–26). Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Press.
    Klimes-Dougan, B., & Kopp, C.B. (1999). Children's conflict tactics with mothers: A longitudinal investigation of the toddler and preschool years. Merrill-Palmer Quarterly, 45, 226–241.
    Klin, A. (2000). Attributing social meaning to ambiguous visual stimuli in higher functioning autism and Asperger syndrome: The social attribution task. Journal of Child Psychology, Psychiatry and Allied Disciplines, 33, 763–769. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1469-7610.1992.tb00911.x
    Klin, A., Jones, W., Schultz, R.T., & Volkmar, F.R. (2003). The enactive mind: From actions to cognition: Lessons from autism. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society, Biological Sciences, 358, 345–360. http://dx.doi.org/10.1098/rstb.2002.1202
    Klin, A., Jones, W., Schultz, R., Volkmar, F., & Cohen, D. (2002). Visual fixation patterns during viewing of naturalistic social situations as predictors of social competence in individuals with autism. Archives of General Psychiatry, 59, 809–816. http://dx.doi.org/10.1001/archpsyc.59.9.809
    Klin, A., McPartland, J., & Volkmar, F.R. (2005). Asperger syndrome. In F.R.Volkmar, R.Paul, A.Klin, & D.Cohen (Eds.), Handbook of autism and pervasive developmental disorders, Vol 1: Diagnosis, development, neurobiology, and behavior (pp. 88–125). Hoboken, NJ: Wiley.
    Klinger, L.G., Dawson, G., & Renner, P. (2003). Autistic disorder. In E.J.Mash & E.J.Mash (Ed.), Child psychopathology (pp. 409–454). New York: Guilford Press.
    Klomek, A.B., Marrocco, F., Kleinman, M., Schonfeld, I.S., & Gould, M.S. (2007). Bullying, depression, and suicidality in adolescents. Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, 46, 40–49. http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/01.chi.0000242237.84925.18
    Knell, S.M., & Ruma, C.D. (2003). Play therapy with a sexually abused child. In M.A.Reinecke, F.M.Dattilio, & A.Freeman (Eds.), Cognitive therapy with children and adolescents: A casebook for clinical practice (pp. 338–368). New York: Guilford Press.
    Knutson, J.F., DeGarmo, D., Koeppl, G., & Reid, J.B. (2005). Care neglect, supervisory neglect, and harsh parenting in the development of children's aggression: A replication and extension. Child Maltreatment, 10, 92–107. http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1077559504273684
    Kochanska, G., & Aksan, N. (2006). Children's conscience and self-regulation. Journal of Personality, 74, 1587–1617. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-6494.2006.00421.x
    Koegel, L.K. (1995). Communication and language intervention. In R.L.Koegel & R.L.Koegel (Ed.), Teaching children with autism: Strategies for initiating positive interaction and improving learning opportunities (pp. 17–32). Baltimore: Brookes.
    Koegel, L.K. (2000). Interventions to facilitate communication in autism. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 30, 383–391. http://dx.doi.org/10.1023/A:1005539220932
    Koegel, L.K., Carter, C.M., & Koegel, R.L. (2003). Teaching children with autism self-initiations as a pivotal response. Topics in Language Disorders, 23, 134–145. http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/00011363-200304000-00006
    Koegel, L.K., Koegel, R.L., & Brookman, L.I. (2005). Child-initiated interactions that are pivotal in intervention for children with autism. In E.D.Hibbs & E.D.Hibbs (Ed.), Psychosocial treatments for child and adolescent disorders: Empirically based strategies for clinical practice (pp. 633–657). Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.
    Koegel, L.K., Koegel, R.L., Shoshan, Y., & McNerney, E. (1999). Pivotal response intervention II: Preliminary long-term outcome data. Journal of the Association for Persons With Severe Handicaps, 24, 186–198. http://dx.doi.org/10.2511/rpsd.24.3.186
    Koenig, A.L., Cicchetti, D., & Rogosch, F.A. (2004). Moral development: The association between maltreatment and young children's prosocial behaviors and moral transgressions. Social Development, 13, 97–106. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-9507.2004.00258.x
    Koenig, L.J., & Clark, J. (2004). Sexual abuse of girls and HIV infection among women: Are they related? In L.J.Koenig, L.S.Doll, A.O'Leary, & W.Pequegnat (Eds.), From child sexual abuse to adult sexual risk: Trauma, revictimization, and intervention (pp. 69–92). Washington, DC: American Psychological Association. http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/10785-004
    Koenig, K., & Tsatsanis, K.D. (2005). Pervasive developmental disorders in girls. In D.J.Bell, S.L.Foster, & E.J.Mash (Eds.), Handbook of behavioral and emotional problems in girls (pp. 211–237). New York: Kluwer Academic/Plenum Publishers. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/0-306-48674-1_7
    Kolko, D.J. (1996). Individual cognitive behavioral treatment and family therapy for physically abused children and their offending parents: A comparison of clinical outcomes. Child Maltreatment, 1, 322–342. http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1077559596001004004
    Kolko, D.J. (2002). Child physical abuse. In J.E. B.Meyers, L.Berliner, J.Briere, C.T.Hendrix, C.Jenny, & T.A.Reid (Eds.), The APSAC handbook on child maltreatment (pp. 21–54). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.
    Kolko, D.J., Selelyo, J., & Brown, E.J. (1999). The treatment histories and service involvement of physically and sexually abusive families: Description, correspondence, and clinical correlates. Child Abuse & Neglect, 23, 459–476. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0145-2134%2899%2900022-8
    Kolko, D.J., & Swenson, C.C. (2002). Assessing and treating physically abused children and their families: A cognitive-behavioral approach. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage. http://dx.doi.org/10.4135/9781452231761
    Kolvin, I., & Sadowski, H. (2001). Childhood depression: Clinical phenomenology and classification. In I.M.Goodyer (Ed.), The depressed child and adolescent: Cambridge child and adolescent psychiatry (pp. 119–142). New York: Cambridge Press. http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/CBO9780511543821.006
    Konidaris, J.B. (2005). A sibling's perspective on autism. In F.R.Volkmar, R.Paul, A.Klin, & D.Cohen (Eds.), Handbook of autism and pervasive developmental disorders, Vol. 2: Assessment, interventions, and policy (pp. 1265–1275). New York: Wiley.
    Koob, G.F., & LeMoal, M. (2006). Neurobiology of addiction. Amsterdam: Elsevier.
    Kopta, S.M. (2003). The dose-effect relationship in psychotherapy: A defining achievement for Dr. Kenneth Howard. Journal of Clinical Psychology, 59, 727–733. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jclp.10167
    Koskentausta, T., Iivanainen, M., & Almqvist, F. (2007). Risk factors for psychiatric disturbance in children with intellectual disability. Journal of Intellectual Disability Research, 51, 43–53. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2788.2006.00871.x
    Kosten, T.R., George, T.P., & Kleber, H.D. (2005). The neurobiology of substance dependence. In R.J.Frances, S.I.Miller, & A.H.Mack (Eds.), Clinical textbook of addictive disorders (pp. 3–15). New York: Guilford Press.
    Kovacs, M. (1997). Depressive disorders in childhood: An impressionistic landscape. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 38, 287–298. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1469-7610.1997.tb01513.x
    Kovacs, M., & Devlin, B. (1998). Internalizing disorders in childhood. Journal of Child Psychology & Psychiatry & Allied Disciplines, 39, 47–63. http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0021963097001765
    Kowatch, R.A., & DelBello, P. (2005). Pharmacotherapy of children and adolescents with bipolar disorder. Psychiatric Clinics of North America, 28, 385–397. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.psc.2005.02.001
    Kowatch, R.A., & Fristad, M.A. (2006). Bipolar disorders. In R.T.Ammerman (Ed.), Comprehensive handbook of personality and psychopathology (pp. 217–232). Hoboken, NJ: Wiley.
    Kowatch, R.A., Fristad, M., Birmaher, B., Wagner, K.D., Findling, R.L., & Hellander, M. (2005). Treatment guidelines for children and adolescents with bipolar disorder. Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, 44, 213–235. http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/00004583-200503000-00006
    Kowatch, R.A., Suppes, T., Carmody, T.J., Bucci, J.P., Hume, J.H., Kromelis, M., et al. (2000). Effect size of lithium, divalproex sodium, and carbamazepine in children and adolescents with bipolar disorder. Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, 39, 713–720. http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/00004583-200006000-00009
    Kraepelin, E. (1921). Manic-depressive insanity and paranoia. Edinburgh: Livingstone.
    Kratochvil, C.J., Simons, A., Vitiello, B., Walkup, J., Emslie, G., Rosenberg, D., et al. (2005). A multisite psychotherapy and medication trial for depressed adolescents: Background and benefits. Cognitive and Behavioral Practice, 12, 159–165. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S1077-7229%2805%2980021-5
    Kroesbergen, E.H., & VanLuit, H. (2003). Mathematics interventions for children with special educational needs: A meta-analysis. Remedial and Special Education, 24, 97–114. http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/07419325030240020501
    Kroneman, L., Loeber, R., & Hipwell, A.E. (2004). Is neighborhood context differently related to externalizing problems and delinquency for girls compared with boys?Clinical Child and Family Psychology Review, 7, 109–122. http://dx.doi.org/10.1023/B:CCFP.0000030288.01347.a2
    Kruh, I.P., Frick, P.J., & Clements, C.B. (2005). Historical and personality correlates to the violence patterns of juveniles tried as adults. Criminal Justice and Behavior, 92, 69–96. http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0093854804270629
    Kuehn, B.M. (2006). Shift seen in patterns of drug use among teens. Journal of the American Medical Association, 295, 612–613. http://dx.doi.org/10.1001/jama.295.6.612
    Kuhn, M.R., & Stahl, S.A. (2003). Fluency: A review of developmental and remedial practices. Journal of Educational Psychology, 95, 3–21. http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/0022-0663.95.1.3
    Kumin, L. (1994). Intelligibility of speech in children with Down syndrome in natural settings: Parents’ perspective. Perceptual and Motor Skills, 78, 307–313. http://dx.doi.org/10.2466/pms.1994.78.1.307
    Kupersmidt, J.B., Griesler, P.C., DeRosier, M.E., Patterson, C.J., & Davis, P.W. (1995). Childhood aggression and peer relations in the context of family and neighborhood factors. Child Development, 66, 360–375. http://dx.doi.org/10.2307/1131583
    Kutcher, S., Aman, M., Brooks, S.J., Buitelaar, J., van Daalen, E., Fegert, J., et al. (2004). International consensus statement on attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and disruptive behavior disorders (DBDs): Clinical implications and treatment practice suggestions. European Neuropharmacology, 14, 11–28. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0924-977X%2803%2900045-2
    Lackaye, T., Margalit, M., Ziv, O., & Ziman, T. (2006). Comparisons of self-efficacy, mood, effort, and hope between students with learning disabilities and their non-LD-matched peers. Learning Disabilities Research & Practice, 21, 111–121. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1540-5826.2006.00211.x
    Lacourse, E., Nagin, D.S., Vitaro, F., Cote, S., Arseneault, L., & Tremblay, R.E. (2006). Prediction of early-onset deviant peer group affiliation: A 12-year longitudinal study. Archives of General Psychiatry, 63, 562–568. http://dx.doi.org/10.1001/archpsyc.63.5.562
    LaGreca, A.M., & Harrison, M. (2005). Adolescent peer relations, friendships, and romantic relationships: Do they predict social anxiety and depression?Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology, 34, 49–61. http://dx.doi.org/10.1207/s15374424jccp3401_5
    LaGreca, A.M., & Silverman, W.K. (2006). Treating children and adolescents affected by disasters and terrorism. In P.C.Kendall (Ed.), Child and adolescent therapy: Cognitive-behavioral procedures (
    3rd ed.
    , pp. 356–382). New York: Guilford Press.
    LaGreca, A.M., Silverman, W.K., Vernberg, E.M., & Roberts, M.C. (2002). Introduction. In A.M.La Greca, W.K.Silverman, E.M.Vernberg, & M.C.Roberts (Eds.), Helping children cope with disasters and terrorism (pp. 3–8). Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.
    LaGreca, A.M., Silverman, W.K., & Wasserstein, S.B. (1998). Children's pre-disaster functioning as a predictor of posttraumatic stress following Hurricane Andrew. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 66, 883–892. http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/0022-006X.66.6.883
    Lahey, B.B., Carlson, C.L., & Frick, P.J. (1997). Attention-deficit disorder without hyperactivity. In T.A.Widiger, A.J.Frances, H.A.Pincus, R.Ross, M.B.First, & W.Davis (Eds.), DSM-IV sourcebook (Vol. 3; pp. 163–188). Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Association.
    Lahey, B.B., & Loeber, R. (1994). Framework for a developmental model of oppositional defiant disorder and conduct disorder. In D.K.Routh (Ed.), Disruptive behavior disorders in childhood (pp. 139–180). New York: Plenum.
    Lahey, B.B., Loeber, R., Burke, J.D., & Applegate, B. (2005). Predicting future antisocial personality disorder in males from a clinical assessment in childhood. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 73, 389–399. http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/0022-006X.73.3.389
    Lahey, B.B., Loeber, R., Quay, H.C., Frick, P.J., & Grimm, J. (1992). Oppositional defiant and conduct disorders: Issues to be resolved for DSM-IV. Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, 31, 539–546. http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/00004583-199205000-00023
    Lahey, B.B., McBurnett, K., & Loeber, R. (2000). Are attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder and oppositional defiant disorder developmental precursors to conduct disorder? In A.J.Sameroff, M.Lewis, & S.M.Miller (Eds.), Handbook of developmental psychopathology (pp. 431–446). New York: Kluwer Academic/Plenum. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4615-4163-9_23
    Lahey, B.B., Pelham, W.E., Loney, J., Kipp, H., Ehrhardt, A., Lee, S.S., et al. (2004). Three-year predictive validity of DSM-IV attention deficit hyperactivity disorder in children diagnosed at4–6 years of age. American Journal of Psychiatry, 161, 2014–2020. http://dx.doi.org/10.1176/appi.ajp.161.11.2014
    Lahey, B.B., Pelham, W.E., Stein, M.A., Loney, J., Trapani, C., Nugent, K., et al. (1998). Validity of DSM-IV attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder for younger children. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 37, 695–702. http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/00004583-199807000-00008
    Lahey, B.B., Schaughency, E.A., Hynd, G.W., Carlson, C.L., & Piacentini, J.C. (1987). Attention deficit disorder with and without hyperactivity: Comparison of behavioral characteristics of clinic-referred children. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 26, 718–723. http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/00004583-198709000-00017
    Lahey, B.B., & Waldman, I.D. (2003). A developmental propensity model of the origins of conduct problems during childhood and adolescence. In B.B.Lahey, T.E.Moffitt, & A.Caspi (Eds.), Causes of conduct disorder and juvenile delinquency (pp. 76–117). New York: Guilford Press.
    Lahey, B.B., Waldman, I.D., & McBurnett, K. (1999). The development of antisocial behavior: An integrative causal model. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 40, 669–682. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1469-7610.00484
    Laird, R.D., Pettit, G.S., Dodge, K.A., & Bates, J.E. (2003). Change in parents’ monitoring knowledge: Links with parenting, relationship quality, adolescent beliefs, and antisocial behavior. Social Development, 12, 401–419. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1467-9507.00240
    Lambert, M.J., & Ogles, B.M. (2004). The efficacy and effectiveness of psychotherapy. In M.J.Lambert (Ed.), Bergin and Garfield's handbook of psychotherapy and behavior change (pp. 139–193). New York: Wiley.
    Langleben, D.D., Austin, G., Krikorian, G., Ridlehuber, H.W., Goris, M.L., & Strauss, H.W. (2001). Interhemispheric asymmetry of regional cerebral blood flow in prepubescent boys with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder. Nuclear Medicine, 22, 1333–1340. http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/00006231-200112000-00009
    Lansford, J.E., Deater-Deckard, K., Dodge, K.A., Bates, J.E., & Pettit, G.S. (2004). Ethnic differences in the link between physical discipline and later adolescent externalizing behaviors. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 45, 801–812. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1469-7610.2004.00273.x
    Larsson, J., Larsson, H., & Lichtenstein, P. (2004). Genetic and environmental contributions to stability and change of ADHD symptoms between 8 and 13 years of age: A longitudinal twin study. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 43, 1267–1275. http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/01.chi.0000135622.05219.bf
    Last, C.G., Perrin, S., Hersen, M., & Kazdin, A.E. (1992). DSM-III-R anxiety disorders in children: Sociodemographic and clinical characteristics. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 31, 1070–1076. http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/00004583-199211000-00012
    Last, C.G., Perrin, S., Hersen, M., & Kazdin, A.E. (1996). A prospective study of childhood anxiety disorders. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 35, 1502–1510. http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/00004583-199611000-00019
    Latimer, W.W., Ernst, J., Hennessey, J., Stinchfield, R.D., & Winters, K.C. (2004). Relapse among adolescent drug abusers following treatment: The role of probable ADHD status. Journal of Child & Adolescent Substance Abuse, 13, 1–16. http://dx.doi.org/10.1300/J029v13n03_01
    Latimer, W.W., Newcomb, M., Winters, K.C., & Stinchfield, R.D. (2000). Adolescent substance abuse treatment outcome: The role of substance abuse problem severity, psychosocial, and treatment factors. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 68, 684–696. http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/0022-006X.68.4.684
    Laumann, E.O., Paik, A., & Rosen, R.C. (1999). Sexual dysfunction in the United States: Prevalence and predictors. Journal of the American Medical Association, 281, 537–544. http://dx.doi.org/10.1001/jama.281.6.537
    Lawrence, C.J., Lott, I., & Haier, R.J. (2005). Neurobiology of autism, mental retardation, and Down syndrome. In C.Stough (Ed.), Neurobiology of exceptionality (pp. 125–142). New York: Kluwer Academic/Plenum. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/0-306-48649-0_6
    Lawrence, N.S., Williams, A.M., Surguladze, S., Giampietro, V., Brammer, M.J., Andrew, C., et al. (2004). Subcortical and ventral prefrontal cortical neural responses to facial expressions distinguish patients with bipolar disorder and major depression. Biological Psychiatry, 55, 578–587. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.biopsych.2003.11.017
    Leach, J.M., Scarborough, H.S., & Rescorla, L. (2003). Late-emerging reading disabilities. Journal of Educational Psychology, 95, 211–224. http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/0022-0663.95.2.211
    Lee, J.S., Kim, B.N., Kang, E., Lee, D.S., Kim, Y.K., Chung, J., et al. (2004). Regional cerebral blood flow in children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder: Comparison before and after methylphenidate treatment. Human Brain Mapping, 24, 157–164. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/hbm.20067
    Lekhwani, M., Nair, C., Nikhinson, I., & Ambrosini, P.J. (2004). Psychotropic prescription practices in child psychiatric inpatients 9 years old and younger. Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychopharmacology, 14, 95–103. http://dx.doi.org/10.1089/104454604773840535
    Lengua, L.J., Long, A.C., Smith, K.I., & Meltzoff, A.N. (2005). Pre-attack symptomatology and temperament as predictors of children's responses to the September 11 terrorist attacks. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 46, 631–645. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1469-7610.2004.00378.x
    Leventhal, T., & Brooks-Gunn, J. (2000). The neighborhoods they live in: The effects of neighborhood residence on child and adolescent outcomes. Psychological Bulletin, 126, 309–337. http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/0033-2909.126.2.309
    Levy, F., Hay, D.A., Bennett, K.S., & McStephen, M. (2005). Gender differences in ADHD subtype comorbidity. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 44, 368–376.