- Subject index
This book brings together an international selection of prominent researchers at the forefront of this development. They reflect on the issue of individuality in the group and on how thinking about social identity has changed. Together, these chapters chart a key development in the field: how social identity perspectives inform understanding of cohesion, unity and collective action, but also how they help us understand individuality, agency, autonomy, disagreement, and diversity within groups.
Chapter 9: Interobjectivity: The Collective Roots of Individual Consciousness and Social Identity
Interobjectivity: The Collective Roots of Individual Consciousness and Social Identity
The Mind of the universe is social. (Marcus Aurelius, 180/1964, p. 88)
The three arguments developed in this chapter are related through their common support for a more social approach in psychology. By “more social” I mean an approach that reflects the collective processes associated with the collaboratively constructed and mutually upheld nature of social reality (following Bruner, 1986; Harré, 2002; see also Postmes, Baray, Haslam, Morton, & Swaab, Chapter 12 in this volume). First, I argue that social identity theory (Tajfel & Turner, 1979) is compatible with a cultural account of behavior. Second, I contend that the conception of the individual central to social identity ...