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Chapter 11: Kerala: The LDF's Debacle: Kerala Votes for National Stability
The resounding victory of Congress-led United Democratic Front (UDF) in the 2009 Lok Sabha elections did not surprise pollsters but the mandate was significant in several respects. The INC following of ruling India for decades had been on a decline since 1989. Congress generally saw south Indian states as areas of consistent support.
Kerala's national poll trends until 1996 showed, with few exceptions, a general trend for supporting Congress to produce stable governments at the center. Between 1996 and 2004, this pattern from the Kerala electorate lost its appeal and therefore it was crucial for the Congress to revive the trend in the state.
Second, the electoral contest was an ...