Indian News Media: From Observer to Participant
Publication Year: 2015
This book makes a new and significant argument that Indian news media are no longer just observers but active participants in the events that direct the nation. It explores the changing role and performance of Indian news media in the past 25 years by examining their coverage of some of the landmark events and issues within the context of the India's ‘globalising’ polity, increased privatisation, new communication technologies and the rise of individualism.
The challenges of globalisation have resulted in significant changes in news processes and procedures, which this volume details by scrutinising the media's reportage of several events and issues, such as anti-graft movement, paid news, sting journalism, 24-hour news and coverage of terrorism and politics—media nexus. The theoretical exploration of the changes in the ...
- Front Matter
- Back Matter
- Subject Index
- Chapter 1: Introduction: Indian News Media in a Globalised Era
- Chapter 2: Television Politics: Evolution of Sun TV in the South
- Chapter 3: Sting Journalism: A Sign of the Times
- Chapter 4: 24-Hour News and Terror: Did the Media Cross the Line?
- Chapter 5: Paid News: Cocktail of Media, Business and Politics
- Chapter 6: Anna's Movement: Social Media Sets Traditional Media's Agenda
- Chapter 7: The Mediated Nation in the Age of Globalisation
- Chapter 8: News Media's Role in a Transitioning Society
Copyright © Usha M. Rodrigues and Maya Ranganathan, 2015
All rights reserved. No part of this book may be reproduced or utilised in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording or by any information storage or retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher.
First published in 2015 by
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Library of Congress Cataloguing-in-Publication Data
Rodrigues, Usha M.
Indian news media: from observer to participant / Usha M. Rodrigues and Maya Ranganathan.
Includes bibliographical references and index.
1. Press—India—History—20th century. 2. Press—India—History—21st century. 3. Journalism—India—History—20th century. 4. Journalism—India—History—21st century. 5. Mass media—India. I. Ranganathan, Maya. II. Title. PN5377.P6R63 079.54—dc23 2014 2014035031
ISBN: 978-93-515-0050-6 (HB)
The SAGE Team: Shambhu Sahu, Sandhya Gola, Rajib Chatterjee and Rajinder Kaur
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List of Abbreviations[Page ix]
AAP Aam Aadmi Party AB Akaash Bangla AIADMK All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam ARC Administrative Reforms Commission ASIAD Asian Games ATN Asian Television Network BBC British Broadcasting Corporation BCCL Bennett, Coleman and Co. Ltd BJD Biju Janata Dal BJP Bharatiya Janata Party CAG Comptroller and Auditor General CBFC Central Board of Film Certification CBI Central Bureau of Investigation CM chief minister CPI (M) Communist Party of India (Marxist) CST Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus CVC Central Vigilance Commission DB Realty Dynamix Balwas Realty DMDK Desiya Murpokku Dravida Kazhagam DMK Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam DTH direct-to-home EC Election Commission FBI Federal Bureau of Investigation FM frequency modulation [Page x]GATT General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade GDP gross domestic product IAC India Against Corruption IMF International Monetary Fund IPS Indian Police Service IT information technology JPC Joint Parliamentary Committee JSPL Jindal Steel and Power Limited KPCC Kerala Pradesh Congress Committee LoC Line of Control LTTE Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam MGR M.G. Ramachandran MLA Member of Legislative Assembly MP Member of Parliament MPLADS MP Local Area Development Scheme NBA News Broadcasters Association NDA National Democratic Alliance PCI Press Council of India PMK Pattali Makkal Katchi RIL Reliance Industries Limited RLD Rashtriya Lok Dal RNI Registrar of Newspapers for India RSS Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh RTI Right to Information SAD Shiromani Akali Dal SCV Sumangali Cable Vision SEBI Securities and Exchange Board of India SFIO Serious Fraud Investigation Office SMS short message service STAR Satellite Television Asia Region TAM Television Audience Measurement TN Tamil Nadu TRAI Telecom Regulatory Authority of India TRP target rating point UN United Nations UNHRC UN Human Rights Council [Page xi]UP Uttar Pradesh UPA United Progressive Alliance USP unique selling point VET Vocational Education and Training VSNL Videsh Sanchaar Nigam Limited
Usha M. Rodrigues thanks Karan Thapar, who is currently associated with Headlines Today and hosts the show To the Point; Rajdeep Sardesai, Consulting Editor, TV Today and Ashutosh, former Managing Editor of IBN7, who is now associated with Aam Aadmi Party, for their time and discussion on the state of the Indian news media. Many thanks also go to Vipul Mudgal, former journalist and now director of Publics and Policies Programme, Centre for the Study of Developing Societies; B.V. Rao, Group Editor, Samay Network; Manu Joseph, former Editor, OPEN magazine; Abhinandan Sekhri, a founding partner of http://newslaundry.com and a member of Team Anna in 2011 protests; Paranjoy Guha Thakurta, a media analyst and author; Sevanti Ninan, Editor, http://Thehoot.org; J. Radhakrishnan, an IAS officer, who is known for his relief work during the 2004 Indian Ocean earthquake, and tsunami and Subramaniam Vincent and Meera K. of Citizen Matters, an interactive news magazine from Bangalore.
Dr Rodrigues is grateful to her husband and children for accommodating her research and publication plans into their family life. She also thanks her brother and sister for their unflinching support. She thanks her dear aunt, uncle and cousins for hosting, feeding and providing an intellectually stimulating environment and on-the-ground details of the situation in India during her research visit to New Delhi, Mumbai and Bangaluru. And, Dr Rodrigues is appreciative of the unrelenting support and counsel provided by Professor Stephen Lacy, Michigan State University, during a difficult period in her career.
Maya Ranganathan thanks the Hindu, particularly former Editor Siddharth Varadarajan, former Readers’ Editor S. Viswanathan and [Page xiv]then librarian Babu Rajendran, for allowing access to the archives in June 2012. She is grateful to Caravan Executive Editor Vinod Jose, columnist Gnani and Asian College of Journalism Chairman Sashi Kumar for their valuable insights. Her work owes much to former media colleagues who shared their work experiences in confidence and to friends Dr Nagamallika Gudipaty, Manoj Kumar, Ramya Kannan, Shoaib Zaman and S. Ramanathan for help in data collection. Special thanks to her mentor RMIT's Globalism Institute Professor Paul James, to Macquarie University's Department of Media, Music, Culture Studies and Communication Research Director Professor Joseph Pugliese and to the Hoot Editor Sevanti Ninan for their support and encouragement to the project. University of Queensland Associate Professor Pradip Thomas, M.S. Madhivanan and Ramesh Bala's honest comments on early draft of some chapters helped immensely in fine-tuning the arguments. Dr Ranganathan is indebted to Seline Augustine for help with the first draft of the manuscript and to Judy Pasqualge for efficient copy-editing. This work would not have been possible without the support of Janaki Ranganathan who crossed continents to help her meet the deadline and to whom this book, like every other work of hers, is dedicated.
The authors thank Professor Robin Jeffrey and Professor Daya Thussu for their endorsements on the book and SAGE Commissioning Editors R. Chandra Sekhar, Elina Majumdar and Shambhu Sahu and the production team of Sandhya Gola, Anupam Choudhury and Shreya Chakraborti for their commitment to the project.
About the Authors[Page 239]
Usha M. Rodrigues is currently teaching journalism across multiple platforms including new participatory media technologies at Deakin University, Melbourne. She received her PhD from the University of Queensland in 2006. Her PhD thesis, entitled The Impact of Private and Foreign Television on News and Audiences: 1991–2001, was a landmark study of the changing nature of Indian television industry since 1991 when the Indian government embarked on economic liberalisation, ensuing the process of globalisation of the Indian economy in general and the Indian news media in particular. She co-authored Indian Media in a Globalised World (2010) with Dr Maya Ranganathan. She has also co-edited Youth, Media and Culture in the Asia Pacific Region (2008) with Dr Belinda Smaill. Dr Rodrigues has published in scholarly journals such as Media International Australia and Australian Journalism Review. She is a regular contributor to the media watch web site http://Thehoot.org and has published media commentaries on the Australian ABC and The Age online sites. Her current research interests are Indian news media, new media technologies and their impact on journalism practices and citizen journalism.
Maya Ranganathan currently teaches media and international communication at Macquarie University, Sydney. She was awarded a PhD by Monash University, Victoria, for her work on online nationalism in 2004 and completed a two-year postdoctoral project on Sri Lankan Tamil online nationalism in 2009. She is the author of Eelam Online: The Tamil Diaspora and War in Sri Lanka (2011). Her research spans media in South Asia and currently revolves around Indian media and [Page 240]the ways in which it has adapted to the changes wrought by globalisation. She has published widely in scholarly journals, such as Nationalism and Ethnic Politics, Continuum and South Asia, and is a regular contributor to the South Asian media analysis web site http://Thehoot.org. She has over a decade's experience as a journalist in the New Indian Express, Chennai, India.