Identities in Talk

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Edited by: Charles Antaki & Sue Widdicombe

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  • Back Matter
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    Contributors

    Charles Antaki is at the Department of Social Sciences, Loughborough University, England. Email: c.antaki@lboro.ac.uk

    Colin Clark is at the Surrey European Management School, Surrey University, England. Email: C.S.Clark@surrey.ac.uk

    Dennis Day is at the Centre for Cultural Contact and International Migration (RIM), Göteborg University, Sweden. Email: dennis@ios.chalmers.se

    Robert Dingwall is at the Department of Sociology and Social Policy, Nottingham University, England. Email: robert.dingwall@nottingham.ac.uk

    Anne Dunnett is at the Moray House Institute, Heriot-Watt University, Edinburgh, Scotland.

    Derek Edwards is at the Department of Social Sciences, Loughborough University, England. Email: D.Edwards@lboro.ac.uk

    David Greatbatch is at the Department of Sociology and Social Policy, Nottingham University, England. Email: david.greatbatch@nottingham.ac.uk

    Stephen Hester is at the School of Sociology and Social Policy, University of Wales, Bangor, Wales. Email: s.k.hester@bangor.ac.uk

    Andy McKinlay is at the Department of Psychology, University of Edinburgh, Scotland. Email: MCKINLAY@afbl.ssc.ed.ac.uk

    Isabella Paoletti is at the Social and Economic Research Department, INRCA, Ancona, Italy. Email: IPAOLETT@unipg.it

    Sue Widdicombe is at the Department of Psychology, University of Edinburgh, Scotland. Email: s.widdicombe@ed.ac.uk

    Robin Wooffitt is at the Department of Sociology, University of Surrey, England. Email: rcw@soc.surrey.ac.uk

    Don H. Zimmerman is at the Department of Sociology, University of California, Santa Barbara, USA. Email: dzimmerman@descartes.ucsb.edu

    Transcription Notation

    The transcription symbols used in this book are an attempt to capture something of the sound of the talk as it was originally spoken. There is some variety among contributors, both in the fine-grainedness of their transcription, and in the notation symbols they use. All symbols, however, derive from those developed by Gail Jefferson (see Atkinson and Heritage, 1984: ix–xvi).

    (.)The shortest hearable pause, less than about 0.2 of a second
    (..) (…)Approximately timed pauses: half a second and one second respectively
    (0.3) (2 sees)Examples of exactly timed pauses
    .hh, hhSpeaker's in-breath and out-breath respectively
    hehh, hahhLaughter syllables with some attempt to capture ‘colour’
    wo(h)rd(h) denotes ‘laughter’ within words
    ((sniff))A description enclosed in double brackets indicates a nonspeech sound
    cu-A dash denotes a sharp cut-off of a prior word or sound
    lo:ngColons show that the speaker has stretched the preceding letter or sound. The more colons the greater the extent of the stretching
    (word)Material within brackets represents the transcriber's guess at an unclear part of the tape
    (syll syll)Unclear speech rendered as approximations to number of syllables
    ( )Unclear speech or noise to which no approximation is made
    run=‘Equals’ signs link material that runs on
    =on
    ↑ wordArrows indicate the onset of a rising or falling intonational shift
    ↓ word
    ?Indicates a rising tone
    .Indicates a ‘natural’ ending
    ,Indicates a comma-like pause
    underUnderlining indicates emphasis
    CAPITALSCapital letters indicate speech noticeably louder than that surrounding it
    °soft°Degree signs indicate speech spoken noticeably more quietly than the surrounding talk. Double degree signs indicate greater softness
    >fast<‘Greater than’ and ‘less than’ signs indicate that the talk they encompass was produced noticeably quicker or slower than the surrounding talk
    <slow>
    over⌈lapSquare brackets between adjacent lines of concurrent speech denote the start of overlapping talk
    ⌊overlap
    Side arrow indicates point of special interest in the extract, addressed in the text
    […]Indicates that material has been left out of the extract
    [high pitch]Material in square brackets indicates transcriber's commentary
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