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Theoretical and Operational Linkages
Theoretical and operational linkages

Once hypotheses are formed, it is necessary to specify two sorts of linkages, connections among the variables in the hypothesis. There are two ways of thinking about such connections: First, we demonstrate why each hypothesis or research question ought to be true—that is, why the concepts ought to be related in the way the hypothesis says they are. This is the theoretical linkage. Second, we show how the concepts are related empirically. This is the operational linkage. Both are necessary if the theory is to be fully elaborated.

Theoretical and operational linkages are also necessary for propositions. The theoretical linkage explains why the proposition should be true, without concern about relations among concepts. The operational linkage shows the type ...

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