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The Sentencing Reform Movement
The sentencing reform movement

What happens to an offender after conviction is the least understood, the most fraught with irrational discrepancies, and the most in need of improvement of any phase in our criminal justice system.

United States v. Waters (457 F. 2d 722 [D.C. Cir. 1970])

Concerns about disparity, discrimination, and unfairness in sentencing led to a “remarkable burst of reform” (Walker 1993:112) that began in the mid-1970s and continues today. The initial focus of reform efforts was the indeterminate sentence, in which the judge imposed a minimum and maximum sentence and the parole board determined the date of release. The parole board's determination of when the offender should be released rested on its judgment of whether the offender had been rehabilitated or ...

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