- Subject index
Higher Education in Federal Countries: A Comparative Study is a unique study of higher education in nine federal countries—the United States, Canada, Australia, Germany, Mexico, Brazil, Russia, China and India. In this book, leading international scholars discuss the role of federalism and how it shapes higher education in major nation-state actors on the world stage. The editors develop an overarching comparative analysis of the dynamics of central and regional power in higher education, and the national case studies explain how each federal and federal-like higher education system has evolved and how it functions in what are highly varied contexts.
Chapter 2: The United States of America: Changes and Challenges in a Highly Decentralized System
The United States of America: Changes and Challenges in a Highly Decentralized System
The United States’ federal system of government is one in which the federal Constitution gives member states enormous legislative powers. States have the right to raise their own revenue by taxing individuals and businesses, both directly (property taxes, income taxes) and indirectly (sales taxes) and to spend this revenue largely as the voters of the states determine. States are prohibited from taxing commerce between states or to levy duties on exports and imports. These are taxation powers left to ...