- Subject index
Higher Education in Federal Countries: A Comparative Study is a unique study of higher education in nine federal countries—the United States, Canada, Australia, Germany, Mexico, Brazil, Russia, China and India. In this book, leading international scholars discuss the role of federalism and how it shapes higher education in major nation-state actors on the world stage. The editors develop an overarching comparative analysis of the dynamics of central and regional power in higher education, and the national case studies explain how each federal and federal-like higher education system has evolved and how it functions in what are highly varied contexts.
Chapter 10: China: The “Commanding Heights’ Strategy Revisited
China: The “Commanding Heights’ Strategy Revisited
Introduction: Higher Education in a Non-Federalism State
Regional higher education growth in non-federal states has not attracted sufficient attention in recent conversations over tertiary education expansion (Arum, Gamoran and Shavit 2007; Marginson 2016a) or discussions about high participation countries across the globe (Marginson 2016b). Yet, regional systems are critical pillars for tertiary development in most countries, with or without a federal system (Carnoy et al. 2013).
How do states without a constitutionally regulated division between national and subnational government of responsibility for higher education create credible incentives for local bureaucrats to provide higher learning for local residents? What strategies are commonly used to ...