- Subject index
Higher Education in Federal Countries: A Comparative Study is a unique study of higher education in nine federal countries—the United States, Canada, Australia, Germany, Mexico, Brazil, Russia, China and India. In this book, leading international scholars discuss the role of federalism and how it shapes higher education in major nation-state actors on the world stage. The editors develop an overarching comparative analysis of the dynamics of central and regional power in higher education, and the national case studies explain how each federal and federal-like higher education system has evolved and how it functions in what are highly varied contexts.
Chapter 8: Mexico: Dilemmas of Federalism in a Highly Politicized and Semi-decentralized System
Mexico: Dilemmas of Federalism in a Highly Politicized and Semi-decentralized System
Modern federalism faces a central dilemma over competing demands for equity and efficiency. On the one hand, governments face pressure to become more equitable and democratic by expanding access and participation in the distribution of resources. On the other hand, society expects them to achieve economic growth and fulfil commitments to efficiency and transparency in public management. Much of the contemporary debate over governability centres on this dilemma, which forms part of a larger debate over democratic practices (Gibson 2004; Lechner 1997; Watts 2010).
The federation ...