Maslow (1968) portrayed social belonging as foundational, standing above only basic physical sustenance and safety on his hierarchy of human needs. Murray (1938) listed affiliation as one of the prime motivators of human behavior. Adler (1929) believed that the main positive meaning in life could be found in social interest—that is, cooperation with other people and concern for their welfare. Yalom and Leszcz (2005) saw intense relationships in groups as an adaptation originating in primitive human cultures. It is no surprise that the group is a powerful healing setting. This chapter presents an argument for a unifying theoretical foundation that explains why the group is so potent.
A Unifying Theory for Group Counseling and Psychotherapy
A unifying theory for group counseling and psychotherapy