Handbook of Group Counseling & Psychotherapy
This book is designed to serve as a core text for advanced and graduate students and researchers alike. Each chapter reviews the literature and current research related to its topic as well as providing suggestions for practice for psychoeducational, counseling, and therapy groups based on the review. Major topics in the field of groups are included: history, best practices, settings, groups across the lifespan, special topics, multicultural groups, as well as critical issues and emerging themes in group counseling and psychotherapy. Key features include: • Integration of current research and practice • Includes psychoeducational, counseling, and therapy groups for all topics New to this edition: 2-3 new chapters on cutting edge themes Thoroughly updated research more pedagogical elements (discussion questions, activities, resources, case examples, key ...
- Front Matter
- Back Matter
- Subject Index
- Chapter 1: The History of Group Counseling and Psychotherapy
- Chapter 2: A Unifying Theory for Group Counseling and Psychotherapy
- Chapter 3: Group Dynamics and Development
- Chapter 4: Therapeutic Factors: Current Theory and Research
- Chapter 5: Process and Outcome in Group Counseling and Psychotherapy: A Perspective
- Chapter 6: Guidelines for Ethical and Legal Practice in Counseling and Psychotherapy Groups
- Chapter 7: Effective Processing in Groups
- Chapter 8: Selecting and Using Activities in Groups
- Chapter 9: Effective Group Leader Skills
- Chapter 10: Unleashing the Healing Power of the Group: The Mutual Aid Process
- Chapter 11: An Overview of Current Research and Best Practices for Training Beginning Group Leaders
- Chapter 12: Supervision of Group Leaders
- Chapter 13: Measures of Group Process, Dynamics, Climate, Behavior, and Outcome: A Review
- Chapter 14: Best Practices in Group Counseling and Psychotherapy Research
- Chapter 15: Understanding Racial/Cultural Identity Development Theories to Promote Effective Multicultural Group Counseling
- Chapter 16: Group Therapy with Native People
- Chapter 17: Group Counseling for African Americans: Research and Practice Considerations
- Chapter 18: Group Counseling with Asians
- Chapter 19: Psychoeducational and Counseling Groups with Latinos/as
- Chapter 20: Group Work with Gay, Lesbian, Bisexual, Transgender, Queer, and Questioning Clients
- Chapter 21: Group Counseling Services for Persons with Disabilities
- Chapter 22: Group Work with Those in Later Life
- Chapter 23: Using Groups to Facilitate Social Justice Change: Addressing Issues of Privilege and Oppression
- Chapter 24: Advancing Evidence-Based Group Work in Community Mental Health Settings: Methods, Challenges, and Opportunities
- Chapter 25: Group Work in Schools
- Chapter 26: Group Work in Colleges and University Counseling Centers
- Chapter 27: Groups in Behavioral Health Settings
- Chapter 28: Group Treatments within the Department of Veterans Affairs
- Chapter 29: Groups for Depression
- Chapter 30: Groups for Anxiety Disorders
- Chapter 31: Group Psychotherapies for Complicated Grief
- Chapter 32: Group Approaches for Addictive Behaviors
- Chapter 33: Group Work with Individuals who have Committed Interpersonal Violence
- Chapter 34: Group Work with Offenders and Mandated Clients
- Chapter 35: Group Psychotherapy and Insecure Adult Attachment
- Chapter 36: Groups for Survivors of Childhood Sexual Abuse
- Chapter 37: Mindfulness and Group: Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction and Dialectical Behavior Therapy
- Chapter 38: Pyschoeducational and Counseling Groups to Prevent and Treat Eating Disorders and Disturbances
- Chapter 39: Psychoeducational and Counseling Groups for Bullying
- Chapter 40: Women's Groups: Research and Practice Trends
- Chapter 41: Gender-Sensitive Group Counseling and Psychotherapy with Men
- Chapter 42: Prevention Groups
- Chapter 43: Career and Transition Counseling in Groups
- Chapter 44: Adventure Therapy with Groups
- Chapter 45: Post-Disaster Group Counseling: A Multicultural Perspective
- Chapter 46: Counseling and Therapy Groups with Children and Adolescents
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Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data
Handbook of group counseling and psychotherapy / [edited by] Janice L. DeLucia-Waack, Cynthia R. Kalodner, Maria T. Riva
Includes bibliographical references and index.
ISBN 978-1-4522-1761-1 (pbk.: alk. paper)
ISBN 978-1-4833-1091-6 (web pdf)
1. Group psychotherapy. 2. Group counseling. I. DeLucia-Waack, Janice L., editor of compilation. II. Kalodner, Cynthia R., editor of compilation. III. Riva, Maria (Maria T.), editor of compilation.
This book is printed on acid-free paper.
13 14 15 16 17 10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1
Acquisitions Editor: Kassie Graves
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To my husband, Jim
To my son, Noah (because I promised my next book for you)
To my husband, Bruce, and our children Erik and Olivia
About the Editors[Page ix]
Janice L. DeLucia-Waack is an Associate Professor in Counseling, School, and Educational Psychology at the University at Buffalo, SUNY, and program director for the School Counseling Program. She is a past president of Association for Specialists in Group Work, former editor of the Journal for Specialists in Group Work, and is a fellow in ACA, ASGW, and APA Division 49: Group Psychology and Group Psychotherapy. She is author of Leading Psychoeducational Groups for Children and Adolescents and Using Music in Children of Divorce Groups: A Session-by-Session Manual for Counselors; and coauthor of Group Work Experts Share Their Favorite Activities: A Guide to Choosing, Planning, Conducting, and Processing; How to Design a Group Plan (with Amy Nitza); The Practice of Multicultural Group Work: Visions and Perspectives From the Field (with Jeremiah Donigian); School Counselors Share Their Favorite Activities: A Guide to Choosing, Planning, Conducting, and Processing (with Louisa Foss, Judy Green, and Kelly Wolfe-Stiltner). She is currently on the advisory board for the Alberti Center for the Prevention of Bullying Abuse and School Violence, newly created at the University at Buffalo, SUNY. Her research focuses on selection of group members for counseling and therapy groups, assessment of group leadership skills, perfectionism, attachment, and women's relational issues.
Cynthia R. Kalodner is a Professor of Psychology at Towson University. She coordinated the master's program in counseling from 2002–2005 and directed the doctoral program in Counseling Psychology at West Virginia University from 1994–2002. She is author of Too Fat or Too Thin: A Reference Guide for Eating Disorders and coeditor of the previous edition of this Handbook. She has served on the editorial boards of Group Dynamics, the Journal for Specialists in Group Work, The Counseling Psychologists, and the Journal of Counseling and Development. She maintains a private practice focusing on depression, anxiety disorders, and eating disorders and leads groups on these topics for women. Her current professional and research interests concern international volunteering and poverty reduction through education in third world countries. Her work with Students Helping Honduras is what motivates her professionally and personally.
Maria T. Riva is a Professor of Counseling Psychology and Department Chair of School and Counseling Psychology at the Morgridge College of Education at the University of Denver. She is a past president of the Association of Specialists in Group Work, current president of the American Psychological Association Division 49: Society of Group Psychology and Group Psychotherapy, past Associate Editor of the Journal for Specialists in Group Work, and currently on the Editorial Board for Group Dynamics: Theory, Research, and Practice. Her research areas are in group supervision, group leadership, and training and supervision of groups. She really enjoys teaching such courses as Group Counseling, Advanced Group Counseling, and Supervision.
This book has been the culmination of hard work from many people. Our chapter authors were incredibly responsive to and willing to keep revising their chapters to truly make them an integration of science and practice and to suggest guidelines for best practice based on the current research. A great deal of thanks goes to them.
We also want to thank Kassie Graves, our Sage editor, who has held our hand through this and gently nudged us when needed.
And to our families who have supported us in this endeavor (and in everything we do).
The authors and SAGE would also like to acknowledge the contributions of the following reviewers:
Ben Beitin, Seton Hall University
Eric C. Chen, Fordham University
Yuh-Jen Guo, University of Texas at El Paso
C. Michael Nina, William Paterson University
Clarrice A. Rapisarda, The University of North Carolina at Charlotte
Kelli Saginak, University of Wisconsin Oshkosh
Martyn Whittingham, Wright State University
Stephen L. Wright, University of Northern Colorado
Introduction to the Second Edition of the Handbook of Group Counseling and Psychotherapy[Page xiv]
Groups are ever changing, circling through stages as group members come and go, but ever moving toward the working stage. The development of the body of knowledge on group counseling and psychotherapy seems to parallel group stages. Even further, the writing of this second edition seems to follow a similar path. The field has changed in 10 years with more research support for the effectiveness of specific groups and groups in general. Group is now being recognized as a group-specialty practice in professional psychology with a competency-based training model (Barlow, 2012). New types of groups are being developed and new directions in group research have been pursued. Some areas seem to be more coherent than 10 years ago. And so the composition of this book has changed. There are five sections in this edition compared to seven in the first; there are 46 chapters but several new topics have been included.
It was our goal to further add to the group literature in a way that both group practitioners and researchers would be able to use this book. Our emphasis in each chapter was on identifying key research findings that guide group practitioners to lead more effective groups. Barlow (2012) outlines the common competencies across professional psychology: foundational and functional competencies. Foundational competencies include reflective practice self-assessment, scientific knowledge and methods, relationships (particularly professional relationships) individual and cultural diversity, ethical and legal standards/policy issues, and interdisciplinary systems (p. 444). Functional competencies specific to group include: group assessment and conceptualization, group intervention, group consultation, group research and evaluation, group supervision and teaching, group management and administration, and group advocacy (p. 446). The Barlow article contains tables that articulate clearly the competencies in each of these domains. While we did not read this article before beginning the second edition, we do believe that our chapter authors have addressed these group specialty competencies with their emphasis on summarizing the key literature and how it relates to group practice from screening practices to group interventions to assessment and development of group strategies specific to a subspecialty within a population.
We learned so much about groups as we put this together. Our knowledge about, confidence in, and enthusiasm for groups has greatly increased. We hope you feel the same way after reading this book. And more importantly that you keep returning to this book as you lead new groups and develop more group interventions.Reference2012). An application of the competency model to group-specialty practice. Professional Psychology: Research, and Practice, 43, 442–453.(
Reflections and Final Comments[Page 597]
Ten years have passed since we published the first edition of this book. Two years have passed since we proposed and began working on this book. Now we can say with certitude that the world of groups continues to develop and mature. Our understanding of the nature of group work continues to develop, so this conclusion is not really an ending. It opens the door wider to the world of groups and leaves plenty of room for future development of groups.
As stated in the introduction to this edition, it was our goal to add to the group literature in a way that both group practitioners and researchers would be able to use this book. After reading the 46 chapters in this book, we hope that you will agree that this text provides a wealth of knowledge about groups from the history, theories, leadership and ethics, therapeutic factors, processing, training and supervision, and measurement. You have learned about groups for many culturally diverse populations, conducted in a variety of different settings, and with a focus on topics that range from depression to eating disorders, bullying and offenders.
In the end, we have answered the question, “Are groups effective?” with a definite yes! In the next 10 years, we encourage group clinicians and researchers to use groups and study them to understand their power more clearly, to develop more groups for more populations so that this work continues to grow.