Group Work with Children and Adolescents: Prevention and Intervention in School and Community Systems
Publication Year: 1998
This timely new book presents the concepts, context, and applications of a problem-solving approach to group work with children and adolescents. This comprehensive new volume covers it all. It addresses issues associated with assessment, problem recognition, planning and composition, leadership, and activities in a wide range of settings when working with children and adolescents. Phases of group work, practice guidelines, and evaluation are also thoroughly considered. Significant applications focus on group work with children and adolescents from families in which divorce has occurred; group work to improve peer relationships and social competence; group work with children and adolescents who are at risk for developing mental health and substance abuse disorders; and school performance group work. To help illustrate key points, a lively case example is ...
- Front Matter
- Back Matter
- Subject Index
Part I: Concepts of Group Work
- Chapter 1: The Context of Practice
- Multiple Perspectives
- Ecological and Social Systems Perspectives
- Community and Social Problems Perspectives
- Educational Perspective
- Organizational Perspective
- Personnel Perspective
- Attitudes Toward Group Work
- Advantages and Limitations of Group Work
- Chapter 2: The Basis of Group Work
- Stress Theory
- Life Transitions
- Thought Processes
- Social Cognition
- Problem Solving
- Group Work Developments
- Chapter 3: Processes of Practice
- Mental Health
- Activities, Processes, and Techniques
- Developmental Aspects
- Role Playing
- Children and Adolescents as Members
- Developmental Phases
- Beginning Phase
- Middle and Ending Phases
- Chapter 4: Evaluation of Practice
- Domains and Questions
- Prevention and Intervention
- Conduct and Measures
- Timing and Process
- An Example: Oui Are Friends
- Chapter 5: A Review of the Field
- A Social Problem-Solving Approach
- Applications of Group Work
- Group Work in School and Community Systems
- Studies of Effectiveness
- The Future of Group Work
Part II: Applications of Group Work
- Chapter 6: Parental Divorce
- Divorce as a Social Problem
- Purpose of Group Work
- Problem Recognition and Solution
- Planning and Composition
- Leadership and Activities
- An Example: The Family Winners
- Chapter 7: Peer Relationships and Social Competence
- Peer Relationships and Social Competence as a Social Problem
- Purpose of Group Work
- Problem Recognition and Solution
- Planning and Composition
- Leadership and Activities
- An Example: Autumn, Winter, Spring, and Summer
- Chapter 8: Mental Health and Substance Abuse
- Mental Health and Substance Abuse as a Social Problem
- Purpose of Group Work
- Problem Recognition and Solution
- Planning and Composition
- Leadership and Activities
- An Example: Know Dopes
- Chapter 9: School Performance
- School Performance as a Social Problem
- Purpose of Group Work
- Problem Recognition and Solution
- Planning and Composition
- Leadership and Activities
- An Example: The Book Hitters
SAGE Sourcebooks for the Human Services Series[Page ii]
Series Editors: ARMAND LAUFFER and CHARLES GARVIN
Recent Volumes in This Series
Health Promotion at the Community Level
edited by NEDL BRACHT
FAMILY POLICIES AND FAMILY WELL-BEING: The Role of Political Culture
by SHIRLEY L. ZIMMERMAN
FAMILY THERAPY WITH THE ELDERLY
by ELIZABETH R. NEIDHARDT & JO ANN ALLEN
EFFECTIVELY MANAGING HUMAN SERVICE ORGANIZATIONS
by RALPH BRODY
by KRIS KISSMAN & JO ANN ALLEN
SUBSTANCE ABUSE TREATMENT: A Family Systems Perspective
edited by EDITH M. FREEMAN
SOCIAL COGNITION AND INDIVIDUAL CHANGE: Current Theory and Counseling Guidelines
by AARON M. BROWER & PAULA S. NURIUS
UNDERSTANDING AND TREATING ADOLESCENT SUBSTANCE ABUSE
by PHILIP P. MUISENER
EFFECTIVE EMPLOYEE ASSISTANCE PROGRAMS: A Guide for EAP Counselors and Managers
by GLORIA CUNNINGHAM
COUNSELING THE ADOLESCENT SUBSTANCE ABUSER: School-Based Intervention and Prevention
by MARLENE MIZIKER GONET
TASK GROUPS IN THE SOCIAL SERVICES
by MARIAN FATOUT & STEVEN R. ROSE
NEW APPROACHES TO FAMILY PRACTICE: Confronting Economic Stress
by NANCY R. VOSLER
WHAT ABOUT AMERICA'S HOMELESS CHILDREN? Hide and Seek
by PAUL G. SHANE
SOCIAL WORK IN HEALTH CARE IN THE 21st CENTURY
by SURJIT SINGH DHOOPER
SELF-HELP AND SUPPORT GROUPS: A Handbook for Practitioners
by LINDA FARRIS KURTZ
UNDERSTANDING DISABILITY: A Lifespan Approach
by PEGGY QUINN
QUALITATIVE METHODS IN SOCIAL WORK RESEARCH: Challenges and Rewards
by DEBORAH K. PADGETT
LEGAL ISSUES IN SOCIAL WORK, COUNSELING, AND MENTAL HEALTH: Guidelines for Clinical Practice in Psychotherapy
by ROBERT G. MADDEN
GROUP WORK WITH CHILDREN AND ADOLESCENTS: Prevention and Intervention in School and Community Systems
by STEVEN R. ROSE
Copyright © 1998 by Sage Publications, Inc.
All rights reserved. No part of this book may be reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher.
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Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data
Rose, Steven R.
Group work with children and adolescents: Prevention and intervention in school and community systems/by Steven R. Rose. p. cm. – (Sage sourcebooks for the human services; vol. 38)
Includes bibliographical references and index.
ISBN 0-7619-0160-4 (cloth : acid-free paper)
ISBN 0-7619-0161-2 (pbk. : acid-free paper)
1. Social work with teenagers. 2. Social work with children. 3. Social group work. 4. School social work. I. Title. II. Series: Sage sourcebooks for the human services series.
This book is printed on acid-free paper.
98 99 00 01 02 03 04 10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1
Acquisition Editor: Jim Nageotte
Editorial Assistant: Heidi Van Middlesworth
Production Editor: Wendy Westgate
Editorial Assistant: Denise Santoyo
Typesetter/Designer: Rose Tylak
Indexer: Virgil Diodato
Many of the social problems of children and adolescents are amenable to prevention or intervention through group work. Children and adolescents are prone to develop a wide range of social problems in family and peer relationships, social competence, mental health, substance abuse, and school performance. With reductions in support available in many family relationships, peer relationships have become increasingly important to many children and adolescents.
Acceptance by and participation in peer groups, which are highly valued by most children and adolescents, tend to provide the youngsters with opportunities for furthering their social development. Nevertheless, some youngsters lack such opportunities. Withdrawn and aggressive children and adolescents who are neglected, isolated, or rejected by their peers, can benefit from group work that is designed to develop their social competencies.
Although many children and adolescents remain in the same schools and communities from one year to the next, some have the experience of entering new ones. Transitions between schools and between communities, which include normative transfers and graduations as well as extraordinary events, such as changes in geographical location due to family disruption, tend to increase the stressors experienced by young people. Children and adolescents who change schools and communities often have more situations and persons to adjust to, and have a greater [Page x]likelihood of developing interpersonal and social problems than youngsters in more stable situations. Children and adolescents who are highly stressed may benefit from acquiring coping skills in group work.Outline of the Book
The first part of the book presents concepts of a problem-solving approach to group work. Chapter 1 describes the social and environmental context of group work with children and adolescents. It provides the rationale and context, as well as the advantages and limitations, of group work. Chapter 2 explicates the problem-solving approach to group work, which reflects stressors experienced by and thought processes of members.
Chapter 3 describes the use of planning, composition, and assessment to form effective groups. Preventive and interventive processes and the uses of several types of activities are presented. The developmental phases of problem-solving group work are described, along with practice guidelines.
Chapter 4 contains the purposes and types of evaluation of group work with children and adolescents. Suggestions for conducting evaluations in school and community systems are provided.
Chapter 5 reviews research on the effectiveness of group work with children and adolescents. The chapter reconsiders the problem-solving approach to group work, its applications in and relationship to school and community systems, as well as emerging social issues for school-age children and adolescents.
The second part of the book focuses on applications of the problem-solving approach to group work. Each chapter presents the purpose, rationale, and advantages of group work for dealing with a particular social problem. Ideas for practice include assessment, problem recognition, planning and composition, leadership, and activities. An example of a group is provided for each social problem.
Chapter 6 discusses group work with children and adolescents from families in which separation and divorce have occurred. Such group work practice is widely used to help the many youngsters who are affected by divorce.[Page xi]
Chapter 7 examines group work to improve peer relationships and social competence. The chapter emphasizes the use of interpersonal-cognitive problem-solving skills in developing friendships.
Chapter 8 describes the use of group work with children and adolescents who are at risk for developing mental health and substance abuse disorders. Such disorders, whose recognition was once limited to adults, are now more commonly recognized among children and adolescents.
Group work aimed at increasing the achievement levels of children and adolescents with academic problems is considered in Chapter 9. Truancy and dropout prevention are among the problems included in the school performance chapter.Acknowledgments
I thank Charles Garvin for his ample editorial contributions to this work, ranging from conception to implementation. His exemplary vision of group work with children and adolescents is reflected throughout this book.
My heartfelt gratitude is expressed to the editorial staff at Sage. Jim Nageotte is a superlative editor. His recommendations were astute, adroit, and timely. I also gladly acknowledge the efficient work of Heidi Van Middlesworth, Ellen R. Girden, and Wendy Westgate.
I wish to thank my colleagues at Louisiana State University for their support of my work. Kenneth Diehl, Lyn Louden, Shannon Robshaw, Cynthia M. Steed, and Lisa M. Theriot provided diligent assistance in carrying out part of the ground work for this book.
I express my appreciation to Ken Millar of Louisiana State University and Alan York of Bar-Ilan University for their sponsorship of the sabbatical during which substantial portions of this book were written.
Thanks are also due to the staff of the Louisiana State University, Bar-Ilan University, and Hebrew University of Jerusalem libraries, and the Central Library for Social Work in Jerusalem.
Finally, I thank my wonderful family, whose sustenance has been an essential element of authoring this book.[Page xii]
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