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Ending the Group
Ending the group

This chapter concludes the discussion of the developmental phases/stages of groups begun in Chapter 2 by considering the ending of groups, that is, the clarified group imago (Clarkson, 1991) or the adjourning stage (Tuckman and Jenson, 1977) and what I identify as the historical group imago, parallel to the mourning phase. These are used to frame discussions about endings, about group members leaving – and the ultimate leaving of a group member or the group counsellor dying, and about what happens after the group meeting and what happens after the group itself ends. I conclude with some reflections on time-limited groups and on evaluation.

The Clarified Group – Adjourning

Although Berne (1963) identifies only four phases of people's subjective experience of groups, ...

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