McDougall (1920), one of the earliest writers on groups and one cited by Freud, identifies five conditions for groups – conditions, that is, for raising collective mental life to a higher level:
- That there should be some degree of continuity of existence in the group
- That the individual (participant) should have some definite idea of the nature, composition, function and capacities of the group
- That the group should be brought into interaction with other groups
- That the group should possess traditions, customs and habits, including those which determine group relations
- That the group should have a definite structure
In Chapter 2 I discussed the nature, composition and function of the group in terms of preparing for group counselling. In this chapter, ...