- Subject index
Both India and China have experienced economic changes that have generated new challenges for local institutions. This volume closely studies the resultant grass-roots political experiences in these countries from an interdisciplinary perspective. It examines the process of democratization and highlights the growing demands for participation and the complex power structures interjecting them.
The contributors to this volume discuss issues relating to institutional structures and the dynamics of local governance in a changing socio-economic environment. In addition to the political economy of rural areas, they also focus on the role of gender, ethnicity, and religion in local political processes.
Outlines how institutional innovation has evolved in both countries; Highlights the impact of the 73rd Amendment to the Constitution (in India) and the Organic Law (in China) in ...
Chapter 7: Village Panchayats in Maharashtra
Village Panchayats in Maharashtra
Maharashtra, a state of Marathi-speaking population was carved out of the Bombay Province in 1960 and since then it has been seen as a typical example of a dominant caste thesis. The Marathas, a middle-peasantry caste accounting for around 30 per cent of the total population of the state, dominate the power structure in Maharashtra. In no other state of India do we find a caste as large as the Marathas. In the past years, scholars have turned their attention to the rural society of Maharashtra in which they thought the roots of this domination lay. Anil Bhatt conducted a study of politics in Akola District (Bhatt, 1963) while B.S. Baviskar examined the role of cooperatives in Ahmednagar ...