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Xiaohong Zhou

In: Grass-Roots Democracy in India and China: The Right to Participate

Chapter 3: Rural Political Participation in the Maoist and Post-Mao Periods

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Rural Political Participation in the Maoist and Post-Mao Periods
Rural political participation in the maoist and post-mao periods
XiaohongZhou
Analytical Framework

Peasants in China have long been active in politics. Even before 1949, the Chinese Communist Party (CCP)'s slogan, ‘Emancipate the peasants to become masters of the state’, encouraged many to take part in the fight against the Japanese and the Guomindang. In the 1930s and 1940s, peasant organisations were established in areas controlled by the CCP. These organisations allowed the poorer peasants to take charge of various local affairs. Peasants even gained the right to vote, as the CCP experimented with different forms of elections and methods of democratic decision making. Areas of Shandong, Hebei, Shanxi and Henan, for example, instituted a preliminary form of secret ballot, ...

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