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Chapter 12: Governance Reforms in India: Responsible Civil Servants’ View from the inside
Indian administration is a mix of diverse practices that have been assimilated over centuries. The classical tradition of statecraft is well documented in Kautilya's Arthashastra, which was written sometime between 321 and 300 BC. Proceeding from the premise that the state was an institutional necessity for human advancement, the book outlines how the state should be managed for the maximum happiness of its citizens. Perhaps this treatise should be regarded as a responsible civil servants’ manual for those times, balancing the needs of daily operations and policy advisory functions of the civil services, with a rather high-minded view of kingship.