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Chapter 10: Administrative Reform in Germany: Learning from European Experiences
Germany is often regarded as a laggard—as far as administrative reform is concerned. Only some years after several other European countries had already conducted their reform initiatives and projects (see for example Banner and Reichard 1993), Germany, in the 1990s, started to modernise its public sector.1 Mayors and top administrators in cities and local authorities realised that the traditional bureaucratic structure would no longer be able to meet future requirements for providing proper public services at reasonable costs for their citizens (Elcock 1998).
The reason for that diagnosis has been an emerging turbulent environment, particularly for local authorities. Challenges came from shifts in public duties (from regulatory functions to public service ...