- Subject index
What characterizes women's and girls' pathways to crime?
Girls, Women, and Crime: Selected Readings, Second Edition is a compilation of journal articles on the female offender written by leading researchers in the fields of criminology and women's studies. The contributors reveal the complex worlds females in the criminal justice system must often negotiate—worlds that are frequently riddled with violence, victimization, discrimination, and economic marginalization. This in-depth collection leaves readers with a greater understanding of the complexities and nuances of the realtionship between girls and women and crime.
Chapter 12: The War on Drugs as a War Against Black Women
The War on Drugs as a War Against Black Women
The number of Black females incarcerated for drug offenses increased by 828% between 1986 and 1991. This increase was approximately twice that of Black males (429%) and more than 3 times the increase in the number of White females (241%) (Mauer & Huling, 1995, p. 20). In Florida, Black females constituted 55.6% of the incarcerated female population in 1983. By 1993, the percentage had increased to 58.3% and by 1994, to 59.3%. In 1993, a drug offense was the primary offense of 38.9% of the Black female inmates in Florida. Drug offenses were the primary convictions for 29.5% of the incarcerated White females (Florida Department ...