Geographies of Postcolonialism: Spaces of Power and Representation

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Joanne P. Sharp

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    Dedication

    For Margaret Johnstone

    List of Figures and Tables

    Figures
    • 1.1 Medieval map depicting ‘monstrous races’ 13
    • 1.2 Aristotle's cosmology 15
    • 1.3 Orientalism as discourse 20
    • 1.4 Delacroix, Fanatics of Tangier23
    • 1.5 Gerome, Dance of the Almeh23
    • 1.6 Roberts, Gateway to the Great Temple at Balbec24
    • 2.1 Ender, Alexander von Humboldt and Aimé Bonpland im Urwald33
    • 2.2 Jan van der Straet's America43
    • 2.3 Advertising images 48
    • 2.4 Cairo street scene at the Exposition Universelle, Paris, 1889 49
    • 2.5 Stills from Carry on up the Khyber53
    • 3.1 Bentham's panopticon 58
    • 3.2 Schematic diagram of a coffee plantation, mid-nineteenth century 59
    • 3.3 Contrasting Delhi streetscrapes 61
    • 3.4 French style architecture in Hanoi, Vietnam 67
    • 4.1 Pletsch's Three Worlds concept 79
    • 5.1 Mecca-Cola 82
    • 5.2 Indiana Jones as saviour 87
    • 5.3 Advert for Condé Nast Traveler 89
    • 5.4 Benetton advert 90
    • 5.5 Drop the Debt advert 91
    • 5.6 Anti-Coke graffiti 98
    • 5.7 Uneven geography of Internet access rates, 2000 101
    • 6.1 Mehdy Kavousi 109
    • 6.2 ‘The law vs. Ayook’ 113
    • 6.3Indigène Du Caire118
    • 6.4 Veils as fashion 120
    • 6.5 Covers of Fanon's Black Skins, White Masks124
    • 6.6 Images of women from The Battle of Algiers128
    • 7.1 Cover of Xala137
    • 8.1 Bedouin women shaking the branches of a tree to dislodge leaves for their goats 149
    Tables
    • 2.1 Founding membership of RGS by profession 34
    • 2.2 Binaries at the heart of western reasoning 37

    Acknowledgements

    This book is based around an Honours course that I have taught at the University of Glasgow over the last ten years. When I was first putting the course together, Jim Duncan had just arrived at Cambridge and was also writing a new course for his students. In those days of frantically pulling notes and reading lists together, various bits and pieces of lectures were emailed back and forth, and so parts of this book bear the imprint of Jim's scholarship, for which it has benefited greatly. Going back further, it was Linda Alcoff's exceptional graduate course on Postcolonialism that inspired me to pursue this topic further, and to Beverley Allen I have a debt of gratitude for introducing me to The Satanic Verses and Xala. More recently, John Briggs has encouraged me to confront my postcolonial assumptions in places outside of Western academy, for which I am eternally grateful.

    Over the years teaching the course I have been lucky enough to have taught a number of excellent students who have engaged with, and challenged, this material (and interrupted the flow of my lectures) with enthusiasm and humour. I would like to thank them all, but especially Andy McMillan, Allan Lafferty, Martin Muir and Olly Zanetti. Thanks also go to Geraldine Perriam who generously read through an earlier draft of the book, and who has inspired me with her discussions of writing; and to John Moore of Glasgow University Library who helped me to source some of the images. Finally, thanks to Robert Rojek and Sarah-Jayne Boyd at Sage for their encouragement, support and patience during the production of this book.

    This book is dedicated to my grandmother, Margaret Johnstone, who died in February 2007 when I was completing the manuscript. While there is a lot here she would probably disagree with, I miss the opportunity to hear her say so.

    Publisher's Acknowledgements

    The author and publishers wish to thank the following for the permission to use copyright material:

    • Medieval map depicting ‘monstrous races’ around the margins of known geographical space. Source: Mappae Mundi: die ältesten Weltkarten, (Jos Roth'Sche Verlagshandlung: Stuttgart) 1895
    • Eugène Delacroix, Fanatics of Tangier (Les convulsionnaires de Tanger). Oil on Canvas 1837–1838. Courtesy of Minneapolis Institute of Arts, Bequest of J. Jerome Hill
    • Dance of the Almeh, Gerome, 1863. Oil on wood panel, 19 3/4 × 32 inches (50.2 × 8.3cm). Courtesy of the Dayton Art Institute. Gift of Mr. Robert Badenhop, 1951.15
    • Gateway to the Great Temple at Balbec, Roberts, 1841. Courtesy of The Royal Academy of Arts, London
    • Education Euder, (1856), Alexander von Humboldt and Aimé Bonpland in Urwald. Berlin-Brandenburgische Akademie der Wissenschaften.
    • Jan van der Straet's America. Courtesy of The National Gallery of Art, Washington
    • Cairo street scene at the Exposition Universelle, Paris, 1889. Source: Glasgow University Library
    • Carry on up the Khyber montage. Source: Peter Rogers Production
    • Bentham's panopticon. Source: Foucault, Michael, Discipline and Punishment, 1975
    • Schematic diagram of a coffee plantation, mid-nineteenth century, from Duncan, J.S. (2002) ‘Embodying Colonialism?: Domination and Resistance in nineteenth century Ceylonese Coffee Plantations.’ This article was published in the Journal of Historical Geography, 28 (3): 317–38. © Elsevier
    • Contrasting Delhi streetscapes. Photo credits: John Briggs
    • Mecca-Cola. Source: http://www.mecca-cola.com
    • Indiana Jones as saviour © Lucasfilm Ltd
    • Benetton advert © Copyright 1990 Benetton Group S.p.A. – Photo: Oliviero Toscani
    • Drop the Debt advert. Courtesy of the Jubilee Debt Campaign
    • Anti-Coke graffiti. Source: Andrew McMillan
    • Internet access rates, 2000. Courtesy of Jeremy Crampton. Source: The Political Mapping of Cyberspace (Edinburgh University Press, 2003).
    • Mehdy Kavousi © Vincent Jannink/epa/Corbis
    • ‘The law vs. Ayook’ from ‘Colonialism On Trial’ by D.H. Monet and Skanu'u (1992). Courtesy of D. H. Monet, Canada | info@donmonet.ca
    • Orientalist image of the veil. Indigène Du Caire, G. Lekegian and Cie. Source: Photography Collection, Miriam and Ira D. Wallach Division of Art, Prints and Photographs, The New York Public Library Astor, Lenox and Tilden Foundations.
    • Veils as fashion. Courtesy of © http://www.TheHijabShop.com
    • Covers of Fanon's Black Skins, White Masks. Courtesy of Pluto Books, http://www.plutobooks.com
    • Images of women from The Battle of Algiers. Source: Criterion Studio
    • Bedouin women shaking the branches of a tree to dislodge leaves for their goats. Courtesy of Irina Springuel

    While every effort has been made to trace the owners of copyright material, in a few cases this has proved impossible and we take this opportunity to offer our apologies to any copyright holder whose rights we have unwittingly infinged.

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