Feminist Reconstructions in Psychology: Narrative, Gender, and Performance

Books

Mary Gergen

  • Citations
  • Add to My List
  • Text Size

  • Chapters
  • Front Matter
  • Back Matter
  • Subject Index
  • Dedication

    To, for, and with Ken, as always

    Copyright

    View Copyright Page

    Acknowledgements

    Each of the chapters in this book has been written specifically for it. However, I wish to acknowledge the following sources, in which various chapters were originally published in different forms.

    Chapter 2: Revised version of “Life Stories: Pieces of a Dream.” In G. Rosenwald & R. Ochberg (Eds.), Storied Lives (pp. 127–144). New Haven, CT: Yale University Press. Copyright 1992 by Yale University Press. Adapted with permission.

    Chapter 3: Revised version of “Narratives of the Gendered Body in the Popular Autobiography” (with K. J. Gergen). In R. Josselson & A. Lieblich (Eds.), The Narrative Study of Lives (pp. 191–218). Newbury Park, CA: Sage. Copyright 1993 by Sage Publications. Adapted with permission.

    Chapter 4: Revised version of “Talking About Menopause: A Dialogic Analysis.” In L. E. Thomas (Ed.), Research on Adulthood and Aging, by permission of the State University New York Press. Copyright 1989 by the State University of New York. All Rights Reserved.

    Chapter 8: Revised version of “From Mod Masculinity to Post-Mod Macho: A Feminist Re-Play.” The Humanistic Psychologist, 1990, 18, 95–104.

  • References

    Adams, Ansel (with Mary StreetAlinder). (1985). Ansel Adams: An autobiography. Boston: Little, Brown.
    Alcoff, Linda. (1988). Cultural feminism versus post-structuralism: The identity crisis in feminist theory. Signs: Journal of Women in Culture and Society, 13, 405–436.http://dx.doi.org/10.1086/494426
    Alcoff, Linda. (1994). The problem of speaking for others. In S. O.Weisser & J.Fleischner (Eds.), Feminist nightmares—Women at odds: Feminism and the problem of sisterhood (pp. 285–309). New York: New York University Press.
    American Psychiatric Association. (1994). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (
    4th ed.
    ). Washington, DC: Author.
    Anderson, Harlene. (1997). Conversation, language, and possibilities: A postmodern approach to therapy. New York: HarperCollins.
    Apfelbaum, Erika. (1993). Norwegian and French women in high leadership positions: The importance of cultural contexts upon gendered relations. Psychology of Women Quarterly, 17, 409–430.http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/pwqu.1993.17.issue-4
    Armstrong, Carol D. (1989). The reflexive and the possessive view: Thought on Kertesz, Brandt, and the photographic nude, representations, 25, 57–71.http://dx.doi.org/10.1525/rep.1989.25.issue-1
    Baez, Joan. (1987). And a voice to sing with: A memoir. New York: New American Library.
    Bakhtin, Michael M. (1981). The dialogical imagination. (M.Holquist, Ed.; C.Emerson, Trans.). Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press.
    Bakhtin, Michael M. (1986). Speech genres and other late essays (M.Holquist, Ed.; C.Emerson & M.Holquist, Trans.). Austin: University of Texas Press.
    Barclay, Craig R., & DeCooke, Peggy A. (1988). Ordinary everyday memories: Some of the things of which selves are made. In U.Neisser & E.Winograd (Eds.), Remembering reconsidered: Ecological and traditional approaches to the study of memory (pp. 91–125). New York: Cambridge University Press.http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/CBO9780511664014.005
    Barrows, Sydney Biddle. (1987). Mayflower madam. Sydney, Australia: Futura Press.
    Barry, David. (1996). Artful inquiry: A symbolic constructivist approach to social science research. Qualitative Inquiry, 2, 411–438.http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/107780049600200403
    Bart, Pauline. (1971). Depression in middle-aged women. In V.Gornick & B. K.Moran (Eds.), Women in sexist society. New York: Basic Books.
    Bayer, Betty M., & Malone, Kareen Ror. (1996). Feminism, psychology and matters of the body. Theory & Psychology, 6, 667–692.http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0959354396064007
    Becker, E. (1964). The revolution in psychiatry. Glencoe, IL: Free Press.
    Belenky, Mary Field, Clinchy, Blythe McVicker, Goldberger, Nancy Rule, & Tarule, Jill Mattuck. (1986). Women's ways of knowing: The development of self, voice, and mind. New York: Basic Books.
    Belmore, S. M., & Hubbard, M. L. (1987). The role of advance expectancies in person memory. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 53, 61–70.http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/0022-3514.53.1.61
    Bem, Sandra. (1974). The measurement of psychological androgyny. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 42, 155–162.http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/h0036215
    Bem, Sandra. (1993). The lenses of gender, Transforming the debate on sexual inequality. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press.
    Benhabib, Seyla, & Cornell, Drucilla (Eds.). (1987). Feminism as critique. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press.
    Benstock, Shari. (1988). Authorizing the autobiography. In S.Benstock (Ed.), The private self: Theory and practice in women's autobiographical writings (pp. 1–13). London: Routledge.
    Berger, John. (1972). Ways of seeing. Harmondsworth, UK: Penguin.
    Berger, Peter, & Luckmann, Thomas. (1967). The social construction of reality. New York: Doubleday.
    Bernard, Jessica. (1973). My four revolutions: An autobiographical history of the American Sociological Association. American Journal of Sociology, 78, 773–791.http://dx.doi.org/10.1086/ajs.1973.78.issue-4
    Bhavnani, Kum-Kum, & Haraway, Donna. (1994). Shifting the subject: A conversation between Kum-Kum Bhavnani and Donna Haraway on 12 April, 1993, Santa Cruz, California (Transcribed by JustineMeyers). Feminism & Psychology, 4, 19–39.http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0959353594041002
    Billig, Michael. (1994). Repopulating the depopulated pages of social psychology. Theory & Psychology, 4, 307–335.http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0959354394043001
    Billig, Michael, Condor, S., Edward, D., Gane, A., Middleton, D. & Radley, A. (1988). Ideological dilemmas: A social psychology of everyday thinking. Newbury Park, CA: Sage.
    Black, Naomi. (1989). Social feminism. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press.
    Bleier, Ruth. (1984). Science and gender: A critique of biology and its theories of women. New York: Pergamon.
    Bleier, Ruth (Ed.). (1986). Feminist approaches to science. New York: Pergamon.
    Bleuler, E. (1951). Autistic thinking. In D.Rapaport (Ed.), The organization and pathology of thought. New York: Columbia University Press. (Original work published 1912)
    Blumenfeld-Jones, Donald S. (1995). Dance as a mode of research representation. Qualitative Inquiry, 1, 391–401.http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/107780049500100402
    Bohan, Janet (Ed.). (1992). Seldom seen, rarely heard: Women's place in psychology. Boulder, Co: Westview.
    Bohan, Janet. (1993). Regarding gender: Essentialism, constructionism, and feminist psychology. Psychology of Women Quarterly, 17, 5–21.http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/pwqu.1993.17.issue-1
    Bohan, Janet. (1996). Psychology and sexual orientation: Coming to terms. New York: Routledge.
    Bordo, Susan. (1992). Postmodern subjects, postmodern bodies. Feminist Studies, 18, 159–175.http://dx.doi.org/10.2307/3178218
    Braidotti, Rosi. (1991). Patterns of dissonance. New York: Routledge.
    Braidotti, Rosi. (1994). Nomadic subjects: Embodiment and sexual difference in contemporary feminist theory. New York: Columbia University Press.
    Brodribb, Somer. (1992). Nothing mat(t)ers: A feminist critique of postmodernism. Melbourne, Australia: Spinifex.
    Broverman, J. K., Broverman, D. M., Clarkson, F. E., Rosenkrantz, P. S., & Vogel, S. R. (1970). Sex role stereotypes and clinical judgments of mental health. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 34, 1–7.http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/h0028797
    Brown, Laura S., & Root, Maria (Eds.). (1990). Complexity and diversity in feminist theory and therapy. New York: Haworth.
    Brown, Lyn Mikel. (1994). VII. Standing in the crossfire: A response to Tavris, Gremmen, Lykes, Davis and Contratto. Feminism and Psychology, 4, 382–398.http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0959353594043009
    Brown, Lyn Mikel, Argyris, D., Attanucci, J., Bardige, B., Gilligan, C., Johnston, D. K., Miller, B., Osborne, R., Tappan, M., Ward, J., Wiggins, G., & Wilcox, D. (1988). A guide to reading narratives of conflict and choice for self and relational voice (Monograph No. 1). Cambridge, MA: Harvard Graduate School of Education, Project on the Psychology of Women and the Development of Girls.
    Brown, Lyn Mikel, & Gilligan, Carol. (1992). Meeting at the crossroads: Women's psychology and girls' development. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
    Bruss, Elizabeth. (1980). Eye for I: Making and unmaking autobiography in film. In J.Olney (Ed.), Autobiography: Essays, theoretical and critical. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
    Burke, Carolyn G. (1978). Report from Paris: Women's writing the women's movement. Signs: Journal of Women in Culture and Society, 3. 844–853.http://dx.doi.org/10.1086/signs.1978.3.issue-4
    Burman, Erica, Aitken, Gill, Alldred, Pam, Billington, Tom, Goldberg, Brenda, Gordo Lopez, Angel, Heenan, Colleen, Marks, Deb, & Warner, Sam. (1996). Psychology discourse practice: From regulation to resistance. Bristol, PA: Taylor & Francis.
    Buss, Alan (Ed.). (1979). Psychology in social context. New York: Irvington.
    Buss, Alan. (1995). Psychological sex differences: Origins through sexual selection. American Psychologist, 50, 164–167.http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/0003-066X.50.3.164
    Butler, Judith. (1990). Gender trouble: Feminism and the subversion of identity. London: Routledge.
    Butler, Judith. (1993). Bodies that matter: On the discursive limits of “sex”. London: Routledge.
    Campbell, Joseph. (1956). The hero with a thousand faces. New York: Bollingen.
    Carlson, Marvin. (1996). Performance: A critical introduction. London, NY: Routledge.
    Case, S.-E., Brett, P., & Foster, S. L. (Eds.). (1995). Cruising the performative: Interventions into the representation of ethnicity, nationality, and sexuality. Bloomington: University of Indiana Press.
    Caughey, John. (1984). Imaginary social worlds. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press.
    Cheng, Nien. (1986). Life and death in Shanghai. New York: Penguin.
    Chodorow, Nancy J. (1978). The reproduction of mothering and the sociology of gender. Berkeley: University of California Press.
    Chodorow, Nancy J. (1989). Feminism and psychoanalytic theory. Berkeley: University of California Press.
    Christian, Barbara. (1989). The race for theory. In L.Kauffman (Ed.). Gender and theory: Dialogues on feminist criticism (pp. 225–237). Oxford, UK: Basil Blackwell.
    Circourel, Aaron V. (1968). The social organization of juvenile justice. New York: John Wiley.
    Clifford, James. (1983). On ethnographic authority, representations, 2, 132–143.http://dx.doi.org/10.1525/rep.1983.2.1.99p0010p
    Clifford, James. (1986). Introduction: Partial truths. In J.Clifford & G.Marcus (Eds.), Writing cultures: The poetics and politics of ethnography. Berkeley: University of California Press.
    Clifford, James, & Marcus, George (Eds.). (1986). Writing cultures: The poetics and politics of ethnography. Berkeley: University of California Press.
    Cochran, Larry. (1986). Portrait and story: Dramaturgical approaches to the study of persons. Westport, CT: Greenwood.
    Collins, Patricia. Hill. (1986). Learning from the outsider within: The sociological significance of black feminist thought. Social Problems, 33, S14–S32.http://dx.doi.org/10.1525/sp.1986.33.6.03a00020
    Collins, Patricia Hill. (1991). Black feminist thought: Knowledge, consciousness, and the politics of empowerment. New York: Routledge.
    Condor, S. (1993). Book review, Jessica, Benjamin, The Bonds of Love: Psychoanalysis, Feminism and the Problem of Domination. Feminism & Psychology, 3, 256.
    Controversy over censorship continues. (1991, November 23). Intercom [Pennsylvania State University student newspaper], p. 2.
    Cooley, Charles Horton. (1902). Human nature and the social order. New York: Scribners.
    Cooper, H. M. (1979). Statistically combining independent studies: A meta-analysis of sex differences in conformity research. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 37, 131–146.http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/0022-3514.37.1.131
    Cooperrider, David L. (1998, August). A positive revolution in change: Capturing what matters most in the practice of appreciative inquiry. Paper presented at the 1998 Academy of Management Symposium, Appreciative Inquiry: Capturing What Matters Most—A Review and Assessment, Chicago.
    Cooperrider, David L., & Dutton, Jane (Eds.). (1998). No limits to cooperation: The organization dimensions of global change. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.
    Cooperrider, David L., & Srivastva, Suresh. (1998). An invitation to organizational wisdom and executive courage. In S.Srivastva & D. L.Cooperrider (Eds.), Organizational wisdom and executive courage (pp. 1–22). San Francisco, CA: New Lexington Press.
    Cowan, G., Warren, L. W., & Young, J. L. (1985). Medical perceptions of menopausal symptoms. Psychology of Women Quarterly, 9, 3–14.http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1471-6402.1985.tb00856.x
    Crapanzano, V. (1980). Tuhami: Portrait of a Moroccan. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
    Crawford, June, Kippax, Susan, Onyx, Jenny, Vault, Una, & Benton, Pam. (1992). Emotion and gender: Constructing meaning from memory. London: Sage.
    Crawford, Mary. (1995). Talking difference: On gender and language. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.http://dx.doi.org/10.4135/9781446250594
    Crawford, Mary, & Kimmel, Ellen (Eds.). (1999). Innovative methods [Special issue]. Psychology of Women Quarterly, 22(1), 23(2).
    Culley, Margo. (1991). “We are here to stay”: Curriculum transformation in the 90s. Transformations, 2, 4–13.
    Curt, Beryl C. (1994). Textuality and tectonics: Troubling social and psychological science. Milton Keynes, UK: Open University Press.
    Curtis, Bruce. (1994). Men and masculinities in American art and illustration. Masculinities, 2, 10–37.
    Daly, Mary. (1978). Gyn/ecology: The metaethics of radical feminism. Boston: Beacon.
    Datan, Nancy. (1997). Corpses, lepers, and menstruating women: Tradition, transition, and the sociology of knowledge. In M. M.Gergen & S. N.Davis (Eds.), Toward a new psychology of gender (pp. 285–294). New York, London: Routledge.
    Davies, Nicola. (1994). Portrait of woman as artist and art object. Feminism & Psychology, 3, 430–438.http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0959353594043015
    de Beauvoir, Simone. (1953). The second sex (H. M.Parshley, Trans.). New York: Knopf.
    de Lauretis, Theresa. (1984). Alice doesn't: Feminism, semiotics, cinema. Bloomington: Indiana University Press.
    de Man, Paul. (1979). Autobiography as de-facement. Modern Language Notes, 94, 920.
    Deaux, Kay. (1985). Sex and gender. Annual Review of Psychology, 36, 49–81.http://dx.doi.org/10.1146/annurev.ps.36.020185.000405
    Deaux, Kay, & Major, Brenda. (1987). Putting gender into context: An interactive model of gender-related behavior. Psychological Review, 94, 369–397.http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/0033-295X.94.3.369
    Deleuze, Gilles. (1978). Nomad thought (J.Wallace, Trans.). Semiotext(e), 3, 12–20.
    Derrida, Jacques. (1978). Writing and difference. (A.Bass, Trans.). Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
    Derrida, Jacques. (1981). Positions (A.Bass, Trans.). Chicago: University of Chicago Press. (Original work published 1972)
    Diamond, Irene, & Quinby, Lee (Eds.). (1988). Feminism and Foucault: Reflections on resistance. Boston: Northeastern University Press.
    Dinnerstein, Dorothy. (1976). The mermaid and the minotaur. New York: Harper & Row.
    Director's editorial. (1991, December). Newsletter of the Institute for the Humanities [Pennsylvania State University], p. 1.
    Donmoyer, R., & Yennie-Donmoyer, J. (1995). Data as drama: Reflections on the use of reader's theater as a mode qualitative data display. Qualitative Inquiry, 1, 402–428.http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/107780049500100403
    Douglas, Mary. (1980). Purity and danger: An analysis of the concepts of pollution and taboo. London: Routledge.
    Dudek, S. (Ed.). (1996, Fall/Winter). Performative psychology, psychology and the arts [Special section]. Washington, DC: American Psychological Association, Division 10.
    DuPlessis, Rachel Blau. (1985). Writing beyond the ending. Bloomington: Indiana University Press.
    Eagly, Alice H. (1987). Sex differences in behavior: A social-role interpretation. Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum.
    Eagly, Alice H. (1995). The science and policies of comparing women and men. American Psychologist, 50, 145–158.http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/0003-066X.50.3.145
    Eagly, Alice H., & Carli, L. L. (1981). Sex of researchers and sex-typed communications as determinants of sex differences in influenceability: A meta-analysis of social influence studies. Psychological Bulletin, 90, 1–20.http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/0033-2909.90.1.1
    Eagly, Alice H., & Crowley, M. (1986). Gender and helping behavior: A meta-analytic review of the social psychological literature. Psychological Bulletin, 100, 283–308.http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/0033-2909.100.3.283
    Eagly, Alice H., & Johnson, Blair T. (1990). Gender and leadership style: A meta-analysis. Psychological Bulletin, 108, 233–256.http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/0033-2909.108.2.233
    Eagly, Alice H., & Steffen, V. J.1984). Gender and aggressive behavior: A meta-analytic review of the social psychological literature. Psychological Bulletin, 100, 309–330.http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/0033-2909.100.3.309
    Eliot, T. S. (1963). The love song of J. Alfred Prufrock. In Collected poems: 1909–1962. London: Faber & Faber.
    Ellerbee, Linda. (1986). And so it goes: Adventures in television. New York: Berkley.
    Ellis, Carolyn, & Bochner, Arthur P. (Eds.). (1996). Composing ethnography: Alternative forms of qualitative writing. Walnut Creek, CA: Alta Mira.
    Elms, Alan. (1975). The crisis of confidence in social psychology. American Psychologist, 30, 967–976.http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/0003-066X.30.10.967
    Emerson, Caryl. (1983). The outer word and inner speech: Bakhtin, Vygotsky, and the internalization of language. Critical Inquiry, 10, 245–264.http://dx.doi.org/10.1086/448245
    Fals-Borda, O., & Rahman, M. A. (1991). Action and knowledge: Breaking the monopoly with participatory action-research. New York: Apex.
    Farganis, Sandra. (1994). Situating feminism: From thought to action (Vol. 2). London: Sage.
    Fausto-Sterling, A. (1981). Women and science. Women's Studies International Quarterly, 4, 41–50.http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0148-0685%2881%2996343-0
    Favret-Saadia, J. (1980). Deadly words: Witchcraft in the Bocage. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.
    Felski, Rita. (1995). The gender of modernity. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
    Feynman, Richard P. (1986). “Surely you're joking, Mr. Feynman!New York: Bantam Books. (Originally published in 1985)
    Fine, Michelle. (1980). Reflections on a feminist psychology of women: Paradoxes and prospects. Psychology of Women Quarterly, 9, 167–183.http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1471-6402.1985.tb00870.x
    Fine, Michelle. (1992). Disruptive voices. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press.
    Fine, Michelle. (1997). Sexuality, schooling, and adolescent females: The missing discourse of desire. In M. M.Gergen & S. N.Davis (Eds.), Toward a new psychology of gender (pp. 375–402). New York: Routledge.
    Fine, Michelle, & Gordon, Susan Merle. (1991). Effacing the center and the margins: Life at the intersection of psychology and feminism. Feminism & Psychology, 1, 19–28.http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0959353591011002
    Fine, Michele, Weis, Lois, Powell, L. C., & Wong, L. M. (Eds.). (1997). Off white: Readings on race, power, and society. New York: Routledge.
    Flax, Jane. (1983). Political philosophy and the patriarchal unconscious: A psychoanalytic perspective on epistemology and metaphysics. In S.Harding & M.Hintikka (Eds.), Discovering reality (pp. 245–282). Dordrecht, the Netherlands: D. Reidel.
    Flax, Jane. (1987). Postmodernism and gender relations in feminist theory. Signs: Journal of Women in Culture and Society, 12, 621–643.http://dx.doi.org/10.1086/494359
    Flax, Jane. (1990). Thinking fragments: Psychoanalysis, feminism, & postmodernism in the contemporary west. Berkeley: University of California Press.
    Flax, Jane. (1993a). Disputed subjects: Essays on psychoanalysis, politics and philosophy. New York: Routledge.
    Flax, Jane. (1993b). Multiples: On the contemporary politics of subjectivity. Human Studies, 16, 33–49.http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF01318570
    Foster, Hal (Ed.). (1983). The anti-aesthetic: Essays on postmodern culture. Port Townsend, WA: Bay Press.
    Foucault, Michel. (1979). Discipline and punish: The birth of the prison (A.Sheridan, Trans.). New York: Vintage.
    Fox, Karen V. (1996). Silent voices: A subversive reading of child sexual abuse. In C.Ellis & A.Bochner (Eds.), Composing ethnography: Alternative forms of qualitative writing (pp. 330–356). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.
    Fraser, Nancy. (1989). Unruly practices: Power, discourse, and gender in contemporary social theory. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press.
    Fraser, Nancy, & Nicholson, Linda. (1988). Social criticism without philosophy: An encounter between feminism and postmodernism. In A.Ross (Ed.), Universal abandon: The politics of postmodernism (pp. 83–104). Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press.
    Freud, Sigmund. (1933). Femininity (Lecture 33). In New introductory lectures on psychoanalysis (J.Strachey, Trans. & Ed.; Standard ed., Vol. 22, pp. 112–135). London: Hogarth.
    Fuss, D. (1989). Essentially speaking: Feminism, nature and difference. New York: Routledge.
    Gadamer, Hans Georg. (1976). Philosophical hermeneutics (D. E.Linge, Trans.). Berkeley: University of California Press.
    Gagnon, John H., & Simon, William. (1973). Sexual conduct: The social sources of human sexuality. Chicago: Aldine.
    Gallop, Jane. (1988). Thinking through the body. New York: Columbia University Press.
    Game, A. (1988). Research and writing: Secretaries and bosses. Journal of Pragmatics, 13, 92–104.
    Gannon, Linda R. (1985). Menstrual disorders and menopause: Biological, psychological, cultural research. New York: Praeger.
    Gannon, Linda R. (1990). Endocrinology of menopause. In R.Formanek (Ed.), The meanings of menopause: Historical, medical and clinical perspectives. Hillsdale, HJ: Analytic Press.
    Gannon, Linda, & Ekstrom, Bonnie. (1993). Attitudes toward menopause: The influence of sociocultural paradigms. Psychology of Women Quarterly, 17, 275–288.http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/pwqu.1993.17.issue-3
    Garfinkel, Harold. (1967). Studies in ethnomethodology. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice Hall.
    Garratt, Dean, & Hodkinson, Phil. (1998). Criteria for selecting research criteria? A hermeneutical analysis of an inescapable dilemma. Qualitative Inquiry, 4, 515–539.http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/107780049800400406
    Gavey, Nicola. (1989). Feminist poststructuralism and discourse analysis. Psychology of Women Quarterly, 13, 459–475.http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1471-6402.1989.tb01014.x
    Gee, James. (1991). A linguistic approach to narrative. Journal of Narrative and Life History, 1, 15–39.
    Gergen, Kenneth J. (1973). Social psychology as history. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 26, 309–320.http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/h0034436
    Gergen, Kenneth J. (1978). Toward generative psychology. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 36, 1344–1360.http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/0022-3514.36.11.1344
    Gergen, Kenneth J. (1985). The social constructionist movement in modern psychology. American Psychologist, 40, 266–275.http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/0003-066X.40.3.266
    Gergen, Kenneth J. (1988). Feminist critique of science and the challenge of social epistemology. In M. M.Gergen (Ed.), Feminist thought and the structure of knowledge (pp. 27–48). New York: New York University Press.
    Gergen, Kenneth J. (1991). The saturated self: Dilemmas of identity in contemporary life. New York: Basic Books.
    Gergen, Kenneth J. (1994). Realities and relationships. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
    Gergen, Kenneth J. (Chair). (1996, August). Performative psychology. Symposium conducted at the annual meeting of the American Psychological Association, Toronto.
    Gergen, Kenneth J. (1999). Invitation to social construction. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.
    Gergen, Kenneth J., & Gergen, Mary M. (1983). Narrative of the self. In T.Sarbin & K.Schiebe (Eds.), Studies in social identity (pp. 254–273). New York: Praeger.
    Gergen, Kenneth J., & Gergen, Mary M. (1988). Narrative and the self as relationship. In L.Berkowitz (Ed.), Advances in Experimental Social Psychology, 21, 17–56.http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0065-2601%2808%2960223-3
    Gergen, Mary M. (1987). Social ghosts of the middle-aged: A pilot study. Unpublished manuscript, Pennsylvania State University.
    Gergen, Mary M. (Ed.). (1988a). Feminist thought and the structure of knowledge. New York: New York University Press.
    Gergen, Mary M. (1988b). Toward a feminist methodology. In M. M.Gergen (Ed.), Feminist thought and the structure of knowledge (pp. 87–104). New York: New York University Press.
    Gergen, Mary M. (1992a). Life stories: Pieces of a dream. In G.Rosenwald & R.Ochbert (Eds.), Storied lives (pp. 127–144). New Haven, CT: Yale University Press.
    Gergen, Mary M. (1992b). Metaphors for chaos, stories of continuity: Building a new organizational theory (pp. 40–71). In S.Srivastva, & P.Frey (Eds.), Executive and organizational continuity; Managing the paradoxes of stability and change. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.
    Gergen, Mary M. (1994). Free Will and psychotherapy: Complaints of the draughtsmen's daughters. Journal of Theoretical and Philosophical Psychology, 14, 13–24.http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/h0091132
    Gergen, Mary M., Chrisler, Joan C., & LoCicero, Alice. (1999). Innovative methods: Resources for research, teaching, and publishing. Psychology of Women Quarterly, 23, 431–456.http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/pwqu.1999.23.issue-2
    Gergen, Mary M., & Davis, Sara N. (Eds.). (1997). Toward a new psychology of gender. New York: Routledge.
    Gergen, Mary M., & Gergen, Kenneth J. (1984). Narrative structure and their social construction. In K. J.Gergen & M. M.Gergen (Eds.), Historical social psychology. Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum.
    Gergen, Mary M., & Gergen, Kenneth J. (2000). Qualitative inquiry: Tensions and transformations. In N.Denzin & Y.Lincoln (Eds.), Handbook of qualitative research (
    2nd ed.
    , pp. 1025–1046). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.
    Getty, J. Paul (1986). As I see it: An autobiography of J. Paul Getty. New York: Berkley.
    Gilbert, G. N., & Mulkay, M. (1984). Opening Pandora's box: A sociological analysis of scientists' discourse. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.
    Gilligan, Carol. (1979). Woman's place in man's life cycle. Harvard Educational Review, 49, 431–446.
    Gilligan, Carol. (1982). In a different voice: Psychological theory and women's development. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
    Gilligan, Carol, Lyons, Nona, & Hanmer, Trudy (Eds.). (1990). Making connections: The relational worlds of adolescent girls at Emma Willard School. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
    Gilligan, Carol, Rogers, Annie, & Tolman, Deborah, (Eds.). (1991). Women, girls and psychotherapy: Reframing resistance. New York: Haworth.
    Gitlin, Todd. (1988, November 6). Hip-deep in post-modernism. New York Times Book Review, pp. 1, 35–36.
    Goffman, Erving. (1959). The presentation of self in everyday life. Garden City, NY: Doubleday.
    Goldner, Virginia, Penn, Peggy, Sheinberg, Marcia, & Walker, Gillian. (1990). Love and violence: Gender paradoxes in volatile attachments. Family Process, 29, 343–364.http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1545-5300.1990.00343.x
    Goolishian, Harry, & Anderson, Harlene. (1987). Language systems and therapy: An evolving idea. Psychotherapy: Theory, Research and Practice, 24, 529–538.http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/h0085750
    Gordon, Chad, & Gergen, Kenneth J. (1968). The self in social interaction. New York: John Wiley.
    Gotfrit, Leslie. (1991). Women dancing back: Disruption and the politics of pleasure. In H. A.Giroux (Ed.), Postmodernism, feminism, and cultural politics (pp. 174–195). Albany: State University of New York Press.
    Grady, Kathleen E. (1981). Sex bias in research design. Psychology of Women Quarterly, 5, 628–636.http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1471-6402.1981.tb00601.x
    Griffin, Susan. (1993). A chorus of stones: The private life of war. New York: Doubleday.
    Griffith, James L., & Griffith, Melissa Elliott. (1994). The body speaks: Therapeutic dialogues for mind-body problems. New York: Basic Books.
    Griscom, Joan. (1992). Women and power. Definition, dualism, and difference. Psychology of Women Quarterly, 16, 389–414.http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/pwqu.1992.16.issue-4
    Grosz, Elizabeth. (1994). Volatile bodies: Towards a corporeal feminism. Sydney: Allen & Unwin.
    Hammond, Sue. (1996). The thin book of appreciative inquiry. Plano, TX: Thin Book.
    Hammond, Sue, & Royal, Cathy (Eds.). (1998). Lessons from the field: Applying appreciative inquiry. Plano, TX: Practical Press.
    Haraway, Donna J. (1988). Situated knowledges: The science question in feminism and the privilege of partial perspective. Feminist Studies, 14, 575–599.http://dx.doi.org/10.2307/3178066
    Haraway, Donna J. (1997). Modest witness @second millennium: FemaleMan meets OncoMouse. New York: Routledge.
    Harding, Sandra. (1986a). The instability of the analytical categories of feminist theory. Signs: Journal of Women in Culture and Society, 11, 645–664.http://dx.doi.org/10.1086/494270
    Harding, Sandra. (1986b). The science question in feminism. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press.
    Harding, Sandra. (1987a). Conclusion: Epistemological questions. In S.Harding (Ed.), Feminism and methodology (pp. 3–14). Bloomington: University of Indiana Press.
    Harding, Sandra. (1987b). Introduction: Is there a feminist method? In S.Harding (Ed.), Feminism and methodology (pp. 3–14). Bloomington: University of Indiana Press.
    Harding, Sandra. (1991). Whose science, whose knowledge?Milton Keynes, UK: Open University Press.
    Harding, Sandra, & Hintikka, M. B. (Eds.). (1983). Discovering reality: Feminist perspectives on epistemology, metaphysics, methodology and philosophy of science. Dordrecht, the Netherlands: D. Reidel.
    Hare-Mustin, Rachel. (1991, May). Discourse in the mirrored room. Paper presented at the International Conference on Narrative and Psychotherapy: New Directions in Theory and Practice for the 21st Century, Houston, TX.
    Hare-Mustin, Rachel. (1994). Discourse in a mirrored room: A postmodern analysis of therapy. Family Process, 33, 199–236.http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/famp.1994.33.issue-1
    Hare-Mustin, Rachel, & Marecek, Jeanne. (1986). Autonomy and gender: Some questions for therapists. Psychotherapy, 23, 205–212.http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/h0085599
    Hare-Mustin, Rachel, & Marecek, Jeanne (Eds.). (1990). Making a difference: Psychology and the construction of gender. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press.
    Harré, Rom. (1986). The social construction of emotion. Oxford, UK: Basil Blackwell.
    Harré, Rom, & Secord, Paul. (1972). The explanation of social behaviour. Oxford, UK: Basil Blackwell.
    Hartsock, Nancy. (1983). Money, sex and power. New York: Longman.
    Hastie, Reid, & Kumar, P. A. (Eds.). (1979). Person memory: Personality traits as organizing principles in memory for behavior. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 37, 25–38.http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/0022-3514.37.1.25
    Hawksworth, Mary. (1989). Knower, knowing, and known: Feminist theory and claims of truth. Signs: Journal of Women in Culture and Society, 14, 550.
    Heilbrun, Carolyn. (1988). Writing a woman's life. San Francisco: Woman's Press.
    Hekman, Susan. (1990). Gender and knowledge: Elements of a postmodern feminism. Boston: Northeastern University Press.
    Henriques, J., Hollway, Wendy, Urwin, Cathy, Venn, C., & Walkerdine, Valerie. (1984). Changing the subject: Psychology, social regulation, and subjectivity. London: Methuen.
    Hermans, Hubert J. M. (1996). Opposites in a dialogical self: Constructs as characters. Journal of Constructivist Psychology, 9, 1–26.http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/10720539608404649
    Hermans, Hubert J. M., & Hermans-Jansen, E. (1995). Self-narratives: The construction of meaning in psychotherapy. New York: Guilford.
    Hermans, Hubert J. M., Kempen, Harry, & Van Loon, R. J. P. (1992). The dialogical self: Beyond individualism and rationalism. American Psychologist, 47, 23–33.http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/0003-066X.47.1.23
    Hermans, Hubert J. M., Rijks, T. I., & Kempen, Harry J. G. (1993). Imaginal dialogues in the self: Theory and method. Journal of Personality, 61, 207–236.http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jopy.1993.61.issue-2
    Higgins, E.Tory, & Kruglanski, Arie (Eds.). (1996). Social psychology: Handbook of basic principles. New York: Guilford.
    Hollway, Wendy. (1989). Subjectivity and method in psychology: Gender meaning and science. London: Sage.
    hooks, bell. (1990). Yearning: Peace, gender and cultural politics. Toronto: Between the Lines.
    Howard, Ann, Pion, G. M., Gottfredson, G. D., Flattau, P. E., Oskamp, S., Pfafflin, S. M., Bray, D. W., & Burstein, A. G. (1986). The changing face of American psychology: A report from the Committee on Employment and Human Resources. American Psychologist, 41, 1311–1327.http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/0003-066X.41.12.1311
    Hubbard, Ruth. (1982). Have only men evolved? In R.Hubbard, M. S.Henifin, & B.Fried (Eds.), Biological woman: The convenient myth (pp. 17–46). Cambridge, MA: Schenkman.
    Hubbard, Ruth. (1988). Some thoughts about the masculinity of the natural sciences. In M. M.Gergen (Ed.), Feminist thought and the structure of knowledge (pp. 1–15). New York: New York University Press.
    Hurd, Tracey L. (1998, August). “I'm a second mom”: The intricacies of mothering other people's children. Presented at the annual meeting of the American Psychological Association, San Francisco.
    Hyde, Janet, & Linn, Marcia (Eds.). (1986). The psychology of gender: Advances through meta-analysis. Baltimore, MD: Johns Hopkins University Press.
    Iacocca, Lee (with William Novak). (1984). Iacocca: An autobiography. New York: Bantam.
    Irigaray, Luce. (1985a). Speculum of the other woman. (G. C.Gill, Trans.). Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press.
    Irigaray, Luce. (1985b). This sex which is not one. (C.Porter, Trans.). Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press.
    Israel, Jochim, & Tajfel, Henri (Eds.). (1972). The context of social psychology: A critical assessment. New York: Academic Press.
    Jack, Dana Crowley. (1991). Silencing the self: Women and depression. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
    Jack, Dana Crowley, & Dill, D. (1992). The Silencing of Self Scale: Schemas of intimacy associated with depression in women. Psychology of Women Quarterly, 16, 97–106.http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/pwqu.1992.16.issue-1
    Jaggar, Allison M. (1983). Feminist politics and human nature. Totowa, NJ: Rowman & Allanheld.
    Jameson, Fredric. (1984, Fall). The politics of theory: Ideological positions in the postmodernism debate. New German Critique, 33, 34–41.
    Janet, Pierre. (1928). L'evolution de la memoire et la notion du temps. Paris: L. Alcan.
    Jelinek, Estelle C. (1980). Women's autobiography: Essays in criticism. Bloomington: Indiana University Press.
    Josselson, Ruthellen, & Lieblich, Amia (Eds.). (1993). The narrative study of lives (Vol. 1). Newbury Park, CA: Sage.
    Josselson, Ruthellen, & Lieblich, Amia (Eds.). (1995). Interpreting experience: The narrative study of lives. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.
    Kahn, Arnold S., & Yoder, Janice D. (1989). The psychology of women and conservatism: Rediscovering social change. Psychology of Women Quarterly, 13, 427–432.http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/pwqu.1989.13.issue-4
    Kaite, Berkeley. (1995). Pornography and difference. Bloomington: University of Indiana Press.
    Kaplan, E. Ann. (1983). Women and film: Both sides of the camera. New York: Methuen.http://dx.doi.org/10.4324/9780203328149
    Kappeler, Susanne. (1986). The pornography of representation. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press.
    Kauffman, Linda S. (1986). Discourses of desire: Gender, genre and epistolary fictions. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press.
    Keller, Evelyn Fox. (1983). Gender and science. In S.Harding & M. B.Hintikka (Eds.), Discovering reality: Feminist perspectives on epistemology, metaphysics, methodology and philosophy of science (pp. 187–205). Dordrecht, the Netherlands: D. Reidel.
    Keller, Evelyn Fox. (1985). Reflections on gender and science. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press.
    Keller, Evelyn Fox. (1992). The paradox of scientific subjectivity. Rethinking Objectivity: Annals of Scholarship, 9(2), 135–154.
    Keller, Evelyn Fox, & Longino, Helen (Eds.). (1996). Feminism and science. New York: Oxford University Press.
    Kelly, George. (1955). The psychology of personal constructs. New York: Norton
    Kessler, Wendy, & McKenna, Suzanne. (1978). Gender: An ethnomethodological approach. New York: John Wiley.
    Kiesler, Sara B., & Baral, Roberta L. (1970). The search for a romantic partner: The effects of self-esteem and physical attractiveness on romantic behavior. In K. J.Gergen & D.Marlowe (Eds.), Personality and social behavior (pp. 155–166). Reading, MA: Addison-Wesley.
    Kimble, Gregory A. (1984). Psychology's two cultures. American Psychologist, 39, 833–839.http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/0003-066X.39.8.833
    Kimble, Gregory A. (1995). Psychology: The hope of a science. Cambridge: MIT Press.
    Kimmel, Michael S. (1994). Masculinity as homophobia. In H.Broad & M.Kaufman (Eds.), Theorizing masculinities (pp. 200–219). London: Sage.
    Kirkland, Gelsey (with Greg Lawrence). (1986). Dancing on my grave. New York: Doubleday.
    Kitzinger, Celia. (1987). The social construction of lesbianism. London: Sage.
    Kitzinger, Celia. (1991a). Feminism, psychology and the paradox of power. Feminism & Psychology, 1, 111–130.http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0959353591011016
    Kitzinger, Celia. (1991b). Politicizing psychology. Feminism & Psychology, 1, 49–54.http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0959353591011005
    Kitzinger, Celia, & Wilkinson, Sue. (1994). Virgins and queers: Rehabilitating heterosexuality. Gender & Society, 8, 444–463.http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/089124394008003009
    Knorr-Cetina, Karin. (1981). The manufacture of knowledge. New York: Pergamon.
    Koch, Edward I. (with William Rauch). (1984). Mayor. New York: Warner.
    Kolody, Annette. (1980). The lady's not for spurning: Kate Millett and the critics. In E.Jelinek (Ed.), Women's autobiography: Essays in criticism, Bloomington: Indiana University Press.
    Komesaroff, Paul, Rothfield, Philipa, & Daly, Jeanne (Eds.). (1997). Reinterpreting menopause: Cultural and philosophical issues. New York: Routledge.
    Kristeva, Julia. (1980). Desire in language. A semiotic approach to literature and art. (T.Gora Trans.; A.Jardine & L.Roudiez, Eds.). New York: Columbia University Press.
    Kroker, Arthur, & Kroker, Marilouise (Eds.). (1993). The last sex: Feminism and outlaw bodies. London: Macmillan.
    Kuhn, Thomas S. (1970). The structure of scientific revolutions (
    2nd rev. ed.
    ). Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
    Kuhn, Thomas S. (1977). The essential tension: Selected studies in scientific tradition and change. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
    Kvale, Steiner (Ed.). (1992). Psychology and postmodernism. Newbury Park, CA: Sage.
    LaFromboise, Teresa D., & Plake, B. (1984). A model for the concept of culture in American Indian educational research. White Cloud Journal, 3, 44–52.
    Landrine, Hope (Ed.). (1995). Bringing cultural diversity to feminist psychology: Theory, research, and practice. Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/10501-000
    Lather, Patti. (1986). Research as praxis. Harvard Educational Review, 56, 257–277.
    Lather, Patti. (1991). Getting smart: Feminist research and pedagogy within the postmodern. New York: Routledge.
    Lather, Patti. (1995). The validity of angels: Interpretive and textual strategies in researching the lives of women with HIV/AIDS. Qualitative Inquiry, 1, 41–68.http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/107780049500100104
    Lather, Patti, & Smithies, Chris. (1997). Troubling with angels: Women living with HIV/AIDS. Boulder, CO: Westview.
    Latour, Bruno, & Woolgar, Stephen. (1979). Laboratory life: The social construction of scientific facts. Thousand Oaks: Sage.
    Leng, Kwok Wei. (1997). Menopause and the great divide: Biomedicine, feminism, and cyborg politics. In P.Komesaroff, P.Rothfield, & J.Daly (Eds.), Reinterpreting menopause: Cultural and philosophical issues (pp. 255–272). New York: Routledge.
    Letherby, G. (1995). “Dear researcher”: The use of correspondence as a method within feminist qualitative research. Gender & Society, 9, 576–593.http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/089124395009005005
    Levinson, Daniel. (1978). Seasons of a man's life. New York: Knopf.
    Lieblich, Amia, & Josselson, Ruthellen (Eds.). (1994). Exploring identity and gender: The narrative study of lives (Vol. 2). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.
    Lieblich, Amia, Tuval-Mashiach, Rivka, & Zilber, Tamar. (1998). Narrative research: Reading, analysis, and interpretation. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.
    Lincoln, Yvonne. (1995). Emerging criteria for quality in qualitative and interpretive research. Qualitative Inquiry, 1, 275–289.http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/107780049500100301
    Lockheed, M. E. (1985). Sex and social influence: A meta-analysis guided by theory. In J.Bergen & M.Zelditch, Jr. (Eds.), Status, rewards, and influence: How expectancies organize behavior (pp. 406–429). San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.
    Longino, Helen. (1981). Scientific objectivity and feminist theorizing. Liberal Education, 67, 73–87.
    Lopes, Lola L. (1991). The rhetoric of irrationality. Theory & Psychology, 1, 65–82.http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0959354391011005
    Lorber, Judith, & Farrell, Susan A. (1991). The social construction of gender. Newbury Park, CA: Sage.
    Lorde, Audre. (1984a). Comments at the Personal and Political Panel of the Second Sex Conference, New York, NY, September 29, 1979. In Sister outsider: Essays and speeches by Audre Lorde. New York: Crossing Press.
    Lorde, Audre. (1984b). Eye to eye: Black women, hatred and anger. In Sister outsider: Essays and speeches by Audre Lorde. New York: Crossing Press.
    Lott, Bernice. (1985). The potential enrichment of social/personality psychology through feminist research and vice versa. American Psychologist, 40, 155–164.http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/0003-066X.40.2.155
    Lucie-Smith, Edward. (1972). Eroticism in Western art. New York: Oxford University Press.
    Lykes, M. Brinton. (1985). Gender and individualistic vs. collectivist based notions about the self. Journal of Personality, 53, 356–383.http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jopy.1985.53.issue-2
    Lykes, M. Brinton. (1989). Dialogue with Guatemalan Indian women: Critical perspectives on constructing collaborative research. In R.Unger (Ed.), Representations: Social construction of gender (pp. 167–185). Amityville, NY: Baywood.
    Lykes, M. Brinton. (1996). Meaning making in a context of genocide and silencing. In M. B.Lykes, A.Banuazizi, R.Liem, & M.Morris (Eds.), Myths about the powerless: Contesting social inequalities (pp. 159–178). Philadelphia: Temple University Press.
    Lynch, Mervin D., Norem-Hebeisen, Aridity A., & Gergen, Kenneth J. (1981). Self-concept: Advances in theory and research. Boston: Ballinger.
    Lyotard, Jean-Francis. (1984). The postmodern condition: A report on knowledge. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press.
    Maccoby, Eleanor E., & Jacklin, Carol N. (1974). The psychology of sex differences. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press.
    Macmillan, Katie. (1990). Giving voice: The participant takes issue. Feminism & Psychology, 5, 547–552.http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0959353595054017
    Maguire, P. (1987). Doing participatory research: A feminist approach. Amherst, MA: University of Massachusetts, Center for International Education.
    Mahoney, Maureen A., & Yngvesson, Barbara. (1992). The construction of subjectivity and the paradox of resistance: Reintegrating feminist anthropology and psychology. Signs: Journal of Women in Culture and Society, 18, 44–73.http://dx.doi.org/10.1086/494778
    Maoz, B., Dowty, N., Antonovsky, A., & Wijsenbeck, H. (1970). Female attitudes to menopause. Social Psychiatry, 5, 35–40.http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF01539794
    Marecek, Jeanne. (1993). Disappearances, silences, and anxious rhetoric: Gender in abnormal psychology textbooks. Journal of Theoretical and Philosophical Psychology, 13, 114–124.http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/h0091108
    Martin, Emily. (1987). Woman in the body: A cultural analysis of reproduction. Boston: Beacon.
    Mascia-Lees, Frances E., Sharpe, Patricia, & Cohen, Colleen Ballerino. (1989). The postmodernist turn in anthropology: Cautions from a feminist perspective. Signs: Journal of Women in Culture and Society, 15, 7–33.http://dx.doi.org/10.1086/494562
    Mason, Mary G. (1980). Autobiographies of women writers. In J.Olney (Ed.), Autobiography, essays theoretical and critical. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
    McCall, M. M. (2000). Performance ethnography: A brief history and some advice. In N. K.Denzin & Y. S.Lincoln (Eds.), The handbook of qualitative research (
    2nd ed.
    , pp. 421–434). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.
    McGovern, T. V., Furumoto, Laura, Halpern, Diane F., Kimble, Gregory A., & McKeachie, Wilbert J. (1991). Liberal education, study in depth, and the arts and sciences major: Psychology. American Psychologist, 46, 598–606.http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/0003-066X.46.6.598
    McIntyre, Alice, & Lykes, M. Brinton. (1998). Who's the boss? Confronting whiteness and power differences within a feminist mentoring relationship in participatory action research. Feminism & Psychology, 8, 427–444.http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0959353598084003
    McRae, JillF.Kealey. (1994). A woman's story: E pluribus unum. In A.Lieblich & R.Josselson (Eds.), Exploring identity and gender: The narrative study of lives (Vol. 2, pp. 195–229).Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.
    McWilliam, Erica, & Jones, Alison. (1996). Eros and pedagogical bodies: The sate of (non)affairs. In E.McWilliam & P. G.Taylor (Eds.), Pedagogy, technology, and the body (pp. 127–136). New York: Peter Lang.
    Mead, George H. (1934). Mind, self and society (C. W.Morris, Ed.). Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
    Mednick, Martha S., & Tangri, Sandra S. (1972). New social psychological perspectives on women. Journal of Social Issues, 28, 1–16.http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1540-4560.1972.tb00014.x
    Meyrowitz, Joshua. (1994). The life and death of media friends: New genres of intimacy and mourning. In R.Cathcart & S.Drucker (Eds.), American heroes in a media age. New York: Hampton.
    Mienczakowski, Jim. (1996). An ethnographic act. The construction of consensual theater. In C.Ellis & A. P.Bochner (Eds.), Composing ethnography: Alternative forms of qualitative writing (pp. 244–266). Thousand Oaks, CA: Alta Mira.
    Mienczakowski, Jim, Smith, Richard, & Sinclair, Mark. (1996). On the road to catharsis: A theoretical framework for change. Qualitative Inquiry, 2, 439–462.http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/107780049600200404
    Mies, Maria. (1987). Patriarchy and accumulation on a world scale: Women in the international division of labour. London: Zed.
    Miller, Jean Baker. (1976). Toward a new psychology of women. Boston: Beacon.
    Miller, Jean Baker, & Stiver, Irene Pierce. (1997). The healing connection: How women form relationships in therapy and in life. Boston: Beacon.
    Mitroff, Ivan. (1974). The subjective side of science. Amsterdam: Elsevier.
    Mohanty, Chandra Talpade. (1995). Feminist encounters: Locating the politics of experience. In L.Nicholson & S.Seidman (Eds.), Social postmodernism: Beyond identity politics (pp. 68–86). New York: Cambridge University Press.http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/CBO9780511520792.004
    Moi, Toril. (1985). Sexual/textual politics. London: Metheun.
    Moi, Toril (Ed.). (1987). French feminist thought: A reader. Oxford, UK: Basil Blackwell.
    Moi, Toril. (1988). Feminism, postmodernism, and style: Recent feminist criticism in the United States. Cultural Critique, 9, 3–22.http://dx.doi.org/10.2307/1354232
    Moraga, Cherrie, & Anzaldua, Gloria (Eds.). (1981). This bridge called my back: Writing by radical women of color. Watertown, MA: Persephone.
    Morawski, Jill G. (1987). Troubled quest for masculinity, femininity and androgyny. In P.Shaver & C.Hendrick (Eds.), Review of personality and social psychology: Vol. 7. Sex and gender (pp. 44–69). Newbury Park, CA: Sage.
    Morawski, Jill G. (1988a). Impasse in feminist thought? In M. M.Gergen (Ed.), Feminist thought and the structure of knowledge (pp. 182–194). New York: New York University Press.
    Morawski, Jill G. (Ed.). (1988b). The rise of experimentation in American psychology. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press.
    Morawski, Jill G. (1994). Practicing feminisms, reconstructing psychology: Notes on a liminal science. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press.
    Morawski, Jill G., & Bayer, Betty. (1995). Stirring trouble and making theory. In H.Landrine (Ed.), Bringing cultural diversity to feminist psychology: Theory, research, and practice (pp. 113–137). Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/10501-006
    Morris, Rosalind C. (1995). All made up: Performance theory and the new anthropology of sex and gender. Annual Review of Anthropology, 24, 567–592.http://dx.doi.org/10.1146/annurev.an.24.100195.003031
    Mouffe, Chantal. (1995). Feminism, citizenship, and radical democratic politics. In L.Nicholson & S.Seidman (Eds.), Social postmodernism: Beyond identity politics (pp. 315–331). New York: Cambridge University Press.http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/CBO9780511520792.013
    Mulvey, Laura. (1981, Summer). Afterthoughts on “Visual pleasure and narrative cinema”inspired by Duel in the Sun. Framework, 15/16/17.
    Navratilova, Martina (with George Vecsey). (1985). Martina. New York: Fawcett.
    Neugarten, Bernice L. (1979). Time, age, and the life cycle. American Journal of Psychiatry, 136, 887–894.
    New, Caroline. (1998). Realism, deconstruction and the feminist standpoint. Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour, 28, 349–372.http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1468-5914.00080
    Newman, Fred, & Holzman, Lois. (1996). Unscientific psychology: A cultural-performatory approach to understanding human life. New York: Praeger.
    Nicholson, Linda (Ed.). (1990). Feminism/postmodernism. New York: Routledge.
    Nicholson, Linda. (1995). Interpreting gender. In L.Nicholson & S.Seidman (Eds.), Social postmodernism: Beyond identity politics (pp. 39–67).New York: Cambridge University Press.http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/CBO9780511520792.003
    Nicholson, Linda, & Seidman, Steven (Eds.). (1995). Social postmodernism: Beyond identity politics. New York: Cambridge University Press.http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/CBO9780511520792
    Nielsen, Joyce M. (Ed.). (1990). Feminist research methods. Boulder, CO: Westview.
    Nochlin, Linda. (1991). Women, art, and power. In N.Bryson, M. A.Holly, & K.Moxey (Eds.), Visual theory: Painting and interpretation (pp. 13–46). New York: HarperCollins.
    Nussbaum, Felicity. (1988). Eighteenth century women's autobiographical commonplaces. In S.Benstock (Ed.), The private self (pp. 34–51). London: Routledge.
    O'Bryant, Shirley L., & Nocera, Doris. (1985). The psychological significance of “home” to older widows. Psychology of Women Quarterly, 9, 403–412.http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1471-6402.1985.tb00889.x
    Ochberg, Richard L. (1988). Life stories and the psychosocial construction of careers. Journal of Personality, 56, 171–202.http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-6494.1988.tb00466.x
    O'Leary, Virginia E., Unger, Rhoda K., & Wallston, Barbara S. (Eds.). (1985). Women, gender, and social psychology. Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum.
    Olney, James. (1980). Autobiography: Essays theoretical and critical. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
    Owens, Craig. (1983). The discourse of others, feminists and postmodernism. In H.Foster (Ed.), The anti-aesthetic: essays on postmodern culture (pp. 57–82). Port Townsend, WA: Bay Press.
    Parlee, Mary Brown. (1991). Happy birthday toFeminism & Psychology. Feminism & Psychology, 1, 39–48.
    Penn, Peggy, & Frankfurt, Marilyn. (1994). Creating a participant text: Writing, multiple voices, narrative multiplicity. Family Process, 33, 3–21.http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1545-5300.1994.00217.x
    Pennebaker, James W. (1988). Confiding traumatic experiences and health. In S.Fisher & J.Reason (Eds.), Handbook of life stress, cognition and health. New York: John Wiley.
    Pennebaker, James W. (1990). Opening up: The healing power of confiding with others. New York: William Morrow.
    Peplau, Letitia A., & Conrad, Eva. (1989). Beyond nonsexist research: The perils of feminist methods in psychology. Psychology of Women Quarterly, 13, 379–400.http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/pwqu.1989.13.issue-4
    Perelman, C., & Olbrechts-Tyteca, L. (1969). The new rhetoric: A treatise on argumentation (J.Wilkinson & P.Weaver, Trans.). Notre Dame, IN: University of Notre Dame Press.
    Piaget, Jean. (1955). The language and thought of the child. New York: New American Library.
    Piaget, Jean. (1960). The child's conception of the world. Totowa, NJ: Littlefield Adams.
    Pickens, T. Boone, Jr. (1987). Boone. Boston: Houghton Mifflin.
    Poland, Blake, & Pederson, Ann. (1998). Reading between the lines: Interpreting silences in qualitative research. Qualitative Inquiry, 4, 293–312.http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/107780049800400209
    Poovey, Mary. (1988). Feminism and deconstruction. Feminist Studies, 14, 51–65.http://dx.doi.org/10.2307/3177998
    Potter, Jonathan. (1996). Representing reality, discourse, rhetoric and social construction. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.
    Potter, Jonathan, & Wetherell, Margaret. (1987). Discourse and social psychology: Beyond attitudes and behavior. London: Sage.
    Rabuzzi, Kathryn Allen. (1988). Motherself: A mythic analysis of motherhood. Bloomington: Indiana University Press.
    Rappoport, Leon. (1984). Dialectical analysis and psychosocial epistemology. In K. J.Gergen & M. M.Gergen (Eds.), Historical social psychology (pp. 103–124). Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum.
    Rashad, Ahmad (with Peter Bodo). (1988). Rashad. New York: Penguin.
    Red Horse, J. G. (1980). Family structure and value orientation in American Indians. Social Casework, 61, 462–467.
    Reid, Pamela T. (1993). Poor women in psychological research: Shut up and shut out. Psychology of Women Quarterly, 17, 133–150.http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/pwqu.1993.17.issue-2
    Reid, Pamela T., & Comas-Diaz, Lillian. (1990). Gender and ethnicity. Sex Roles, 22, 397–408.http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF00288160
    Reinharz, Shulamit. (1985). Feminist distrust. Problems of context and content in sociological work. In D.Berg & K.Smith (Eds.), Exploring clinical methods for social research (pp. 153–172). Beverly Hills, CA: Sage.
    Reinharz, Shulamit. (1992). Feminist methods in social research. New York: Oxford University Press.
    Rich, Adrienne. (1977). Of woman born. New York: Norton.
    Rivers, Joan (with Richard Meryman). (1986). Enter talking. New York: Delacorte.
    Roberts, Helen (Ed.). (1981). Doing feminist research. London: Routledge.
    Rommetveit, Ragnar. (1980). On “meanings” of acts and what is meant and made known by what is said in a pluralistic social world. In M.Brenner (Ed.), The structure of action (pp. 108–149). Oxford, UK: Basil Blackwell.
    Rosaldo, Michelle, & Lamphere, Louise (Eds.). (1974). Women, culture, and society. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press.
    Rosenblatt, Paul C. (1990). Metaphors of family systems theory: Toward new constructions. New York: Guilford.
    Rosenblatt, Paul C., & Meyer, Cynthia. (1986). Imagined interactions and the family. Family Relations, 35, 319–324.http://dx.doi.org/10.2307/583641
    Rosenwald, George C. (1988). A theory of multiple-case research. Journal of Personality, 56, 239–264.http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-6494.1988.tb00468.x
    Rostosky, Sharon Scales, & Travis, Cheryl Brown. (1996). Menopause research and the dominance of the biomedical model, 1984–1994. Psychology of Women Quarterly, 20, 285–312.http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/pwqu.1996.20.issue-2
    Roth, Sallyann, & Chasin, Richard. (1994). Entering one another's worlds of meaning and imagination: Dramatic enactment and narrative couple therapy. In M. F.Hoyt (Ed.), Constructive therapies (pp. 189–216). New York: Guilford.
    Russ, Joanna. (1972). What can a heroine do? Or why women can't write. In S. KoppelmanCornillon (Ed.), Images of women in fiction (pp. 42–55). Bowling Green, OH: University Popular Press.
    Russell, Glenda M., & Bohan, Janis S. (1999). Hearing voices: The use of research and the politics of change. Psychology of Women Quarterly, 23, 3.http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/pwqu.1999.23.issue-2
    Russo, Mary. (1986). Female grotesques: Carnival and theory. In T.de Lauretis (Ed.), Feminist studies, critical studies (pp. 213–229). Milwaukee: University of Wisconsin Press.
    Russo, Nancy Felipe. (1995). Editorial PWQ: A scientific voice in feminist psychology. Psychology of Women Quarterly, 19, 1–3.http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/pwqu.1995.19.issue-1
    Russo, Nancy Felipe, & Dumont, B. Angela. (1997). Division 35: Origins, activities, future. In D.Dewsbury (Ed.), A history of the divisions of the American Psychological Association (pp. 211–238). Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/10234-008
    Said, Edward W. (1983). Opponents, audiences, constituencies and community. In H.Foster (Ed.), The anti-aesthetic: Essays on postmodern culture (pp. 135–159). Port Townsend, WA: Bay Press.
    Sampson, Edward E. (1977). Psychology and the American ideal. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 36, 1332–1343.http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/0022-3514.36.11.1332
    Sampson, Edward E. (1981). Cognitive psychology as ideology. American Psychologist, 36, 730–743.http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/0003-066X.36.7.730
    Sampson, Edward E. (1991). The democratization of psychology. Theory and Psychology, 1, 275–298.http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0959354391013001
    Sampson, Edward E. (1993). Celebrating the other: A dialogic accounting of human nature. Boulder, CO: Westview.
    Saunders, Gill. (1989). The nude: A new perspective. London: Herbert.
    Sayers, Janet. (1993). Book reviews of Patricia Elliot, From mastery to analysis: Theories of gender in psychoanalytic feminism, and RichardFeldstein and JudithRoof (Eds.), Femininism and psychoanalysis. Feminism & Psychology, 3, 257.http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0959353593032015
    Sayre, Robert F. (1980). Autobiography and the making of America. In J.Olney (Ed.), Autobiography: Essays theoretical and critical (pp. 43–67). Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
    Schafer, Roy. (1992). Retelling a life: Narrative and dialogue in psychoanalysis. New York: Basic Books.
    Schickel, Richard. (1968). The world of Goya, 1746–1828. New York: Time Life.
    Scott, Joan W. (1988). Deconstructing equality-versus-difference: Or, the use of poststructuralist theory for feminism. Feminist Studies, 14, 33–50.http://dx.doi.org/10.2307/3177997
    Sherif, Carolyn W. (1979). Bias in psychology. In J. A.Sherman & E. T.Beck (Eds.), The prism of sex: Essays in the sociology of knowledge (pp. 93–133). Madison: University of Wisconsin Press.
    Shields, Stephanie A. (1975). Functionalism, Darwinism, and the psychology of women: A study in social myth. American Psychologist, 30, 739–754.http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/h0076948
    Shotter, John. (1984). Social accountability and selfhood. Oxford, UK: Basil Blackwell.
    Shotter, John. (1993). Cultural politics of everyday life: Social constructionism, rhetoric and knowing of the third kind. Toronto: University of Toronto Press.
    Shotter, John. (1995). In conversation: Joint shared intentionality and ethics. Theory and Psychology, 5, 49–73.http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0959354395051003
    Sills, Beverly, & Linderman, Lawrence. (1987). Beverly. New York: Bantam.
    Simon, William. (1996). Postmodern sexualities. New York: Routledge.
    Simon, William, & Gagnon, John H. (1986). Sexual scripts: Permanence and change. Archives of Sexual Behavior, 15, 97–120.http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF01542219
    Smith, Dorothy E. (1991). Writing women's experience into social science. Feminism & Psychology, 1, 155–170.http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0959353591011019
    Smith, Sidonie A. (1974). Where I'm bound: Patterns of slavery and freedom in Black American autobiography. Westport, CT: Greenwood.
    Smith, Sidonie A. (1987). A poetics of women's autobiography: Marginality and the functions of self-representation. Bloomington: Indiana University Press.
    Smythe, A. (1991). The floozie in the Jacuzzi: The problematics of culture and identity for an Irish woman. Feminist Studies, 17, 7–28.
    Snow, Edward. (1989). Theorizing the male gaze: Some problems. Representations, 25, 30–42.http://dx.doi.org/10.1525/rep.1989.25.1.99p0256r
    Spelman, E. (1988). Inessential woman: Problems of exclusion in feminist thought. Boston: Beacon.
    Spence, Janet T., & Helmreich, Robert L. (1978). Masculinity and femininity. Austin: University of Texas Press.
    Spender, Dale. (1980). Man made language. London: Routledge.
    Sprinkler, Michael. (1980). Fictions of the self: The end of autobiography. In J.Olney (Ed.), Autobiography: Essays theoretical and critical. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
    Squire, Corinne. (1989). Significant differences: Feminism in psychology. London: Routledge.
    St. Pierre, Elizabeth. (1997). Circling the text: Nomadic writing practices. Qualitative Inquiry, 3, 403–417.http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/107780049700300403
    Stam, Henderikus J. (Ed.). (1996). The body and psychology [Special issue]. Theory & Psychology, 6.
    Stanley, Liz, & Wise, Sue. (1983). Breaking out: Feminist consciousness and feminist research. London: Routledge.
    Stanton, Domna. (1984). The female autograph. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
    Strathern, Marilyn. (1987). Out of context: The persuasive fictions of anthropology. Current Anthropology, 28, 251–270.http://dx.doi.org/10.1086/203527
    Strickland, Lloyd (Ed.). (1984). Directions in Soviet social psychology. New York: Springer-Verlag.http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4612-5234-4
    Strickland, Lloyd, Aboud, Francis, & Gergen, Kenneth J. (1976). Social psychology in transition. New York: Plenum.http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4615-8765-1
    Stroebe, Margaret, Gergen, Mary M., Gergen, Kenneth J., & Stroebe, Wolfgang. (1992). Broken hearts or broken bonds: Love and death in historical perspective. American Psychologist, 47, 1205–1212.http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/0003-066X.47.10.1205
    Stroebe, Wolfgang, & Stroebe, Margaret. (1988). Bereavement and health: The psychological and physical consequences of partner loss. New York: Cambridge University Press.
    Suleiman, Susan Rubin. (1990). Subversive intent: Gender, politics, and the avant-garde. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
    Suls, Jerry (Ed.). (1982). Psychological perspectives on the self. Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum.
    Sutton-Smith, B. (1971). Piaget on play: A critique. In R. E.Herron & B.Sutton-Smith (Eds.), Child's play (pp. 217–231). New York: John Wiley.
    Tappan, Mark. (1991). Narrative, language and moral experience. Journal of Moral Education, 21, 243–256.http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/0305724910200302
    Tavris, Carol. (1992). The mismeasure of woman: Why women are not the better sex, the inferior sex, or the opposite sex. New York: Simon & Schuster.
    Taylor, Shelley E., Pham, Lien B., Rivkin, Inna D., & Armor, David A. (1998). Harnessing the imagination: Mental simulation, self-regulation, and coping. American Psychologist, 53, 429–439.http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/0003-066X.53.4.429
    Tetlock, Philip E. (1994). Political psychology or politicized psychology: Is the road to scientific hell paved with good moral intentions?International Society of Political Psychology, 10, 509–529.http://dx.doi.org/10.2307/3791569
    Thorne, Barrie. (1990). Children and gender: Constructions of difference. In D.Rhode (Ed.), Theoretical perspectives in sexual difference (pp. 100–113). New Haven, CT: Yale University Press.
    Tiefer, Leonore. (1988). A feminist perspective on sexology and sexuality. In M. M.Gergen (Ed.), Feminist thought and the structure of knowledge (pp. 16–26). New York: New York University Press.
    Tiefer, Leonore. (1995). Sex is not a natural act, and other essays. Boulder, CO: Westview.
    Tiefer, Leonore. (1997). Sexual biology and the symbolism of the natural. In M. M.Gergen & S. N.Davis (Eds.), Toward a new psychology of gender (pp. 363–376). New York: Routledge.
    Tierney, William G. (1995). (Re)Presentation and voice. Qualitative Inquiry, 1, 379–390.http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/107780049500100401
    Tong, Rosemary. (1989). Feminist thought: A comprehensive introduction. Boulder, CO: Westview.
    Trapier, Elizabeth du Gue. (1964). Goya and his sitters. A study of his style as a portraitist. New York: Hispanic Society of America.
    Trebilcot, Joyce. (1994). Dyke ideas: Process, politics, daily life. Albany: State University of New York Press.
    Trump, Donald (with Tony Schwartz). (1987). Trump: The art of the deal. New York: Warner.
    Tyler, Stephen. (1986). Post-modern ethnography: From document of the occult to occult documents. In J.Clifford & G.Marcus (Eds.), Writing culture. Berkeley: University of California Press.
    Tyler, Stephen. (1987). The unspeakable: Discourse, dialogue, and rhetoric in the postmodern world. Madison: University of Wisconsin Press.
    Tyler, Stephen. (1989, April). A postmodern (for) instance. Paper presented at the Conference on Critical Anthropology, Amsterdam.
    Tyler, Stephen. (1991). A post-modern in-stance. In L.Nencel & P.Pels (Eds.), Constructing knowledge: Authority and critique in social science (pp. 78–94). Newbury Park, CA: Sage.
    Unger, Rhoda. (1983). Through the looking glass: No Wonderland yet! (The reciprocal relationship between methodology and models of reality). Psychology of Women Quarterly, 8, 9–32.http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/pwqu.1983.8.issue-1
    Unger, Rhoda. (1988). Psychological, feminist, and personal epistemology: Transcending contradiction. In M. M.Gergen (Ed.), Feminist thought and the structure of knowledge (pp. 124–141). New York: New York University Press.
    Unger, Rhoda (Ed.). (1989). Representations: Social construction of gender. Amityville, NY: Baywood.
    Vance, Carole S. (Ed.). (1984). Pleasure and danger: Exploring female sexuality. London: Routledge.
    Vaughter, R. (1976). Psychology: Review essay. Signs: Journal of Women in Culture and Society, 2, 120–146.http://dx.doi.org/10.1086/signs.1976.2.issue-1
    Vygotsky, L. S. (1962). Thought and language. Cambridge: MIT Press.http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/11193-000
    Wagner, R. (1975). The invention of culture. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice Hall.
    Walkerdine, Valerie. (1986). Post-structuralist theory and everyday social practices: The family and the school. In S.Wilkinson (Ed.), Feminist social psychology: Developing theory and practice (pp. 57–76). Milton Keynes, UK: Open University Press.
    Walkerdine, Valerie. (1990). Schoolgirl fictions. London: Verso.
    Walsh-Bowers, Richard. (1999). Fundamentalism in psychological science: The APA Publication Manual as bible. Psychology of Women Quarterly, 23(2), 375–398.http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/pwqu.1999.23.issue-2
    Walster, Elaine. (1965). The effect of self-esteem on romantic liking. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 1, 184–197.http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0022-1031%2865%2990045-4
    Walster, Elaine, Aronson, V., Abrahams, D., & Rottman, L. (1966). Importance of physical attractiveness in dating behavior. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 4, 508–516.http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/h0021188
    Watkins, Mary. (1986). Invisible guests, the development of imaginal dialogues. Hillsdale, NJ: Analytic Press.
    Watson, Thomas J., Jr., & Petre, Peter. (1990). Father Son & Co.: My life at IBM and beyond. New York: Bantam.
    Weedon, Chris. (1987). Feminist practice and post-structuralist theory. Oxford, UK: Basil Blackwell.
    Weisstein, Naomi. (1971). Psychology constructs the female. In V.Gornick & B. K.Moran (Eds.), Woman in sexist society (pp. 133–146). New York: Signet.
    Weisstein, Naomi. (1993). Power, resistance, and science: A call for a revitalized feminist psychology. Feminism & Psychology, 3, 239–245.http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0959353593032011
    Weitz, Rose. (1998). The politics of women's bodies: Sexuality, appearance, and behavior. New York: Oxford University Press.
    Wetherell, Margaret (Ed.). (1996). Identities, groups and social issues. Milton Keynes, UK: Open University Press.
    Whatley, Marianne H. (1991). Raging hormones and powerful cars: The construction of men's sexuality in school sex education and popular adolescent films. In H.Giroux (Ed.), Postmodernism, feminism, and cultural politics (pp. 119–143). Albany: State University of New York Press.
    White, Jacquelyn W., Bondurant, Barrie, & Travis, Cheryl Brown. (2000). Social constructions of sexuality: Unpacking hidden meanings. In C. B.Travis & J. W.White (Eds.), Sexuality, society, and feminism (pp. 11–33). Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/10345-001
    White, Michael, & Epston, David. (1990). Narrative means to therapeutic ends. New York: Norton.
    Wilkinson, Sue (Ed.). (1986). Feminist social psychology. Milton Keynes, UK: Open University Press.
    Williams, Linda. (1989). Hard core: Power, pleasure, and the frenzy of the visible. Berkeley: University of California Press.
    Wood, W. (1987). Meta-analytic review of sex differences in group performance. Psychological Bulletin, 102, 53–71.http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/0033-2909.102.1.53
    Woolf, Virginia. (1957). A room of one's own. New York: Harcourt, Brace, Jovanovich. (Original work published 1929)
    Woolf, Virginia. (1958). Granite and rainbow. New York: Harcourt, Brace, Jovanovich.
    Woolgar, Steven (Ed.). (1987). Knowledge and reflexivity. London: Sage.
    Woolgar, Steven. (1988). Science, the very idea. New York: Tavistock.
    Wyatt, Gayle. (1992). The sociocultural context of African American and white women's rape. Journal of Social Issues, 48, 77–91.http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/josi.1992.48.issue-1
    Wyer, R. S., & Srull, T. K. (Eds.). (1984). Handbook of social cognition. Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum.
    Yeager, Chuck, & Janos, Leo. (1985). Yeager, an autobiography. New York: Bantam.
    Yoder, Janice D., & Kahn, Arnold S. (1993). Working toward an inclusive psychology of women. American Psychologist, 48, 846–850.http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/0003-066X.48.7.846
    Young, Iris Marion. (1990). Justice and the politics of difference. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
    Young, Katharine (Ed.). (1993). Bodylore. Knoxville: University of Tennessee Press.
    Additional Suggested Readings
    Barratt, Barnaby, & Straus, Barrie Ruth. (1994). Toward postmodern masculinities. American Imago, 51, 37–67.
    Bhavnani, Kum-Kum. (1990). What's power got to do with it? Empowerment and social research. In I.Parker & J.Shotter (Eds.), Deconstructing social psychology (pp. 141–152). London: Routledge.
    Boone, Joseph A., & Cadden, Michael (Eds.). (1990). Engendering men, The question of male feminist criticism. New York: Routledge.
    Bordo, Susan. (1993). Anorexia nervosa. Psychopathology as the crystallization of culture. Unbearable weight: Feminism, Western culture and the body. Berkeley: University of California Press.
    Brittan, Arthur. (1989). Masculinity and power. Oxford, UK: Basil Blackwell.
    Brown, Laura S. (1989). New voices, new visions: Toward a lesbian/gay paradigm for psychology. Psychology of Women Quarterly, 13, 445–458.http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/pwqu.1989.13.issue-4
    Bruner, Jerome. (1990). Acts of meaning. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
    Burman, Erica. (1990). The spec(tac)ular economy of difference. Feminism & Psychology, 5, 543–546.http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0959353595054016
    Burman, Erica. (1991). Power, gender, and developmental psychology. Feminism & Psychology, 1, 131–153.http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0959353591011018
    Chasin, Richard, & Roth, Sallyann. (1994, March). Reinventing the past: An action/narrative approach to couples therapy. Paper presented at the Annual Family Therapy Networker Symposium, Washington, DC.
    Code, Lorraine. (1992). Who cares? The poverty of objectivism for moral epistemology. Rethinking Objectivity II, Annals of Scholarship, 9, 1–18.
    Cooperrider, David L. (1995). Introduction to appreciative inquiry. In W.French & C.Bell (Eds.), Organization development (
    5th ed.
    ). New York: Prentice Hall.
    Cooperrider, David L. (1998). Getting started. InS.Hammond & C.Royal (Eds.), Lessons from the field: Applying appreciative inquiry. Plano, TX: Practical Press.
    Crawford, Mary, & Maracek, Jeanne. (1989). Psychology reconstructs the female, 1968–1988. Psychology of Women Quarterly, 13, 147–165.http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/pwqu.1989.13.issue-2
    Danziger, Kurt. (1985). The methodological imperative in psychology. Philosophy of Social Sciences, 15, 1–13.http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/004839318501500101
    Danziger, Kurt. (1997). Naming the mind: How psychology found its language. London, Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.http://dx.doi.org/10.4135/9781446221815
    Davis, Kathy. (1997). Embodied practices: Feminist perspectives on the body. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.
    Derrida, Jacques. (1979). Spurs: Nietzsche's styles (B.Harlow, Trans.). Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
    Elam, Diane. (1994). Feminism and deconstruction: Ms. en abyme. New York: Routledge.
    Epstein, Cynthia F. (1990). Deceptive distinctions: Sex, gender and the social order. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press.
    Faith, Kareen. (1994). Resistance: Lessons from Foucault and feminism. In H.Lorraine Radtke & HenderikusJ. Stam (Eds.), Power/gender, social relations in theory and practice (pp. 36–66). London: Sage.
    Fonow, Mary Margaret, & Cook, Judith A. (1991). Beyond methodology: Feminist scholarship as lived research. Bloomington: Indiana University Press.
    Foucault, Michel. (1978). The history of sexuality: Vol. 1. An introduction (R.Hurley, Trans.). New York: Vintage.
    Foucault, Michel. (1980). Power/knowledge (C.Gordon, Ed. & Trans.). New York: Pantheon.
    Furomoto, Laurel, & Scarsborough, Elizabeth. (1986). Placing women in the history of psychology: The first American women psychologists. American Psychologist, 41, 35–42.http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/0003-066X.41.1.35
    Gergen, Kenneth J., & Gergen, Mary M. (1986). The discourse of control and the maintenance of well-being. In M.Baltes & P.Baltes (Eds.), Aging and control (pp. 119–137). Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum.
    Gergen, Kenneth J., & Gergen, Mary M. (1993). Narratives of the gendered body in the popular autobiography. In R.Josselson & A.Lieblich (Eds.), The narrative study of lives (pp. 191–218). Newbury Park, CA: Sage.
    Gergen, Mary M. (1989). Loss of control among the aging: A feminist alternative. In P. S.Fry (Ed.), Psychological perspectives of helplessness and control in the elderly (pp. 261–289). New York: Elsevier.
    Gergen, Mary M. (1990). Finished at 40: Women's development within the patriarchy. Psychology of Women Quarterly, 14, 471–493.http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/pwqu.1990.14.issue-4
    Gergen, Mary M. (1990). From mod masculinity to post-mod macho: A feminist re-play. Humanistic Psychologist, 18, 95–104.http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/08873267.1990.9976879
    Gergen, Mary M. (Chair). (1998, August). Performative psychology. Symposium conducted at the annual meeting of the American Psychological Association, San Francisco.
    Gilfoyle, Jackie, Wilson, Jonathan, & Brown, A. (1992). Sex, organs and audiotape: A discourse analytic approach to talking about heterosexual sex and relationships. Feminism & Psychology, 2, 209–230.http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/095935359222010
    Gilligan, Carol. (1994). Listening to a different voice: Celia Kitzinger interviews Carol Gilligan. Feminism and Psychology, 4, 408–419.http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0959353594043013
    Gleason, Tracy. (1998). Imaginary companions: A window on early childhood. Unpublished doctoral dissertation, University of Minnesota.
    Goffman, Erving. (1981). Forms of talk. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press.
    Gorman, Jane. (1993). Postmodernism and the conduct of inquiry in social work. Affilia, 8, 247–264.http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/088610999300800302
    Harding, Sandra. (1998). Is science multicultural? Postcolonialisms, feminisms, and epistemologies. Bloomington: Indiana University Press.
    Hare-Mustin, Rachel. (1988). Changing women, changing therapy: Clinical implications of the changing role of women. Journal of Feminist Family Therapy, 4, 7–18.http://dx.doi.org/10.1300/J086v04n03_03
    Haug, Friga, et al. (1987). Female sexualization: A collective work of memory. London: Verso.
    Hekman, Susan. (1993). Moral voices, moral selves: About getting it right in moral theory. Human Studies, 16, 143–162.http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF01318576
    hooks, bell. (1984). Feminist theory: From margin to center. Boston: South End.
    hooks, bell. (1989). Talking back: Thinking feminist, thinking black. Boston: South End.
    Hyde, Janet S. (1985). Half the human experience: The psychology of women. Lexington, MA: D. C. Heath.
    Ibanez, Tomas, & Iniguez, Lupicinio (Eds.). (1997). Critical social psychology. London: Sage.
    Israeli, Dafna. (1993). They have eyes and see not. Gender politics in the Diaspora Museum. Psychology of Women Quarterly, 17, 515–523.http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/pwqu.1993.17.issue-4
    Jaggar, Alison M. (1989). Love and knowledge: Emotion in feminist epistemology. In A.Jaggar & S.Bordo (Eds.), Gender/body/knowledge: Feminist reconstructions of being and knowing. New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University Press.
    Jardine, Alice. (1985). Gynesis: Configurations of woman and modernity. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press.
    Jones, Alison. (1993). Becoming a “girl”: Post-structionalist suggestions for educational research. Gender and Education, 5, 157–166.http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/0954025930050203
    Joy, Morny. (1993). Feminism and the self. Theory and Psychology, 3, 275–302.http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0959354393033001
    Kippax, Susan, Crawford, June, Benton, Pam, Gault, Una, & Noesjirwan, Jenny. (1988). Constructing emotions: Weaving meaning from memories. British Journal of Social Psychology, 27, 19–33.http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.2044-8309.1988.tb00802.x
    Kitzinger, Celia. (1994). Problematizing pleasure: Radical feminist deconstruction of sexuality and power. Unpublished manuscript.
    Knorr-Cetina, Karin, & Mulkay, Michael (Eds.). (1983). Science observed: Perspectives on the social study of science. London: Sage.
    Kristeva, Julia. (1987). The Kristeva reader (T.Moi, Ed.). New York: Columbia University Press.
    Kroker, Arthur, & Cook, David. (1988). The postmodern scene. New York: St. Martin's.
    Lather, Patti. (1990). Postmodernism and the human sciences. Humanistic Psychologist, 18, 64–84.http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/08873267.1990.9976877
    Latour, Bruno. (1987). Science in action: How to follow engineers through society. Milton Keynes, UK: Open University Press.
    Latour, Bruno, & Woolgar, Steve. (1986). Laboratory life: The construction of scientific facts (
    2nd ed.
    ). Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
    Lloyd, Moya. (1993). The (f)utility of a feminist turn to Foucault. Economy and Society, 22, 437–460.http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/03085149300000028
    Mahoney, Michael. (1991). Human change processes. New York: Basic Books.
    McHugh, Mary C., Koeske, Randy D., & Frieze, Irene H. (1986). Issues to consider in conducting nonsexist psychological research. American Psychologist, 41, 879–890.http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/0003-066X.41.8.879
    Miles, Lesley. (1993). Women, AIDS, and power in heterosexual sex: A discourse analysis. Women's International Forum, 16, 497–511.http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0277-5395%2893%2990099-U
    Minton, H. L. (1986). Emancipatory social psychology as a paradigm for the study of minority groups. In K. S.Larsen (Ed.), Dialectics and ideology in psychology. Norwood, NJ: ABLEX.
    Mishler, E. (1986). Research interviewing: Context and narrative. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
    Morawski, Jill G. (1985). The measurement of masculinity and femininity: Engendering categorical realities. Journal of Personality, 53, 196–223.http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-6494.1985.tb00364.x
    Moscovici, Serge. (1984). The phenomenon of social representations. In R.Farr & S.Moscovici (Eds.), Social representations (pp. 1–39). London: Cambridge University Press.
    Mulkay, Michael J. (1979). Science and the sociology of knowledge. London: Allen & Unwin.
    Mulkay, Michael J. (1985). The word and the world: Explorations in the form of sociological analysis. London: Allen & Unwin.
    Neugarten, B. L. (Eds.). (1964). Personality in middle and late life. New York: Atherton.
    Nietzsche, Friedrich. (1964). Complete works (Vol. 2) (O.Levy, Ed.). New York: Russell & Russell.
    Nochlin, Linda (Ed.). (1973). Woman as sex object: Studies in erotic art, 1730–1970. London: Allen Lane.
    Oakley, Ann. (1981). Interviewing women: A contradiction in terms. In H.Roberts (Ed.), Doing feminist research (pp. 30–61). New York: Routledge
    Odeh, Lama Abu. (1993). Post-colonial feminism and the veil: Thinking the difference. Feminist Review, 43, 26–37.http://dx.doi.org/10.1057/fr.1993.2
    Offerman, Lynn R., & Beil, Cheryl. (1992). Achievement styles of women leaders and their peers. Psychology of Women Quarterly, 16, 37–56.http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1471-6402.1992.tb00238.x
    Opie, Anne. (1992). Qualitative research, appropriation of the “other” and empowerment. Feminist Review, 42, 23–31.
    Oyama, Susan. (1991). Essentialism, women and war: Protesting too much, protesting too little. In A. E.Hunter (Ed.), Genes and gender: Vol. 6. On peace, war, and gender (pp. 64–76). New York: Feminist Press.
    Parlee, Mary Brown. (1973). The premenstrual syndrome. Psychological Bulletin, 83, 454–465.http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/h0035270
    Parlee, Mary Brown. (1979). Psychology and women. Signs: Journal of Women in Culture and Society, 5, 121–133.http://dx.doi.org/10.1086/493688
    Pennebaker, James W., Paez, Dario, & Rime, Bernard (Eds.). (1997). Collective memory of political events. Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum.
    Peterson, Sharyl Bender, & Kroner, Traci. (1992). Gender biases in textbooks for introductory psychology and human development. Psychology of Women Quarterly, 16, 17–36.http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1471-6402.1992.tb00237.x
    Pleck, Joseph. (1981). The myth of masculinity. Cambridge: MIT Press.
    Popper, Karl. (1959). The logic of scientific discovery. New York: Basic Books.
    Rabine, Leslie W. (1988). A feminist politics of non-identity. Feminist Studies, 14, 11–31.http://dx.doi.org/10.2307/3177996
    Rhedding-Jones, Jeanette. (1995). What do you do after you've met poststructuralism? Research possibilities regarding feminism, ethnography and literacy. Journal of Curriculum Studies, 27, 479–500.http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/0022027950270502
    Riger, Stephanie. (1992). Epistemological debates, feminist voices: Science, social values, and the study of women. American Psychologist, 47, 730–740.http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/0003-066X.47.6.730
    Rorty, Richard. (1979). Philosophy and the mirror of nature. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
    Rosenau, Pauline Marie. (1992). Post-modernism and the social sciences: Insights, inroads, and intrusions. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
    Scheman, Naomi. (1983). Individualism and the objects of psychology. In S.Harding & M. B.Hintikka (Eds.), Discovering reality: Feminist perspectives on epistemology, metaphysics, methodology and philosophy of science (pp. 225–244). Dordrecht, the Netherlands: D. Reidel.
    Shalin, Dmitri. (1993). Modernity, postmodernity and pragmatist inquiry: An introduction. Symbolic Interaction16, 303–332.http://dx.doi.org/10.1525/si.1993.16.issue-4
    Shotter, John. (1993). Conversational realities. Constructing life through language. London: Sage.
    Smith, Jonathan A. (1994). Reconstructing selves: An analysis of discrepancies between women's contemporaneous and retrospective accounts of the transition to motherhood. British Journal of Psychology, 85, 371–392.http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.2044-8295.1994.tb02530.x
    Tavris, Carol. (1994). II. Reply to Brown and Gilligan. Feminism & Psychology, 4, 350–352.http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0959353594043004
    Tiefer, Leonore. (1987). Social constructionism and the study of human sexuality. In P.Shaver & C.Hendrick (Eds.), Review of personality and social psychology: Vol. 7. Sex and gender (pp. 70–94). Newbury Park, CA: Sage.
    Unger, Rhoda. (1989). Sex in psychological paradigms: From behavior to cognition. In R.Unger (Ed.), Representations: Social construction of gender (pp. 15–20). Amityville, NY: Baywood.
    Venturi, Robert, Brown, Denise Scott, & Izenour, Steven. (1984). Learning from Las Vegas. New York: Rizzoli.
    Weir, Lorraine. (1994). Post-modernizing gender: From Adrienne Rich to Judith Butler. In H.Lorraine Radtke & Henderikus J.Stam (Eds.), Power/gender: Social relations in theory and practice (pp. 210–218). London: Sage.
    Wilkinson, Sue (with SusanCondor, ChristineGriffin, MargaretWetherell, & JennieWilliams). (1991). Feminism & psychology: From critique to reconstruction. Feminism & Psychology, 1, 5–18.http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0959353591011001
    Wortham, Stanton. (1986). Dialogue: Two conceptions. New York: Teachers College Press.
    Worthley, Joanna. (1992). Is science persistence a matter of values?Psychology of Women Quarterly, 16, 57–68.http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1471-6402.1992.tb00239.x
    Young, Iris Marion. (1994). Gender as seriality: Thinking about women as a social collective. Signs: Journal of Women in Culture and Society, 19, 713–738.http://dx.doi.org/10.1086/494918

    About the Author

    Mary Gergen is Professor of Psychology and Women's Studies at Pennsylvania State University, Delaware County. She is primarily identified with the postmodern movement in feminist psychology, and has been involved in innovative methods in gender studies for many years. Her special fields of interest include the social construction of adulthood and aging, embodiment, and narrative psychology.


    • Loading...
Back to Top

Copy and paste the following HTML into your website