Exploring the Sociology of Europe: An Analysis of the European Social Complex

Books

Maurice Roche

  • Citations
  • Add to My List
  • Text Size

  • Chapters
  • Front Matter
  • Back Matter
  • Subject Index
  • Copyright

    View Copyright Page

    Dedication

    For my son and daughter, Stephen Roche and Helen Roche, and for the Europe I hope you get to live in.

    List of Acronyms

    AUAfrican Union
    ASEANAssociation of South East Asian Nations
    CAPCommon Agricultural Policy
    DGDirectorate General (of the European Commission)
    ECEuropean Commission
    ECBEuropean Central Bank
    ECJEuropean Court of Justice
    EECEuropean Economic Community
    EMUEconomic and Monetary Union
    ESRCEconomic and Social Research Council, UK
    EUEuropean Union
    GAFGlobal Adjustment Fund
    GATTGeneral Agreement on Tariffs and Trade
    GDPgross domestic product
    GNIgross national income
    ICTinformation and communication technologies
    IGCintergovernmental conference (EU)
    MERCOSURThe Common Market of the South (the Latin American trade organisation)
    NAFTANorth American Free Trade Association
    NATONorth Atlantic Treaty Organisation
    NRPNational Reform Programme
    OMCopen method of coordination (EU)
    SEASingle European Act
    TEUTreaty on European Union
    UNUnited Nations
    UNECEUN Economic Commission for Europe
    UNESCOUN Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organisation
    USSRUnion of Soviet Socialist Republics
    WTOWorld Trade Organisation

    Acknowledgements

    This book represents an attempt to outline some key elements of a sociology of Europe relevant to the contemporary period. It has been a long time brewing, too long indeed, but certainly time enough for a large number of people, whether wittingly or not, to have provided me with input and/or support. I would like to put my debts to them on record here. En passant, hopefully, some of the main contexts and interests which have generated and informed the book will be indicated.

    The book is grounded in an historical and internationalist view of sociology, which I wouldn't have developed if it hadn't been for the period I spent learning, researching and teaching at the LSE in the 1960s and early 1970s. The intellectual climate formed there at that time by the mix of continental European émigrés, American exiles and British pragmatists was very special. My doctoral supervisor, Ernest Gellner, was the main influence, but other influences included teachers such as the philosophers of science Karl Popper and Imre Lakatos, the political theorists Michael Oakeshott and Maurice Cranston, the critical social analysts Ralph Miliband and Leslie Sklair, and departmental colleagues such as John Westergaard, Alan Swingewood, and the classicist Keith Hopkins. I was grateful for the support of Jürgen Habermas and Hans-Georg Gadamer for the work that came out of this stage of my career. Since that time people in and around British sociology who have been interested in and helpful to my work on various writing projects, including this one, include Gerard Delanty, Tony Giddens, Bob Jessop, Philip Schlesinger, Bryan Turner and John Urry, together with cultural analysts Franco Bianchini, Ian Henry and Mike Robinson, and of course my Sage editor Chris Rojek.

    After moving to Sheffield University I worked for some years on the sociology and social policy aspects of citizenship. By the mid-1990s I began to develop an explicit interest in Europe, both as a context of diverse versions of national citizenship and also, in the form of the European Union, as potentially offering a new transnational dimension to the development of modern citizenship. This interest happened to coincide with an increased profile for citizenship as a policy theme on the part of the European Union. My view of the potential theoretical and practical importance of European aspects of citizenship was confirmed and encouraged by participation in seminars involving the European Commission in Brussels and the Federal Trust in London, which involved meeting, among others, the academics François Duchene and Elizabeth Meehan and the politicians and administrators ex-Irish Taoiseach Garret Fitzgerald, Andrew Duff MEP, and Giuseppe Callovi of the European Commission, Directorate General Justice and Home Affairs.

    On the basis of this and with the support of Peter Leisink and particularly Rik van Berkel at Utrecht University and also the Economic and Social Research Council (ESRC) I created a European network in 1995 to study the potential relevance of citizenship theories and practices for social policy in a European context. We gained support from the European Union for two projects in 1998–2000 under the Research Framework 4 programme and, among other things, we worked on a comparative study of social inclusion, work and citizenship policies. This and related work generated various publications, including Roche and van Berkel (eds) (1997a), Roche and Annesley (eds) (2004), and van Berkel and Moller (eds) (2002). It also provided a rapid and focused introduction to a range of European cities and countries I might otherwise have taken much longer to get to know.

    The network gave me the privilege and pleasure of getting to know and exchange ideas with many interesting colleagues from around Europe. These included our leading partners Thomas Faist (Bremen), Laurent Fraisse (Paris), Marisol Garcia (Barcelona), Liana Giorgi (Vienna), Matti Heikila (Helsinki), Pedro Hespanha (Coimbra), Enzo Mingione (Milan), Iver Moller (Copenhagen), Tapio Salonen (Lund), and Jacques Vilrokx (Brussels). They also included other members of the network and participants in our cycle of seminars, such as Alberta Andreotti, Sabine Dreher, Aitor Gomez, Henning Hansen, Haka Johansson, Yuri Kazepov, Elsa Keskitalo, Angelika Kofler, Jens Lind, Carlos Machado, Ana Matos, Ilya Mertens, Ronald Pohoryles, Sylvia Portugal, Jan de Schampheliere, David Smith, Cyril Tholen, Ben Valkenberg, and Enid Wistrich. Vital support was provided by our Sheffield coordinating group, Claire Annesley, Joanne Cook, Colin Williams and Jan Windebank, and the project benefited greatly from the interest and support of Ronan O'Brien in DG Research at the European Commission. The conferences with which we concluded our network projects, and at which we disseminated their reports, enabled us to hear from and exchange views with Duncan Gallie, Anton Hemerijk, Siofra O'Leary and Ruud Muffels, among others.

    Although our social policy network was extensive, it did not include Eastern Europe and the 2004/07 enlargement of the EU underscored this omission. In relation to this in recent years I have worked with the Soros Foundation's higher education programme and also the European Cultural Foundation, particularly in southeastern Europe and particularly in the fields of general sociology, the sociology of culture and cultural policy. I have been privileged to meet colleagues and students in the Balkan and Black Sea countries of Bulgaria, Georgia, Romania, Serbia and Ukraine, who have stimulated and supported my interest in understanding European society and culture. These include Alexander Kiossev and Valentina Gueorgieva, my good hosts at St Kliment university in Sofia, Bulgaria and their colleagues Boyan Knepolski and Martin Ossikowski, among many others, together with Predrag Cveticanin and his colleagues at the University of Nis, Serbia.

    Our social policy network also had not addressed European cultural and cultural policy issues. So in addition to my southeastern European work and inquiries, I organised an international conference on the European Public Sphere with a group of Sheffield colleagues in 2004. This provided an opportunity to meet some of the community of researchers and scholars in this field. These included, among others, Florian Oberhuber (Vienna), Barbara Pfetsch (Hohenheim), Karen Rosenwerth (Dortmund), Slavko Splichal (Ljubljana), Marianne van der Steeg (Florence), and Renee van Os (Nijmegen), along with British-based researchers including, among others, Barrie Axford, Richard Huggins, Peter Humphreys, Anthony King, Donald McNeill, Peter Millward, Katherine Sarikakis, Cornell Sandvoss, Damien Tambini, and Mark Wheeler. Some of the papers have been developed for publication in Harrison and Wessels (eds) (2009 forthcoming).

    This and other related activities in the field of European social and cultural studies have been supported by a range of people in Sheffield University in recent years. These include, among others, Sir Ian Kershaw, Peter Ainsworth, Harvey Armstrong, Ian Bache, Micheline Beaulieu, Max Craglia, Matt Flinders, Andrew Gamble, Andrew Geddes, Stephen George, Mike Kenny, Edmund King, Bill Leatherbarrow, David Luscombe, Jon Nixon, Dominic Shellard, Martin Smith, David Shepherd, Paul White and Yorick Wilks. On the administrative front they include Helen Rana, Lada Trifanova-Price, and Steph Davy-Jow, who worked on our European Social and Cultural Studies Centre project, the staff of the University's South East Europe Research Centre in Thessaloniki, and Gill Wells from the University's European research office. From my own department and related units they include particularly Bob Deacon, Dave Phillips, Alan Walker, Tony Warnes and also Richard Jenkins, and my much-missed ex-colleagues Alan France, Sharon Macdonald and Nick Stevenson. I would like to thank my department and its current head Clive Norris for sustaining study leave, research travel resourcing, research time in staff workloads and other such supports. These are absolutely necessary for long-term projects of research and scholarship to be undertaken in British universities these days. They need to be defended against the threats posed by the long-term disease of under-funding, which has afflicted the UK's higher education system for the last decade or more.

    On a lighter note, unlike the British, continental Europeans discovered many years ago the benefits of ‘café culture’ to counter-balance and compensate the monasticism required by writing. A number of people have helped keep café culture alive for me in Sheffield over the years. These are particularly my ex-doctoral students Jackie Harrison, Neil Sellors and Chris Fiddler, and my departmental colleague Bridgette Wessels. Their views, reading suggestions, company and encouragement have helped me greatly on this project, and thanks to them for that. Of course none of them, nor any of the other people mentioned above, is in any way responsible for the accuracy of the book's information or the adequacy of the views expressed in it.

    Finally, thanks to Jan Roche, Stephen Roche and Helen Roche for their patience and support for me over the years on this and other European projects.

    Table 4.1 from Europe: A History by N. Davies, Random House reprinted with permission and C. Tilly, ‘European states in modernity: the birth and death of states 1500–2000’ in Coercion, Capital and European States, 990–1990, Wiley-Blackwell reprinted with permission.

    Table 4.2 from T. Janoski, Citizenship and Civil Society, 1998, reprinted with permission from Cambridge University Press and the author.

    Table 5.1 from C. Tilly, ‘European war and peace in the process of modernization: ‘Great Power’ battle deaths and peace treaties 1600–1950’ in Coercion, Capital and European States, 990–1990, Wiley-Blackwell reprinted with permission.

    Table 6.2 European populations in the 21st century: socio-demographic differences and projected changes 2000–2050 © European Communities, 2006.

    Table 7.3 reprinted with permission from the Centre for European Reform.

    Table 8.1 The European service economy in the 21st century: growth sectors in the EU © European Communities, 2006.

    List of Tables

    • 3.1 Pre-modern European ‘common ground’: Main cross-continental communications and habitats 51
    • 3.2 Pre-modern European historical development: Main periods, events, and dynamics factors 53
    • 3.3 Early modern Europe: The transition period 1300–1550 and the ‘long’ 15th Century 67
    • 4.1 European states in modernity: The birth and death of states 1500–2000 89
    • 4.2 European national citizenship in modernity: The growth of rights 1700–1950 97
    • 5.1 European war and peace in the process of modernisation: ‘Great Power’ battle deaths and peace treaties 1600–1950 108
    • 6.1 European societies in the 21st Century: Socio-economic differences and commonalities 2005 134
    • 6.2 European populations in the 21st Century: Socio-demographic differences and projected changes 2000–2050 135
    • 7.1 European socio-demographic trends and projections 1960–2050 163
    • 7.2 European socio-economic change and restructuring 1: 1960–2006 - Economic growth and the shift to a post-industrial economy 165
    • 7.3 The EU in the global economy 170
    • 7.4 European socio-economic change and restructuring 2: 1960–2006 - Labour market changes and problems 180
    • 7.5 New social risks and poverty in 21st Century European societies 184
    • 8.1 The European service economy in the 21st Century: Growth sectors in the EU 209
    • 8.2 The European cultural economy in the 21st Century 211
  • Bibliography and References

    This list mainly contains items cited either in the main text or Endnotes. It also contains some items relevant as resources in the writing of the book but which are not cited in it.
    Abrahamson, P. (2000) ‘The welfare modelling business’, ch.4 in Manning and Shaw (eds) (2000a).
    Abu-Lughod, J. (1989) Before European Hegemony: The World System AD 1250–1350. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
    Addonino Report (see EC 1985).
    Adelantado, J. and Calderon, E. (2007) ‘Globalisation and the welfare state: the same strategies for similar problems?’, Journal of European Social Policy, 16 (4): 374–386. http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0958928706068275
    Aho Report (see EC 2006a).
    Aiginger, K. (2005) ‘Towards a new European model of a reformed welfare state’, ch.7 in United Nations Economic Survey of Europe, 1. UN Economic Commission for Europe (UNECE), Geneva.
    Alber, J. and Standing, G. (2000) ‘Social dumping, catch-up or convergence? Europe in a global context’, The Journal of European Social Policy, 10 (2): 99–119.
    Albrow, M. (1999) The Global Age. Cambridge: Polity Press.
    Alexander, J. (2006) The Civil Sphere. Oxford: Oxford University Press. http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195162509.001.0001
    Ambler, J. (ed.) (1991) The French Welfare State. New York: New York University Press.
    Amin, S. (1989) Eurocentrism. London: Zed Books.
    Anderson, B. (1991) Imagined Communities. London: Verso.
    Anderson, K. (2009) ‘The Church as nation? The role of religion in the development of the Swedish welfare state’, ch.8 in van Keesbergen and Manow (eds) (2009) (forthcoming).
    Anderson, P. (1979) Lineages of the Absolutist State. London: New Left Books.
    Anderson, P. and Weymouth, A. (1999) Insulting the Public? The British Press and the European Union. London: Longman.
    Andreski, S. (1968) Military Organization and Society. London: Routledge.
    Annesley, C. (2007) ‘Lisbon and social Europe: towards a European “adult worker model” welfare system’, Journal of European Social Policy, 17 (3): 195–205. http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0958928707078363
    Ansell, C. (2000) ‘The networked polity: regional development in Western Europe’, Governance: An International Journal of Policy and Administration, 13 (3): 303–333. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/gove.2000.13.issue-2
    Archer, C. (2004) ‘The European Union as a international political actor’, ch.16 in Nugent (ed.) (2004).
    Archer, C. (2008) The European Union. London: Routledge.
    Archibugi, D. and Coco, A. (2005) ‘Is Europe becoming the most dynamic knowledge economy in the the world?’, Journal of Common Market Studies, 43 (3): 433–459. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jcms.2005.43.issue-3
    Armstrong, J. (1982) Nations before Nationalism. Chapel Hill, NC: University of North Carolina Press.
    Arnaud, J. (2006) Independent European Sport Review (initiated by the EU, European Council), http://www.independentfootballreview.com (accessed on xx/xx/2008).
    Aron, R. (1968) Peace and War: A Theory of International Relations. London: Weidenfeld and Nicolson.
    Arts, W. and Gelissen, J. (2002) ‘Three worlds of welfare capitalism or more? A state-of-the-art report’, Journal of European Social Policy, 12 (2): 137–158. http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0952872002012002114
    Atkinson, T. (2002) ‘Social inclusion in the European Union’, Journal of Common Market Studies, 40 (5): 625–644.
    Axford, B. (2006) ‘The dialectic of borders and networks in Europe: reviewing “topological presuppositions”’, Comparative European Politics, 4: 160–182. http://dx.doi.org/10.1057/palgrave.cep.6110079
    Axford, B. and Huggins, R. (1999) ‘Towards a post-national polity: the emergence of the network society in Europe’, in Smith, D. and Wright, S. (eds), Whose Europe? The Turn Towards Democracy. Oxford: The Sociological Review/Blackwell.
    Axford, B. and Huggins, R. (2007) ‘The European information society: a new public sphere?’, ch.7 in Rumford (ed.) (2007).
    Axtmann, R. (ed.) (1998) Globalisation and Europe. London: Pinter.
    Baban, F. and Keyman, F. (2008) ‘Turkey and postnational Europe: challenges for the cosmopolitan political community’, European Journal of Social Theory, 11 (1): 107–124. http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1368431007085290
    Bache, I. (2005) ‘Multi-Level governance and European Union regional policy’, ch.10 in Bache and Flinders (eds) (2005).
    Bache, I. and Flinders, M. (eds) (2005) Multi-level Governance. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
    Baldock, J. (2000) ‘Culture: the missing variable in understanding social policy?’, ch.8 in Manning and Shaw (eds) (2000a).
    Baldwin, P. (1990) The Politics of Social Solidarity: Class Bases of the European Welfare States 1875–1975. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/CBO9780511586378
    Balibar, E. (1998) ‘The borders of Europe’, pp. 216–232 in Cheah and Robbins (eds) (1998).
    Balibar, E. (2004) We, the People of Europe: Reflections on Transnational Citizenship. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
    Bambra, C. (2004) ‘The worlds of welfare: illusory and gender blind?’, Social Policy and Society, 3: 201–211. http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S147474640400171X
    Bambra, C. (2005) ‘Worlds of welfare and the health care discrepancy’, Social Policy and Society, 4: 31–41. http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1474746404002143
    Bambra, C. (2006) ‘Decommodification and the worlds of welfare revisited’, Journal of European Social Policy, 16 (1): 73–80. http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0958928706059835
    Barbalet, J. (1988) Citizenship: Rights, Struggle and Class Inequality. Milton Keynes: Open University Press.
    Barenholdt, J. and Simonsen, K. (2004) Space Odysseys: Spatiality and Social Relations in the Twenty-first Century. Aldershot: Ashgate.
    Barney, D. (2004) The Network Society. Cambridge: Polity Press.
    Barroso, J.M. (2006a) ‘Moving up a gear for growth and jobs: progress on implementing the new Lisbon strategy’, SPEECH/06/569. European Commission, Brussels.
    Barroso, J.M. (2006b) ‘You don't have to love Europe, but do you want to lead or be dragged along?’ Hugo Young Lecture, edited version, 18 October 2006. London: The Guardian newspaper.
    Bartlett, R. (1994) The Making of Europe: Conquest, Colonization and Cultural Change 950–1350. London: Penguin.
    Barysch, K. (2005) Embracing the Dragon: The EU's Partnership with China. London: Centre for European Reform.
    Barysch, K. (2006) ‘East v. West? The European economic and social model after Enlargement’, ch.3 in Giddens et al. (eds) (2006).
    Barysch, K., Tilford, S. and Whyte, P. (2008) The Lisbon Scorecard VIII. London: Centre for European Reform.
    Bauman, Z. (1998) Globalisation: The Human Consequences. Cambridge: Polity Press.
    Bauman, Z. (2000) Liquid Modernity. Cambridge: Polity Press.
    Bauman, Z. (2004) Europe: An Unfinished Adventure. Cambridge: Polity Press.
    Bay, A. H. and Pedersen, A. (2006) ‘The limits of solidarity: minimum income, immigration and welfare’, Acta Sociologica, 49 (4): 419–136. http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0001699306071682
    Baylis, J. and Smith, S. (eds) (2008) The Globalisation of World Politic (
    4th edn
    ). Oxford: Oxford University Press.
    Bayly, C. (2004) The Birth of the Modern World 1780–1914: Global Connections and Comparisons. Oxford: Blackwell.
    Beck, U. (1992) Risk Society: Towards a New Modernity. London: Sage.
    Beck, U. (2000) What is Globalization?Cambridge: Polity Press.
    Beck, U. (2006) Cosmopolitan Vision. Cambridge: Polity Press.
    Beck, U. and Grande, E. (2007) Cosmopolitan Europe. Cambridge: Polity Press.
    Beck, W., Maessen, L. and Walker, A. (eds) (1997) Social Quality in Europe. The Hague: Kluwer Law International.
    Begg, I., Draxler, J. and Mortensen, J. (2008) Is Social Europe Fit for Globalisation?Brussels: European Commission (DG Employment).
    Bell, D. (1973) The Coming of Post-Industrial Society. New York: Basic Books.
    Bellamy, R. and Warleigh, A. (eds) (2001) Citizenship and Governance in the European Union. London: Continuum.
    Bellier, I. and Wilson, T. (eds) (2000) The Anthropology of the European Union. Oxford: Berg.
    Bendix, R. (1964) Nation-Building and Citizenship. New York: John Wiley.
    Benkler, Y. (2006) The Wealth of Networks: How Social Production Transforms Markets and Freedom. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press.
    Benko, G. and Strohmayer, U. (eds) (1997) Space and Social Theory: Interpreting Modernity and Postmodernity. London: Blackwell.
    Bertola, G., Boeri, T. and Nicoetti, G. (2001) Welfare and Employment in a United Europe. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
    Biedenkopf, K., Geremek, B. and Michalski, K. (2004) The Spiritual and Cultural Dimension of Europe. Vienna/Brussels: Institute for Human Sciences/European Commission.
    Blaut, J. (2000) Eight Eurocentric HistoriansNew York: Guilford Press.
    Bloom, J. and Blair, S. (2001) Islam: The Empire of Faith. London: BBC Books.
    Bobbitt, P. (2002) The Shield of Achilles: War, Peace and the Course of History. London: Penguin.
    Bode, I. (2006) ‘Disorganized welfare mixes: voluntary agencies and new governance regimes in Western Europe’, Journal of European Social Policy, 16 (4): 353–359. http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0958928706068273
    Bondeberg, I. and Golding, P. (eds) (2004) European Culture and the Media. Portland, OR: Intellect Books.
    Boon, V. and Delanty, G. (2007) ‘Cosmopolitanism and Europe: Historical Considerations and Contemporary Applications’, Chapter 2 in C.Rumford (ed.) (2007) Europe and Cosmopolitanism. Liverpool: Liverpool University Press.
    Borneman, J. and Fowler, N. (1997) ‘Europeanization’, Annual Review of Anthropology, 26: 487–514. http://dx.doi.org/10.1146/annurev.anthro.26.1.487
    Bosco, A. and Chassard, Y. (1999) ‘A shift in the paradigm: surveying the European Union discourse on welfare and work’, in Heikkila (ed.) (1999).
    Braudel, F. (1993) A History of Civilizations. London: Penguin.
    BrennerN. (2004) New State Spaces: Urban Governance and the Rescaling of Statehood. Oxford: Oxford University Press. http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199270057.001.0001
    Bretherton, C. and Vogler, J. (1999) The European Union as a Global Actor. London: Routledge. http://dx.doi.org/10.4324/9780203196076
    Briant, P. (1996) Alexander the Great. London: Thames and Hudson.
    Brinkley, I. (2008) The Knowledge Economy: How Knowledge is Reshaping the Economic Life of Nations. London: The Work Foundation.
    Brinkley, I. and Lee, N. (2007) The Knowledge Economy in Europe. London: The Work Foundation.
    Brodsgaard, K. and Heurlin, B. (eds) (2002) China's Place in Global Geopolitics. London: Routledge.
    Bromley, S. (ed.) (2001) Governing the European Union. London: Sage.
    Brotton, J. (2002) The Renaissance Bazaar: From the Silk Road to Michaelangelo. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
    Brubaker, R. (1992) Citizenship and Nationhood in France and Germany. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
    Brubaker, R. (1996) Nationalism Reframed: Nationhood and the National Question in the New Europe. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/CBO9780511558764
    Bunce, V. (2005) ‘The national idea: imperial legacies and post-communist pathways in Eastern Europe’, East European Politics and Societies, 19 (3): 406–442. http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0888325405277963
    Burgess, M. and Vollaard, H. (eds) (2006) State Territoriality and European Integration. London: Routledge.
    Burke, P. (2005) History and Social Theory (
    2nd edn
    ) Cambridge: Polity Press.
    Bryman, A. (2004) The Disneyization of Society. London: Sage. http://dx.doi.org/10.4135/9781446220122
    Calhoun, C. (ed.) (1992) Habermas and the Public SphereCambridge, MA: MIT Press.
    Calhoun, C. (1997) Nationalism. Buckingham: Open University Press.
    Calhoun, C. (2001) ‘The virtues of inconsistency: identity and plurality in the conceptualisation of Europe’, ch.2 in Cederman (ed.) (2001).
    Calhoun, C. (2002) ‘The class consciousness of frequent travellers: towards a critique of actually existing cosmopolitanism’, ch.6 in Vertovec and Cohen (eds) (2002).
    Campbell, J. (2005) ‘Fiscal sociology in an age of globalisation: comparing tax regimes in advanced capitalist countries’, pp. 391-H8 in Nee, V. and Swedborg, R. (eds), The Economic Sociology of Capitalism. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
    Cameron, E. (ed.) (2001) Early Modern Europe: An Oxford History. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
    Caporaso, J. and Jupille, J. (2001) ‘The Europeanization of gender equality policy and domestic structural change’, ch.2 in Cowles et al. (eds) (2001).
    Casey, E., Paasi, A., Shapiro, M. and Mayer, M. (2008) ‘Comments on “Theorizing sociospatial relations”’, Environmental and Planning D: Society and Space, 26 (3): 402–419. http://dx.doi.org/10.1068/d9107a
    Castellani, B. and Hafferty, F. (2007) Sociology and Complexity Science: A New Area of Inquiry. Available online: http://www.personal.kent.educ/~bcastel3/SACS.html. (accessed on xx/xx/2008).
    Castells, M. (1996) The Rise of the Network Society (The Information Age, Vol. 1). Oxford: Blackwell.
    Castells, M. (1997) The Power of Identity (The Information Age, Vol. 2). Oxford: Blackwell.
    Castells, M. (1998) The End of Millennium (The Information Age, Vol. 3). Oxford: Blackwell.
    Castells, M. (2002) The Internet Galaxy: Reflections on the Internet, Business and Society. Oxford: Oxford University Press. http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199255771.001.0001
    Castle-Kanerova, M. and Jordan, B. (2001) ‘The social citizen’, Chapter 7 in Bellamy and Warleigh (eds) (2001) Citizenship and Governance in the European Union. London: Continuum.
    Castles, F. (2004) The Future of the Welfare State: Crisis Myths and Crisis Realities. Oxford: Oxford University Press. http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/0199270171.001.0001
    Castles, F. and Pierson, C. (1996) ‘A new convergence?’, Policy and Politics, 24 (3): 233–245. http://dx.doi.org/10.1332/030557396782148499
    Cederman, L. E. (ed.) (2001) Constructing Europe's Identity: The External Dimension. Boulder, CO: Lynne Rienner.
    Chamberlayne, P., Cooper, A., Freeman, R. and Rustin, M. (eds) (1999) Welfare and Culture in Europe. London: Kingsley.
    Cheah, P. and Robbins, B. (eds) (1998) Cosmopolitics: Thinking and Feeling beyond the Nation (Cultural Politics Vol. 14) Minneapolis, MN: University of Minnesota Press.
    Checkel, J. and Katzenstein, P. (eds) (2008) The Politics of European Identity Construction. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
    Chesters, G. (2004) ‘Global complexity and global civil society’, Voluntas: The International Journal of Voluntary and Non-profit Organizations, 15 (4): 323–342. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11266-004-1235-9
    Chesters, G. and Welsh, I. (2005) ‘Complexity and social movement(s)’, Theory, Culture and Society, 22 (5): 187–211. http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0263276405057047
    Christiansen, T., Jorgensen, K. and Wiener, A. (eds) (1999) The Social Construction of Europe. London: Sage. http://dx.doi.org/10.4135/9781446221105
    Chrysochoou, D. (2001) Theorizing European Integration. London: Sage.
    Cohen, J. and Arato, A. (1997) Civil Society and Political Theory. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
    Colley, L. (2003) Britons: Forging the Nation 1707–1837. London: Pimlico.
    Commander, S., Heitmueller, A. and Tyson, L. (2006) ‘Migrating workers and jobs: a challenge to the European social model?’, ch.4 in Giddens et al. (eds) (2006).
    Corvisier, A. (1979) Armies and Societies in Europe, 1494–1789Bloomington, IN: Indiana University Press.
    Cowles, M., Caporaso, J. and Risse, T. (eds) (2001) Transforming Europe: Europeanization and Domestic Change. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press.
    Cram, L., Dinan, D. and Nugent, N. (eds) (1999) Developments in the European Union. Basingstoke: Macmillan.
    Crang, M. and Thrift, N. (eds) (2000) Thinking Space. London: Routledge.
    Crossley, N. (2007) ‘Social networks and extraparliamentary politics’, Sociology Compass, 1 (1): 222–236. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/soco.2007.1.issue-1
    Crouch, C. (1999) Social Change in Western Europe. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
    Chryssochoou, D. (2001) Theorizing European Integration. London: Sage. http://dx.doi.org/10.4135/9781446218976
    Cunliffe, B. (1997) The Ancient Celts. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
    Cunliffe, B. (2005) Iron Age communities in Britain (
    4th edn
    ). London: Routledge.
    Dahrendorf, R. (1997) After 1989: Morals, Revolution and Civil Society. Basingstoke: Macmillan.
    Daly, M. (2006) ‘EU social policy after Lisbon’, Journal of Common Market Studies, 44 (3): 461–481. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jcms.2006.44.issue-3
    Daly, M. (2007) ‘Whither EU social policy? An account and assessment of developments in the Lisbon social inclusion process’, Journal of Social Policy, 37 (1): 1–19.
    Davidson, R. (1998) Travel and Tourism in Europe (
    2nd edn
    ). Harlow: Addison-Wesley Longman.
    Davies, N. (1997) Europe: A History. London: Pimlico/Random House.
    Davies, N. (2006) Europe East and West. London: Jonathan Cape.
    De la Porte, C. and Pochet, P. (2004) ‘The European employment strategy: existing research and remaining questions’, Journal of European Social Policy, 14 (1): 71–78. http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0958928704039879
    De Vreese, C. (2003) Framing Europe: Television News and European Integration. Amsterdam: Aksant.
    De Vreese, C. (2007) ‘The EU as a public sphere’, Living Reviews, http://Europeangovernance.livingreviews.org/Articles/Ireg-2007-3/ (accessed 01/05/2009.)
    Deacon, B. (2000) ‘Eastern European welfare states: the impact of the politics of globalization’, Journal of European Social Policy, 10 (2): 146–161.
    Deacon, B. (2007) Global Social Policy and Governance. London: Sage. http://dx.doi.org/10.4135/9781446212219
    Deacon, B., Hulse, M. and Stubbs, P. (1997) Global Social Policy. London: Sage. http://dx.doi.org/10.4135/9781446250624
    Deacon, B. and Stubbs, P. (eds) (2007) Globalization and the Making of Social Policy in South Eastern Europe. Aldershot: Edward Elgar.
    Dear, M. and Flusty, S. (eds) (2002) The Spaces of PostmodernityOxford: Blackwell.
    Delanty, G. (1995) Inventing Europe: Idea, Identity, Reality. London: Macmillan. http://dx.doi.org/10.1057/9780230379657
    Delanty, G. (2000) Citizenship in a Global Age. Buckingham: Open University Press.
    Delanty, G. (2005) ‘The idea of a Cosmopolitan Europe: on the cultural significance of Europeanization’, International Review of Sociology, 15 (3): 405–421. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/03906700500272434
    Delanty, G. (2006) ‘Borders in a changing Europe: dynamics of openness and closure’, Comparative European Politics, 4: 183–202. http://dx.doi.org/10.1057/palgrave.cep.6110073
    Delanty, G. (2007) ‘European citizenship: a critical assessment’, Citizenship Studies, 11 (1): 63–72. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/13621020601099872
    Delanty, G. and He, B. (2008) ‘Cosmopolitan perspectives on European and Asian transnationalism’, International Sociology, 23 (3): 323–344. http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0268580908088893
    Delanty, G. and Jones, P. (2002) ‘European identity and architecture’, European Journal of Social Theory, 5 (4): 453–466. http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/136843102760514009
    Delanty, G. and Kumar, K. (eds) (2006) Handbook of Nations and Nationalism Studies. London: Sage.
    Delanty, G. and Rumford, C. (2005) Rethinking Europe: Social Theory and the Implications of Europeanization. London: Routledge.
    Delors, White Paper (see EC 1993a).
    Delors, J. (1998) ‘A Necessary Union’ (original 1989), ch.9 in Nelsen and Stubbs (eds) (1998).
    Diez, T. (2006) ‘The paradox of Europe's borders’, Comparative European Politics, 4: 235–252. http://dx.doi.org/10.1057/palgrave.cep.6110083
    Dinan, D. (2005) Ever Closer Union: An Introduction to European Integration (
    3rd edn
    ). London: Palgrave.
    Dobb, M. (1963) Studies in the Development of Capitalism. London: Routledge and Kegan Paul.
    Downing, B. (1992) The Military Revolution and Political Change: Origins of Democracy and Autocracy in Early Modern Europe. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
    Doyal, L. and Gough, I. (1991) A Theory of Human Needs. London: Macmillan.
    Duff, A. (ed.) (1997) The Treaty of Amsterdam. London: Federal Trust.
    Duncan, S. and Edwards, R. (1999) Lone Mothers, Paid Work and Gendered Moral Rationalities. London: Palgrave. http://dx.doi.org/10.1057/9780230509689
    Dunkerley, D., Hodgson, L., Konopacki, S., Spybey, T. and Thompson, A. (2002) Changing Europe: Identities, Nations and Citizens. London: Routledge. http://dx.doi.org/10.4324/9780203303535
    Dutton, P. (2002) Origins of the French Welfare State (1914–1947). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/CBO9780511497018
    Dwyer, P. (2000) Welfare Rights and Responsibilities: Contesting Social Citizenship. Bristol: The Policy Press.
    Dyson, K. (ed.) (2002) European States and the Euro. Oxford: Oxford University Press. http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/0199250251.001.0001
    Eardley, T., Bradshaw, J., Ditch, J., Gough, I. and Whiteford, P. (1996) Social Assistance in OECD Countries. London: HMSO.
    Eder, K. (2006) ‘Europe's borders: the narrative construction of the boundaries of Europe’, European Journal of Social Theory, 9 (2): 255–271. http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1368431006063345
    Eder, K. and Giesen, B. (eds) (2001) European Citizenship: Between National Legacies and Postnational Projects. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
    Ehrenreich, B. (1997) Blood Rituals: Origins and History of the Passions of War. New York: Owl Books/Holt.
    Ehrenreich, B. (2007) Dancing in the Street: A History of Collective Joy. London: Granta.
    Eisenstein, E. (2005) The Printing Revolutions in Early Modern Europe. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
    Elias, N. (1983) The Court Society. Oxford: Blackwell (originally published 1969).
    Elias, N. (2000) The Civilising Process (rev. edn). Oxford: Blackwell (originally published 1939).
    Eluere, C. (1993) The Celts: First Masters of Europe. London: Thames and Hudson.
    Eriksen, E. (2007) ‘Conceptualizing European Public Spheres: General, Segmented and Strong Publics’, Chapter 2 in Fossum and Schlesinger (eds) (2007) The European Union and the Public Sphere. London: Routledge.
    Esping-Andersen, G. (1990) The Three Worlds of Welfare Capitalism. Cambridge: Polity Press.
    Esping-Andersen, G. (ed.) (1996a) Welfare States in Transition: National Adaptations in Global Economies. London: Sage. http://dx.doi.org/10.4135/9781446216941
    Esping-Andersen, G. (1996b) ‘After the Golden Age? Welfare state dilemmas in a global economy’, ch.1 in Esping-Andersen (ed.) (1996a).
    Esping-Andersen, G. (1996c) ‘Welfare states without work: the impasse of labour-shedding and familialism in Continental European social policy’, ch.3 in Esping-Andersen (ed.) (1996a).
    Esping-Andersen, G. (1999) The Social Foundations of Post-Industrial Economies. Oxford: Oxford University Press. http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/0198742002.001.0001
    Esping-Andersen, G. (2002a) ‘A new gender contract’, ch.3 in Esping-Andersen et al. (2002).
    Esping-Andersen, G. (2002b) ‘A new European social model for the twenty-first century?’, ch.3 in Rodrigues (ed.) (2002).
    Esping-Andersen, G. (2002c) ‘A child-centred social investment strategy’, ch.2 in Esping-Andersen et al. (2002).
    Esping-Andersen, G. and Regini, M. (eds) (2000) Why Deregulate Labour Markets?Oxford: Oxford University Press. http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/0199240523.001.0001
    Esping-Andersen, G., Gallie, D., Hemerijk, A. and Myles, J. (2002) Why We Need a New Welfare State. Oxford: Oxford University Press. http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/0199256438.001.0001
    European Agency (2007) Report on Racism and Xenophobia in the Member State of the EU. Vienna: European Agency for Fundamental Rights.
    Eurobarometer (2008) Eurobarometer 68: Public Opinion in the European Union. Brussels: European Commission (DG Communication).
    Euronet (2005) What about Us? Children's Rights in the European Union: Next Steps (Ruxton Report). Brussels: European Children's Network.
    European Commission (this authorship is indicated in this Reference list by EC)
    EC (1985) ‘A People's Europe’ (Addonino Report, Parts I and II), Bulletin of the European Communities, Supplement 7/85. Luxembourg: EC.
    EC (1988) Europe without Frontiers: Completing the Internal Market (
    2nd edn
    ). European Documentation. Luxembourg: EC.
    EC (1992) Treaty on European Union. Luxembourg: EC.
    EC (1993a) Growth, Competitiveness, Employment: The Challenges and Ways: Forward into The Twenty-first Century (The Delors White Paper). Luxembourg: EC.
    EC (1993b) European Social Policy: Options for the Union (The Green Paper). Luxembourg: EC.
    EC (1995a) Social Protection in Europe. Directorate-General Employment, Industrial Relations and Social Affairs. Brussels: EC.
    EC (1995b) European Social Policy: The Medium Term Action Plan. Luxembourg: EC.
    EC (1995c) Intergovernmental Conference 1996: Commission Report for the Reflection Group. Luxembourg: EC.
    EC (1996a) Intergovernmental Conference 1996: Commission Opinion – Reinforcing Political Union and Preparing for Enlargement. Luxembourg: EC.
    EC (1996b) For a Europe of Civic and Social Rights: Report by the Comite des Sages. Luxembourg: EC.
    EC (1997) The Globalising Learning Economy. Brussels: EC.
    EC (1999) Implementing the European Employment Strategy. Luxembourg: EC.
    EC (2001) European Governance: A White Paper. COM (2001) 428. Brussels: EC.
    EC (2003) An Agenda for a Growing Europe: Making the EU Economic System Deliver. (The Sapir Report – A report of an Independent High-level Study Group, chaired by A.Sapir). Brussels: EC.
    EC (2004) Report of the High-level Group on the Future of Social Policy in an Enlarged Union. DG Employment. Brussels: EC.
    EC (2005a) Common Actions for Growth and Employment: The Community Lisbon Programme. COM (2005) 330. Brussels: EC.
    EC (2005b) The Future of Creative Industries (Report by C.Marcus). DG Research, EUR 21471. Brussels: EC.
    EC (2005c) Joint Report on Social Protection and Social Inclusion. COM (2005) 14. Brussels: EC.
    EC (2005d) European Values in the Globalised World. COM (2005) 525 final. Brussels: EC.
    EC (2005e) The Daphne Experience 1997–2003: Europe against Violence towards Children and Women. DG Justice, Freedom and Security. Brussels: EC.
    EC (2006a) Creating an Innovative Europe (The Aho Report). EUR 22005. Brussels: EC.
    EC (2006b) Social Inclusion in the New Member States. SEC (2004) 848. Brussels: EC.
    EC (2006c) The Economy of Culture in Europe (Report by KEA, Berlin). Brussels: EC.
    EC (2007a) A White Paper on Sport. COM (2007) 391. Brussels: EC.
    EC (2007b) Towards Common Principles of Flexicurity: More and Better Jobs through Flexibility and Security. COM (2007). Brussels: EC.
    EC (2007c) ‘Flexicurity in Europe: modernising the European labour market in the twenty-first century’ (Spidla, V.), SPEECH/07/421, European Commission, Brussels.
    EC (2007d) Strategic Report on the Renewed Lisbon Strategy for Growth and Jobs: Launching the New Cycle (2008–2010). COM (2007) 803 final, PART III. Brussels: EC.
    EC (2007e) Integrated Guidelines for Growth and Jobs (2008–2010). COM (2007) 803 final, PART V. Brussels: EC.
    EC (2008a) Proposal for a Directive of the European Parliament and of the Council on the Application of Patients' Rights in Cross-border Healthcare. COM (200) 414 final, 2008/0142 (COD). Brussels: EC.
    EC (2008b) Report on Implementation of the Hague Programme for 2007. Brussels: EC.
    European Convention (2003) Draft Treaty Establishing a Constitution for Europe. Luxembourg: European Communities.
    European Foundation (2007) First European Quality of Life Survey: Time Use and Work-life Options over the Life Course. Dublin: European Foundation for the Improvement of Living and Working Conditions.
    European Parliament (2007) The European Charter of Fundamental Rights (Draft). Brussels: European Parliament.
    European Union (this authorship is indicated here in this Reference list by EU).
    EU (1993) ‘European Council in Copenhagen 21–22 June 1993, Conclusions of the Presidency’. SN 180/1/93 REV 1. Brussels: European Council.
    EU (2000a) ‘Lisbon European Council, Presidency Conclusions’. Brussels: European Parliament. Available online: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/summi?redirected=1/lis1_en.htm (accessed on 20/07/2009).
    EU (2001) Treaty of Nice (10/3/2001, pp.C80/1-C80/87). Brussels: Official Journal of the European Communities.
    EU (2004) Facing the Challenge: The Lisbon Strategy for Growth and Employment (The Kok Report, the report by the High-level Group chaired by WimKok). Brussels: European Council.
    EU (2006a) Joint Report on Social Protection and Social Inclusion (7294/06). Brussels: European Council.
    EU (2006b) Directive 2006/123/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council on Services in the Internal Market (27/12/2006, pp.L376/36-L376/68). Brussels: Official Journal of the European Union.
    EU (2006c) Regulation (EC) No. 1927/2000 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 20 December 2006 on establishing the European Globalisation Adjustment Fund. L48/82-L48/88. Luxembourg: Official Journal of the European Union.
    EU (2007a) The Reform Treaty (or Lisbon Treaty), ‘Treaty amending the Treaty on European Union and the Treaty establishing the European Community’, IGC (Conference of the representatives of the governments of the member states) CIG 1/07. Brussels: Presidency of the IGC.
    EU (2007b) Joint Employment Report 2006/7 (6706/07). Brussels: European Council.
    Eurostat (2006a) Eurostats in Focus 3/2006. Luxembourg: Eurostat.
    Eurostat (2006b) Eurostats in Focus 17/2006. Luxembourg: Eurostat.
    Eurostat (2007) Eurostats in Focus 28/2007. Luxembourg: Eurostat.
    Eurostat (2008) ‘From 2015, deaths projected to outnumber births in the EU27’, Eurostat News Release 119/2008. Available online: http://epp.eurostat.ec.europa.eu/portal/page/publications/collections/news_releases (28 August 2008, accessed on 20/07/2009).
    Faist, T. (1995) Social Citizenship for Whom?Aldershot: Avebury.
    Faist, T. (2000) ‘Social citizenship in the European Union: nested membership’, Journal of Common Market Studies, 39 (1): 39–60.
    Faist, T. and Kivisto, P. (2007) Citizenship: Theory, Discourse and Transnational Prospects. Oxford: Blackwell.
    Faist, T. and Ozveren, E. (eds) (2004) Transnational Social Spaces: Agents, Networks and Institutions. Aldershot: Avebury.
    Fajth, G. (2000) ‘Social security in a rapidly changing environment: the case of post-communist transformation’, ch.5 in Manning and Shaw (eds) (2000a).
    Farrell, M., Fella, S. and Newman, M. (2002) European Integration in the 21st Century: Unity in Diversity?London: Sage.
    Favell, A. (2003a) ‘Games without frontiers? Questioning the transnational social power of migrants in Europe’, Archives Europeennes de Sociologie, Winter, XLIV, (3): 106–136.
    Favell, A. (2003b) Eurostars and Eurocities: Towards a Sociology of Free-moving Professionals in Western Europe. Working Paper 71. Center for Comparative Immigration Studies, University of California, San Diego.
    Favell, A. (2004) ‘Eurostars and Eurocities: free-moving professionals and the promise of European integration’, Council for European Studies, Columbia University, New York.
    Favell, A. (2006) ‘After enlargement: Europe's new migration system’, DIIS Brief, Migration Research Unit, Danish Institute for International Studies, Copenhagen.
    Favell, A. (2008) Eurostars and Eurocities: Free Movement and Mobility in an Integrating Europe. Oxford: Blackwellhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1002/9780470712818
    Featherstone, K. and Radaelli, C. (eds) (2003) The Politics of Europeanization. Oxford: Oxford University Press. http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/0199252092.001.0001
    Ferge, Z. (2001) ‘Welfare and ‘ill-fare’ systems in Central-Eastern Europe’, ch.7 in Sykes et al. (eds) (2001).
    Ferguson, N. (2008) The Ascent of Money: A Financial History of the World. London: Allen Lane.
    Fernandez-Armesto, F. (2001) Civilisations. London: Pan.
    Ferrera, M. (1996) ‘The ‘southern model’ of welfare in Social Europe’, Journal of European Social Policy, 6 (1): 17–37. http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/095892879600600102
    Ferrera, M. (2003) ‘European integration and national social citizenship’, Comparative Political Studies, 36 (6): 611–652. http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0010414003254183
    Ferrera, M. (2005a) The Boundaries of Welfare: European Integration and the New Spatial Politics of Social Solidarity. Oxford: Oxford University Press. http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/0199284660.001.0001
    Ferrera, M. (ed.) (2005b) Welfare State Reform in Southern Europe. London: Routledge.
    Ferrera, M., Hemerijk, A. and Rhodes, M. (2000) The Future of Social Europe: Recasting Work and Welfare in the New Economy. Oeiras: Celta.
    Fiddler, C. (2003) ‘Citizenship and the Euro: an analysis of British perceptions and attitudes to the process of European economic integration’. Unpublished PhD thesis, Available at: University of Sheffield Library, Sheffield (http://www.shef.ac.uk/library/).
    Fildes, A. and Fletcher, J. (2004) Alexander the Great. London: Duncan Baird.
    Fine, R. (2003) ‘Taking the “ism” out of Cosmopolitanism’, European Journal of Social Theory, 6 (4): 451–470. http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/13684310030064005
    Fine, R. (2006) ‘Cosmopolitanism and violence: difficulties of judgement’, British Journal of Sociology, 57 (1): 49–67. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bjos.2006.57.issue-1
    Fine, R. (2007) Cosmopolitanism. London: Routledge.
    Fligstein, N. (2008) Euroclash: The EU, European Identity and the Future of Europe. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
    Flora, P. (1983) ‘Stein Rokkan's macro-model of Europe’, Introduction, in Flora et al. (1983).
    Flora, P. (ed.) (1986) Growth to Limits: The Western European Welfare State since World War II. Berlin: de Gruytes.
    Flora, P., with Kuhnle, S. and Urwin, D. (eds) (1999) State Formation, Nation Building and Mass Politics in Europe: The Theory of Stein Rokkan. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
    Flora, P., Alber, J., Eichenberg, R., Kohl, J., Kraus, F., Pfenning, W. and Seebohm, K. (1983) State, Economy and Society in Western Europe 1815–1975. Vol. 1: The Growth of Mass Democracies and Welfare States. London: Macmillan.
    Florida, R. (2002) The Rise of the Creative Class. New York: Basic Books.
    Florida, R. and Tingali, I. (2004) Europe in the Creative Age. London: Demos.
    Fossum, J. and Schlesinger, P. (eds) (2007) The European Union and the Public Sphere. London: Routledge.
    Freeman, C. and Soete, L. (eds) (1987) Technical Change and Full Employment. Oxford: Blackwell.
    Freeman, R. and Rustin, M. (1999) ‘Introduction: Welfare, culture and Europe’, pp. 9–22 in P.Chamberlayne et al. (1999) Welfare and Culture in Europe. London: Kingsley.
    Friedrichs, J. (2001) ‘The meaning of new medievalism’, European Journal of International Relations, 7 (4): 475–502. http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1354066101007004004
    Fulbrook, M. (ed.) (2007) The Un-Civilising Processes? Excess and Transgression in German Society and Culture: Perspectives Debating with Norbert Elias. Amsterdam and New York: Editions Rodopi.
    Gallie, D. and Paugam, S. (eds) (2000) Welfare Regimes and the Experience of Unemployment in Europe. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
    Gamble, A. (2001) ‘Regional blocs, world order and the new medievalism’, ch.1 in Telo (ed.) (2001).
    Gamble, A. and Payne, A. (eds) (1996) Regionalism and World Order. London: Macmillan.
    Garcia, B. (2005) ‘De-constructing the City of Culture: The long-term legacies of Glasgow 1990’, Journal of Urban Studies, 42 (5/6): 1–28.
    Garcia, S. (ed.) (1993a) European Identity and the Search for Legitimacy. London: Pinter/The Royal Institute for International Affairs.
    Garcia, S. (1993b) ‘Europe's fragmented identities and the frontiers of citizenship’, ch.1 in Garcia (ed.) (1993a).
    Garcia, S. (1997) ‘European Union identity and citizenship: some challenges’, ch.13 in Roche and van Berkel (eds) (1997a).
    Geary, P. (2002) The Myth of Nations: The Medieval Origins of the Europe. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
    Geddes, A. (2003) The Politics of Migration and Immigration in Europe. London: Sage.
    Gellner, E. (1983) Nations and Nationalism. Oxford: Blackwell.
    Gellner, E. (1988) Plough, Sword and Book: The Structure of Human History. London: Paladin.
    Gellner, E. (1998) Nationalism. London: Phoenix/Orion.
    George, S. (2005) ‘Multi-level governance and the European Union’, ch.7 in Bache and Flinders (eds) (2005).
    Geyer, R. (2000) Exploring European Social Policy. Cambridge: Polity Press.
    Gibson, C. and Kong, L. (2005) ‘Cultural economy: a critical review’, Progress in Human Geography, 29 (5): 541–561. http://dx.doi.org/10.1191/0309132505ph567oa
    Giddens, A. (1971) Capitalism and Modern Social Theory. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
    Giddens, A. (1981) A Contemporary Critique of Historical Materialism (Vol. 1). London: Macmillan.
    Giddens, A. (1984) The Constitution of Society. Cambridge: Polity Press.
    Giddens, A. (1985) The Nation-State and Violence. Cambridge: Polity Press.
    Giddens, A. (1999) Runaway World: How Globalisation is Reshaping Our Lives. London: Profile Books.
    Giddens, A. (2000) The Third Way and its Critics. Cambridge: Polity Press.
    Giddens, A. (2007) Europe in the Global Age. Cambridge: Polity Press.
    Giddens, A., Diamond, P. and Liddle, R. (eds) (2006) Global Europe, Social Europe. Cambridge: Polity Press.
    Giddens, A. and Hutton, W. (eds) (2000) On the Edge: Living with Global Capitalism. London: Jonathan Cape.
    Ginsburg, N. (1992) Divisions of Welfare: A Critical Introduction to Comparative Social Policy. London: Sage.
    Glatzer, M. and Rueschemeyer, D. (eds) (2005) Globalization and the Future of the Welfare State. Pittsburgh, PA: University of Pittsburgh Press.
    Goldstein, J. (1988) Long Cycles: Prosperity and War in the Modern Age. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press.
    Goldstein, J. (1991) ‘A war-economy theory of the long wave’, ch.12 in Thygesen, N., Velupillai, K. and Zambell, S. (eds), Business Cycles: Theories, Evidence and Analysis. London: Macmillan.
    Goldstein, J. (2001) War and Gender. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
    Goodin, R., Headey, B., Muffels, R. and Dirven, H.-J. (1999) The Real Worlds of Welfare Capitalism. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/CBO9780511490927
    Goodwin, J. (1999) The Lords of the Horizon: A History of the Ottoman Empire. London: Vintage.
    Goody, J. (2000) The European Family: An Historico-anthropological Essay. Oxford: Blackwell.
    Goody, J. and Watt, I. (1975) ‘The consequences of literacy’, pp. 27–68 in Goody, J. (ed.), Literacy in Traditional Societies. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
    Gorski, P. (2006) ‘Pre-modern nationalism’, ch.12 in Kumar and Delanty (eds) (2006).
    Gough, I. (2005) ‘European welfare states: explanations and lessons for developing countries’. Unpublished conference paper, ‘New frontiers of social policy’, World Bank, Arusha (12–15 December). Available online: http://siteresources.worldbank.org/INTRANETSOCIALDEVELOPMENT/Resources/Gough.rev.pdf (accessed on 01/05/2009.)
    Gough, I., Eardley, T., Bradshaw, J., Ditch, J. and Whiteford, P. (1997) ‘Social assistance in OECD countries’, Journal of European Social Policy, 7 (1): 17–43. http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/095892879700700102
    Gough, I. and Olofsson, G. (eds) (1999) Capitalism and Social Cohesion: Essays on Exclusion and Integration. London: Macmillan. http://dx.doi.org/10.1057/9780230379138
    Gould, A. (1993) Capitalist Welfare Systems: A Comparison of Japan, Britain and Sweden. London: Longman.
    Gowan, P. (2002) ‘The EU and Eastern Europe: diversity without unity?’, in Farrell et al. (2002).
    Grant, C. and Barysch, K. (2008) Can Europe and China Shape a New World Order?London: Centre for European Reform.
    Gray, A. (2004) Unsocial Europe: Social Protection or Flexploitation?London: Pluto Press.
    Green, K., Hull, R., McMeekin, A. and Walsh, V. (1999) ‘The construction of the techno-economic: networks vs. paradigms’, Research Policy, 28: 777–792. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0048-7333%2899%2900021-9
    Greenfeld, L. (2003) The Spirit of Capitalism: Nationalism and Economic Growth. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
    Greenfeld, L. (2006) ‘Modernity and nationalism’, ch.13 in Kumar and Delanty (eds) (2006).
    Gripsrud, J. (2007) ‘Television and the European public sphere’, European Journal of Communication, 22 (4): 479–492. http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0267323107083064
    Guibernau, M. (ed.) (2001) Governing European Diversity. London: Sage.
    Guibernau, M. and Hutchinson, J. (eds) (2001) Understanding Nationalism. Cambridge: Polity Press.
    Guillen, A. and Alvarez, S. (2001) ‘Globalization and the southern welfare states’, ch.6 in Sykes et al. (eds) (2001).
    Guillen, A. and Matsaganis, M. (2000) ‘Testing the ‘social dumping’ hypothesis in Southern Europe’, The Journal of European Social Policy, 10 (2): 120–145.
    Guthrie, D. (2006) China and Globalization: The Social, Economic and Political Transformation of Chinese Society. London: Routledge.
    Habermas, J. (1989) The Structural Transformation of the Public Sphere (German original, 1962). Cambridge: Polity Press.
    Habermas, J. (1992) ‘Further reflections on the public sphere’, ch.17 in Calhoun (ed.) (1992).
    Habermas, J. (1994) ‘Citizenship and national identity’, ch.3 in van Steenbergen (ed.) (1994).
    Habermas, J. (2001) The Postnational Constellation. Cambridge: Polity Press.
    Hacker, B. (1981) ‘Women and military institutions in early modern Europe’, Signs, 6 (4): 643–671. http://dx.doi.org/10.1086/signs.1981.6.issue-4
    Hacker, B. and Vining, M. (2001) ‘From camp follower to lady in uniform: women, social class and military institutions before 1920’, Contemporary European History, 10 (3): 353–373.
    Hall, J. (ed.) (1998) The State of the Nation: Ernest Gellner and the Theory of Nationalism. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/CBO9780511897559
    Halsall, G. (2003) Warfare and Society in the Barbarian West 450–900. London: Routledge.
    Handler, J. (2004) Social Citizenship and Workfare in the United States and Western Europe. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/CBO9780511522338
    Handler, J. (2005) ‘Myth and ceremony in workfare: rights, contracts and client satisfaction’, The Journal of Socio-Economics, 34 (1): 101–124. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.socec.2004.09.056
    Hantrais, L. (2000) Social Policy in the European Union (
    2nd edn
    ). London: Macmillan.
    Harcourt, A. (2002) ‘Engineering Europeanisation: the role of European institutions in shaping national media regulation’, Journal of European Public Policy, 9 (5): 736–755. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/13501760210162339
    Harcourt, A. (2003) ‘Europeanisation as convergence: the regulation of media markets in the European Union’, ch.8 in Featherstone and Raedelli (eds) (2003).
    Hardt, M. and Negri, A. (2000) Empire. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
    Harrison, J. and Wessels, B. (eds) (2009 forthcoming) Mediating Europe: European Media, Mass Communications and the European Public Sphere. Oxford: Berghahn.
    Harrison, J. and Woods, L. (2000) ‘European citizenship: can audio-visual policy make a difference?’, Journal of Common Market Studies, 38 (3): 471–495. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jcms.2000.38.issue-3
    Harrison, J. and Woods, L. (2001) ‘Defining European public service broadcasting’, European Journal of Communications, 16 (4): 477–504. http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0267323101016004003
    Harvey, D. (1989) The Condition of Post-Modernity. Oxford: Blackwell.
    Harvey, D. (2000) ‘Cosmopolitanism and the banality of geographical evils’, Public Culture, 12 (2): 529–564. http://dx.doi.org/10.1215/08992363-12-2-529
    Hastings, A. (2003) The Construction of Nationhood: Ethnicity, Religion and Nationalism (originally published 1997). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
    Heater, D. (1990) Citizenship: The Civic Ideal in World History, Politics and Education. London: Longman.
    Hechter, J. (2001) Containing Nationalism. Oxford: Oxford University Press. http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/019924751X.001.0001
    Hegel, G. (1942) Philosophy of Right (originally published 1821). Oxford: Clarendon Press.
    Heikkila, M. (ed.) (1999) Linking Welfare and Work. Dublin: European Foundation.
    Heinemann, F. (2008) ‘Is the welfare state self-destructive? A study of government benefit morale’, Kyklos: International Review for Social Sciences, 61 (2): 237–257. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-6435.2008.00400.x
    Held, D. (1995) Democracy and the Global Order: From the Modern State to Cosmopolitan Governance. Cambridge: Polity Press.
    Held, D. (2002) ‘Culture and political community: national, global and cosmopolitan’, ch.5 in Vertovec and Cohen (eds) (2002).
    Held, D. (2003) Cosmopolitanism: A Defence. Cambridge: Polity Press.
    Held, D. (2004) Global Covenant: The Social Democratic Alternaive to the Washington Consensus. Cambridge: Polity Press.
    Held, D., McGrew, A., Goldblatt, D. and Perraton, J. (1999) Global Transformations: Politics, Economics and Culture. Cambridge: Polity Press.
    Held, D., Barnett, A. and Henderson, C. (eds) (2005) Debating Globalization. Cambridge: Polity Press.
    Hesmondhalgh, D. (2002) The Cultural Industries. London: Sage.
    Hill, M. (1996) Social Policy: A Comparative Analysis. London: Prentice Hall/Harvester Wheatsheaf.
    Hilson, C. (2008) ‘The unpatriotism of the economic constitution? Rights to free movement and their impact on national and European identity’, European Law Journal, 14 (2): 186–202. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/eulj.2008.14.issue-2
    Hirst, P. and Thompson, G. (1999) Globalization in Question (
    2nd edn
    ). Cambridge: Polity Press.
    Hix, S. (1998) ‘The study of the European Union-2: The new governance agenda and its rival’, The Journal of European Public Policy, 5 (1): 38–65. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/13501768880000031
    Hobden, S. and Hobson, J. (eds) (2002) Historical Sociology of International Relations. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
    Hobsbawm, E. (1984) ‘Mass-producing traditions: Europe, 1870–1914’, ch.7 in Hobsbawm and Ranger (eds) (1984).
    Hobsbawm, E. (1992) Nations and Nationalism since 1870: Programme, myth, reality. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
    Hobsbawm, E. (1999) Industry and Empire: from 1750 to the present day. London: Penguin.
    Hobsbawm, E. and Ranger, T. (eds) (1984) The Invention of Tradition. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
    Hobson, J. (2004) The Eastern Origins of Western Civilisation. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/CBO9780511489013
    Holland, T. (2005) Persian Fire: The First World Empire and the Battle for the West. London: Little, Brown.
    Hong, Y.-S. (1998) Welfare, Modernity and the Weimar State 1919–1933. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
    Hooghe, L. and Marks, G. (eds) (2001) Multi-level Governance and European Integration. Oxford: Rowman and Littlefield.
    Hornsby-Smith, M. (1999) ‘The Catholic Church and social policy in Europe’, ch.9 in Chamberlayne et al. (eds) (1999).
    Hoskyns, C. (2004) ‘Gender perspectives’ (on European integration), ch.11 in Wiener and Diez (eds) (2004).
    Hull, R., Walsh, V., Green, K. and McKeekin, A. (1999) ‘The techno-economic: perspectives for analysis and intervention’, Journal of Technology Transfer, 24: 185–195. http://dx.doi.org/10.1023/A:1007803405567
    Huntington, S. (2002) The Clash of Civilizations and the Remaking of World Order (originally published 1997). London: Free Press.
    Hutton, W. (2008) The Writing on the Wall: China and the West in the 21st Century. London: Abacus.
    Huws, U. (1997) ‘Flexibility and security: towards a new European balance’, Citizens Income Trust Discussion Paper 3. London: Citizens Income Trust.
    Huysmans, J. (2001) ‘European identity and migration policies’, ch.8 in Cederman (ed.) (2001).
    Isin, E. and Turner, B. (eds) (2002) Handbook of Citizenship Studies. London: Sage. http://dx.doi.org/10.4135/9781848608276
    Isin, E. and Wood, P. (1998) Citizenship and Identity. London: Sage. http://dx.doi.org/10.4135/9781446218129
    Jacobsson, K. (2004) ‘Soft regulation and the subtle transformation of states: the case of EU employment policy’, Journal of European Social Policy, 14 (4): 355–370. http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0958928704046878
    James, C.L.R. (1980) The Black Jacobins: Toussaint L'Ouverture and the San Domingo Revolution. London: Allison Busby.
    James, S. (1999) The Atlantic Celts: Ancient People or Modern Invention?Madison, WI: University of Wisconsin Press.
    Janoski, T. (1998) Citizenship and Civil Society. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
    Janowitz, M. (1964) The Military in the Political Development of New Nations. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
    Jensen, O. and Richardson, T. (2004) Making European Space. London: Routledge.
    Jenson, J. (2006) ‘The European social model: gender and generational equality’, ch.8 in Giddens et al. (eds) (2006).
    Jepsen, M. and Pascual, A. (2005) ‘The European social model: an exercise in deconstruction’, Journal of European Social Policy, 15 (3): 231–245. http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0958928705054087
    Jessop, B. (1994) ‘The transition to post-Fordism and the Schumpeterian workfare state’, ch.2 in Loader and Burrows (eds) (1994).
    Jessop, B. (2005) ‘Multi-level governance and multi-level metagovernance’, ch.4 in Bache and Flinders (eds) (2005).
    Jessop, B., Brenner, N. and Jones, M. (2008) ‘Theorizing sociospatial relations’, Environment and Planning D: Society and Space, 26: 389–401. http://dx.doi.org/10.1068/d9107
    Jochem, S. (2000) ‘Nordic labour market policies in transition’, Western European Politics, 23 (3): 115–138. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/01402380008425386
    Jones, P. (2007) ‘Cosmopolitanism and Europe: Describing elites or challenging inequalitiea?’, Chapter 5 in C.Rumford (ed.) (2007) Europe and Cosmopolitanism. Liverpool: Liverpool University Press.
    Jonsson, C., Tagil, S. and Tornqvist, G. (2000) Organising European Space. London: Sage.
    Jordan, W. (2002) Europe in the High Middle Ages. London: Penguin.
    Judt, T. (2005) Postwar: A History of Europe since 1945. London: Heinemann.
    Kaldor, M. (2002) ‘Cosmopolitanism and organized violence’, ch.17 in Vertovec and Cohen (eds) (2002).
    Kant, I. (1967) On History (originally published 1784–95). New York: Bobbs-Merrill.
    Kaspersen, L. (2004) ‘How Denmark became democratic: the impact of military reforms’, Acta Sociologica, 47 (1): 71–89. http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0001699304041552
    Katzenstein, P. (2005) A World of Regions: Asia and Europe in the American Imperium. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press.
    Kaufman, R. (2007) ‘Market reform and social protection: lessons from the Czech Republic, Hungary and Poland’, East European Politics, 21 (1): 111–125. http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0888325406297124
    Kautto, M., Hekkila, M., Hvinden, B., Marklund, S. and Ploug, N. (1999) Nordic Social Policy: Changing Welfare States. London: Routledge.
    Keane, J. (1998) Civil Society: Old Images, New Visions. Cambridge: Polity Press.
    Keane, J. (2003) Global Civil Society. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/CBO9780511615023
    Kemmerling, A. (2002) ‘The employment effects of different regimes of welfare state taxation: an empirical analysis of core OECD countries’, MPiFG Discussion Paper 02/8, Cologne: Max-Planck Institut für Gesellschaftsforschung (available online: http://www.mpfi-fg-koeln.mpg.de). (accessed on xx/xx/2008).
    Kennedy, H. (2002) Mongols, Huns and Vikings: Nomads at War. London: Cassell.
    Kennedy, P. (1988) The Rise and Fall of the Great Powers: Economic Change and Military Conflict 1500–2000. London: Fontana.
    Keohane, R. and Hoffman, S. (1991) ‘Institutional change in Europe in the 1980s’, ch.1 in Hoffman, S. and Keohane, R. (eds), The New European Community. Boulder CO: Westview Press.
    Kern, P. (2007) Cultural and Creative Industries in Europe: Coherent Policy in a Globalised World. Berlin: KEA European Affairs.
    Khanna, P. (2008) The Second World: Empires and the Influence in the New Global Order. London: Penguin.
    King, A. (2001) The European Ritual: Football in the New Europe. Aldershot: Ashgate.
    Klausen, J. (2001) War and Welfare: Europe and the United States 1945 to Present. London: Palgrave.
    Kleinman, M. (2002) A European Welfare State? EU Social Policy in Context. London: Palgrave.
    KMU (2006) ‘The Importance of Tourism in Europe’ (European Tourism Ministers' conference: ‘Tourism – Key to Growth and Employment’, Background material). Vienna: KMU Forschung Austria.
    Koenigsberger, H. (1987) Medieval Europe 400–1500. London: Longman/Pearson.
    Kofman, E., Phizacklea, A., Raghuram, P. and Sales, R. (2000) Gender and International Migration in Europe: Employment, Welfare and Politics. London: Routledge.
    Kok Report (see EU 2004).
    Kolsto, P. (ed.) (2005) Myths and Boundaries in South-Eastern Europe. London: Hurst and Company.
    Koopmans, R. and Erbe, J. (2003) ‘Towards a European public sphere? Vertical and horizontal dimensions of Europeanised political communication’, EUROPUB F5 project, Berlin. Available online: http://conferences.en.htm//europub.wz-berline.de (accessed on 01/05/2009).
    Kornai, J., Haggard, S. and Kaufman, R. (eds) (2001) Reforming the State: Fiscal and Welfare Reform in Post-Socialist Countries. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
    Korpi, W. (2004) ‘Changing class structures and the origins of welfare states: the breakthrough of social insurance 1860–1940’. Unpublished paper. Stockholm: Swedish Institute for Social Research.
    Kostakopolou, T. (2001) ‘Invisible citizens?’ ch.10 in Bellamy and Warleigh (eds) (2001).
    Kristiansen, K. (1998) Europe before History. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
    Kumar, K. and Delanty, G. (eds) (2006) Nations and Nationalism. London: Sage.
    Kvist, J. (2004) ‘Does EU enlargement start a race to the bottom? Strategic interaction among EU member states in social policy’, Journal of European Social Policy, 14 (3): 301–318. http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0958928704044625
    Kvist, J. and Saari, J. (eds) (2007a) The Europeanisation of Social Protection. Bristol: The Policy Press. http://dx.doi.org/10.1332/policypress/9781847420206.001.0001
    Kvist, J. and Saari, J. (2007b) ‘The Europeanisation of social protection: domestic impacts and national responses’, ch.13 in Kvist and Saari (eds) (2007a). http://dx.doi.org/10.1332/policypress/9781847420206.001.0001
    Laffan, B., O'Donnell, R. and Smith, M. (2000) Europe's Experimental Union. London: Routledge.
    Lake, M. (2005) The EU and Turkey: Glittering Prize or a Millstone?London: Federal Trust.
    Larner, W. and Walters, W. (2002) ‘The political rationality of “new regionalism”: towards a genealogy of the region’, Theory and Society, 31: 391–432. http://dx.doi.org/10.1023/A:1016255120209
    Larsen, T., Taylor-Gooby, P. and Kanane, J. (2003) ‘The myth of a dual earner society: new policy discourses in European welfare states’. Available online: http://www.kent.ac.uk/wramsoc/conferencesandworkshops/conferenceinformation/berlinconference/themythofadualearnersociety.pdf. (accessed on 01/05/2009.)
    Lash, S. and Urry, J. (1987) The End of Organised Capitalism. Cambridge: Polity Press.
    Lash, S. and Urry, J. (1994) Economies of Signs and Space. London: Sage.
    Law, J. (1992) ‘Notes on the theory of the Actor Network: ordering strategy and heterogeneity’, Centre for Science Studies, Lancaster University, Lancaster. Available online: http://www.lancs.ac.uk/fass/sociology/papers/law-notes-on-ant.pdf (accessed on 01/05/2009.)
    Law, J. and Hassard, J. (eds) (1999) Actor Network Theory and After. Oxford: Blackwell/Sociological Review.
    Lazzarato, M. (1996) ‘Immaterial labour’, pp.133–147 in Hardt, M. and Virno, P. (eds), Radical Thought in Italy. Minneapolis, MN: University of Minnesota Press.
    Le Goff, J. (2005) The Birth of Europe. Oxford: Blackwell.
    Lechner, F. and Boli, J. (2005) World Culture: Origins and Consequences. Oxford: Blackwell. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/9780470775868
    Lefebvre, H. (1991) The Production of Space (originally published 1974). Oxford: Blackwell.
    Leibfried, S. and Pierson, C. (eds) (1995) European Social Policy. Washington, DC: Brookings Institute.
    Leisering, L. and Leibfried, S. (1999) Time and Poverty in Western Welfare States: United Germany in Perspective (originally published 1995). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
    Lendvai, N. (2004) ‘The weakest link? EU accession and enlargement: dialoguing EU and post-communist social policy’, Journal of European Social Policy, 14 (3): 319–333. http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0958928704044626
    Leonard, M. (1999) Network Europe: The New Case for Europe. London: The Foreign Policy Centre/Clifford Chance.
    Levack, B. (1995) The Witch-hunt in Early Modern Europe (
    2nd edn
    ). London: Longman/Pearson.
    Lewis, B. (1992) The Arabs in History. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
    Lewis, B. (2002) The Emergence of Modern Turkey (
    3rd edn
    ). Oxford: Oxford University Press.
    Lewis, J. (1992) ‘Gender and the development of welfare regimes’, Journal of European Social Policy, 2 (3): 159–173. http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/095892879200200301
    Lewis, J. (1997) Lone Mothers in European Welfare Regimes. London: Jessica Kingsley.
    Lewis, P. (2001) ‘The Enlargement of the European Union’, ch.9 in Bromley (ed.) (2001).
    Lind, J. and Moller, I. (eds) (1999) Inclusion and Exclusion: Unemployment and NonStandard Employment in Europe. Aldershot: Ashgate.
    Lindbeck, A. (1995) ‘Welfare state disincentives with endogenous habits and norms’, Scandinavian Journal of Economics, 97 (4): 477–494. http://dx.doi.org/10.2307/3440539
    Lindert, P. (2005) Growing Public: Social Spending and Economic Growth since the Eighteenth Century. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
    Lintner, V. (2001) ‘EU and European economy’, ch.2 in Thompson (ed.) (2001).
    Lister, R. (1997) Citizenship: Feminist Perspectives. London: Macmillan.
    Loader, B. and Burrows, R. (eds) (1994) Towards a Post-Fordist Welfare State?London: Routledge.
    Lodemal, I. and Trickey, H. (eds) (2001) ‘An Offer You Can't Refuse’: Workfare in International Perspective. Bristol: The Policy Press.
    Lorentzen, L. and Turpin, J. (eds) (1998) The Women and War Reader. New York: New York University Press.
    Lukes, S. (1975) Emile Durkheim: His Life and Work. A Historical and Critical Study. London: Penguin.
    Lyotard, F. (1991) The Postmodern Condition: A Report on Knowledge (originally published 1979). Manchester: Manchester University Press.
    MacCullough, D. (2004) Reformation: Europe's House Divided 1490–1700. London: Penguin.
    MacDonald, S. (1993) European Identities: Ethnography in Western Europe. Oxford: Berg.
    MacDonald, S. (ed.) (2000) Approaches to European Historical Consciousness. Hamburg: Edition Korber-Stiftung.
    Mahoney, J. and Rueschemeyer, D. (eds) (2003) Comparative Historical Analysis in the Social Sciences. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
    Maizey, S. (ed.) (2000) Women Power and Public Policy in Europe (A special issue of a journal, The Journal of European Public Policy, 7 (3).)
    Man, J. (2004) Genghis Khan: Life, Death and Resurrection. London: Bantam Books.
    Mann, M. (1986) The Sources of Social Power. Vol. 1: A History of Power from the Beginning to AD 1760. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/CBO9780511570896
    Mann, M. (1993) The Sources of Social Power. Vol. 2: The Rise of Classes and Nation-States. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/CBO9780511570902
    Mann, M. (1998) ‘Is there a society called Euro?’, ch.11 in Axtmann (ed.) (1998).
    Mann, M. (2003) Incoherent Empire. London: Verso.
    Mann, M. (2005) The Dark Side of Democracy: Explaining Ethnic Cleansing. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
    Manning, N. and Shaw, I. (eds) (2000a) New Risks, New Welfare. Oxford: Blackwell.
    Manning, N. and Shaw, I. (2000b) ‘The Millennium and social policy’, pp. 1–11 in Manning and Shaw (eds) (2000a).
    Manow, P. and van Kersbergen, K. (2006) The Impact of Class Coalitions, Cleavage Structures and Church-State Conflicts on Welfare State Development. Working Papers in Political Science, No. 2006/03, Department of Political Science. Amsterdam: Vrije Universiteit.
    Manow, P. and van Kersbergen, K. (2009) (forthcoming) ‘Religion and the western welfare state: the theoretical context’, ch.1 in van Kersbergen and Manow (eds) (2009).
    Mansell, R. and Steinmuller, E. (2000) Mobilizing the Information Society: Strategies for Growth and Opportunity. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
    Marks, G. and Hooghe, L. (2005) ‘Contrasting visions of multi-level governance’, ch.2 in Bache and Flinders (eds) (2005).
    Marks, G., Scharpf, F., Schmitter, P. and Streeck, W. (1996) Governance in the European Union. London: Sage.
    Marozzi, J. (2004) Tamerlane: Sword of Islam, Conqueror of the World. London: Harper Collins.
    Marshall, T.H. (1992) ‘Citizenship and social class’, in Marshall, T.H. and Bottomore, T., Citizenship and Social Class (originally published 1950). London: Pluto.
    Martiniello, M. (1997) ‘The development of European Union citizenship’, ch.3 in Roche and van Berkel (eds) (1997a).
    Massey, D. (2005) For Space. London: Sage.
    May, J. and Thrift, N. (2001) Timespace: Geographies of Temporality. London: Taylor and Francis. http://dx.doi.org/10.4324/9780203360675
    Mazower, M. (1998) Dark Continent: Europe's Twentieth Century. London: Penguin.
    McCormick, M. (2002) Origins of the European Economy: Communications and Commerce AD 300–900. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
    McCormick, P. (2007) The European Superpower. London: Palgrave.
    McIntosh, P. (1968) Physical Education in England since 1800. London: Bell and Hyman.
    McNeill, D. (2004) New Europe: Imagined Spaces. London: Arnold.
    McNeill, W. (1974) The Shape of European History. New York: Oxford University Press.
    McNeill, W. (1984) The Pursuit of Power: Technology, Armed Force and Society since AD 1000. Oxford: Blackwell.
    McNeill, W. (1998) Plagues and Peoples. New York: Anchor Books.
    Medrano, J. (2003) Framing Europe: Attitudes to Integration in Germany, Spain and the United Kingdom. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
    Meehan, E. (1993) Citizenship and the European Community. London: Sage.
    Meehan, E. (1997) ‘Citizenship and social inclusion in the European Union’, ch.2 in Roche and van Berkel (eds) (1997a).
    Meyer, C. (2005) ‘The Europeanization of publicised debates: a study of quality press coverage of economic policy coordination since Amsterdam’, Journal of Common Market Studies, 43 (1): 119–146.
    Michalski, K. (ed.) (2006) What Holds Europe Together?Budapest/New York: CEU Press.
    Miles, D. (2005) The Tribes of Britain. London: Weidenfeld and Nicolson.
    Mills, C.W. (1959) The Power Elite. London: Oxford University Press.
    Mills, C.W. (2000) The Sociological Imagination (originally published 1959). Oxford: Oxford University Press.
    Milward, A. (1977) War, Economy and Society, 1939–1945. London: Allen Lane.
    Milward, A. (2000) The European Rescue of the Nation-State (
    2nd edn
    ). London: Routledge.
    Millward, P. (2006) ‘Networks, power and revenue in contemporary football: an analysis of G14’, International Review of Modern Sociology, 32 (2): 199–216.
    Millward, P. and Levermore, R. (2007) ‘Official policies and informal transversal networks: creating ‘pan-European identifications’ through sport?’, The Sociological Review, 55 (1): 144–164. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-954X.2007.00686.x
    Mishel, L., Bernstein, J. and Allegretto, S. (2007) The State of Working America 2006/7. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press.
    Mishra, R. (1999) Globalization and the Welfare State. Cheltenham: Edward Elgar.
    Modood, T. and Werbner, P. (eds) (1997) The Politics of Multiculturalism in the New Europe. London: Zed Books.
    Moore, B. (1966) The Social Origins of Dictatorship and Democracy. London: Penguin.
    Morgan, G. (1986) Images of Organisation. London: Sage.
    Morgan, K. (2002) ‘Forging the frontiers between state, church and family: religious cleavages and the origins of early childhood education and care policies in France, Sweden and Germany’, Politics and Society, 30 (1): 113–148. http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0032329202030001005
    Morley, D. (2000) Home Territories: Media, Mobility and Identity. London: Routledge.
    Morley, D. and Robins, K. (1995) Spaces of Identity: Global Media, Electronic Landscapes and Cultural Boundaries. London: Routledge. http://dx.doi.org/10.4324/9780203422977
    Morissens, A. and Sainsbury, D. (2005) ‘Migrants’ social rights, ethnicity and welfare regimes’, Journal of Social Policy, 34 (4): 637–660. http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0047279405009190
    Mosher, J. and Trubek, D. (2003) ‘EU social policy and the European employment strategy’, Journal of Common Market Studies, 41 (1): 63–88. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jcms.2003.41.issue-1
    Mosse, G. (1975) The Nationalisation of the Masses: Political Symbolism and Mass Movements in Germany. New York: Howard Fertig.
    Mouffe, C. (2005) On the Political. London: Routledge.
    Moxon-Browne, E. (ed.) (2004a) Who Are the Europeans Now?Aldershot: Ashgate.
    Moxon-Browne, E. (2004b) ‘Eastern and Western Europe: towards a new European identity?’, ch.10 in Moxon-Browne (ed.) (2004a).
    Munkler, H. (2007) Empires: The Logic of World Domination from Ancient Rome to the United States. Cambridge: Polity Press.
    Myles, J. (2002) ‘A new social contract for the elderly?’, ch.6 in Esping-Andersen et al. (2002).
    Navarro, V., Schmitt, J. and Astudillo, J. (2004) ‘Is globalisation undermining the welfare state? The evolution of the welfare state in developed capitalist countries during the 1990s’, International Journal of Health Services, 34 (2): 185–227. http://dx.doi.org/10.2190/HH78-PH0U-1TLN-ER9L
    Nelsen, B. and Stubbs, A. (eds) (1998) The European Union: Readings on the Theory and Practice of European Integration. London: Macmillan.
    Norwich, J. (1998) A Short History of Byzantium. London: Penguin.
    Nugent, N. (2003) The Government and Politics of the European Union (
    5th edn
    ). Basingstoke: Palgrave.
    Nugent, N. (ed.) (2004) European Union Enlargement. Basingstoke: Palgrave.
    Nussbaum, M. (1994) ‘Patriotism and cosmopolitanism’, The Boston Review. Available online: http://www.soci.niu.edu/~phildept/Kapitan/nussbaum1.html. (accessed on 01/05/2009.)
    OECD (2005a) Education Policy Analysis. Paris: OECD.
    OECD (2005b) Standardised Unemployment Statistics. Paris: OECD.
    OECD (2005c) Income Distribution and Poverty in OECD Countries in the Second Half of the 1990s. Available online: http://www.oecd.org/els/workingpapers. Paris: OECD.
    OECD (2005d) ‘Tax revenue 2005’, in ‘OECD Countries’ Tax Burdens Back up to 2000 Historic Highs. Dublin: Finfacts. Available online: http://www.finfacts.com/.
    OECD (2008) OECD Tax Database 2007. Available online at: http://www.oecd.org. Paris: Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development.
    Oesch, D. (2008) ‘Explaining workers' support for right-wing populist parties in Western Europe’, International Political Science Review, 29 (3): 349–373. http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0192512107088390
    O'Leary, S. and Tiilikainen, I. (1998) Citizenship and Nationality Status in the New Europe. London: IPPR/Sweet Maxwell.
    Oppenheimer, S. (2006) Origins of the British. London: Constable and Robinson.
    Orenstein, M. and Haas, M. (2005) Globalisation and the future of welfare states in the post-communist East-Central European countries’, ch.6 in Glatzer and Rueschemeyer (eds) (2005).
    Orloff, A. (1993) ‘Gender and the social rights of citizenship: the comparative analysis of gender relations and welfare states’, American Sociological Review, 58 (June): 303–328. http://dx.doi.org/10.2307/2095903
    O'Shea, S. (2006) Sea of Faith: Islam and Christianity in the Medieval Mediterranean World. London: Profile Books.
    Ostner, I. and Lewis, J. (1995) ‘Gender and the evolution of European social policies’, ch.5 in Leibfried and Pierson (eds) (1995).
    Outhwaite, W. (2006a) ‘Social structure’ (of Europe), ch.6 in Sakwa and Stevens (eds) (2006).
    Outhwaite, W. (2006b) Is there a European civil society?’, ch.5 in Rogowski and Turner (eds) (2006).
    Outhwaite, W. (2008) European Society. Cambridge: Polity Press.
    Pagden, A. (ed.) (2002) The Idea of Europe: From Antiquity to the European Union. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/CBO9780511496813
    Palier, B. and Sykes, R. (2001) ‘Challenges and change: issues and perspectives in the analysis of globalization and the European welfare states’, ch.1 in Sykes et al. (eds) (2001).
    Palmer, R. (ed.) (2004) European Cities and Capitals of Culture (Vol. 1). Brussels: Palmer/RAE Associates.
    Parker, G. (1996) The Military Revolution: Military Innovation and the Rise of the West, 1500–1800 (
    2nd edn
    ). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
    Parker, P., Clark, C. and Moore, T. (2004b) The Collins Atlas of Military History. London: Collins.
    Parsons, T. (1966) Societies: Evolutionary and Comparative Perspectives. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall.
    Parsons, T. (1971) The System of Modern Societies. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall.
    Pestieau, P. (2006) The Welfare State and the European Union. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
    Peters, B. and Sifft, S. (2003) The Transnationalisation of Public Spheres: A Public Discourse Approach. INIIS, University of Bremen.
    Peters, B., Sifft, S., Bruggeman, M., Kleinen-von Konigslow, K. and Wimmel, A. (2005) ‘Segmented Europeanisation: Exploring the Legitimacy of the European Union from a Public Discourse perspective’, Journal of Common Market Studies, 45 (1): 127–155.
    Pfau-Effinger, B. (2000) ‘Changing welfare states and labour markets in the context of gender arrangements’, in Duncan, S. and Pfau-Effinger, B. (eds), Gender, Work and Culture in the European Union. London: Routledge.
    Pfau-Effinger, B. (2004) Development of Culture, Welfare States and Women's Employment in Europe. Aldershot: Ashgate.
    Pfau-Effinger, B. (2005) ‘Culture and welfare state policies’, Journal of Social Policy, 34 (1): 3–20. http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0047279404008232
    Picard, D. and Robinson, M. (eds) (2006) Festivals, Tourism and Social Change. Clevedon, UK: Channel View Publications.
    Pierson, C. (1991) Beyond the Welfare State? The New Political Economy of Welfare. Cambridge: Polity Press.
    Pieterse, J. (ed.) (2000) Global Futures: Shaping Globalization. London: Zed Books.
    Pinder, J. (2001) The European Union. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
    Piore, M. and Sabel, C. (1984) The Second Industrial Divide. New York: Basic Books.
    Polanyi, K. (2001) The Great Transformation: The Political and Economic Origins of Our Time (originally published 1944). Boston: Beacon Press.
    Popper, K. (1962) The Open Society and Its Enemies (Vols 1 and 2) (
    4th edn
    ). London: Routledge.
    Prior, P. and Sykes, R. (2001) ‘Globalisation and the European welfare states: evaluating the theories and the evidence’, ch.10 in Sykes et al. (eds) (2001).
    Pryor, F. (2004) Britain AD: A Quest for Arthur, England and the Anglo-Saxons. London: Harper-Collins.
    Putnam, H. (2000) Bowling Alone: The Collapse and Revival of American Community. New York: Simon & Schuster.
    Rees, T. (1998) Mainstreaming Equality in the European Union: Education, Training and Labour Market Policies. London: Routledge.
    Rhodes, M. (1996) ‘Globalization and West European welfare states: a critical review of recent debates’, Journal of European Social Policy, 6 (4): 305–327. http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/095892879600600403
    Richards, G. (ed.) (2001) Cultural Attractions and European Tourism. Wallingford, Oxfordshire: CABI Publishing. http://dx.doi.org/10.1079/9780851994406.0000
    Richardson, T. (2006) ‘The thin simplification of European space: dangerous calculations’, Comparative European Politics, 4: 203–217. http://dx.doi.org/10.1057/palgrave.cep.6110082
    Rietbergen, P. (1998) Europe: A Cultural History. London: Routledge.
    Rifkin, J. (2004) The European Dream. Cambridge: Polity Press.
    Rimlinger, G. (1993) Welfare Policy and Industrialization in Europe, America and Russia (originally published 1971). Aldershot: Gregg Revivals, Gower.
    Risse, T. (2003) ‘An emerging European Public Sphere? Theoretical clarifications and empirical indicators’, IDNET F5 project (EUI), and Center for Transatlantic Foreign and Security Policy, Free University, Berlin.
    Risse, T. (2004) Social constructivism and European integration’, ch.8 in Wiener and Diez (eds) (2004).
    Ritzer, G. (2005) Enchanting a Disenchanted World: Revolutionizing the Means of Consumption. Thousand Oaks, CA: Pine Forge Press.
    Ritzer, G. (2008) The McDonaldization of Society (
    5th edn
    ). Thousand Oaks, CA: Pine Forge Press.
    Roberts, J. (1996) The Penguin History of Europe. London: Penguin.
    Roberts, M. (1967) ‘The Military revolution: 1560–1660’, in his Essays in Swedish History. Minneapolis, MN: University of Minnesota Press.
    Robertson, R. (1992) Globalisation: Social Theory and Global Culture. London: Sage.
    Roche, M. (1973) Phenomenology, Language and the Social Sciences. London: Routledge.
    Roche, M. (1987) ‘Citizenship, social theory and social change’, Theory and Society, 16: 363–399. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF00139487
    Roche, M. (1994) Citizenship and social change’, ch.5 in Turner, B. and Hamilton, P. (eds), Citizenship: Critical Concepts (Vol. 1). London: Routledge.
    Roche, M. (1995) Citizenship, obligation and anomie: themes in the analysis of contemporary political ideologies and social movements’, pp. 41–62 in Edgell, S. (ed.), Debating the Future of the Public Sphere. Aldershot: Avebury.
    Roche, M. (1996) Rethinking Citizenship, Welfare, Ideology and Change in Modern Society. Cambridge: Polity Press.
    Roche, M. (1997) Citizenship and exclusion: reconstructing the European Union’, pp. 3–23 in Roche and van Berkel (eds) (1997a).
    Roche, M. (2000a) Mega-Events and Modernity: Olympics and Expos in the Growth of Global Culture. London: Routledge.
    Roche, M. (2000b) ‘Citizenship, popular culture and Europe’, pp.74–98 in Stevenson (ed.) (2000).
    Roche, M. (2002) Social citizenship: grounds of social change’, pp.69–86 in Isin and Turner (eds) (2002).
    Roche, M. (2003) ‘Mega-events, time and modernity’, Time and Society, 12 (1): 99–126. http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0961463X03012001370
    Roche, M. (2006a) Nationalism, mega-events and international culture’, ch.22 in Delanty and Kumar (eds) (2006).
    Roche, M. (2006b) Mega-events and modernity revisited: globalisation and the case of the Olympics’, ch.2 in Horne, J. and Manzenreiter, W. (eds), Sports Mega-Events: Social Scientific Analyses of a Global Phenomenon. Oxford: Blackwell.
    Roche, M. (2007) ‘Cultural Europeanisation and the “cosmopolitan condition”: EU regulation and European sport’, ch.8 in Rumford (ed.) (2007).
    Roche, M. and Annesley, C. (eds) (2004) Comparative Social Inclusion Policies in Europe. Brussels: European Commission.
    Roche, M. and van Berkel, R. (eds) (1997a) European Citizenship and Social Exclusion. Aldershot: Avebury.
    Roche, M. and van Berkel, R. (1997b) European Union and social exclusion: an introduction’, in Roche and van Berkel (eds) (1997a).
    Roche, M. and van Berkel, R. (2002) ‘Activation policies as reflective social policies’, ch.5 in van Berkel and Moller (eds) (2002).
    Rodrigues, M. (ed.) (2002) The New Knowledge Economy in Europe. Cheltenham: Edward Elgar.
    Rodriguez-Pose, A. (2002) The European Union: Economy, Society and Polity. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
    Rogowski, R. and Turner, C. (eds) (2006) The Shape of the New Europe. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/CBO9780511489068
    Rosamund, B. (2000) Theories of European Integration. London: Palgrave.
    Rosas, A. and Antola, E. (eds) (1995) A Citizen's Europe. London: Sage
    Rossiter, N. (2006) Organized Networks: Media Theory, Creative Labour, New Institutions. Rotterdam: NAi Publishers.
    Roudemetof, V. and Haller, W. (2007) ‘Social indicators of cosmopolitanism and localism in Eastern and Western Europe: an exploratory analysis’, ch.11 in Rumford (ed.) (2007).
    Rovisco, M. (2007) ‘Cosmopolitanism, collective belonging and the borders of Europe’, ch.12 in Rumford (ed.) (2007).
    Roxburgh, D. (ed.) (2005) Turks: A Journey of a Thousand Years 600–1600. London: Royal Academy of Arts.
    Rumford, C. (2002) The European Union: A Political Sociology. Oxford: Blackwell. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/9780470753569
    Rumford, C. (2006) ‘Rethinking European spaces: territory, borders, governance’, Comparative European Politics, 4: 127–140. http://dx.doi.org/10.1057/palgrave.cep.6110089
    Rumford, C. (ed.) (2007) Europe and Cosmopolitanism. Liverpool: Liverpool University Press.
    Rumford, C. (2008) ‘Theorizing borders’, European Journal of Social Theory, 9 (2): 155–169. http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1368431006063330
    Rumford, C. (ed.) (2009) The Sage Handbook of European Studies. London: Sage. http://dx.doi.org/10.4135/9780857021045
    Ruttan, V. (2006a) Is War Necessary for Economic Growth? Military Procurement and Technology Development. Oxford: Oxford University Press. http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/0195188047.001.0001
    Ruttan, V. (2006b) ‘Is war necessary for economic growth?’, Historically Speaking (The Bulletin of the Historical Society, Boston University), 7 (6): 17–19. http://dx.doi.org/10.1353/hsp.2006.0055
    Sainsbury, D. (ed.) (1999) Gender and Welfare State Regimes. Oxford: Oxford University Press. http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/0198294166.001.0001
    Sainsbury, D. (2006) ‘Immigrants’ social rights in comparative perspective: welfare regimes, forms of immigration and immigration policy regimes’, Journal of European Social Policy, 16 (3): 229–244. http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0958928706065594
    Sakwa, R. and Stevens, A. (eds) (2006) Contemporary Europe (
    2nd edn
    ). Basingstoke: Palgrave.
    Sandholtz, W. and Sweet, A. (eds) (1998) European Integration and Supranational Government. Oxford: Oxford University Press. http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/0198294646.001.0001
    Sapir, A. (2006) ‘Globalisation and the reform of European social models’, Journal of Common Market Studies, 44 (2): 369–390. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jcms.2006.44.issue-2
    Sapir Report (see EC 2003)
    Saunders, F. (2004) Hawkwood: Diabolical Englishman. London: Faber & Faber.
    Scharpf, F. (2000) ‘Globalization and the welfare state’, conference paper, The Year 2000 International Research Conference on Social Security, Helsinki, 25–27 September 2000.
    Scharpf, F. (2002) ‘The European social model’, Journal of Common Market Studies, 40 (5): 645–670.
    Schimmelfennig, F. and Sedelmeier, U. (eds) (2005) The Europeanization of Central and Eastern Europe. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press.
    Schirm, S. (2002) Globalization and the New Regionalism: Global Markets, Domestic Politics and Regional Cooperation. Cambridge: Polity Press.
    Schlesinger, P. (2003) ‘The Babel of Europe? An essay on networks and communicative spaces’, ARENA Working Paper 22/03. Oslo: University of Oslo, Centre for European Studies.
    Schlesinger, P. (2007) ‘A cosmopolitan temptation’, European Journal of Communication, 22 (4): 413–426. http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0267323107083059
    Schmidt, V. (2002) The Futures of European Capitalism. Oxford: Oxford University Press. http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/0199253684.001.0001
    Schmitter, P. (2000) How to Democratize the European Union … and Why Bother?New York: Rowman and Littlefield.
    Schneider, G. and Aspinwall, M. (eds) (2001) The Rules of Integration: Institutionalist Approaches to the Study of Europe. Manchester: Manchester University Press.
    Scholte, J. (2005) Globalisation: A Critical Introduction (
    2nd edn
    ). London: Palgrave.
    Schopflin, G. (2000) Nations, Identity Power: The New Politics of Europe. London: Hurst and Company.
    Schumpeter, J. (1976) Capitalism, Socialism and Democracy (
    5th edn
    ). London: Allen and Unwin.
    Schutz, A. and Luckmann, T. (1974) The Structures of the Life-World. London: Heinemann.
    Scott, A. (1999) ‘The cultural economy: geography and the creative field’, Media, Culture and Society, 21: 807–817. http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/016344399021006006
    Scott, A. (2000) The Cultural Economy of Cities. London: Sage. http://dx.doi.org/10.4135/9781446217481
    Scott, A. (2004) ‘Cultural-products industries and urban economic development’, Urban Affairs Review, 39 (4): 461–490. http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1078087403261256
    Seamon, D. (1979) A Geography of the Lifeworld: Movement, Rest and Encounter. London: Croom Helm.
    Shaw, G. and Williams, A. (2004) Tourism and Tourist Spaces. London: Sage.
    Shaw, M. (1988) Dialectics of War: An Essay on the Social Theory of Total War and Peace. London: Pluto Press.
    Sherlock, P. and Bennett, H. (1998) The Story of the Jamaican People. Kingston: Ian Randle, and Princeton, NJ: Markus Wiener.
    Shore, C. (2000) Building Europe: The Cultural Politics of European Integration. London: Routledge.
    Silverstone, R. (ed.) (2005) Media, Technology and Everyday Life in Europe: From Information to Communication. Aldershot: Ashgate.
    Silverstone, R. (2007) Media and Morality. Cambridge: Polity Press.
    Sinn, H.-W. (2007) ‘The welfare state and the forces of globalization’, CESifo Working paper 1925. Munich: University of Munich.
    Sklair, L. (1991) Sociology of the Global System. London: Harvester/Wheatsheaf.
    Sklair, L. (2001) The Trans-National Capitalist Class. Oxford: Blackwell.
    Skocpol, T. (ed.) (1984) Vision and Method in Historical Sociology. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
    Skocpol, T. (1995) Protecting Soldiers and Mothers: Political Origins of Social Policy in the United States. Cambridge, MA: Belknap Press.
    Smismans, S. (2003) ‘European civil society: shaped by discourses and institutional interests’, European Law Journal, 49 (4): 473–495. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/eulj.2003.9.issue-4
    Smith, A. (1995) Nations and Nationalism in a Global Era. Cambridge: Polity Press.
    Smith, A. (1998) Nationalism and Modernism. London: Routledge.
    Smith, A. (2004) The Antiquity of Nations. Cambridge: Polity Press.
    Smith, A. (2005) Chosen Peoples: Sacred Sources of National Identity. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
    Smith, A. (2006) ‘Ethnicity and nationalism’, ch.14 in Kumar and Delanty (eds) (2006). Sorensen, A. (1998) ‘On kings, pietism and rent-seeking in Scandinavian welfare states’, Acta Sociologica, 41: 163–175.
    Sotiropoulos, D. (2005) ‘Poverty and the safety net in Eastern and South-eastern Europe in the post-communist era’, pp. 266–296 in Ferrera (ed.) (2005b).
    Sotiropoulos, D. and Pop, L. (2007) ‘International actors and social policy in Bulgaria and Romania, 1996–2006’, ch.4 in Deacon and Stubbs (eds) (2007).
    Sotiropoulou, V. and Sotiripoulos, D. (2007) ‘Childcare in post-communist welfare states: the case of Bulgaria’, Journal of Social Policy, 37 (1): 141–155. http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0047279406000419
    Spybey, T. (1999) Globalization and World Society. Cambridge: Polity Press.
    Standing, G. (1999) Global Labour Flexibility. London: Macmillan.
    Steinmetz, G. (1993) Regulating the Social: The Welfare State and Local Politics in Imperial Germany. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
    Stevenson, J. (ed.) (2002) The History of Europe. London: Mitchell Beazley.
    Stevenson, N. (ed.) (2000) Culture and Citizenship. London: Sage. http://dx.doi.org/10.4135/9781446217665
    Stevenson, N. (2007) ‘Cosmopolitan Europe, post-colonialism and the politics of imperialism’, ch.4 in Rumford (ed.) (2007).
    Strath, B. (2002) ‘A European identity: to the historical limits of a concept’, European Journal of Social Theory, 5 (4): 387–401. http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/136843102760513965
    Strath, B. and Triandafyllidou, A. (eds) (2003) ‘Representations of Europe and the nation in current and prospective member states: media, elites and civil society’, EUR 20736, (Euronat, The collective state of the art and historical reports). Brussels: European Commission (DG Research).
    Strathern, P. (2005) The Medici: Godfathers of the Renaissance. London: Pimlico.
    Streeck, W. (1996) ‘Neo-voluntarism: a new European social policy regime?’, ch.4 in Marks et al. (1996).
    Stringer, C. (2006) Homo Brittanicus. London: Allen Lane.
    Sunstein, C. (2007) http://Republic.com 2.0. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
    Sutton, I. (1999) Western Architecture: A Survey. London: Thames and Hudson.
    Sykes, R., Palier, B. and Prior, P. (eds) (2001) Globalization and European Welfare States. Basingstoke: Palgrave.
    Taylor-Gooby, P. (ed.) (2001) Welfare States under Pressure. London: Sage. http://dx.doi.org/10.4135/9781446220993
    Taylor-Gooby, P. (2004) New Risks, New Welfare: The Transformation of the European Welfare State. Oxford: Oxford University Press. http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/019926726X.001.0001
    Taylor-Gooby, P. and Daguerre, A. (2004) ‘The new context of welfare: welfare reform and the management of societal change’, Welfare reform and the management of societal change programme (WRAMSOC). Luxembourg: European Commission (DG Research). http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/019926726X.001.0001
    Telo, M. (ed.) (2001) European Union and New Regionalism: Regional Actors and Global Governance in a Post-hegemonic Era. Aldershot: Ashgate.
    Telo, M. (2007) Europe: A Civilian Power? European Union, Global Governance and World Order. Basingstoke: Palgrave.
    Therborn, G. (1995) European Modernity and Beyond: The Trajectory of European Societies 1945–2000. London: Sage. http://dx.doi.org/10.4135/9781446222317
    Therborn, G. (2002) ‘The world's trader, the world's lawyer: Europe and global processes’, European Journal of Social Theory, 5 (4): 403–417. http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/136843102760513820
    Thompson, G. (ed.) (2001) Governing the European Economy. London: Sage.
    Threlfall, M. (2002) ‘Social integration in the EU: towards a single social area?’, ch.8 in Farrell et al. (eds) (2002).
    Threlfall, M. (2003) ‘European social integration: harmonization, convergence and single social areas’, Journal of European Social Policy, 13 (2): 121–139. http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0958928703013002002
    Thrift, N. (1999) ‘The place of complexity’, Theory Culture and Society, 16 (3): 31–69. http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/02632769922050610
    Tilley, C. (1994) A Phenomenology of Landscape: Places, Paths and Monuments. Oxford: Berg.
    Tilly, C. (1992) Coercion, Capital and European States, 990–1990. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
    Tilly, C. (1993) European Revolutions 1492–1992. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
    Titmuss, R. (1963) Essays on the Welfare State. London: Allen and Unwin.
    Toffler, A. (1970) Future Shock. London: Pan.
    Toffler, A. (1980) Third Wave. London: Pan/Collins.
    Toffler, A. (1985) Previews and Premises. London: Pan.
    Tomlinson, J. (1999) Globalization and Culture. Cambridge: Polity Press.
    Townsend, A. (1997) Making a Living in Europe. London: Routledge.
    Tsoulakis, L. (2006) ‘Economic reform, further integration and enlargement: can Europe deliver?’, ch.13 in Giddens et al. (eds) (2006).
    Twine, F. (1994) Citizenship and Social Rights. London: Sage.
    Turner, B. (1986) Citizenship and Capitalism. London: Allen and Unwin.
    Turner, B. (ed.) (1993) Citizenship and Social Theory. London: Sage.
    Turner, B. (2006) Vulnerability and Human Rights. University Park, PA: Pennsylvania State Press.
    Turner, B. (2007) ‘The enclave society: towards a society of immobility’, European Journal of Social Theory, 10 (2): 287–304. http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1368431007077807
    Urry, J. (1990) The Tourist Gaze. London: Sage.
    Urry, J. (1995) ‘Tourism, Europe and identity’, ch.11 in his Consuming Places. London: Routledge.
    Urry, J. (2000) Society Beyond Societies: Mobilities for the 21st Century. London: Routledge.
    Urry, J. (2003) Global Complexity. Cambridge: Polity Press.
    Urry, J. (2005a) ‘The complexity turn’, Theory, Culture and Society, 22 (5): 1–14. http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0263276405057188
    Urry, J. (2005b) ‘The complexities of the global’, Theory, Culture and Society, 22 (5): 235–254. http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0263276405057201
    van Berkel, R. and Moller, I. (eds) (2002) Active Social Policies in the EU. Bristol: The Policy Press.
    van de Steeg, M. (2002) ‘Rethinking the conditions for a public sphere in the European Union’, European Journal of Social Theory, 5 (4): 499–519. http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/136843102760513884
    van de Steeg, M. (2005) ‘The public sphere in the European Union: a media analysis of the public discourse on EU enlargement and the Haider case’, unpublished PhD thesis. Florence: European University Institute.
    van der Veer, P. (2002) ‘Colonial cosmopolitanism’, ch.10 in Vertovec and Cohen (eds) (2002).
    van Dijk, J. (1999) The Network Society. London: Sage.
    van Kersbergen, K. (1995) Social Capitalism: A Study of Christian Democracy and the Welfare State. London: Routledge. http://dx.doi.org/10.4324/9780203429587
    van Kersbergen, K. and Manow, P. (eds) (2009) (forthcoming) Religion, Class Coalitions and Welfare States. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/CBO9780511626784
    van Oorschott, W. (2007) ‘Culture and social policy: a developing field of study’, International Journal Social Welfare, 16 (2): 129–139. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/ijsw.2007.16.issue-2
    van Steenbergen, B. (ed.) (1994) The Condition of Citizenship. London: Sage. http://dx.doi.org/10.4135/9781446250600
    Vertovec, S. and Cohen, R. (eds) (2002) Conceiving Cosmopolitanism: Theory, context, practice. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
    Walby, S. (2004) ‘The European Union and gender equality: emergent varieties of gender regime’, Social Politics, 11 (1): 4–29. http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/sp/jxh024
    Walby, S. (2007) ‘Complexity theory, systems theory and multiple intersecting social inequalities’, Philosophy of the Social Sciences, 37 (4): 449–470. http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0048393107307663
    Wallerstein, I. (1974) The Modern World-System: Capitalist Agriculture and the Origins of the European World Economy in the 16th Century (Vol. 1). London: Academic Press.
    Wallerstein, I. (1980) The Modern World-System: Mercantilism and the Consolidation of the European world-Economy 1600–1750 (Vol. 2). London: Academic Press.
    Wallerstein, I. (1989) The Modern World-System: The Second Era of Great Expansion of the Capitalist World-Economy 1730–1840s (Vol. 3). London: Academic Press.
    Walters, M. (2002) ‘Mapping Schengenland: denaturalizing the border’, Environment and Planning D: Society and Space, 20: 561–580. http://dx.doi.org/10.1068/d274t
    Warleigh, A. (2002) Flexible Integration: Which Model for the European Union?London: Sheffield Academic Press.
    Weber, M. (1967a) ‘The origins of discipline in war’, ch.10.1 in Gerth, H. and Mills, C.W. (eds), From Max Weber. London: Routledge.
    Weber, M. (1967b) ‘Class, status and party’, ch.7 in Gerth, H. and Mills, C.W. (eds), From Max Weber. London: Routledge.
    Weber, M. (1968) Economy and Society: An Outline of Interpretive Sociology (Vols 1, 2 and 3). New York: Bedminster Press.
    Weber, M. (1970) The Protestant Ethic and the Spirit of Capitalism (originally published 1904–05). London: Unwin.
    Webster, F. (ed.) (2004) The Information Society Reader. London: Routledge.
    Weil, P. (2006) ‘Immigration: a flexible framework for a plural Europe’, ch.12 in Giddens et al. (eds) (2006).
    Wessels, B. (2009a) Internet as Socio-Cultural Form: Understanding the Internet and Contemporary Society. Basingstoke: Palgrave.
    Wessels, B. (2009b, forthcoming) ‘Exploring the role of European information society developments in the Europeanization of public spheres’, in Harrison and Wessels (eds) (2009 forthcoming).
    Wessels, B. (2009c) ‘Exploring the notion of the Europeanization of public spheres and civil society in fostering a culture of dialogue through the concept of “proper distance”’, Sociology: Thought and Action, 3 (23): 28–16.
    Wheatcroft, A. (2004) Infidels: A History of the Conflict between Christendom and Islam. London: Penguin.
    Wheatcroft, A. (2008) The Enemy at the Gate: Hapsburgs, Ottomans and the Battle for Europe. London: The Bodley Head.
    White, H. (2002) Markets from Networks: Socio-economic Models of Production. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
    Wiener, A. (1998) ‘European’ Citizenship Practice: Building Institutions of a NonState. Boulder, CO: Westview Press.
    Wiener, A. and Diez, T. (eds) (2004) European Integration Theory. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
    Wilensky, H. (1975) The Welfare State and Equality. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press.
    Williams, C. and Windebank, J. (1998) Informal Employment in the Advanced Economies. London: Routledge.
    Williams, K. (2005) European Media Studies. London: Hodder Arnold.
    Williams, R. (1961) The Long Revolution. London: Penguin.
    Willner, A. (1970) ‘Perspectives on military elites as rulers and wielders of power’, Journal of Comparative Administration, November: 261–276. http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/009539977000200302
    Wilson, K. and van der Dussen, J. (eds) (1996) The History of the Idea of Europe. London: Routledge.
    Wincott, D. (2003) The idea of the European social model: limits and paradoxes of Europeanisation’, ch.12 in Featherstone and Radaelli (eds) (2003).
    Wistrich, E. (1994) The United States of Europe. London: Routledge.
    World Bank (2008) World Development Indicators Database (revised 10/09/2008). Washington, DC: World Bank.
    Wrench, J. and Solomos, J. (eds) (1993) Racism and Migration in Western Europe. Oxford: Berg.
    Zetterholm, S. (ed.) (1994) National Cultures and European Integration: Cultural Diversity and Common Problems. Oxford: Berg.
    Zielonka, J. (2006) Europe as Empire: The Nature of the Enlarged European Union. Oxford: Oxford University Press. http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/0199292213.001.0001
    Zimmer, O. (2003) Nationalism in Europe 1890–1940. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.

    Author and Name Index

    (Note: excludes most names in the set of Tables)

    • Abrahamson, P., 155
    • Abu-Lughod, J., 73, 74, 128
    • Addonino Report (see
      • EC 1985
      )
    • Adelantado, J. and Calderon, E., 191
    • Aho Report (see
      • EC 2006
      ), 189, 206, 217
    • Aiginger, K., 216
    • Albrow, M., 24
    • Alexander (the Great, Macedonian emperor), 58, 90
    • Alexander, J., 239, 240
    • Ambler, J., 157
    • Amin, S., 23
    • Anderson, B., 83
    • Anderson, K., 156
    • Anderson, P., 99, 128, 156
    • Anderson, P. and Weymouth, A., 23
    • Andreski, S., 126
    • Annesley, C., 216
    • Ansell, C., 36, 42
    • Armstrong, J., 83, 100
    • Aron, R., 126
    • Arts, W. and Gelissen, J., 155
    • Axford, B., 42
    • Axford, B. and Huggins, R., 42, 188
    • Axtmann, R., 24, 42
    • Baban, F. and Keyman, F., 237
    • Bache, I., 42
    • Bache, I. and Flinders, M., 32, 41, 42
    • Baldock, J., 156
    • Balibar, E., 23, 42, 239
    • Bambra, C., 155, 191
    • Barbalet, J., 100, 155
    • Barney, D., 42
    • Barroso, J. M., 172, 189
    • Bartlett, R., 73
    • Barysch, K., 189, 217
    • Barysch, K., Tilford, S., Whyte, P., 191, 217, 218
    • Bauman, Z., 23, 25, 190
    • Bay, A-H. and Pedersen, A., 99, 191
    • Baylis, J. and Smith, S.
    • Bayly, C., 98, 99, 127
    • Beck, U., 24, 190, 237
    • Beck, U. and Grande, E., 23, 24, 35, 36, 37, 42, 155, 237, 238, 240, 220
    • Begg, I., Draxler, J., and Mortensen, J., 189, 191, 217, 218
    • Bell, D., 173, 189
    • Bellier, I. and Wilson,T., 24
    • Bendix, R., 100
    • Benkler, Y., 42, 188, 189, 190
    • Benko, G. and Strohmayer, U., 42
    • Beveridge, W., 212
    • Biedenkopf, K., Geremek, B., Michalski, K., 239
    • Bismarck, Otto von, (German Chancellor), 149
    • Blaut, J., 23
    • Bloom, J. and Blair, S., 73
    • Bobbitt, P., 126, 127, 129, 157
    • Bode, I., 155
    • Bolivar, S., 99
    • Bondeberg, I. and Golding, P., 42
    • Boon, V. and Delanty, G., 237, 238
    • Borneman, J. and Fowler, N., 23, 24
    • Bosco, A. and Chassard, Y., 217, 218
    • Braudel, F., 73, 74
    • Brenner, N., 25, 42, 190
    • Bretherton, C. and Vogler, J., 43, 188, 189
    • Briant, P., 73
    • Brinkley, I., 211, 218
    • Brinkley, I. and Lee, N., 189, 211, 217, 218
    • Bromley, S., 216
    • Brotton, J., 73, 74
    • Brubaker, R., 155, 157
    • Bryman, A., 188, 189, 217
    • Burgess, M. and Vollaard, H., 43
    • Burke, P., 25
    • Bush, George. W. (US President), 171
    • Calhoun, C., 23, 237, 238, 240
    • Cameron, E., 74
    • Caporaso, J. and Jupille, J., 23
    • Castellani, B. and Hafferty, F., 24
    • Castells, M., 24, 25, 32, 42, 188, 189, 190
    • Castles, F., 191
    • Castles, F. and Pierson, C., 191
    • Catherine (the Great), 79
    • Cederman, L-E., 23
    • Chamberlayne, P., Cooper, A., Freeman, R., and Rustin, M., 156
    • Charlemagne (Frankish emperor), 56, 58, 60
    • Cheah, P. and Robbins, B., 237, 238
    • Checkel, J. and Katzenstein, P., 239
    • Chesters, G., 24
    • Chesters and Welsh, I., 24
    • Christiansen, T., Jorgensen, K.,and Wiener A., 23
    • Chrysochoou, D., 24, 41
    • Clovis (Frankish king), 50
    • Cohen, J. and Arato, A., 239
    • Colley, L., 99
    • Commander, S., Heitmueller, A., and Tyson, L., 191
    • Constantine (Roman emperor), 59
    • Corvisier, A., 126
    • Cowles, M., Caporaso, J. and Risse, T., 23
    • Cram, L., Dinan, D., and Nugent, N., 24
    • Crang, M. and Thrift, N., 42
    • Cromwell, O., 123
    • Crossley, N., 42
    • Crouch, C., 74, 156, 163, 165, 180
    • Cunliffe, B., 73, 99
    • Daly, M., 217, 218
    • Davies, N., 73, 74, 80, 89, 99, 127, 157
    • De la Porte, C. and Pochet, P., 217
    • De Vreese, C., 42
    • Deacon, B., 156, 188, 191, 240
    • Deacon, B, Hulse, M. and Stubbs, P., 191
    • Deacon, B. and Stubbs, P., 156
    • Delanty, G., 43, 155
    • Delanty, G. and He, B., 237
    • Delanty, G. and Kumar, K., 98
    • Delanty, G. and Rumford, C., 23, 25, 42, 73, 220, 238, 240
    • Delors, J., 2, 42, 168, 188, 196, 197, 198, 216
    • Delors White paper, 197–8, 210
    • Dinan, D., 24, 216, 217
    • Dobb, M., 74
    • Downing, B., 73, 74, 123, 127, 129, 156, 157
    • Doyal, L. and Gough, I., 240
    • Duff, A., 218
    • Dunkerley, D., Hodgson, L., Konopacki, S., Spybey, T. and Tompson, A. Dutton, P., 23
    • Durkheim, E., 10, 190, 238
    • Dutton, P., 157
    • Dwyer, P., 155
    • Dyson, K., 23
    • Eardley, T., Bradshaw, J., Ditch,J., Gough, I., and Whiteford, P., 191
    • Eder, K., 42
    • Eder, K. and Giesen, B., 42, 239
    • Ehrenreich, B., 240
    • Eisenhower, D.W. (US President), 128
    • Eisenstein, E., 74
    • Elias, N., 25, 73, 74, 98, 127, 239
    • Elizabeth I (English monarch), 86
    • Eluere, C., 73
    • Eriksen, E., 42
    • Esping-Andersen, G., 132, 137, 138, 150, 155, 156, 157, 184, 189, 190, 191, 218
    • Esping-Andersen, G. and Regini, M., 155
    • Esping-Andersen, G., Gallie, D., Hemerijk, A., and Myles, J., 155, 191
    • European Commission (EC, EU), 222
      • EC (1993a) ‘Growth, Competitiveness, Employment’ (The Delors White Paper), 216
      • EC (1993b) ‘European Social Policy: Options for the Union. The Green Paper’, 217
      • EC (1995b) ‘European Social Policy: The Medium Term Action Plan’, 217
      • EC (1996b), For a Europe of Civic and Social Rights, 218, 239
      • EC (1999) ‘Implementing the European employment strategy’, 217
      • EC (2001) ‘European Governance: A White Paper’, 237
      • EC (2004) ‘Report of the High level Group on the Future of Social Policy in an Enlarged Union’, 189, 217, 218
      • EC (2005b) ‘The Future of Creative Industries.’ (Report by C. Marcus), 189, 190, 217, 218
      • EC (2005c) ‘Joint Report on Social Protection and Social Inclusion’, 217
      • EC (2005e) ‘The Daphne experience 1997–2003: Europe against violence towards children and women’, 238
      • EC (2006a) ‘Creating an innovative Europe.’ (The Aho Report), 189, 190, 218
      • EC (2006c) ‘The Economy of Culture in Europe’ (Report by KEA, Berlin), 189, 190, 218
      • EC (2007b) Towards Common Principles of Flexicurity: More and better jobs through flexibility and security’, 218
      • EC (2007c) ‘Flexicurity in Europe: Modernising the European labour market in the 21stC’, 218
      • EC (2007e) ‘Integrated guidelines for growth and jobs (2008–2010)’, 217
      • EC (2008a) ‘Proposal for a Directive of the European Parliament and of the Council on the application of patients’ rights in cross-border healthcare’, 218
      • EC (2008b) ‘Report on implementation of the Hague programme for 2007’, 239
    • European Union (EU) passim
      • EU (2000a) ‘Lisbon European Council, Presidency Conclusions’, 217
      • EU (2004) ‘Facing the Challenge: The Lisbon strategy for growth and employment’ (The Kok Report), 217, 218
      • EU (2006b) ‘Directive of the European Parliament and of the Council on Services in the Internal Market’, 217
      • EU (2007a) The Reform Treaty (or Lisbon Treaty), 218
      • EU (2007b) ‘Joint Employment Report 2006/7’, 217
    • Eurostat, 134, 135, 163, 180
    • Faist, T., 155
    • Faist, T. and Kivisto, P., 155
    • Fajth, G., 156
    • Farrell, M., Fella, S. and Newman, M., 24
    • Favell, A., 23, 42, 190, 220
    • Featherstone, K. and Radaelli, C., 23, 42
    • Ferge, Z., 156
    • Ferguson, N., 127
    • Fernandez-Armesto, F., 73
    • Ferrera, M., 43, 98, 155, 156, 157, 188, 216, 218
    • Ferrera, M., Hemerijk, A., and Rhodes, M., 218
    • Fiddler, C., 23
    • Fine, R., 237, 238, 225
    • Fligstein, N. 23, 25, 42, 188, 190, 220, 237, 239
    • Flora, P., 98, 128, 129
    • Flora, P., Alber, J., Eichenberg, R., Kohl, J., Kraus, F., Pfenning, W., Seebohm, K., 129
    • Flora, P., Kuhnle, S. and Urwin, D., 128, 129
    • Florida, R., 189, 211, 218
    • Florida, R. and Tinagli, I., 189, 211, 218
    • Ford, Henry, 173
    • Fossum, J. and Schlesinger, P., 42
    • Foucault, M., 105
    • Francis (of Assisi), 71
    • Freeman, C. and Soete, L., 25, 128, 189
    • Freeman, R. and Rustin, M., 156
    • Friedrichs, J., 43
    • Fulbrook, M., 73, 127, 239
    • Gallie, D. and Paugam, S., 155, 190, 191
    • Gamble, A., 43, 188
    • Gamble, A. and Payne, A., 25, 43
    • Garcia, B., 42
    • Garcia, S., 23, 239
    • Geary, P., 73, 80, 99
    • Geddes, A., 42,
    • Gellner, E., 25, 73, 83, 84, 98, 99, 100
    • George, S., 42
    • Geyer, R., 216
    • Giddens, A., 24, 25, 42, 98, 126, 127, 129, 155, 156, 190, 216, 217, 218
    • Giddens, A., Diamond, P., and Liddle, R., 42
    • Ginsburg, N., 155
    • Goldstein, J., 126, 128
    • Goodin, R., Headey, B., Muffels, R., Dirven, H-J., 138, 155
    • Goodwin, J., 73
    • Goody, J., 73
    • Goody, J. and Watt, I., 74
    • Gorski, P., 100
    • Gough, I., 156
    • Gough, I., Eardley, T., Bradshaw, J., Ditch, J., and Whiteford, P., 191
    • Gould, A., 155
    • Grant, C. and Barysch, K., 25, 43, 170, 189
    • Gray, A., 191
    • Green, K. et al, 25, 128
    • Greenfeld, L., 84, 85, 99, 100, 128
    • Gripsrud, J., 42
    • Guibernau, M. and Hutchinson, J., 98
    • Guillen, A. and Alvarez, S., 155
    • Gutenberg, J., 71, 86
    • Guthrie, D., 189
    • Habermas, J., 25, 42, 100, 237, 240
    • Hacker, B., 126
    • Hacker, B. and Vining, M., 126
    • Hall, J., 100
    • Halsall, G., 73
    • Handler, J., 157, 216
    • Hantrais, L., 216
    • Harcourt, A., 217, 237
    • Hardt, M. and Negri, A., 43
    • Harrison, J. and Wessels, B., 42, 217
    • Harrison, J. and Woods, L., 42, 217
    • Harvey, D., 237, 238
    • Hastings, A., 83, 85, 86, 98, 100, 128
    • Hawkwood, J., 128
    • Heater, D., 100, 155
    • Hegel, G., 236, 240
    • Heikkila, M., 217
    • Heinemann, F., 157
    • Held, D., 189, 237, 238
    • Held, D., McGrew, A., Goldblatt, D., and Perraton, J., 189
    • Henry VIII (English monarch), 86
    • Hesmondhalgh, D., 189, 217
    • Hirst, P. and Thompson, G., 24, 188
    • Hix, S., 24, 41
    • Hobden, S. and Hobson, J., 24, 45
    • Hobsbawm, E., 83, 98, 99, 127
    • Hobsbawm, E. and Ranger, T., 99
    • Hobson, J., 23, 24, 73, 74
    • Holland, T., 73
    • Hooghe, L., and Marks, G., 41
    • Hornsby-Smith, M., 156
    • Hull, R., Walsh, V., Green, K, McKeekin, A., 25, 128
    • Huntington, S.
    • Hus, J., 71
    • Huws, U., 191
    • Isin, E. and Turner, B., 100, 155
    • Isin, E. and Wood, P., 100, 155
    • Jacobsson, K., 217
    • James, C.L.R., 99
    • James, S., 73
    • Janoski, T., 96, 97, 100, 155, 157, 239
    • Janowitz, M., 126
    • Jensen, O. and Richardson, T., 24, 42
    • Jenson, J., 218
    • Jepsen, M. and Pascual, A., 216
    • Jessop, B., 41, 42, 189
    • Jochem, S., 157
    • Jones, P., 238
    • Jonsson, C., Tagil S. and Tornqvist, G., 24, 42
    • Jordan, W., 73
    • Judt, T., 157, 189
    • Kaldor, M., 237, 238
    • Kant, I., 238, 240
    • Kaspersen, L., 128, 156, 157
    • Katzenstein, P., 25, 43
    • Kaufman, R., 156
    • Kautto, M., Hekkila, M., Hvinden, B., Marklund, S., Ploug, N., 157
    • Keane, J., 237, 238, 239
    • Kemmerling, A., 157
    • Kennedy, H., 73
    • Kennedy, P., 110, 126, 127, 128, 129, 157
    • Keohane, R. and Hoffman, S., 32
    • Khanna, P., 25, 37
    • King, A., 237
    • Klausen, J., 126, 127, 156, 157
    • Kleinman, M., 216
    • Koenigsberger, H., 73
    • Kofman, E, Phizacklea, A., Raghuram, P., Sales, R., 191
    • Kok, W., (and Kok Report), 205, 217
    • Kolsto, P., 99
    • Koopmans, R. and Erbe, J., 42, 156
    • Kornai, J. Haggard, S. and Kaufman, R., 156
    • Korpi, W., 156, 157
    • Kristiansen, K., 73
    • Kvist, J. and Saari, J., 191, 218
    • Laffan, B., O'Donnell, R., Smith, M., 25
    • Lamy, P., 171
    • Larner, W. and Walters, W., 25
    • Larsen, T., Taylor-Gooby, P., Kanane, J., 191
    • Law, J., 42
    • Lazzarato, M., 189
    • Le Goff, J., 73
    • Lechner, F. and Boli, J., 24, 188
    • Lefebvre, H., 42
    • Leisering, L. and Leibfried, S., 218
    • Leibfried, S. and Pierson, C., 201, 216
    • Lendvai, N., 156
    • Leonard, M., 42
    • Levack, B., 128
    • Lewis, B., 73
    • Lewis, J., 155, 158, 191
    • Lind, J. and Moller, I., 157, 191
    • Lindbeck, A., 158
    • Lindert, P., 156, 158
    • Lintner, V., 216
    • Loader, B. and Burrows, R., 189
    • Lodemal, I and Trickey, H., 157, 191
    • Lorentzen, L. and Turpin, J., 126
    • Lukes, S., 238
    • Luther, M., 71
    • Lyotard, F., 238
    • MacCullough, D., 74
    • MacDonald, S., 23
    • Mahoney, J. and Rueschemeyer, D., 24
    • Man, J., 73
    • Mann, M., 23, 25, 73, 74, 98, 99, 126, 127, 128, 129, 155, 239
    • Manning, N. and Shaw, I., 190
    • Manow, P. and van Kersbergen,K., 156
    • Mansell, R. and Steinmuller, E., 42, 188
    • Marcus, C. (Marcus Report), 211
    • Marie Antoinette, 79
    • Marks, G., 32
    • Marks, G. and Hooghe, L., 41, 42
    • Marozzi, J., 73
    • Marshall, T. H., 96, 100, 132, 149, 150, 155
    • Martiniello, M., 155, 218
    • Marx, Karl, 10, 176, 178, 190, 238
    • Massey, D., 25
    • May, J. and Thrift, N., 25
    • Mazower, M., 104, 126, 189, 230, 239
    • McCormick, M., 73
    • McCormick, P., 39, 43, 127, 189, 238
    • McIntosh, P., 99
    • McNeill, D., 24, 42
    • McNeill, W., 73, 74, 100, 126, 127, 129
    • Medrano, J., 23, 220
    • Meehan, E., 155, 218
    • Michaelangelo (Buonarroti), 71
    • Michalski, K., 73, 239
    • Mills, C. W., 6, 27, 28, 29, 42, 128
    • Milward, A., 41, 156, 157, 237
    • Millward, P. and Levermore, R., 237
    • Mishel, L, Berenson, and Allegretto, S., 184
    • Modood, T. and Werbner, P., 238
    • Moore, B., 128, 129
    • Morgan, K., 156
    • Morley, D., 42
    • Morley, D. and Robins, K., 42
    • Morissens, A. and Sainsbury, D., 155
    • Mosher, J. and Trubek, D., 217
    • Mosse, G., 99
    • Mouffe, C., 43, 237
    • Moxon-Browne, E., 23, 239
    • Muhammad (Islamic prophet), 55
    • Munkler, H., 34, 35, 36, 39, 43
    • Myles, J., 218
    • Napoleon Bonaparte, 147
    • Navarro, V., Schmitt, J., and Astudillo, J., 191
    • Nelsen, B. and Stubbs, A., 216
    • Norwich, J., 73
    • Nugent, N., 24, 155
    • Nussbaum, M., 237, 238
    • Oesch, D., 237
    • O'Leary, S. and Tiilikainen, I., 155
    • O'Shea, S., 73
    • Oppenheimer, S., 73, 99
    • Orloff, A., 155, 191
    • Ostner, I. and Lewis, J.
    • Outhwaite, W., 23, 24, 25, 156, 239
    • Pagden, A., 23
    • Palier, B. and Sykes, R., 155, 191
    • Palmer, R., 42
    • Parker, G., 74, 113, 126, 127
    • Parker, P., Clark,C., Moore, T.
    • Parsons, T., 25, 27, 99, 129, 156
    • Peters, B. and Sifft,S., 42
    • Peters, B., Sifft, S., Bruggeman, M., Kleinen-v.Konigslow, K., and Wimmel, A., 42
    • Pfau-Effinger, B., 156
    • Picard, D. and Robinson, M., 240
    • Pierson, C., 156
    • Piore, M. and Sabel, C., 189
    • Polanyi, K., 99, 156
    • Popper, K., 238
    • Prior, P. and Sykes, R., 155
    • Putnam, H., 190
    • Rees, T., 204
    • Rifkin, J., 43, 238
    • Rimlinger, G., 99, 156
    • Risse, T., 23, 42
    • Ritzer, G., 188, 189, 217
    • Roberts, J., 73, 74
    • Roberts, M., 74, 126, 127
    • Robertson, R., 24, 25
    • Roche, M., 23, 24, 25, 42, 99, 100, 155, 157, 188, 189, 190, 191, 216, 217, 218, 228, 237, 238, 240
    • Roche, M. and van Berkel, R., 155, 191, 216, 218
    • Roche, M. and Annesley, C., 155, 157, 191, 216, 217, 218, 238
    • Rodrigues, M., 42, 188, 190
    • Rodriguez-Pose, A., 23
    • Rokkan, S., 98, 129, 156
    • Rosas, A. and Antola, E., 155, 218
    • Rosamund, B., 24, 41
    • Rossiter, N., 42
    • Roudemetof, V. and Haller, W., 237
    • Rovisco, M., 43
    • Roxburgh, D., 73
    • Rumford, C., 23, 42, 43, 220, 237, 238
    • Ruttan, V., 128
    • Sainsbury, D., 155, 158, 191
    • Sakwa, R. and Stevens, A., 23
    • Sandholtz, W. and Sweet, A., 23
    • Sapir, A., 216
    • Sapir Report, 217
    • Saunders, F., 100, 128
    • Schimmelfennig, F. and Sedelmeier, U., 24
    • Schirm S., 25
    • Schlesinger, P., 42, 237, 239
    • Schmidt, V., 23, 156, 216
    • Scholte, J., 24, 25, 43, 188
    • Schneider, G. and Aspinwall, M., 23, 237
    • Schopflin, G., 99, 157
    • Schumpeter, J., 128
    • Schutz, A. and Luckmann, T., 24
    • Scott, A., 189, 218
    • Shaw, M., 126, 129
    • Shaw, G. and Williams, A., 42, 218
    • Sherlock, P. and Bennett, H., 99, 127, 128
    • Shore, C., 23, 42, 239
    • Silverstone, R., 42, 240
    • Sinn, H-W., 191
    • Sklair, L., 24, 190
    • Skocpol, T., 24, 25, 126, 156, 157
    • Smismans, S., 239
    • Smith, A., 83, 98, 99, 100
    • Sombart, W., 126
    • Sorensen, A., 156
    • Sotiropoulos, D., 156
    • Sotiropoulos, D. and Pop, L., 156
    • Sotiropoulou, V. and Sotiripoulos, D., 156
    • Spybey, T., 24
    • Standing, G., 191
    • Steinmetz, G., 157
    • Stevenson, N., 100, 155, 237, 238
    • Strath, B., 23, 239
    • Streeck, W., 216
    • Strathern, P., 74
    • Sunstein, C., 42
    • Sutton, I., 73, 99
    • Sykes, R., Palier, B., and Prior, P., 155, 191
    • Taylor-Gooby, P., 190
    • Telo, M., 25, 39, 40, 43, 127, 238
    • Therborn, G., 23, 24, 74, 127, 128
    • Thompson, G., 23, 216
    • Threlfall, M., 216
    • Thrift, N., 24, 42
    • Tilley, C., 42
    • Tilly, C., 73, 74, 89, 98, 99, 108, 126, 127, 128, 129
    • Titmuss, R., 155
    • Toffler, A., 189
    • Twine, F., 155, 157
    • Turner, B., 100, 155, 190, 240
    • Urry, J., 10, 24, 30, 42, 188, 190, 218
    • van Berkel, R. and Moller, I., 157, 191
    • van de Steeg, M., 42
    • van der Veer, P., 237, 238
    • van Kersbergen, K., 128, 156
    • van Kersbergen, K. and Manow, P., 128, 156
    • van Dijk, J., 42
    • van Oorschott, W., 156
    • van Steenbergen, B., 100, 238
    • Vertovec, S. and Cohen, R., 237
    • Victoria (British monarch), 79
    • Walby, S., 24
    • Wallerstein, I., 73, 99, 127, 128
    • Warleigh, A., 41
    • Weber, M., 10, 105, 116, 118, 119, 126, 128
    • Wessels, B., 189, 240
    • Wheatcroft, A., 73, 74
    • White, H., 42
    • Wiener, A., 155
    • Wiener, A. and Diez, T., 24, 41
    • Wilensky, H., 156
    • Williams, C. and Windebank, J., 157, 191
    • Williams, K., 42
    • Williams, R., 17, 25
    • Willner, A., 127
    • Wilson, K. and van der Dussen, J., 23
    • Wincott, D., 216
    • World Bank, 134
    • Wrench, J. and Solomos, J., 238
    • Wycliffe, J. 71
    • Zielonka, J., 35, 37, 41, 43
    • Zimmer, O., 98

    • Loading...
Back to Top

Copy and paste the following HTML into your website