Environments for Outdoor Play: A Practical Guide to Making Space for Children

Books

Theresa Casey

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  • Chapters
  • Front Matter
  • Back Matter
  • Subject Index
  • About the Author

    Theresa Casey began her career as a playworker in an adventure playground in Edinburgh supporting the play needs of children of a wide range of ages, abilities and backgrounds but with a particular focus on children with disabilities. Three years in Thailand followed, developing play opportunities for children growing up in difficult circumstances. During that time a playground design developed by Theresa, her colleagues and the children from a Bangkok slum community won an international design award. Since then she has been particularly involved in practitioner-led action research on inclusive play which has resulted in a number of publications and programmes of activity.

    Theresa is a Fellow of the Winston Churchill Memorial Trust which allowed her time to study play in Sweden, Finland and the Ukraine. Her work is informed by an international perspective and grounded in the belief that it is the right of every child, no matter their circumstances, to have opportunities for play.

    Copyright

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    Dedication

    For Jimmy, and Jamie my brown-eyed boy

    Acknowledgements

    Much of the inspiration for this book came from the wonderful places for play in which I have been privileged to work, especially Scotland Yard Adventure Centre (The Yard) in Edinburgh and the Foundation for Child Development play projects in Bangkok.

    The Play Inclusive (Pinc) Action Research Project, also at The Yard, has given me the opportunity to join in wonderfully questioning and thought-provoking conversations and I am grateful to the talented and committed playworkers there who have welcomed me (and gurgling babies) into their discussions.

    Thanks to friends and colleagues who helped me out with Chapter 5: artists Suzie Hunter, Heather Christie and the multi-talented Mark Carr; Robin Sutcliffe, Dave Brady and Patrick Martin of Sutcliffe Play; and Margaret Westwood of many hats. Thanks to Alan Rees for the help with the case study in Chapter 2 and to David Yearley of RoSPA Play Safety and Kate Lander of the Landscape Institute for help with Chapter 8.

    I have gained lots of ideas and food for thought by visiting play projects in various countries and keeping my eyes open for how children endlessly reinvent play spaces. It's been amazing to see similar play taking shape from diverse ‘ingredients’ around the world. So thanks to all those projects and children from whom I have borrowed ideas. The International Play Association (IPA) World Conference in Berlin in 2005 proved a rich source of debate and ideas that also inform this book.

    Thanks so much to Emma, Sean, Molly, Eoghan, Jessica, Niamh, Martin and Nicky for the fun play day up in the woods, and thanks again to Barbara, Caroline and Veronica Casey and Tricia and Jake Herriot for minding the babies.

  • Bibliography

    Alderson, P and Morrow, U. (2004) Ethics, Social Research and Consulting with Children and Young People.Ilford: Barnardo's.
    Armitage, M. (2001) The ins and outs of the school playground: children's use of ‘play places’. In J.C.Bishop and M.Curtis (eds), Play Today in the Primary School Playground.Philadelphia: Open University Press.
    Ball, D. J. (2002) Playgrounds – Risks, Benefits and Choices.London: Health and Safety Executive.
    Bartlett, S., Hart, R., Satterthwaite, D., de la Barra, X. and Missair, A. (1999) Cities for Children.London: Earthscan/UNICEF.
    Bilton, H. (2002) Outdoor Play in the Early Years – Management and Innovation.London: David Fulton.
    Bishop, J. C. and Curtis, M. (eds) (2001) Play Today in the Primary School Playground.Philadelphia: Open University Press.
    Blatchford, P. and Sharp, S. (eds) (1994) Breaktime and the School: Understanding and Changing Playground Behaviour.London: Routledge.
    Casey, T. (2004) Play Inclusive (P.inc) Research Report.Edinburgh: The Yard.
    Casey, T. (2005) Inclusive Play: Practical strategies for working with children aged 3-8.London: Paul Chapman Publishing.
    Casey, T., Manneterm, L. and Chuntawhitate, B. (2001) Play for Life.Bangkok: The Foundation for Child Development.
    Chawla, L. (2001) ‘Putting young old ideas into action: the relevance of growing up in cities to local Agenda 21’,Local Environment,6(1): 13-25. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/13549830120024224
    Children in Scotland (2006) Making Space: Award winning designs for children.Edinburgh: Children in Scotland.
    Children's Play Council (2002) Making the Case for Play: Building policies and strategies for school-aged children (Children's Play Council Briefing).London: National Children's Bureau.
    Children's Play Council (2006) Play Naturally: Survey of children's views.London: Children's Play Council.
    Clark, A and Moss, B. (2005) Spaces to Play: More Listening to young children using the Mosaic approach.London: National Children's Bureau.
    Claydon, P. (2003) A vernacular of play. In N.Norman (ed.), An Architecture of Play: a survey of London's adventure playgrounds.London: Four Corner Books. pp. 27-32.
    Department of Culture, Media and Sport (DCMS) (2004) Getting Serious about Play: A review of children's play.London: DCMS.
    Department for Education (DFE) (1990) Building Bulletin 71: The outdoor classroom.London: HMSO.
    Department for Education and Employment (DfEE) (2001) Promoting Play in Out-of-school Childcare.London: DfEE.
    Dunn, K. and Moore, M. (2005) ‘Developing accessible play space in the UK: a social model approach’, inChildren, Youth and Environments,15(1): 331-53.
    Ginsberg, O. (2006) ‘The farm as a playground’,PlayRights,January: 8-10.
    Groves, M. and Mason, C. (1993) ‘The relationship between preference and environment in the school playground’.Children's Environments,10(1): pp 52-9.
    Hart, R. (1997) Children's Participation.London: Earthscan/UNICEF.
    Hendricks, B. (2001) Designing for Play (Design and the Built Environment).London: Ashgate.
    Heseltine, P. and Holborn, J. (1987) Playgrounds: The planning, design and construction of play environments.London: Mitchell.
    Hughes, B. (1996) Play Environments: A Question of Quality.London: Playlink.
    Hughes, B. (2001) Evolutionary Playwork and Reflective Analytic Practice.London: Routledge.
    Hughes, B. (2002) A Playworker's Taxonomy of Play Types (
    2nd edn
    ). London: PLAYLINK.
    Itoh, T. (1988 [1973]) Space and Illusion in the Japanese Garden.New York and Tokyo: John Weatherhill.
    Kenny, K. (1996) Grounds for Learning – A celebration of school site developments in Scotland.Winchester: Learning through Landscapes.
    Lefaivre, L. (2002) Space, place and play. In L.Lefaivre, and I.de Roode (eds), Aldo van Eyck: the playgrounds and the city.Rotterdam: NAi Publishers and Stedelijk Museum.
    Lefaivre, L. and de Roode, I. (eds) (2002) Aldo van Eyck: The playgrounds and the city.Rotterdam: NAi Publishers and Stedelijk Museum.
    Lester, S. and Maudsley, M. (2006) Play, Naturally: A review of children's natural play.London: Children's Play Council. (Available at http://www.playday.org.uk)
    Mackett, R. (2004) Making Children's Lives More Active.London: University College London.
    Matthews, H. and Limb, M. (2002) Exploring the ‘fourth environment’: young people's use of place and views on their environment. Children 5-16 Research Briefing No 9. The Economic and Social Research Council. (Available at: http://www.hull.ac.uk/children5to16 programme/details)
    McIntyre, S. (2006a) Play Inclusive Network 1 Report.Edinburgh: The Yard.
    McIntyre, S. (2006b) Play Inclusive Network 2 Report.Edinburgh: The Yard.
    Melville, S. (2004) Places for Play.London: PlayLink.
    Murray, P. (2002) Disabled Teenagers’ Experiences of Access to Inclusive Leisure.York: Joseph Rowntree Foundation. (Available at: http://www.jrf.org.uk)
    National Playing Fields Association (NPFA) (2000) Best Play: What play provision should do for children.London: National Playing Fields Association.
    Nicholson, S. (1971) The Theory of Loose Parts. Landscape Architecture Quarterly,62(1) October.
    Office of the Deputy Prime Minister (2004) Developing Accessible Play Space: A Good Practice Guide.London: Office of the Deputy Prime Minister.
    Opie, I. and Opie, P. (1969) Children's Games in the Street and Playground.Oxford: Oxford University Press.
    Pellegrini, A. D. and Blatchford, P. (2000) The Child at School: Interactions with peers and teachers.New York: Oxford University Press.
    PlayLink (1999) Play at School.London: PlayLink.
    Rees, A. (1992) Building on History,Scotland Yard Adventure Centre (unpublished paper) Edinburgh.
    Sutton-Smith, B. (1997) The Ambiguity of Play.Massachusetts: Harvard University Press.
    Thomas, G. and Thompson, G. (2004) A Child's Place.London: Green Alliance/DEMOS.
    Titman, W. (1994) Special Places, Special People: The hidden curriculum of school grounds.Godalming: World Wide Fund for Nature/Learning through Landscapes.
    UNICEF (1989) Convention on the Rights of the Child. (Available at http://www.unicef.org/crc)
    Zini, M. (2006) Furnishings as a Tool for Education. In Senses of Place: Designing Scotland's future schools.Glasgow: The Lighthouse.

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