- Subject index
Educational Theories and Practices from the Majority World draws attention to ethnocentrism in educational research and practice. Whether it is educational theory, research or educational practices, most of the discourse is strongly marked by one single model, Western, so-called “modern” schooling. Scientific knowledge about education is typically seen as Western, and non-Western contexts are made subject to Western paradigms of inquiry.
This book counters this Western ethnocentrism and suggests some means to fight it. The Western perspective stems from a minority and it does not represent the majority of the world population that is situated outside of Europe and North-America. For millennia, various forms of educational theory and practices have been developed all over the world, and these are still in existence even though they may be ignored and despised by mainstream educational science. What does this wealth of educational forms have to offer in terms of innovative ideas? Could some of these be used to improve the quality and the appropriateness of modern schooling everywhere in the world?
The book contains contributions by authors from Africa, Asia, Europe, North America, Oceania, and South America. Several of them usually write in French or in Spanish, which will permit access to theories and research not always covered in English.
Chapter 10: Sanskrit Schooling in India
Sanskrit Schooling in India
India is one of the ancient lands where worldly and spiritual realities of life have been found to live in a state of ‘coexistence’. Very few countries in the world can offer such an enormous diversity in the philosophy of life as India.
Language represents an essential ingredient of the culture of a group of people. The foundation of Indian culture and its heritage is laid on the ancient Indian language Sanskrit. It is one of the world's oldest languages and has been the medium for deepest contents of thought and most pleasant realizations of human creations. The glimpses of greatness of this language can be found not only in its literature, but also in a ...