During the 1980s, educational policy sociology became much more directly concerned with the nature of policy discourse. This was due, in large part, to influences from the writings of the French post-structuralist, Michel Foucault. In this chapter, we attempt to unravel the key strands in Foucault's thought and to situate his work within the broad tradition of European critical social theory. We begin with his critique of Marxism which leads into his unique conceptions of knowledge and power. We then consider his views on the liberal state and the microprocesses of power that he sees as constituting forms of governmentality. We show how Foucault's thought engages with the central elements of liberal reason and, ...
The Post-Structuralism of Foucault
The post-structuralism of foucault