The end of the Second World War marked a period of massive social reforms in the creation of the welfare state which was established to end the absolute poverty and depression of the 1930s. It also marked the beginning of a huge increase in the role of the state in terms of the extension of state planning and collectivism, and the 1942 Beveridge Report introduced momentous changes in welfare, health and education which were aimed at reducing poverty. Although this was also a period of traumatic economic and social change there were high expectations of a new welfare world after the war and a great deal of optimism in all sectors of society. Between 1944 and the mid-1970s ...
1945–1979: The Postwar Consensus
1945–1979: The postwar consensus