- Subject index
This dynamic, energetic book systematically brings together the major developments in the social and political theory of education. It offers a global introduction to the major debates within the field and provides a sustained argument for a democratic and normative view of education. It provides a comprehensive view of the major disputes within social, cultural and political approaches to education. Drawing upon varied critical traditions the book helpfully connects these diverse threads of debate whilst exploring the work of key theorists. Areas explored include: • democratic notions of education, • cosmopolitanism, • multiculturalism, • pragmaticism, • critical pedagogy, • democratic socialism • liberalism Clearly written and passionately argued this book will be essential reading for all those interested in exploring education's changing place in society.
Chapter 4: Critical Pedagogy, Democracy and Capitalism: Education without Enemies or Borders
Critical Pedagogy, Democracy and Capitalism: Education without Enemies or Borders
Raymond Williams (1989) once tried to explain why, despite the social and cultural transformations of the twentieth century, he remained a socialist. The reason for his refusal to adopt the more accommodating language of either industrialism or pluralism was his recognition of the centrality of the struggles of the organised working class. Williams (1989: 71) argued that the struggle of the industrial working class to emancipate itself from capitalism was opposed by a hegemonic alliance that acted as ‘a hostile and organized social formation that was trying to defeat and destroy you’. In this respect, Williams is reflecting the often bitter class-based struggles of the 1980s. ...