- Subject index
Economic Reforms and Social Exclusion is an analytical study that focuses on the socially marginalized and excluded groups in India since the onset of liberalization. It examines how the liberal economic reforms have impacted socio-economic categories—caste, tribe and religious minorities—subjecting them to further deprivation.
Case studies of handloom weavers, VRS workers and the temperance movement have awarded this study empirical reality. The book also offers a refreshing approach to the study of economic reforms through philosophical and theoretical arguments on issues like civil society, religion, caste and alienation.
Since most of the scholarly works on social exclusion are based on Western notions of ‘deprivation’ and ‘exclusion’, this work's unique focus on India lends the reader a context-specific understanding of the subject. The jargon free language makes the ...
Chapter 3: Economic Reforms and the Socially Excluded Groups in India
Economic Reforms and the Socially Excluded Groups in India
Liberty, the concept on which the entire edifice of liberalization and the policy of economic reform is now built, was first enunciated by J.S. Mill to enhance individual choice and to organize production. Mill never advocated liberty for the sake of exploitation and profit making. Let us examine here the structure of reform as implemented in India and the social consequences that followed.
The economic reforms of the Government of India in 1991, based on the principle of liberty, however, consisted broadly of two types of policies. One was the stabilization policy implemented in response to a payments crisis. India was then running a current account deficit of around ...