- Subject index
Economic Reforms and Social Exclusion is an analytical study that focuses on the socially marginalized and excluded groups in India since the onset of liberalization. It examines how the liberal economic reforms have impacted socio-economic categories—caste, tribe and religious minorities—subjecting them to further deprivation.
Case studies of handloom weavers, VRS workers and the temperance movement have awarded this study empirical reality. The book also offers a refreshing approach to the study of economic reforms through philosophical and theoretical arguments on issues like civil society, religion, caste and alienation.
Since most of the scholarly works on social exclusion are based on Western notions of ‘deprivation’ and ‘exclusion’, this work's unique focus on India lends the reader a context-specific understanding of the subject. The jargon free language makes the ...
Chapter 1: Introduction
The balance of payments crisis in 1991 was considered as the immediate compulsion to declare a policy of reform in India. This had an immediate effect in the realm of trade policy where import licensing was withdrawn. In the area of industrial policy, the regime of so-called license–permit-raj was discontinued. This has encouraged the process of opening up of the economy to international players. In fact, economists had identified the symptoms of liberalization in the later part of 1980s. The process of liberalization was supported by a great intellectual debate on the role of the state and the market in economic development. It was forcefully argued by some scholars that interest groups are generally involved in the decision-making process of the state that results ...