Previous Chapter Chapter 9: Dyslexia and Disability-Friendly Perspectives

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Dyslexia and Disability-Friendly Perspectives
Dyslexia and disability-friendly perspectives
Theorising Dyslexia: The Present Position

Dyslexia hypotheses are generally based on a perception of individual deficit and take a medical or psychological focus. This is a view of dyslexia that locates it within symbolic learning, that is, something that happens in the brain, rather than situated learning, which happens in social settings. However, the well-known Morton and Frith model (Morton and Frith, 1995, cited in Frith, 1999) includes an environmental dimension running alongside the cognitive, biological and behavioural levels, so that in every dyslexia hypothesis there is an environmental aspect. It is this that the dyslexia-friendly initiative addresses, on the understanding that by improving the learning environment, the chances of successful learning can be improved. Currently, many ...

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