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The first volume to provide access to information on drug treatment systems from a wide cross-section of 20 countries, Drug Treatment Systems in an International Perspective examines the ways in which other counties from around the world have chosen to cope with the spread of illicit drugs. Now health planners and administrators, treatment professionals, researchers, and students can place the development of their own treatment systems in a wider context and can examine the extent to which that development shares common structural features with those of other countries and cultures. Following a comparative discussion of the various countries, the volume addresses four key issues: gender specific treatment, the politics of financing and evaluation, the private sector and state control, and exporting drug treatment ideologies. It ...

Therapeutic Communities as a Major Response to Drug Abuse in Poland
Therapeutic communities as a major response to drug abuse in Poland
The Social Epidemiology of Drug Abuse in Postwar Poland

Until the late 1960s, drug abuse in Poland was considered mainly an individual medical problem, affecting only a few people. National statistics showed only about 100 to 150 drug-dependent patients annually. Most cases were iatrogenic: Dependence occurred because of extended medical treatment with psychoactive drugs, such as morphine. Others were health professionals with easy access to drugs (Bielewicz, 1984; Leczycka & Steffen-Kuszt, 1984), but there are no statistics on this group; the problem was not considered a threat to law and order.

Drug abuse began to increase at the end of the 1960s. In the spring of ...

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