- Subject index
Edited by Benjamin L. Hankin and John R. Z. Abela, Development of Psychopathology: A Vulnerability-Stress Perspective brings together the foremost experts conducting groundbreaking research into the major factors shaping psychopathological disorders across the lifespan in order to review and integrate the theoretical and empirical literature in this field. The volume editors build upon two important and established research and clinical traditions: developmental psychopathology frameworks and vulnerability-stress models of psychological disorders.
Chapter 2: Vulnerability-Stress Models
Early models of psychopathology typically identified processes operating during the course of the disorder as reflecting the key determinants of the onset of psychopathology (e.g., irrational beliefs; Ellis, 1962). Such models have led to important advances in understanding important features of psychopathology. For example, in the cognitive arena, schema models initially focused almost exclusively on understanding cognitive variables functioning in the disordered state. This conceptual approach, as well as the empirical research motivated by these models, has led to a number of significant insights into depression (Ingram, Miranda, & Segal, 1998), anxiety (e.g., McManus & Clark, 2002), personality disorders (Beck, 1999), and even problematic marital interactions (Beck, 1989). Schema models thus represent a clear example of the power ...