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Chapter 5: Respect for Persons Ethics and Counselor Decision-Making
Although the contributions from the philosopher Immanuel Kant (1724–1804), the brilliant thinker from the German Enlightenment, provide the theoretical foundation for the ethical positions of respect for persons, it is the refinements and critiques of Kant's work that have consolidated the current ethics of respect for persons that is applicable to counseling.
The central theme of the ethics of respect for persons is that equal respect must be paid to the personhood of all humans. This theme is fundamental to Western ethical insights taken from Hebraic-Christian moral values and noted in the Talmud and Bible (Harris, 2002). At the root of rabbinic teaching was the understanding that humankind was created in the image ...