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Chapter 13: Islamic Ethics and Counselor Decision-Making
Islam has a long history dating back over 1,400 years. The term Islam is Arabic, meaning “submission to God,” and it is supported by derivatives of earlier interpretations of the meaning of Islam including concepts of “peace” (Belt, 2002). The primary contributor to Islam was the Prophet Muhammad ibu Abd Allah, who was born in Mecca in 570 CE. After his father died when he was six years old, he lived with his grandfather until the grandfather passed away, then went to live with his uncle. Belt described the first insight Muhammad experienced:
At about age 40 Muhammad retreated to a cave in the mountains outside Mecca to meditate. There, Muslims believe, he was visited by the ...