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Western Theories of Ethics
Western theories of ethics

In the first section, we introduce Western views of ethics, covering the following theories: virtue ethics, natural law, utilitarian ethics, feminist ethics, Native American ethics, and respect for persons.Chapter 2 concerns virtue ethics. Virtue ethics provides one of the oldest Western perspectives (Shanahan & Wang, 2003). The ancient Greeks developed this particular orientation, e.g., Plato, Aristotle, and Socrates. The primary focus of this theory is on an understanding of the person's character and related virtues.

Chapter 3 is a discussion of natural law (Harris, 2002; Shanahan & Wang, 2003). Natural law is grounded for the most part on Christian principles. Thomas Aquinas is one of the original contributors to this orientation. The primary basis of this theory is human ...

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