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In the 1950s and 1960s, Aron occasionally related his thinking to that of Morgenthau as he tried to develop a sociology of international relations. Some brief introduction to Aron’s early career will help to clarify the nature of his response.
Aron was born in Paris in March 1905. According to his own account, his family ‘belonged to the solid French Jewish bourgeoisie’ (Aron, 1990: 6). His father was a non-practising Jew. Aron was admitted to the École Normale Supérieure in 1924. He studied Kant for his diplôme d’études supérieures. The main philosophical influences were Bergson (who had just retired), Brunschvicg, and Alain. Aron passed his agrégation in 1928 and then spent 18 months on compulsory military service.
In Chapter 3 of his Memoirs, he recounts how he began ...