Cultural Analysis of Texts

Books

Mikko Lehtonen

  • Citations
  • Add to My List
  • Text Size

  • Chapters
  • Front Matter
  • Back Matter
  • Subject Index
  • Copyright

    View Copyright Page

    Preface

    We begin to think where we live. When I was writing this book I lived in Tampere, an industrial city that lies in between two lakes in southern Finland, which is often claimed to be the centre of Finnish literature, sometimes the mecca of Finnish rock, at other times the city of women, occasionally the red city, and not only the cradle of Finnish ice hockey but currently the cradle of Finnish cultural studies, as well. When I still lived in Helsinki, every time I visited Tampere I felt I was in Finland (Helsinki being a Finnish-Swedish-Russian-German city). But Tampere, too, was founded by a Swedish king and industrialized by a certain Scotsman with the kind assistance of the then Russian Tsar (at least the rapids are originally from Tampere). Moreover, currently Tampere is known not only for the sole Lenin Museum in existence in the world, but also for its many international conferences, for its bedrock that is among the most ancient in the world (of which the residents know nothing about, but which enthusiastic international tourists hurry to touch in vast crowds) and for the tiny neighbouring town called Nokia. A small Finnish locality has swiftly developed into a global city.

    So, where did I live as I thought about and wrote this book? Here, but in a ‘here’ the locality of which is increasingly determined by its connection to other places. Besides, in the name of honesty I must confess that my work in Tampere would not have been possible had I not had the opportunity to spend time also in the famed reading room of the old British Library, the very place where Marx, Gandhi and other such personalities with a bit more renown than myself have tried to settle comfortably in their chairs.

    Even Tampere globalizes, but different contexts – local, national and international – maintain their significance even in a globalized world. Hence, this book's context of birth has been not only the everyday of highly literate people of Tampere but also the ever-increasing community of researchers in the fields of culture, literature and media, to whose smorgasbord the book hopefully brings its zesty addition.

    Excellent assistance in the process of recontextualizing the book was provided by the translators Kris Clarke and Aija-Leena Ahonen. Welcome help was also given by Pertti Alasuutari, Sari Elfving and Juha Koivisto of Tampere, as well as the North-Carolina-based Larry Grossberg, and Julia Hall and Seth Edwards in London. My warm thanks to you all!

    Tampere

  • Bibliography

    Althusser, Louis (1971) Lenin and Philosophy. Translated by BenBrewster. London: New Left Books.
    Ang, Ien (1985) Watching Dallas. Soap Opera and Melodramatic Imagination.London: Methuen.
    Ang, Ien (1996) Living Room Wars. Rethinking Media Audiences for a Postmodern World.London: Routledge. http://dx.doi.org/10.4324/9780203289549
    Austen, Jane (1990) Pride and Prejudice (1813). Edited by JamesKinsley. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
    Austin, J.L. (1975) How to Do Things with Words (1962),
    2nd edition
    . Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press. http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198245537.001.0001
    Baker, Houston A. Jr (1994) ‘Beyond Artifacts: Cultural Studies and the New Hybridity of Rap’ in Margaret J.M.Ezell and Katherine O'BrienO'Keefe (eds) Cultural Artifacts and the Production of Meaning.Ann Arbor: The University of Michigan Press.
    Bakhtin, M.M. (1981) The Dialogic Imagination. Four Essays. Edited by MichaelHolquist. Translated by CarylEmerson and MichaelHolquist. Austin: University of Texas Press.
    Baldick, Chris (1990) The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Literary Terms.Oxford: Oxford University Press.
    Balzac, Honoré de (1970) A Harlot High and Low. Translated by RaynerHeffenstahl. Harmondsworth: Penguin.
    Barthes, Roland (1974) S/Z. Translated by RichardMiller. London: Jonathan Cape.
    Barthes, Roland (1981) ‘Theory of Text’, in Robert M.Young (ed.) Untying the Text. A Post-structuralist Reader.London: Routledge & Kegan Paul.
    Barthes, Roland (1986a) ‘The Death of the Author’ (1968), in RolandBarthes (1986) The Rustle of Language. Translated by RichardHoward. Oxford: Basil Blackwell.
    Barthes, Roland (1986b) ‘From Work to Text’ (1971), in RolandBarthes (1986) The Rustle of Language. Translated by RichardHoward. Oxford: Basil Blackwell.
    Barthes, Roland (1988) ‘Introduction to the Structural Analysis of Narratives’, in The Semiotic Challenge. Translated by RichardHoward. Oxford: Basil Blackwell.
    Barton, David (1994) Literacy. An Introduction to the Ecology of Written Language.Oxford: Basil Blackwell.
    Barwise, Patrick and Hammond, Kathy (1998) Media.London: Phoenix.
    Baynham, Mike (1995) Literacy Practices: Investigating Literacy in Social Contexts.London: Longman.
    Belsey, Catherine (1980) Critical Practice.London: Routledge.
    Bennett, Tony (1979) Formalism and Marxism.London: Methuen. http://dx.doi.org/10.4324/9780203354490
    Bennett, Tony (1982) ‘Text and History’, in PeterWiddowson (ed.) Re-reading English.London: Methuen.
    Bennett, Tony (1983) ‘Text, Readers, Reading Formations’, Literature and History, 9 (2).
    Bennett, Tony (1984) ‘The Text in Question’, Southern Review, 17 (July).
    Bennett, Tony (1987) ‘Texts in History’, in DerekAttridge, GeoffBennington and RobertYoung (eds) Post-structuralism and the Question of History.Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
    Bennett, Tony (1990) Outside Literature.London: Routledge.
    Bennett, Tony and Woollacott, Janet (1987) Bond and Beyond.Houndmills: Macmillan.
    Berger, Arthur Asa (1995) Cultural Criticism. A Primer of Key Concepts.Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage. http://dx.doi.org/10.4324/9781452204734
    Berger, Peter L. and Luckmann, Thomas (1981) The Social Construction of Reality: a Treatise in the Sociology of Knowledge (1971). Harmondsworth: Penguin.
    Bordwell, David (1989) Making Meaning. Inference and Rhetoric in the Interpretation of Cinema.Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
    Braidotti, Rosi (1991) Patterns of Dissonance. A Study of Women in Contemporary Philosophy.Cambridge: Polity Press.
    Branigan, Edward (1992) Narrative Comprehension and Film.London: Routledge.
    Budd, Mike, Entman, Robert M. and Steinman, Clay (1990) ‘The Affirmative Character of US Cultural Studies’, Critical Studies in Mass Communication7. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/15295039009360171
    Burke, Peter (1993) The Art of Conversation.Cambridge: Polity Press.
    Carroll, Lewis (1994) Alice's Adventures in Wonderland (1865). London: Puffin Books.
    Certeau, Michel de (1984) The Practice of Everyday Life.Berkeley: University of California Press.
    Chambers, Ross (1979) Meaning and Meaningfulness. Studies in the Analysis and Interpretation of Texts.Lexington: French Forum Publishers.
    Chambers, Ross (1984) Story and Situation: Narrative Seduction and the Power of Fiction.Manchester: Manchester University Press.
    Cohan, Steven and Shires, Linda M. (1988) Telling Stories. A Theoretical Analysis of Narrative Fiction.New York: Routledge.
    Cook, Guy (1992) The Discourse of Advertising.London: Routledge.
    Couturier, Maurice (1991) Textual Communication. A Print-based Theory of the Novel.London: Routledge.
    Crane, Diana (1992) The Production of Culture. Media and the Urban Arts.Newbury Park, CA: Sage.
    Culler, Jonathan (1975) Structuralist Poetics. Structuralism, Linguistics and the Study of Literature.London: Routledge & Kegan Paul. http://dx.doi.org/10.4324/9780203449769
    Culler, Jonathan (1980) ‘Prolegomena to a Theory of Reading’, in Susan R.Suleiman and IngeCrosman (eds) The Reader in the Text. Essays on Audience and Interpretation.Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
    Culler, Jonathan (1990) Ferdinand de Saussure (1976). London: Fontana Press.
    Dick, Philip K. (1993) Do Androids Dream of Electric Sheep? (1968) (filmed as Blade Runner) 1982, London: HarperCollins.
    Docherty, Thomas (1987) On Modern Authority.Brighton: Harvester Press.
    Duby, Georges and Braunstein, Philippe (1988) ‘The Emergence of the Individual’, in GeorgesDuby (ed.) A History of Private Life. II: Revelations of the Medieval World.Cambridge, MA: The Belknap Press of Harvard University Press.
    Durant, Alan and Fabb, Nigel (1990) Literary Studies in Action.London: Routledge.
    Dyer, Richard (1993) The Matter of Images. Essays on Representations.London: Routledge.
    Eagleton, Terry (1991) Ideology. An Introduction.London: Verso.
    Eagleton, Terry (1992) ‘Crisis in Contemporary Culture’, New Left Review, 196.
    Eagleton, Terry (1996a) Literary Theory. An Introduction,
    2nd edition
    . Oxford: Blackwell.
    Eagleton, Terry (1996b) The Illusions of Postmodernism.Oxford: Blackwell.
    Easthope, Antony (1988) ‘Same Text, Different Readings: Shakespeare's Sonnet 94’, in ColinMacCabe (ed.) Futures for English.Manchester: Manchester University Press.
    Ellis, John (1992) Visible Fictions. Cinema: Television: Video,
    revised edition
    . London: Routledge.
    Fairclough, Norman (1989) Language and Power.London: Longman.
    Fiske, John (1987) Television Culture.London: Routledge.
    Fiske, John (1989a) ‘Popular Television and Commercial Culture: Beyond Political Economy’, in GaryBurns and Robert J.Thompson (eds) Television Studies. Textual Analysis.New York: Praeger.
    Fiske, John (1989b) ‘Moments of Television: Neither the Text nor the Audience’, in EllenSeiter, HansBorchers, GabrieleKreutzner and Eva-MariaWarth (eds) Remote Control. Television, Audiences, and Cultural Power.London: Routledge.
    Fiske, John (1992) ‘The Cultural Economy of Fandom’, in Lisa A.Lewis (ed.) The Adoring Audience. Fan Culture and Popular Media.London: Routledge.
    Fornäs, Johan (1995) Cultural Theory and Late Modernity.London: Sage.
    Foucault, Michel (1972) The Archaeology of Knowledge. Translated by A.M. SheridanSmith. London: Routledge.
    Foucault, Michel (1979) ‘What Is an Author?’ in José V.Harari (ed.) Textual Strategies. Perspectives in Post-Structuralist Criticism.Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press.
    Fowler, H.W. and Fowler, F.G. (eds) (1956) The Concise Oxford English Dictionary of Current English.
    Fourth edition
    (revised by E.McIntosh) Oxford: Oxford Unversity Press.
    Fowler, Roger (1996) Linguistic Criticism,
    2nd edition
    . Oxford: Oxford University Press.
    Frow, John (1990) ‘Intertextuality and Ontology’, in MichaelWorton and JudithStill (eds) Intertextuality. Theories and Practices.Manchester: Manchester University Press.
    Gaur, Albertine (1992) A History of Writing,
    revised edition
    . London: The British Library.
    George, Susan (1992) The Debt Boomerang.London: Pluto Press.
    Goody, Jack (1981) ‘Alphabets and Writing’, in RaymondWilliams (ed.) Contact: Human Communication and its History.London: Thames & Hudson.
    Graddol, David (1994) ‘What Is a Text?’ In DavidGraddol and OliverBoyd-Barrett (eds) Media Texts: Authors and Readers.Clevedon: Multilingual Matters Ltd in association with Open University Press.
    Grillo, R.D. (1989) Dominant Languages. Language and Hierarchy in Britain and France.Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
    Grossberg, Lawrence (1988) ‘Putting the Pop Back into Postmodernism’, in AndrewRoss (ed.) Universal Abandon? The Politics of Postmodernism.Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press.
    Grossberg, Lawrence (1992a) We Gotta Get Out of This Place. Popular Conservatism and Postmodern Culture.New York: Routledge.
    Grossberg, Lawrence (1992b) ‘Is There a Fan in the House?: The Affective Sensibility of Fandom’, in Lisa A.Lewis (ed.) The Adoring Audience. Fan Culture and Popular Media.London: Routledge.
    Hall, Stuart (1980) ‘Cultural Studies: Two Paradigms’, Media, Culture and Society1/1980.
    Hall, Stuart (1981) ‘Notes on Deconstructing “the Popular”’, in RaphaelSamuel (ed.) People's History and Socialist Theory.London: Routledge & Kegan Paul.
    Hall, Stuart (1982) ‘The Rediscovery of “Ideology”: Return of the Repressed in Media Studies’, in MichaelGurevitch, TonyBennett, JamesCurran and JanetWoollacott (eds) Culture, Society and the Media.London: Methuen.
    Hall, Stuart (1984) ‘The Narrative Construction of Reality’, Southern Review, 17 (March).
    Hall, Stuart (1988a) ‘The Toad in the Garden: Thatcherism among the Theorists’, in CaryNelson and LawrenceGrossberg (eds) Marxism and the Interpretation of Culture.Houndmills: Macmillan.
    Hall, Stuart (1988b) ‘Minimal Selves’, in Identity (ICA Document 6). London: ICA.
    Hall, Stuart (1992a) ‘The West and the Rest: Discourse and Power’, in StuartHall and BramGieben (eds) Formations of Modernity.Cambridge: Polity Press. http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/CBO9780511628092
    Hall, Stuart (1992b) ‘The Question of Cultural Identity’, in StuartHall, DavidHeld and TonyMcGrew (eds) Modernity and Its Futures.Cambridge: Polity Press.
    Hall, Stuart (1994) ‘Reflections upon the Encoding/Decoding Model: An Interview with Stuart Hall’, in JonCruz and JustinLewis (eds) Weaving, Reading, Listening. Audiences and Cultural Reception.Boulder, CO: Westview Press.
    Hall, Stuart (1996a) ‘Who Needs Identity?’ In StuartHall and Pauldu Gay (eds) Questions of Cultural Identity.London: Sage. http://dx.doi.org/10.4135/9781446221907
    Hall, Stuart (1996b) ‘On Postmodernism and Articulation’, in DavidMorley and Kuan-HsingChen (eds) Stuart Hall: Critical Dialogues in Cultural Studies.London: Routledge.
    Hall, Stuart and Jefferson, Tony (eds) (1976) Resistance through Rituals: Youth Subcultures in Postwar-Britain.London: Hutchinson.
    Halliday, M.A.K. (1978) Language as Social Semiotic. The Social Interpretation of Language and Meaning.London: Edward Arnold.
    Haraway, Donna (1991) Simians, Cyborgs, and Women. The Reinvention of Nature.New York: Routledge.
    Harris, Roy (1980) The Language-Makers.London: Duckworth.
    Hawkes, Terence (1977) Structuralism and Semiotics.London: Methuen. http://dx.doi.org/10.4324/9780203443934
    Heath, Stephen (1978) ‘Difference’, Screen, 19(3) Autumn.
    Hebdige, Dick (1979) Subculture. The Meaning of Style.London: Routledge. http://dx.doi.org/10.4324/9780203139943
    Herzog, Herta (1954) ‘The Motivations and Gratifications of Daily Serial Listeners’, in WilburSchramm (ed.) The Process and Effects of Mass Communication.Urbana: University of Illinois Press.
    Hobsbawm, Eric (1995) The Age of Extremes. The Short Twentieth Century, 1914-1991.London: Abacus.
    Hobson, Dorothy (1982) ‘Crossroads’: The Drama of Soap Opera.London: Methuen.
    Høeg, Peter (1997) Tales of the Night. Translated from Danish by BarbaraHaveland. London: Harvill Press.
    Hunter, J. Paul (1994) ‘From Typology to Type: Agents of Change in Eighteenth-Century English Texts’, in Margaret J.M.Ezell and Katherine O'BrienO'Keeffe (eds) Cultural Artifacts and the Production of Meaning.Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press.
    Hutcheon, Linda (1995) Irony's Edge. The Theory and Politics of Irony.London: Routledge.
    Jenkins, Henry (1992) Textual Poachers. Television Fans & Participatory Culture.New York: Routledge.
    Kaplinski, Jaan (1995) Titanic. Translated from Estonian into Finnish by AnjaSalokannel. Helsinki: Otava.
    Kress, Gunther (1979) ‘The Social Values of Speech and Writing’, in RogerFowler et al. (eds) Language and Control.London: Routledge & Kegan Paul.
    Kress, Gunther and van Leeuwen, Theo (1996) Reading Images: The Grammar of Visual Design.London: Routledge.
    Labov, William (1972) Language in the Inner City.University Park: University of Pennsylvania Press.
    Lakoff, George (1980) Metaphors We Live By.Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
    Leach, Edmund (1964) ‘Anthropological Aspects of Language: Animal Categories and Verbal Abuse’, in E.H.Lenneberg (ed.) New Directions in the Study of Language.Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
    Lee, David (1992) Competing Discourses. Perspective and Ideology in Language.London: Longman.
    Lemke, Andy L. (1995) Textual Politics. Discourse and Social Dynamics.London: Taylor & Francis.
    Lewis, Nigel (1995) The Book of Babel. Words and the Way We See Things.London: Penguin Books.
    Liebes, Tamar and Katz, Elihu (1990) The Export of Meaning.Oxford: Oxford University Press.
    Lindgren, Astrid (1977) Pippi Goes on Board. Translated by FlorenceLambord. Harmondsworth: Puffin Books.
    Livingstone, Sonia and Lunt, Peter (1994) Talk on Television. Audience Participation and Public Debate.London: Routledge.
    Long, Elizabeth (1994) ‘Textual Interpretation as Collective Action’, in JonCruz and JustinLewis (eds) Weaving, Reading, Listening. Audiences and Cultural Reception.Boulder, CO: Westview Press.
    Lull, James (1990) Inside Family Viewing. Ethnographic Research on Television's Audiences.London: Comedia/Routledge.
    Lury, Celia (1993) Cultural Rights. Technology, Legality, and Personality.London: Routledge. http://dx.doi.org/10.4324/9780203422892
    McCloskey, Donald N. (1990) ‘Storytelling in Economics’, in ChristopherNash (ed.) Narrative in Culture. The Uses of Storytelling in the Sciences, Philosophy, and Literature.London: Routledge.
    MacKenzie, Donald and Wajcman, Judy (1985) ‘Introductory Essay’, in DonaldMackenzie and JudyWajcman (eds) The Social Shaping of Technology: How the Refrigerator Got its Hum.Milton Keynes: Open University Press.
    Martin, Henri-Jean (1981) ‘Printing’, in RaymondWilliams (ed.) Contact: Human Communication and its History.London: Thames & Hudson.
    Marx, Karl (1857-1858) (1973) Grundrisse: Foundations of the Critique of Political Economy. Translated with a Foreword by MartinNikolaus. Harmondsworth: Penguin.
    Meinhof, Ulrike and Richardson, Kay (1994) ‘Introduction’, in UlrikeMeinhof and KayRichardson (eds) Text, Discourse and Context. Representations of Poverty in Britain.London: Longman.
    Mengham, Rod (1995) Language.London: Fontana Press.
    Mills, Sara (1995) Feminist Stylistics.London: Routledge.
    Mitchell, W.J.T. (1994) Picture Theory. Essays on Verbal and Visual Representation.Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
    Montgomery, Martin (1986) An Introduction to Language and Society.London: Methuen. http://dx.doi.org/10.4324/9780203312032
    Montgomery, Martin, Durant, Alan, Fabb, Nigel, Furniss, Tom and Mills, Sara (1992) Ways of Reading: Advanced Reading Skills for Students of English Literature.London: Routledge.
    Morley, David (1980a) The ‘Nationwide’ Audience: Structure and Decoding.London: British Film Institute.
    Morley, David (1980b) ‘Texts, Readers, Subjects’, in StuartHall, DorothyHobson, AndrewLowe and PaulWillis (eds) Culture, Media, Language. Working Papers in Cultural Studies, 1972-1979.London: Hutchinson.
    Morley, David (1992) Television, Audiences and Cultural Studies.London: Routledge.
    Morris, Meaghan (1990) ‘Banality in Cultural Studies’, in PatriciaMellencamp (ed.) The Logics of Television.Bloomington: Indiana University Press.
    Murdock, Graham, Hartmann, Paul and Gray, Peggy (1992) ‘Contextualizing Home Computing: Resources and Practices’, in RogerSilverstone and EricHirsch (eds) Consuming Technologies: Media and Information in Domestic Spaces.London: Routledge.
    Neale, Stephen (1980) Genre.London: BFI Publishing.
    Neale, Stephen (1990) ‘Question of Genre’, Screen, 31(1) Spring.
    Norman, Donald A. (1993) Things That Make Us Smart: Defending Human Attributes in the Age of the Machine.Reading, MA: Addison-Wesley.
    Oxford English Dictionary (1956) Oxford: Clarendon Press.
    Oxford English Dictionary (1989) Oxford: Clarendon Press.
    Oxford Latin Dictionary (1968) Oxford: Clarendon Press.
    Palmer, Jerry (1991) Potboilers. Methods, Concepts and Case Studies in Popular Fiction.London: Routledge. http://dx.doi.org/10.4324/9780203330791
    Pêcheux, Michel (1982) Language, Semantics and Ideology. Stating the Obvious. Translated by HarbansNagpal. London: Macmillan.
    Perloff, Marjorie (1977) Frank O'Hara: Poet among Painters.New York: Braziller.
    Plato (1993) Erotic Dialogues. Translated by William S.Cobb. New York: State University of New York Press.
    Porter, Roy (1991) ‘Introduction’, in PeterBurke and RoyPorter (eds) Language, Self, and Society. A Social History of Language.Cambridge: Polity Press.
    Radway, Janice (1984a) Reading the Romance. Women, Patriarchy, and Popular Literature.Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press.
    Radway, Janice (1984b) ‘Interpretative Communities and Variable Literacies: The Functions of Romance Reading’, Daedalus, Summer.
    Radway, Janice (1988) ‘Reception Study: Ethnography and the Problem of Dispersed Audiences and Nomadic Subjects’, Cultural Studies, 2(3). http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09502388800490231
    Régnier-Bohler, Danielle (1988) ‘Imagining the Self, in GeorgesDuby (ed.) A History of Private Life. II: Revelations of the Medieval World.Cambridge, MA: The Belknap Press of Harvard University Press.
    Rich, Adrienne (1972) ‘When We Dead Awaken: Writing as Re-Vision’, College English, 3.
    Ross, Andrew (1989) No Respect. Intellectuals and Popular Culture.New York: Routledge.
    Rossi-Landi, Ferruccio and Pesaresi, Massimo (1981) ‘Language’, in RaymondWilliams (ed.) Contact: Human Communication and its History.London: Thames & Hudson.
    Rushdie, Salman (1988) The Satanic Verses.London: Viking.
    Saint-Martin, Fernande (1990) Semiotics of Visual Language.Bloomington: Indiana University Press.
    Saussure, Ferdinand de (1974) Course in General Linguistics. Edited by CharlesBally and AlbertSechehaye in collaboration with AlbertReidlinger. Translated by WadeBaskin. Fontana/Collins.
    Schiach, Morag (1989) Discourse on Popular Culture.Oxford: Polity Press.
    Schutz, Alfred (1973) ‘On Multiple Realities’, in Collected Papers, Vol. 1. The Hague: Martinus Nijhoff.
    Silverman, Kaja (1983) The Subject of Semiotics.New York: Oxford University Press.
    Silverstone, Roger (1994) Television and Everyday Life.London: Routledge.
    Slack, Jennifer Daryl (1996) ‘The Theory and Method of Articulation’, in DavidMorley and Kuan-HsingChen (eds) Stuart Hall: Critical Dialogues in Cultural Studies.London: Routledge.
    Smith, Anthony (1991) The Age of Behemoths: the Globalization of Mass Media Firms.New York: Priority Press.
    Smith, Olivia (1984) The Politics of Language 1791-1819.Oxford: Clarendon Press.
    Soon PengSu, (1994) Lexical Ambiguity in Poetry.London: Longman.
    Stallybrass, Peter and White, Allon (1986) The Politics and Poetics of Transgression.London: Methuen.
    Steen, Gerard (1994) Understanding Metaphor in Literature. An Empirical Approach.London: Longman.
    Still, Judith and Worton, Michael (1990) ‘Introduction’, in MichaelWorton and JudithStill (eds) Intertextuality. Theories and Practices.Manchester: Manchester University Press.
    Still, Judith and Worton, Michael (1993) ‘Introduction’, in JudithStill and MichaelWorton (eds) Textuality and Sexuality. Reading Theories and Practices.Manchester: Manchester University Press.
    Swann, Cal (1991) Language and Typography.London: Lund Humphries.
    Talbot, Mary M. (1995) Fictions at Work. Language and Social Practice in Fiction.London: Longman.
    Tiffin, Chris and Lawson, Alan (1994) ‘Introduction: The Textuality of Empire’, in ChrisTiffin and AlanLawson (eds) De-Scribing Empire. Post-colonialism and Textuality.London: Routledge. http://dx.doi.org/10.4324/9780203203682
    Todorov, Tzvetan (1980) ‘Reading as Construction’, in Susan R.Suleiman and IngeCrosman (eds) The Reader in the Text. Essays on Audience and Interpretation.Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
    Tulloch, John (1990) Television Drama. Agency, Audience and Myth.London: Routledge.
    Voloshinov, Valentin (1971) Marxism and the Philosophy of Language. Translated by LadislavMatejka and I.R.Titunik. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
    Voloshinov, Valentin (1976) Freudianism: a Marxist Critique. Translated by I.R.Titunik. New York: Academic Press.
    Weedon, Chris (1987) Feminist Practice and Poststructuralist Theory.Oxford: Blackwell.
    Williams, Raymond (1961) The Long Revolution.London: Chatto & Windus.
    Williams, Raymond (1977) Marxism and Literature.Oxford: Oxford University Press.
    Williams, Raymond (1981a) Keywords. A Vocabulary of Culture and Society.London: Fontana Paperbacks.
    Williams, Raymond (1981b) Culture.London: Fontana Paperbacks.
    Williams, Raymond (1983) Towards 2000.London: Chatto & Windus.
    Williams, Raymond (1990) Television. Technology and Cultural Form.
    Second Edition
    . Edited by EderynWilliams. London: Routledge.
    Willis, Paul (1990) Common Culture. Symbolic Work at Play in the Everyday Cultures of the Young.Milton Keynes: Open University Press.
    Worton, Michael and Still, Judith (eds) (1990) Intertextuality, Theories and Practices.Manchester: Manchester University Press.

    • Loading...
Back to Top

Copy and paste the following HTML into your website