Critical Social Psychology
Publication Year: 1997
Recent work in social psychology has questioned the assumptions and practices of traditional research and debate in the field. Critical Social Psychology pulls these new strands together in a major overview of key theoretical, political, and empirical developments. The book assembles leading figures in the field to address both the need for a critical perspective in social psychology and the many strands of discussion that have informed that critique. The chapters are accessible and passionately argued, ranging over political critique in a postmodern world, the status of qualitative methods, realism versus relativism, and the question of subjectivity from a critical perspective. Critical Social Psychology offers a fascinating tour of debates that are shaping the field today by its leading exponents. It will be essential reading ...
- Front Matter
- Subject Index
- Chapter 1: Introduction
- Chapter 2: Why a Critical Social Psychology?
- Chapter 3: Going Critical?
- Chapter 4: Discourse and Critical Social Psychology
- Chapter 5: Does Critical Social Psychology Mean the End of the World?
- Chapter 6: Laying the Ground for a Common Critical Psychology
- Chapter 7: Postmodernism, Postmodernity and Social Psychology
- Chapter 8: And So Say All of Us?: Some Thoughts on ‘Experiential Democratization’ as an Aim for Critical Social Psychologists
- Chapter 9: Discourses, Structures and Analysis: What Practices? In Which Contexts?
- Chapter 10: The Unconscious State of Social Psychology
- Chapter 11: Postmodernity, Subjectivity and the Media
- Chapter 12: Prioritizing the Political: Feminist Psychology
- Chapter 13: Reflexively Recycling Social Psychology: A Critical Autobiographical Account of an Evolving Critical Social Psychological Analysis of Social Psychology
- Chapter 14: Differentiating and De-Developing Critical Social Psychology
- Chapter 15: Critical Social Psychology: Identity and De-Prioritization of the Social
- Chapter 16: What Scientists Do
- Chapter 17: Participant Status in Social Psychological Research
Editorial Selection and Preface © Tomás Ibáñez and Lupicinio Íñiguez 1997
Chapter 1 © Russell Spears 1997
Chapter 2 © Tomás Ibáñez 1997
Chapters 3 and 5 © Rex Stainton Rogers and Wendy Stainton Rogers 1997
Chapter 4 © Jonathan Potter 1997
Chapter 6 © Stephen Reicher 1997
Chapter 7 © Martin Roiser 1997
Chapter 8 © Susan Condor 1997
Chapter 9 © Lupicinio Íñiguez 1997
Chapter 10 © Ian Parker 1997
Chapter 11 © Valerie Walkerdine 1997
Chapter 12 © Sue Wilkinson 1997
Chapter 13 © Ian Lubek 1997
Chapter 14 © Erica Burman 1997
Chapter 15 © Mike Michael 1997
Chapter 16 © Karin Knorr Cetina 1997
Chapter 17 © Ivan Leudar and Charles Antaki 1997
First published 1997
All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, transmitted or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording or otherwise, without permission in writing from the Publishers.
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British Library Cataloguing in Publication data
A catalogue record for this book is available from the British Library
ISBN 0 7619 5288 8
ISBN 0 7619 5289 6 (pbk)
Library of Congress catalog record available
Typeset by Mayhew Typesetting, Rhayader, Powys
Printed in Great Britain by Biddies Ltd. Guildford, Surrey
Notes on Contributors[Page vii]
Charles Antaki is Reader in the Language and Social Psychology Department of Social Sciences at Loughborough University. His research interests are in conversation analysis and social psychology, and among his recent publications is Explaining and Arguing: The Social Organization of Accounts (Sage, 1994). He is currently editing, with Sue Widdicombe, a book collecting together conversation analytic approaches to identity.
Erica Burman is Senior Lecturer in Developmental Psychology and Women's Studies at the Manchester Metropolitan University. She is author of Deconstructing Developmental Psychology (Routledge, 1994), editor of Feminists and Psychological Practice (Sage, 1990) and Deconstructing Feminist Psychology (Sage, forthcoming), co-editor of Discourse Analytic Research (Routledge, 1993) and co-author of Qualitative Methods in Psychology (Open University Press, 1994), Challenging Women: Psychology's Exclusions, Feminist Possibilities (Open University Press, 1996) and Psychology Discourse Practice: From Regulation to Resistance (Taylor & Francis, 1996). Her current interests include: the relations between women's rights and children's rights, (countering) the globalization of childhood; and feminist and psychoanalytic readings of subjectivity.
Susan Condor lectures in social psychology, women's studies and culture and communication at Lancaster University, and runs (with Mike Michael) the MA in Critical Social Psychology. Her research interests include common-sense understandings of time and history, and the relation of cultural constructions of ‘heritage’ to national and personal identity.
Tomás Ibáñez is Professor of Social Psychology at the Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona (Spain). He has published widely on epistemology, history and critical assessments of social psychology. His books include Poder y Libertad (Hora, 1982), Aproximaciones a la Psicologia Social (Sendai, 1990), Psicologia Social Construccionista (Universidad de Guadalajara, México, 1994) and Fluctuaciones conceptuales en torno a la postmodernidad y la Psicologia (Universidad Central de Venezuela, 1996). He is editor of Ideologias de la vida cotidiana. Psicologia de las Represen-taciones Sociales (Sendai, 1988) and El conocimiento de la realidad social (Sendai, 1990).
[Page viii]Lupicinio Íñiguez is Lecturer in Social Psychology at the Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona (Spain). His work has covered a number of areas such as qualitative methodology, discourse analysis, urban and political psychology. He has edited a special issue on Qualitative Methods in Revista de Psicologia Social Aplicada (1996).
Karin Knorr Cetina is Professor of Sociology at the University of Bielefeld, former member of the Institute for Advanced Study, Princeton, and current president of the 4S Society. Her books include one of the first laboratory studies of science, The Manufacture of Knowledge (1981), Advances in Social Theory and Methodology (ed. with Aaron Cicourel, 1982), Science Observed (ed. with Michael Mulkay, 1983); and a comparative study of the epistemic machineries of two scientific fields, high energy physics and molecular biology (Epistemic Cultures, Harvard University Press, in press).
Ivan Leudar is a Senior Lecturer in Psychology at Manchester University. His main research interests concern pragmatics of activities, collectivities and selves, especially in exceptional circumstances. He has recently co-edited a special issue of Ecological Psychology on ‘Situated Action’. He is currently working on a book on the phenomenon of ‘hearing voices’ (to be published by Routledge in the spring of 1997).
Ian Lubek, Professor of Psychology at the University of Guelph (Canada), visiting researcher at GEDISST/IRESCO/CNRS (Paris), co-chaired (1993–95) the International Society for Theroretical Psychology. Interested in theory, metatheory and epistemology, he co-edited Problems in Theoretical Psychology (Captus Press, 1996) and Trends and Issues in Theoretical Psychology (Springer, 1995), while his work on violence is represented in an article in Theory & Psychology (1995, 5 (1), 99–129) on ‘Individualism and aggression’. In addition, he has co-edited special issues of Canadian Psychology (1992, 33 (3)) and Sociétés Contemporaines (1993, 13) on the histor(y/ies) of social psycholog(y/ies). Ongoing work focuses on gender and mentoring issues in the social psychology of science: a chapter co-authored with Ross et al. (1996, in Problems in Theoretical Psychology, pp. 228–241) traces scientific career differences among a sample of women and men social psychologists. When not advancing human understanding nor proofreading manuscripts, he contemplates antique coloured siphon bottles, real and/or constructed.
Mike Michael is Deputy Director of the Centre for Science Studies and Science Policy at Lancaster University. His research interests include the construction of identities in relation to non-humans, postmodern social psychology and the constitution of the ‘public’ by expert institutions. He has recently published on the animal experimentation controversy, the public understanding of science and critical social psychological theory. He is the author of Constructing Identities (Sage, 1996).
[Page ix]Ian Parker is Professor of Psychology in the Discourse Unit at Bolton Institute. He is author of The Crisis in Modern Social Psychology – and How to End It (Routledge, 1989), Discourse Dynamics (Routledge, 1992) and Psychoanalytic Discourse (Sage, in press). He is a member of Psychology Politics Resistance.
Jonathan Potter is Professor of Discourse Analysis in the Department of Social Sciences at Loughborough University. He has published widely on discourse, conversation and social psychology theory and methods. He is the author, with Derek Edwards, of Discursive Psychology (Sage, 1992) and, with Margaret Wetherell, of Mapping the Language of Racism (Harvester, 1992); his most recent book is Representing Reality (Sage, 1996).
Steve Reicher is a Reader in the School of Psychology at St Andrews University. His work has covered a number of areas such as crowd behaviour, delinquency and mass social influence. However, all of this work relates to two interlinked theoretical issues: developing a social psychology of social change and addressing the politics of psychological practice.
Martin Roiser is a Senior Lecturer in Psychology in the School of Creative, Cultural and Social Studies at Thames Valley University, London. He has recently written (with Carla Willig) about ‘The Hidden History of Authoritarianism’, which appeared in the journal History of the Human Sciences. He also researches the relationship between psychology and Marxism, and the public understanding of science.
Russell Spears is Professor of Psychology in the Department of Social Psychology at the University of Amsterdam. He combines research on social stereotyping, intergroup relations and social influence processes with interests in ideology and power (especially as applied to new communications technology), and has also contributed to debates in critical social psychology. Since 1994 he has been chief editor of the British Journal of Social Psychology.
Rex Stainton Rogers deconstructs psychology at the University of Reading and conducts Q methodological discourse analysis. His recent publications include Stories of Childhood: Shifting Agendas of Child Concern (with W. Stain ton Rogers, 1992) and Social Psychology: A Critical Agenda (with Stenner, Gleeson and W. Stainton Rogers, 1995). He is also an aspect of ‘Beryl Curt’ and a co-author (with others) of Textuality and Tectonics: Troubling Social and Psychological Science (1994). Rex and Wendy Stainton Rogers are the editors of a new ‘alternative’ journal: The International Journal of Transdisciplinary Studies.
Wendy Stainton Rogers is a Senior Lecturer in the School of Health and Social Welfare at the Open University, UK. Her ‘day job’ mainly involves [Page x]preparing distance learning materials in the field of child care and work with young people, including training in law. Her recent publications include Children's Welfare, Children's Rights: A Practical Guide to the Law (with Roche, 1994), ‘Critical Approaches to Health Psychology’ in the Journal of Health Psychology (Vol. 1 (1,” and, as a member of the ‘Beryl Curt Collective’, Textuality and Tectonics: Troubling Social and Psychological Science (1994).
Valerie Walkerdine is Professor of the Psychology of Communication in the Department of Media and Communications, Goldsmiths' College, University of London. Her research interests include post-structuralism and the study of subjectivity. Two current research projects on transition to womanhood and children and computer games express this interest. Her latest book, Daddy's Girl: Young Girls and Popular Culture (1996) is published by Macmillan (UK) and Harvard University Press (USA). She is currently writing Psychology, Postmodernity and the Media with Lisa Blackmar, for Macmillan.
Sue Wilkinson is Senior Lecturer in Social Psychology in the Department of Social Sciences, Loughborough University. She founded and edits the international journal Feminism & Psychology and the book series Gender and Psychology: Feminist and Critical Perspectives. Her books include Feminist Social Psychologies (Open University Press, 1996) and, with Celia Kitzinger, Heterosexuality (1993), Feminism and Discourse (1995) and Representing the Other (1996), all Sage Publications.
In 1993 we organized a Small Group Meeting in Barcelona on ‘Critical Social Psychology’ with the financial support of the Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona and the European Association of Experimental Social Psychology (EAESP). The aims of the meeting were to bring together social psychologists and colleagues of other disciplines working in what could very broadly be called a critical perspective, and to create a forum where different positions could be expressed in a friendly, informal, free atmosphere.
We asked each participant to send us a very brief ‘position paper’ which was handed on to the others so as to set up the context of the debates. Various circumstances, including the charm of the city, came together to create the atmosphere we had hoped to generate. The debates were so intense, in a highly polemical but warm atmosphere, that we asked the participants to draw up their position paper once again some time later in the light of the arguments which had been exchanged during the meeting.
The skilful patience of Ziyad Marar of Sage Publications gave us the opportunity to publish the ‘outcomes’ of this meeting as a further contribution to the great ongoing debate on new directions in the social sciences.
Many people contributed to making this meeting possible. We would like to express our gratitude to our colleagues in the Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, especially to Mercè Botella, Miquel Domènech, Ana Garay, Luz Maria Martínez, Juan Muñoz, Joan Pujol and Félix Vázquez, who offered their help from the very outset.