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Promoting Variation
Promoting variation
SreejaNair and DimpleRoy

What is variation? Given the complexity of most policy settings, implementing a variety of policies to address the same issue increases the likelihood of achieving desired outcomes. Diversity of responses also forms a common risk-management approach, facilitating the ability to perform efficiently in the face of unanticipated conditions.

Why is Variation Important for Adaptive Policy-Making?

Individuals, groups, communities and systems have several defining characteristics that make them similar or different from each other. Some of these characteristics might be obvious, others not. Additionally, some characteristics might be latent, only to be revealed under stress at a later point in time (Axelrod and Cohen, 2000). This heterogeneity is instrumental in shaping the emergence of different responses from individuals, groups, communities and/or systems even ...

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